Đề số 24 ôn thi Anh chuyên vào 10 CNN

5/28/2021 9:26:00 AM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • squander

  • snatcher

  • chaplain

  • cabal

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • scathe

  • teethe

  • absinthe

  • enwreathe

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • thumbscrew

  • bestrew

  • honeydew

  • unmew

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • overwrought

  • ratatouille

  • entourage

  • moussaka

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • tuberculum
  • precognitive
  • optimism
  • affinity

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • hatemonger
  • reprobate
  • accomplice
  • acolyte

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • bailiff
  • marshal
  • amass
  • compost

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • mimosa
  • minaret
  • mimetic
  • membrana

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Runners are taking part in a grueling 100-mile race in the mountains above Los Angeles.

  • taxing
  • fiddly
  • painstaking
  • meticulous

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Pandemonium broke out when the news was announced.

  • Untidiness
  • Chaos
  • Excitement
  • Havoc

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The most effective technique is to cajole rather than to threaten.

  • implore
  • seduce
  • persuade
  • menace

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Come and sit down and take the weight off your feet for a while.

  • sit down and calm
  • have your hands full
  • do justice to yourself
  • do nicely

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

He dreamed of emigrating to the land of milk and honey.

  • affluence
  • idyll
  • whiter than white
  • meagreness

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

They're the pair in the corner, murmuring sweet nothings to each other.

  • beg the question
  • honeyed words
  • juicy gossip
  • offensive language

_____ the painting, I knew I would offend her.

  • Without criticising
  • To criticise
  • In criticising
  • Under criticism

The film is unusual _____ it features only four actors.

  • much as
  • in that
  • imagine that
  • owing to

The government now has the opportunity to _____ of prison reform.

  • make attempts
  • chance the arm
  • be on the strength
  • grasp the nettle

Sterling continues to _____ against the dollar.

  • gain ground
  • catch on
  • be on trend
  • pass out

He's not sure about the idea, but I'm sure we'll _____ in the end.

  • beat him in
  • win him round
  • hand him over
  • hit it off

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

A Stone-Age restaurant

At first glance Berlin's sauvage restaurant looks much like many other fashionable eateries. But look closely and you'll discover that it offers an unusual experience Paleolithic (or Stone-Age) food.

Diners sit at candle-lit tables and eat meals on the dietary habits of our prehistoric who lived between two million and 200,000 years ago. The food includes unprocessed fruit, vegetables, meat, fish, eggs, nuts, and seed but sugar, bread, rice and dairy products are forbidden, as they were unavailable to Stone Age hunter-gatherers.

The restaurant's owners insist that the 'Paleo diet' greater energy levels, increased muscle mass and clearer skin. Many people think this diet is just a passing fashion, it's a world-wide say one. It is probably strongest in the USA where thousands of people have apparently gone Paleo'. One of the best-known people to the caveman cuisine is the veteran pop singer, Tom Jones, who to have lost more than ten kilos after switching to it.

Read the passage then answer the questions.

Smart Energy

The next few decades will see great changes in the way energy is supplied and used.  In some major oil-producing nations, 'peak oil' has already been reached, and there are increasing fears of global warming. Consequently, many countries are focusing on the switch to a low carbon economy. This transition will lead to major changes in the supply and use of electricity. Firstly, there will be an increase in overall demand, as consumers switch from oil and gas to electricity to power their homes and vehicles. Secondly, there will be an increase in power generation, not only in terms of how much is generated, but also how it is generated, as there is growing electricity generation from renewable sources. There is also likely more electricity generation centres, as households and communities take up the opportunity to install photovoltaic cells and small-scale wind turbines. To meet these challenges, countries are investing in Smart Grid technology. This system aims to provide the electricity industry with a better understanding of power generation and demand and to use this information to create a more efficient power network.

Smart Grid technology basically involves the application of a computer system to the electricity network. The computer system can be used to collect information about supply and demand and improve engineer's ability to manage the system. With better information about electricity demand, the network will be able to increase the amount of electricity delivered per unit generated, leading to potential reductions in fuel needs and carbon emissions. Moreover, the computer system will assist in reducing operational and maintenance costs.

