Đề ôn luyện Tiếng Anh vào lớp 10 trường NTT số 5

7/9/2020 7:51:00 PM

Đề được biên soạn theo đúng cấu trúc đề thi vào 10 của trường Nguyễn Tất Thành (tương đương 80 câu hỏi)

Choose the word whose underline part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • worked
  • cleaned
  • played
  • used

Choose the word whose underline part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • mission

  • cassette
  • essence

  • passage

Choose the word whose underline part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • penalty

  • expedition

  • incredible

  • determine

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • museum
  • interest
  • handicapped
  • difficult

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • undoubtedly
  • economic
  • entertainment
  • agricultural

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • president
  • opponent
  • assistant
  • companion

Poor students cannot _____ an abundance of presents on their birthday.

  • look forward to
  • put up with
  • come up with
  • cut down on
Entering the meeting half an hour late, he tried to ______ an excuse, still the strict chairman of the board told him to leave the room.
  • make
  • do
  • give
  • have

After the tragic death of Pierre Curie in 1996, she _____ the position which her husband had obtained at the Sorbonne.

  • took in
  • took off
  • took after
  • took up

Don't blame Carl _____ being late. It wasn't his fault.

  • on
  • in
  • for
  • with

Many international volunteer organizations are trying to find a _____ to the problem of world hunger.

  • way
  • method
  • suggestion
  • solution

Some people claim to have seen a _____ swimming underwater even though it is a mythical figure.

  • sea horse
  • mermaid
  • whale
  • dolphin

John: "I apologize for keeping you waiting for 2 hours. My car broke down on the way."

Catherin: "_____"

  • You are very welcome.
  • Thank you.
  • Your apology is accepted.
  • It is my pleasure.

My feet and hands get very cold and go _____ when I am skiing.

  • numb
  • asleep
  • painful
  • painless

He was advised _____ up the tent before it got dark.

  • put
  • not to put
  • putting
  • to put
He had been expected to cope well with examinations and _____ good results.
  • achieve
  • consider
  • last
  • object

When we arrived at the meeting, the first speaker _____ and the audience _____.

  • had just finished / were clapping
  • had just finished / clapped
  • was finishing / clapped
  • finished / had clapped

By the time I finish the final term exams, I _____ my first two years' study at university.

  • have completed
  • will be completed
  • will complete
  • will have completed

Parking is very difficult in _____ city center, so my father always goes there by _____ bus.

  • a - X
  • the - X
  • the - the
  • a - a

I told him _____ the word to Jane somehow that I _____ to reach her during the early hours.

  • passing / will try
  • he will pass / tried
  • to pass / would be trying
  • he passed / have tried
Ann pretended _____ me as he passed me in the street.
  • not seeing
  • not to seen
  • not see
  • not to see

He tried hard, _____ he couldn't win a gold medal at the European Championship.

  • for
  • but
  • in spite of
  • because of

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

We are going to visit the school next week where we studied and lived in when we were young.

  • are going to
  • where
  • lived
  • were

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Careful planning is very important to help craft villages growing and flourish to attract more tourists to the country.

  • planning
  • growing
  • more
  • to the country

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

However type of raw materials is used in making paper, the process is essentially the same.

  • However
  • is used
  • paper
  • essentially

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Animals like frogs have waterproof skin that prevents it from drying out quickly in air, sun, or wind

  • have
  • that
  • it
  • wind

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The nests of most bird species are strategic placed to camouflage them against predators.

  • most
  • species
  • strategic
  • against

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Her style of dress accentuated her extreme slenderness.

  • betrayed
  • emphasized
  • revealed
  • disfigured

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

In spite of her difficult living conditions, she studied extremely hard.

  • quite
  • very
  • fairly
  • excellently

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I will not stand for your bad attitude any longer.

  • like
  • tolerate
  • mean
  • care

Read the text and write the missing words. Write ONE word on each blank.

Natural Selection

Many people think (0) that Charles Darwin came up with the idea of evolution. In fact, when Darwin was born, many scientists already believed evolution. Darwin was important because he provided us an explanation for how evolution works. He called this explanation "natural selection".

There are many examples natural selection in action. Take moths. If a moth lays some eggs, the babies usually up to look like their parents. But occasionally, because the way that genes work, a moth is different. Maybe it's bigger, or smaller, or a different color, or has longer legs, for example.

In Britain today, most peppered moths are black. there are white ones, birds see them easily on dark trees, and eat them. The black ones reproduce more because any white ones are eaten, so the population stays black. Three hundred years , however, things were different. Trees were lighter because there wasn't so pollution. Birds could see the black moths more easily the white ones, and so ate them, leaving the white moths to reproduce. So most of the peppered moths back then were white.

Today, though, as as the trees stay dark-colored, there won't be many white peppered moths in the future. It's natural selection that decides the color of the moths.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

If you're an environmentalist, plastic is a word you tend to say with a sneer or a snarl. It has become a symbol of our wasteful, throw-away society. But there seems little doubt it is here to stay, and the truth is, of course, that plastic has brought enormous (1)_____ even environmental evil - it's the way society chooses to uses and (2)_____ them. 

Almost all the 50 or so different kinds of modern plastic are made from oil, gas, or coal-non-renewable natural (3)_____. We (4)_____ well over three million tones of the stuff in Britain each year and, sooner or later, most of it is thrown away. A high (5)_____ of our annual consumption is in the form of packaging, and this (6)_____ about seven percent by weight of our domestic refuse. Almost all of it could be recycled, but very little of it is, though the plastic recycling (7)_____ is growing fast. 

The plastics themselves are extremely energy-rich they have a higher calorific (8)_____ than coal and one (9)_____ of "recovery" strongly favored by the plastic manufacturers is the (10)_____ of waste plastic into fuel. 

