Đề khảo sát vào 10 lần 2 năm 2020 của trường NTT

7/12/2020 3:12:00 PM

Đây là đề khảo sát vào 10 lần 2 năm 2020 mà trường Nguyễn Tất Thành tổ chức cho cả học sinh của trường và học sinh bên ngoài đợt 6-7/7/2020. 

Mức độ khó của đề này cao hơn đề thi thử lần 1 mà trường tổ chức đợt 19-20/6/2020. HS cần chú ý đọc kĩ, tập trung cao độ khi làm bài.

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • governments

  • computers

  • hopes

  • works

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.
  • school
  • cartoon
  • cookie
  • moonlight
Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.
  • southern
  • youth
  • smooth
  • bathe
Choose the word whose stress pattern is different from that of the others.
  • picturesque
  • photogenic
  • energetic
  • atmosphere
Choose the word whose stress pattern is different from that of the others.
  • announcement
  • competition
  • documentary
  • volunteer
Choose the word whose stress pattern is different from that of the others.
  • interrupt
  • recommend
  • correspond
  • optional

Plastic is more suitable because of its _____.

  • flexibility
  • inflexible
  • flexibly
  • flexible

Lake Victoria in Africa is the world’s _____ fresh water lake.

  • largest second
  • two larger
  • second largest
  • second and large

Neither Ann nor her brothers _____ consent form for tomorrow's field trip.

  • need
  • needs
  • is needing
  • has needed

John: “It’s blowing, isn’t it, George?”

George: “_____”

  • Yes, extremely chilly.
  • Mm. Isn’t it hot!
  • Yes, what a downpour!
  • Very windy.

That magnificent _____ temple was constructed by the Chinese.

  • eight-centuries-old
  • eight-century’s-old
  • old-eight-centuries
  • eight-century-old

There were two small rooms in the beach house, _____ served as a kitchen.

  • the smaller of which
  • the smallest of that
  • the smaller of them
  • the smallest of which

Pioneer men and women endured terrible hardships, and ______.

  • so did their children
  • neither did the children
  • also the child
  • so did children

If my candidate had won the election, I _____ happy now.

  • am
  • would be
  • was
  • can be

The couple ______ in the house next door are both college professors.

  • who living
  • which live
  • whom are living
  • living
They offer quality products at ________ prices.
  • affordable
  • reasonably
  • compete
  • cheaply

Rates of poverty, _____ and unemployment remain high in developing countries.

  • literate
  • literacy
  • illiterate
  • illiteracy

I think it’s high time we ______ watering the garden.

  • start
  • will start
  • started
  • had started

We hadn’t arranged _____. We met _____.

  • meet/on chance
  • to meet/by chance
  • meeting/by opportunity
  • met/for opportunity

Stella thanked her sister ______ congratulating her ______ her birthday.

  • with/in
  • for/on
  • about/for
  • to/by

Hundreds of species of Hawaiian flowers have become extinct or rare _____ land development and the grazing of wild goats.

  • now that
  • due to
  • because
  • despite

His computer crashed, ______ which he lost all the data.

  • because of
  • as a consequence
  • thanks to
  • as a result of

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Yesterday was such beautiful day that I couldn’t bring myself to complete all my chores.

  • such beautiful
  • myself
  • to complete
  • my chores

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Tom is one of the most intelligent boys of the science class.

  • the
  • most
  • of the
  • science

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Neither of the girls have turned in the term papers to the instructor yet.

  • girls
  • have
  • to
  • the

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Hardly he had entered the office when he realized that he had forgotten his wallet.

  • Hardly he had
  • the office
  • that
  • had forgotten

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

In spite modern medical technology, many diseases caused by viruses are still not curable.

  • In spite
  • many
  • by viruses
  • not

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

His final remarks had a tremendous impact on the audience.

  • uproar
  • collision
  • uplift
  • effect

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Gas stations are often situated on busy intersections.

  • founded
  • requested
  • placed
  • secluded

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Science researchers are looking into ways to extend human life.

  • elaborating
  • anticipating
  • directing
  • investigating

Read and decide which answer best fits each space.

   Kimani Ng'ang'a from Kenya, aged 85 , is the world's oldest school pupil. He has arrived in New York this week to speak at the United Nations about the of free primary education. Kimani started school last year, when the Kenyan government free primary education. He didn't go to school as a child because his family couldn't pay the .

   Kimani has been very successful at school . Although he is only in his second year he has a lot since he started. He gives other pupils tips and   . His teacher is very pleased with him. Kimani, who couldn't even hold a pen when he started can now even write a few words of Swahili. Among his favourite subjects are maths and science. He says English is very difficult to learn but he will keep up trying.