Smart Grid technology offers benefits to the consumer too. They will be able to collect real-time information on their energy use for each appliance. Varying tariffs throughout the day will give customers the incentive to use appliances at times when supply greatly exceeds demand, leading to great reductions in bills. For example, they may use their washing machines at night. Smart meters can also be connected to the internet or telephone system, allowing customers to switch appliances on or off remotely. Furthermore, if houses are fitted with the apparatus to generate their own power, appliances can be set to run directly from the on-site power source, and any excess can be sold to the grid.

With these changes comes a range of challenges. The first involves managing the supply and demand. Sources of renewable energy, such as wind, wave and solar, are notoriously unpredictable, and nuclear power, which is also set to increase as nations switch to alternative energy sources, is inflexible. With oil and gas, it is relatively simple to increase the supply of energy to match the increasing demand during peak times of the day or year. With alternative sources, this is far more difficult, and may lead to blackouts or system collapse. Potential solutions include investigating new and efficient ways to store energy and encouraging consumers to use electricity at off-peak times.

A second problem is the fact that many renewable power generation sources are located in remote areas, such as windy uplands and coastal regions, where there is currently a lack of electrical infrastructure. New infrastructures therefore must be built. Thankfully, with improved smart technology, this can be done more efficiently by reducing the reinforcement or construction costs.

Although Smart Technology is still in its infancy, pilot schemes to promote and test it are already underway. Consumers are currently testing the new smart meters which can be used in their homes to manage electricity use. There are also a number of demonstrations being planned to show how the smart technology could practically work, and trials are in place to test the new electrical infrastructure. It is likely that technology will be added in 'layers', starting with 'quick win' methods which will provide initial carbon savings, to be followed by more advanced systems at a later date. Cities are prime candidates for investment into smart energy, due to the high population density and high energy use. It is here where Smart Technology is likely to be promoted first, utilising a range of sustainable power sources, transport solutions and an infrastructure for charging electrically powered vehicles. The infrastructure is already changing fast. By the year 2050, changes in the energy supply will have transformed our homes, our roads and our behaviour.

According to paragraph 1, what has happened in some oil-producing countries?

  • They are unwilling to sell their oil any more.
  • The supply of oil is unpredictable.
  • They are not producing as much oil as they used to.
  • Global warming is more sever here than in other countries.

Which of the following is NOT a benefit of Smart Grid technology to consumers?

  • It can reduce their electricity bills.
  • It can allow them to turn appliances on and off when they are not at home.
  • It can tell them how much energy each appliance is using.
  • It can reduce the amount of energy needed to power appliances.

According to paragraph 4, what is the problem with using renewable sources of power?

  • They do not provide much energy.
  • They often cause system failure and blackouts.
  • They do not supply a continuous flow of energy.
  • They can't be used at off-peak times.

In paragraph 6, what can be inferred about cities in the future?

  • More people will be living in cities in the future than nowadays.
  • People in cities will be using cars and buses powered by electricity.
  • All buildings will generate their own electricity.
  • Smart Grid technology will only be available in cities.

The word 'remote' in paragraph 5 could be best replaced by:

  • isolated
  • crowded
  • attractive
  • alone

The word 'underway' in paragraph 6 is closest in meaning to:

  • permanent
  • complete
  • beneficial
  • in progress

In paragraph 6, what can be inferred about the introduction of Smart Grid Technology?

  • The technologies which produce most benefits will be introduced first.
  • The cheapest technologies will be introduced first.
  • The technologies which are most difficult to put into place will be introduced first.
  • Technologically advanced systems will be introduced first.

What is the main idea of the final paragraph?

  • To describe who will benefit from Smart Grid technology first.
  • To outline the advantages of Smart Grid technology.
  • To summarise the main ideas in the previous paragraphs.
  • To describe how, where and when Smart Technology will be introduced.

- "Nice to meet you"

- "_____."

  • Likewise
  • It happens
  • My pleasure
  • Oops, sorry

- "Yah, and joining contemporary art class is such a treat."

- "_____."

  • That's interesting
  • Well, it's getting late
  • I can't help you there
  • And you

- "How come hasn't Anne turned up this time?"

- "_____."

  • She is not here
  • Anyway, I should get going
  • I've been wondering that, too
  • Whatever

- "I'm not quite over my ex."

- "_____."

  • Poor you
  • He doesn't deserve you
  • That's great
  • On the contrary

- "OMG. I do not believe that my little Nickey can do these cute crafts."