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (1).
  • savings
  • pleasures
  • benefits
  • profits
Choose the word or phrase that best fits (2).
  • abuse
  • endanger
  • store
  • dispose
Choose the word or phrase that best fits (3).
  • processes
  • resources
  • products
  • fuels
Choose the word or phrase that best fits (4).
  • import
  • consign
  • remove
  • consume
Choose the word or phrase that best fits (5).
  • amount
  • proportion
  • portion
  • rate
Choose the word or phrase that best fits (6).
  • makes
  • carries
  • takes
  • constitutes
Choose the word or phrase that best fits (7).
  • industry
  • manufacture
  • plant
  • factory
Choose the word or phrase that best fits (8).
  • demand
  • effect
  • value
  • degree
Choose the word or phrase that best fits (9).
  • medium
  • method
  • measure
  • mechanism
Choose the word or phrase that best fits (10).
  • melting
  • conversion
  • change
  • replacement

Use the correct form of given words to fill in the blanks.

Special Effects in Movies

George Lucas‘s Star Wars transformed 20th century (ENTERTAIN) and raised audience (EXPECT) to alarming heights for film producers. Since Star Wars was made in 1977 special effects have become (INCREASING) important in selling a film.

The script of Jurassic Park, for example, was rather (DISAPPOINT) but the film was a box office success because the dinosaurs were amazingly realistic. However, special effects do not always guarantee (SUCCEED) . Interestingly, when Lost World came out the technology was far superior, but people had become tired of dinosaurs and were simply not (MOTIVATION) enough to want to go and see them anymore. The film was not (NEAR) as successful as its predecessor.

But who is not impressed when they see Jar Jar Binks in The Phantom Menace, the first ever 3D interactive (DIGIT) character seen on film? Computer-generated actors are certainly the way ahead, but you may be surprised to discover that the most expensive special (AFFECT) was filmed in 1956. The parting of the Red Sea in Cecille DeMille’s The Ten Commandments cost an astonishing £ 2 million.

But what does the future hold? It is fascinating to think that with computer-generated (IMAGE) filmmakers may be able to recreate deceased movie stars, such as James Dean and Marylyn Monroe.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

For more than six million American children, coming home after school means coming back to an empty house. Some deal with the situation by watching TV. Some may hide. But all of them have something in common. They spend part of each day alone. They are called “latchkey children”. They are children who look after themselves while their parents work. And their bad condition has become a subject of concern.

Lynette Long was once the principal of an elementary school. She said, “We had a school rule against wearing jewelry. A lot of kids had chains around their necks with keys attached. I was constantly telling them to put the keys inside shirts. There were so many keys; it never came to my mind what they meant.” Slowly, she learned that they were house keys.

She and her husband began talking to the children who had keys. They learned of the effect of working couples and single parents were having on their children. Fear was the biggest problem faced by children at home alone. One in three latchkey children the Longs talked to reported being frightened. Many had nightmares and were worried about their own safety.

The most common way latchkey children deal with their fears is by hiding. They may hide in a shower stall, under a bed or in a closet. The second is the TV. They often turn the volume up. It’s hard to get statistics on latchkey children, the Longs have learned. Most parents are slow to admit that they leave their children alone.

What is the topic of the passage?

  • Kids without parents.
  • Children's activities.
  • Lonely children.
  • Latchkey children.

The phrase "an empty house" in the passage mostly means ______.

  • a house with no people inside
  • a house with no furniture
  • a house with nothing inside
  • a house with too much space

One thing that the children in the passage share is that ______.

  • they all watch TV
  • they spend part of each day alone
  • they are from single-parent families
  • they all wear jewelry

The phrase "latchkey children" in the passage means children who ______.

  • close doors with keys and watch TV by themselves
  • like to carry latches and keys with them everywhere
  • are locked inside houses with latches and keys
  • look after themselves while their parents are not at home

Why did a lot of kids have chains around their necks with keys attached?

  • They had to use the keys to open school doors.
  • Schools didn’t allow them to wear jewelry, so they wore keys instead.
  • They were fully grown and had become independent.
  • They would use the keys to enter their houses when they came home.

Lynette Long learned of latchkey children’s problems by ______.

  • visiting their homes
  • delivering questionnaires
  • interviewing their parents
  • talking to them

The main problem of latchkey children is that they _____.

  • are growing in numbers
  • watch too much television during the day
  • are also found in middle-class families
  • suffer a lot from being left alone

What is the most common way for latchkey children to deal with fears?

  • Hiding somewhere.
  • Talking to the Longs.
  • Having a shower.
  • Lying under a TV.

It’s difficult to find out the number of latchkey children because _____.

  • there are too many of them in the whole country
  • most parents are reluctant to admit that they leave their children alone
  • they hide themselves in shower stalls or under beds
  • they do not give information about themselves for safety reasons

What might be the purpose of this passage?

  • To encourage children to stay home alone because more than six million children have the same situation.
  • To show parents that they need to pay more attention to their children.
  • To suggest TV station having better shows for children staying at home alone.
  • To persuade teachers to allow children to wear jewelry.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

This famous picture is worth thousands of pounds. It was damaged during the war. (which)

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The joke was funny, but no one laughed. (though) 

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

"Why don't you buy a new coat?" Mary told me. (suggested)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

Danny regretted going to the music festival. (wished)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

The Smiths are really nice people. They won't be angry about it. (SUCH)

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

If you don't rest yourself you really will be ill. => Unless .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It is quite pointless to complain about the program. => There's .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It started to rain the moment we arrived. => No sooner .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

He wants to invite Julia on a date. => He wants to .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Does he have to hand in the project today? => Does the project .....?