Đề số 6 phần Đọc - Viết môn Anh vào lớp 6 THCS NN

6/8/2020 11:45:00 AM

Choose the correct words in the box and write them on the lines. You do not need to use all the words.

boiling achieve complicated doubt gossip
scenery duty-free shop automatically extinct diploma

Example: It is a type of cooking method. You cook food in an oven by heating it. boiling

1. : to think that something is probably not true, probably does not exist, or probably will not happen.

2. : a place in an airport or on a ship that sells alcohol, cigarettes, etc without the tax that you have to pay if you buy them in a country. 

3. : difficult to do, deal with or understand.

4. : a document given by a college or university to show that you have passed a particular exam or finished your studies. 

5. : the general appearance of the natural environment, especially when it is beautiful. 

6. : to talk about other people or about things that are not important.

First, we telephoned to _______ a table.

  • book
  • keep
  • take
  • set

Harry missed his dance class because he _____ with the flu.

  • came down
  • put down
  • looked down
  • went down

John: "How lovely your pets are!"

Peter: "______."

  • I love them, too
  • Thank you, it's nice of you to say so
  • Can you say that again
  • Really? They are

After seeing Paris, we went on _______ Rome.

  • visiting
  • to visit
  • to visiting
  • visit

You _____ book your holiday now before there are none left!

  • prefer
  • would rather
  • had better
  • would prefer

______ I finish my homework first, my parents don't mind if I surf the Internet a little.

  • Unless
  • In case
  • As long as
  • Although

There is _______ a lot of noise in here that I can't concentrate!

  • too
  • so
  • such
  • enough

She ______ to bed early that she hardly ever goes out at night.

  • used to go
  • is used to going
  • get used to going
  • uses to go

After many years of saving money, I finally own a ______ house.

  • spacious modern yellow
  • modern spacious yellow
  • yellow modern spacious
  • modern yellow spacious

If he did something illegally, he would be sent to ______.

  • the prison
  • prison
  • a prison
  • that prison

Mike is asking his friend Greg about meeting an accident. Read the conversation and choose the best answer. Write a letter (A-J) for each question. You do not need to use all the letters.

A. Thanks, Mike. Does Pete know what happened?

B. I know. I'm really happy about that.

C. Cool. How about bringing your chessboard? 

D. But I'm not! Mr. Hartley says I should study at home.

E. The doctor wants me to stay at home for two weeks.

F. Oh hi, Mike. I fell off my bike and broke my leg.

G. They might let me go home on Sunday.

H. I may be here for another month.

I. Nothing. Don't worry!

J. I don't think so.

Mike: Hi, Greg. Sorry to hear you're in the hospital! What happened?

Greg:

Mike: Oh no! How long will you be in the hospital?

Greg:

Mike: That's good. So will you be back at school on Monday?

Greg:

Mike: You're so lucky! You're going to miss so many boring lessons!

Greg:

Mike: What a pity! Well, I'll help you with it.

Greg:

Mike: I'll tell him. We might visit you next week.

Greg:

Mike: Good idea!

Read the passage. Choose a word from the box.

positive| effect| widespread| results| developments| risk

Not everybody recognizes the benefits of new in communications technology. Indeed, some people fear that text messaging may actually be having a negative on young people's communication and language skills, especially when we hear that primary school children may be at of becoming addicted to the habit. So has texting become, however, that even pigeons have started doing it. What’s more, in this case, it's difficult to view the as anything but . Twenty of the birds are about to take to the skies with the task of measuring air pollution, each armed with sensor equipment and a mobile phone. The readings made by the sensors will be automatically converted into text messages and beamed to the Internet - where they will appear on a dedicated “pigeon blog”.

Read the passage and use NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER to answer each question.

You're walking down a busy city sidewalk, and you see someone in front of you fall down. What would you do? Now imagine that same situation, but you are the only other person on the sidewalk. What would you do then? According to social psychologists, you are more likely to help when there is no one else around. In contrast, if there are many witnesses, or bystanders, you might not offer help. It is even possible that no one would help the person at all. Psychologists believe this is a natural yet complex human reaction, which they call the bystander effect.

The bystander effect was first discovered in 1964 as a result of a very unfortunate event that happened outside Catherine Genovese's home in New York City. At three o'clock in the morning, someone attacked and murdered Genovese in front of her apartment building. The noise of the killing woke up 38 of Genovese's neighbors. All of them looked out of their windows to see what was happening. However, not one of those 38 witnesses did anything to help. No one reported the murder to the police. The whole nation was shocked by the news the next day, and psychologists had no answers to explain why these people didn't help. 

Newspapers called the 38 witnesses selfish and uncaring, but social psychologists John Darley and Bibb Latane had a different theory. They believed that a large number of witnesses actually decreased the chances that any individual would help. If only one person witnesses a murder. he or she will feel fully responsible for calling the police. If there are two witnesses, each person might feel only half responsible. Now imagine there are many witnesses, as in the Genovese case. Darley and Latane pointed out that each person felt only a small amount of responsibility, so each did nothing. The reason they didn't help was not that they were uncaring or selfish people. There were just too many of them.

Darley and Latane knew they had to prove their theory scientifically, so they set up an experiment with college students to test it. They divided the students into three groups. They took each student to a small building. They put him or her in a room with a TV screen that showed another person in a different room in the building; then they left. Students in the first group thought that they were alone in the building. Students in the second group thought that there was one other person in the building. Students in the third group thought that there were four other people in the building. As part of the experiment, the person on the TV screen pretended to become ill and called out for help. In the first group, where students believed they were the only people in the building, 85 percent went to get help for the person. In the second group, only 62 percent tried to help. In the third group, only 31 percent tried to help. The results supported Darley and Latane's theory. They figured out that having more witnesses did not mean that help was more likely. In fact, the opposite was true. 

Social psychologists believe the bystander effect can apply to a number of everyday situations. For example, on a busy sidewalk, you might not give money to a homeless man (or help someone who falls down). On a crowded subway, you may not give up your seat to an elderly person. On the highway, you might choose not to stop and help someone change a flat tire. In these situations, you and the other bystanders feel less responsible because so many people are around to help, so no one ends up helping at all.

The bystander effect is one of the many factors that influence a person's decision to help out a stranger in need. Some people might naturally feel more desire to help. Some cultures might put more importance on helping strangers than others do. Some cities and towns could be designed to be more friendly than others. However, psychologists know that humans are naturally influenced by the presence of others around them even if they are not aware of it. 

1. What is the passage about?

2. Where did Catherine Genovese’s murder occur in New York?

3. How many groups of students did Darley and Latane divide into?

4. What was the percentage of the students who thought they were alone going to get help for the victim?

5. When so many people are around to help, what do bystanders feel?

6. Helping strangers may be more important in .

Finish the second sentence in such a way that it means the same as the sentence before.

It may rain hard this afternoon, so take the raincoat with you. => In case ..........

Finish the second sentence in such a way that it means the same as the sentence before.

Mrs.Taylor does not have enough money to buy a new washing machine. => Mrs.Taylor wishes ..........

Finish the second sentence in such a way that it means the same as the sentence before.

This is the longest holiday I've ever had. => I've never had ……….

Finish the second sentence in such a way that it means the same as the sentence before.

If I were you, I would follow the rules of the Government strictly. => It’s time ……….

Finish the second sentence in such a way that it means the same as the sentence before.

Although they don’t have money, they still live happily. => Despite ……….

Finish the second sentence in such a way that it means the same as the sentence before.

"It is kind of you to help me with my study at college," Lan said to Hoa. => Lan thanked ..........