- "Me neither. _____."

  • She's all thumbs
  • She has sweet teeth
  • She is quite handy
  • She has green fingers

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

1. Well, she'll probably just give me my invitation later today.

2. Oh really? She gave me mine earlier today.

3. Hey, did you hear about Jessica's party this weekend?

4. I think so. It sounds like it's going to be a lot of fun.

5. Yeah, but I'm still waiting for my invitation.

6. Yeah, so are you planning on going?

  • 1-2-3-6-5-4
  • 3-5-2-1-6-4
  • 2-4-3-6-5-1
  • 5-4-2-1-6-3

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

1. I really want to go to the beach this weekend.

2. Good. I hope it doesn't cool off that time.

3. I heard that it's going to be warm then.

4. Is it going to be perfect beach weather?

5. That sounds like fun. What's the weather going to be like?

6. I believe so.

  • 1-5-3-4-2-6
  • 5-6-4-3-6-1
  • 3-2-5-6-4-1
  • 4-3-5-2-1-6

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

1. I do it every once in a while.

2. How long have you known how to do that?

3. I first learned how to do it in high school.

4. What kinds of things do you like to do?

5. I've always liked to draw and paint.

6. I didn't know you knew how to draw and paint.

  • 6-3-2-5-1-4
  • 4-3-2-6-5-1
  • 5-2-1-3-4-6
  • 4-5-6-1-2-3

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

1. Why didn't you go to school yesterday?

2. My stomach was bothering me.

3. I'm still feeling a little sick.

4. Are you feeling any better?

5. What was your problem?

6. I stayed home because I wasn't feeling well.

  • 2-4-3-5-6-1
  • 1-6-5-2-4-3
  • 5-6-3-2-4-1
  • 6-3-2-4-1-5

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

1. Thanks. I think you look nice today, too.

2. I bought it from the Macy's at the Santa Anita mall.

3. You do? I just bought this outfit a couple days ago.

4. I really like that outfit.

5. Seriously, it looks really nice on you. Where did you buy it from?

6. I absolutely love what you're wearing today.

  • 3-4-2-5-6-1
  • 4-2-6-3-1-5
  • 6-3-5-2-4-1
  • 1-5-3-6-2-4

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Due to unforeseen circumstances, our group's scheduled visit to the museum has been called off.

  • The trip to the museum that we’d planned is now cancelled because something unexpected occured.
  • Something happened at the museum, so they cancelled our visit.
  • We are no longer going to the museum because there is no time on our schedule.
  • We cannot go to see the museum at the arranged time because it will be closed.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

All eyes are on the president to see how he will respond to the challenge to his leadership.

  • Everyone is watching what he will do prior to the the difficulties in the presidency.
  • People are eager to back up the president in the most struggling times.
  • It is clear that the presient will take quick actions to prove his astute leadership.
  • People strongly belief that the president will go on the right track when confronting with challenges.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Only by staying in the city for at least a week would it be possible for one to see all the sites.

  • If you wanted to look at all the sites in the city, you would need to be there not less than a week.
  • A week at the most was enough to visit all the sites in the city.
  • You should extend your stay here for another week if you want to see all the sites in the city.
  • Even though you may stay there longer, it only needs a week to see all the attractions.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Helen was dismissed from his job as a policeman in 1925 for suggesting that the children of refugees should be educated.

  • After being fired from his position in 1925, Helen proposed that the children of refugees ought to be educated.
  • Helen’s suggestions in 1925 that the children of refugees didn’t deserve to be educated led to his dismissal.
  • In 1925, the policeman Helen was fired because he proposed that refugees’ children be educated.
  • In 1925, Helen was fired from his post as a policeman for teaching the children of refugees, who shouldn’t have been educated.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

The link between smoking and cancer had never been acknowledged before that research.

  • The results of that research represented the first time anyone had acknowledged the link between smoking and cancer.
  • Despite extensive research, the connection between smoking and cancer hadn’t yet been proved.
  • The connection between smoking and cancer hasn’t been acknowledged yet, and requires plenty of further research.
  • No one has yet fully accepted that there is any connection between smoking and cancer.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

We cannot create a rule-based ASEAN. We don't have means of drafting, interpreting and enforcing rules.

