Đề số 3 luyện thi Tiếng Anh ĐGNL ĐHQG TP.HCM năm 2020 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

5/8/2020 11:21:00 PM

_____ people have a colour TV in Third World countries.

  • Few
  • Little
  • Not much
  • The number of
The team won the game ______ ease.
  • with
  • into
  • at
  • on
New York City is blessed with some of the most ______ arresting street in the world.
  • architecturally
  • architecture
  • architectural
  • architecture
No one else in the class plays the guitar ______ John.
  • as well
  • as far as
  • so well as
  • as soon as

I am surprised that you _____ it before.

  • have never done
  • will never do
  • couldn't do
  • have never did

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Digital clocks, however precise, they cannot be perfectly accurate because the earth's rotation changes slightly over years.

  • they
  • perfectly
  • the
  • slightly

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

That film is about the boy which lost all of his money in the fire.

  • about
  • which
  • all of his money
  • the fire
Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
Making full a use of alternative energy is a must.
  • Making
  • a use
  • is
  • a must

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

People whom collect rare coins often pay large sums for old pennies.

  • whom
  • rare
  • often
  • for

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
In addition to smoke and traffic fumes, there are many other kinds of pollution.

  • In addition
  • fumes
  • other
  • pollution

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

“You should have informed me of the change in advance.” the boss said to his secretary.

  • The boss blamed his secretary for not informing him of the change in advance.
  • The boss thanked his secretary for informing him of the change in advance.
  • The boss encouraged his secretary not to inform him of the change in advance.
  • The boss advised his the secretary to inform him of the change in advance.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

The criminal is believed to be living abroad.

  • There's a belief that that the criminal should be living abroad.
  • It is believed that the criminal is living abroad.
  • The belief is that the criminal should be living abroad.
  • It believes that the criminal is living abroad.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.
Keep silent or you’ll wake the baby up.

  • If you don't keep silent, you will wake the baby up.
  • If you didn’t keep silent, you would wake up baby.
  • If you hadn’t keep silent, you would have woken up baby.
  • Unless I don’t keep silent, you wake baby up.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.
I was in the kitchen when I heard the bell ring.

  • Someone should have rung the bell when I was in the kitchen.
  • Someone shouldn’t have rung the bell when I was in the kitchen.
  • Someone can’t have rung the bell when I was in the kitchen.
  • Someone must have rung the bell when I was in the kitchen.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

You should take regular exercises instead of sitting in front of the television all day.

  • Taking regular exercises is better than sitting in front of the television all day.
  • Sitting in front of the television all day helps you take regular exercises.
  • Sitting in front of the television all day and taking exercises are advisable.
  • Don’t take regular exercises, just sit in front of the television all day.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Animation traditionally is done by hand-drawing or painting successive frame of an object, each slightly different than the proceeding frame. In computer animation, although the computer may be the one to draw the different frames, in most cases the artist will draw the beginning and ending frames and the computer will produce the drawings between the first and the last drawing. This is generally referred to as computer-assisted animation, because the computer is more of a helper than an originator.

In full computer animation, complex mathematical formulas are used to produce the final sequences of pictures. These formulas operate on extensive databases of numbers that defines the objects in the pictures as they exist in mathematical space. The database consists of endpoints, and color and intensity information. Highly trained professionals are needed to produce such effects because animation that obtains high degrees of realism involves computer techniques from the three-dimensional transformation, shading, and curvatures.

High-tech computer animation for film involves very expensive computer systems along with special color terminals or frame buffers. The frame buffer is nothing more than a giant image memory for viewing a single frame. It temporarily holds the image for display on the screen.

A camera can be used to film directly from the computer’s display screen, but for the highest quality images possible, expensive film recorders are used. The computer computes the positions and colors for the figures in the picture, and sends this information to the recorder, which captures it on film. Sometimes, however, the images are stored on a large magnetic disk before being sent to the recorder. Once this process is completed, it is replaced for the next frame. When the entire sequence has been recorded on the film, the film must be developed before the animation can be viewed. If the entire sequence does not seem right, the motions must be corrected, recomputed, redisplayed, and recorded. This approach can be very expensive and time-consuming. Often, computer-animation companies first do motion tests with simple computer-generated line drawings before selling their computers to the task of calculating the high-resolution, realistic-looking images.

What aspect of computer animation does the passage mainly discuss?

  • The production procession
  • The equipment needed
  • The high cost
  • The role of the artist

The word "originator" in paragraph 1 most likely means _____.

  • opponent
  • creator
  • destroyer
  • successor

The word “they” in the second paragraph refers to ______.

  • formulas
  • objects
  • numbers
  • database

According to the passage, the frame buffers mentioned in the third paragraph are used to _____.

  • add color to the images
  • expose several frames at the same time
  • store individual images
  • create new frames

Which of the following statement is supported by the passage?

  • Computers have reduced the costs of animation.
  • In the future, traditional artists will no longer be needed.
  • Artists are unable to produce drawings as high in quality as computer drawings.
  • Animation involves a wide range of technical and artistic skills.