  • Having means of drafting, interpreting and enforcing rules, it is impossible to create a rule-based ASEAN.
  • It is impossible to create a rule-based ASEAN community with means of drafting, interpreting and enforcing rules.
  • Not having means of drafting, interpreting and enforcing rules, we are unable to create a rule-based ASEAN.
  • To have means of drafting, interpreting and enforcing rules, we are able to create a rule-based ASEAN.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Olga handed in her exam paper. She then realised that she had missed one question.

  • Having realised that she had missed one question, Olga handed in her exam paper.
  • Not until Olga had handed in her exam paper did she realise that she had missed one question.
  • Had Olga realised that she had missed one question, she wouldn't hand in her exam paper.
  • Only after Olga realised that she had missed one Question did she hand in her exam paper.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

I like reading books very much. But I don't like this fiction, though.

  • Such was my keenness on reading books that I made no attempt to conceal my dislike for this fiction.
  • Being a big fan of books of all kinds, this fiction is not my first of choice, though.
  • Much as I am fond of reading books, this fiction is not my cup of tea.
  • Despite my fondness of reading books, this fiction is a storm in a teacup.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

He's never had to worry about his social status. He was born into a rich family.

  • The apple doesn't fall far from the tree, so he surely doesn't have to worry about his affluent family.
  • Born with a silver spoon in his mouth, he's never had to spare a thought for his social status.
  • He was well-heeled for the whole life thanks to his rich family and their social status.
  • Being a successor of a supreme family, his social status was desired by most other rich people in the country.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

It was expected that more vaccine should have been manufactured before the pandemic. Sadly, it is not a fact.

  • Vaccine played a very significant role in preventing the pandemic spread.
  • More vaccine had to be sent for, the epidemic having spread at an alarming rate.
  • After the epidemic burnt out at a global rate, more vaccine has been quickly produced.
  • People hoped for the vaccine in the middle of the pandemic but nothing produced.

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

Some people assert that playing games is important for adults. In my opinion, the importance of playing games depends on the types of games considered. (1) _____.

The games that are important for adults to play include those requiring action, intensive thinking and team work. It has been medically proven that physical training is extremely important for adults. It helps not only to maintain fitness, but also enhances the capacity of thinking and working. Therefore, participating in sports games, such as basketball, football, tennis and other action games is essential. Games that require intensive thinking develop logic, attention and unconventional approach. (2) _____. And last, but not least, games that involve teamwork are important to develop further communicability, ability to make correct decisions with consideration of opinions of different people and other skills, because these skills are often used in everyday situations.

Still, there are other types of games that may be harmful. These are majorly computer games, which cause severe eye pain and exposure to radiation. (3) _____, computer games not only harm health but also have a negative impact on the working capacity. Many companies have stringent rules against their employees playing games during work hours.

(4) _____. These are games played for money. On one hand, winning such a game the player feels positive emotions, which have an overall positive influence on the player’s health and financial situation. On the other hand, losing the game can drive the person playing into disappointment and even into depression, thus harming his health, not to mention the loss of money.
Thus, in my opinion, (5) _____.

Choose the correct answer for (1).

  • While some games may benefit to health, mental abilities, others may harm the players in different ways.
  • Though some games may be beneficial, others are harmful to players.
  • Games are not only beneficial but harmful to the persons playing those games as well.
  • While some games may benefit to health, mental abilities, working capacity, or help to relax, others may harm the persons playing in different ways.

Choose the correct answer for (2).

  • These games are very beneficial to the users.
  • These are examples of games that are beneficial to users.
  • Besides, puzzles, crosswords, and strategy games are also beneficial to users.
  • Among this type of games are puzzles, crosswords, and strategy games.

Choose the correct answer for (3).

  • Therefore
  • Last but not least
  • Second
  • Moreover

Choose the correct answer for (4).

  • To some extent the following games can be beneficial to users as well.
  • Some can be harmful to users but some can be beneficial as well.
  • Furthermore, the following games can be harmful to users, especially addicted ones, as well.
  • There is also one category of games which can be both harmful and beneficial.

Choose the correct answer for (5).

  • the importance of adults playing games can be evaluated depending on the level of positive or negative influences that those games may have on the person involved
  • the significance of playing games depends on each person and the drawbacks overweigh the good sides
  • the limitation of playing games will bring more health for players, especially adults
  • time spent on games should be carefully considers by adult players to balance between entertainment and study