   Kenya used to be a British colony, and in the 1950s, Kimani fought for with the Mau Mau rebels. He wants to learn maths to count his money, he says. He also wants to learn to read the Bible. "You are never too old to learn", he told reporters.

   Recently, Kimani has achieved a place in the Guinness Book of Records as the world's oldest primary school pupil. He has 30 great-grandchildren. Two of them are in the same school as him , but they are in higher years. Kimani waited a long time for the first day at school, but he never gave and he finally . He wants to tell world leaders that all children should be able to go to school. "To me, freedom means going to school and learning," he told reporters. 

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

THE CREATORS OF GRAMMAR

   No student of a foreign language needs to be told that grammar is complex. By changing word sequences and by adding a range of auxiliary verbs and suffixes, we are able to communicate tiny variations in meaning. We can turn a statement into a question, state whether an action has taken place or is soon to take place, and perform many other word tricks to convey subtle differences in meaning. Nor is this complexity inherent to the English language. All languages, even those of so-called 'primitive' tribes have clever grammatical components. The Cherokee pronoun system, for example, can distinguish between 'you and I', 'several other people and I' and 'you, another person and I'. In English, all these meanings are summed up in the one, crude pronoun 'we'. Grammar is universal and plays a part in every language, no matter how widespread it is. So the question which has baffled many linguists is - who created grammar?

   At first, it would appear that this question is impossible to answer. To find out how grammar is created, someone needs to be present at the time of a language's creation, documenting its emergence. Many historical linguists are able to trace modern complex languages back to earlier languages, but in order to answer the question of how complex languages are actually formed, the researcher needs to observe how languages are started from scratch. Amazingly, however, this is possible.

   Some of the most recent languages evolved due to the Atlantic slave trade. At that time, slaves from a number of different ethnicities were forced to work together under colonizer's rule. Since they had no opportunity to learn each other's languages, they developed a makeshift language called a pidgin. Pidgins are strings of words copied from the language of the landowner. They have little in the way of grammar, and in many cases it is difficult for a listener to deduce when an event happened, and who did what to whom. [A] Speakers need to use circumlocution in order to make their meaning understood. [B] Interestingly, however, all it takes for a pidgin to become a complex language is for a group of children to be exposed to it at the time when they learn their mother tongue. [C] Slave children did not simply copy the strings of words uttered by their elders, they adapted their words to create a new, expressive language. [D] Complex grammar systems which emerge from pidgins are termed creoles, and they are invented by children.

   Further evidence of this can be seen in studying sign languages for the deaf. Sign languages are not simply a series of gestures; they utilise the same grammatical machinery that is found in spoken languages. Moreover, there are many different languages used worldwide. The creation of one such language was documented quite recently in Nicaragua. Previously, all deaf people were isolated from each other, but in 1979 a new government introduced schools for the deaf. Although children were taught speech and lip reading in the classroom, in the playgrounds they began to invent their own sign system, using the gestures that they used at home. It was basically a pidgin. Each child used the signs differently, and there was no consistent grammar. However, children who joined the school later, when this inventive sign system was already around, developed a quite different sign language. Although it was based on the signs of the older children, the younger children's language was more fluid and compact, and it utilised a large range of grammatical devices to clarify meaning. What is more, all the children used the signs in the same way a new creole was born.

   Some linguists believe that many of the world's most established languages were creoles at first. The English past tense –ed ending may have evolved from the verb 'do'. 'It ended' may once have been 'It end-did'. Therefore it would appear that even the most widespread languages were partly created by children. Children appear to have innate grammatical machinery in their brains, which springs to life when they are first trying to make sense of the world around them. Their minds can serve to create logical, complex structures, even when there is no grammar present for them to copy.

In paragraph 1, why does the writer include information about the Cherokee language?
  • To show how simple, traditional cultures can have complicated grammar structures.
  • To show how English grammar differs from Cherokee grammar.
  • To prove that complex grammar structures were invented by the Cherokees.
  • To demonstrate how difficult it is to learn the Cherokee language.
What can be inferred about the slaves' pidgin language?
  • It contained complex grammar.
  • It was based on many different languages.
  • It was difficult to understand, even among slaves.
  • It was created by the land-owners.
All the following sentences about Nicaraguan sign language are true EXCEPT:
  • The language has been created since 1979.
  • The language is based on speech and lip reading.
  • The language incorporates signs which children used at home.
  • The language was perfected by younger children.

In paragraph 3, where can the following sentence be placed?

It included standardised word orders and grammatical markers that existed in neither the pidgin language, nor the language of the colonizers.

  • [A]
  • [B]
  • [C]
  • [D]

'From scratch' in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to_____.

  • from the very beginning
  • in simple cultures
  • by copying something else
  • by using written information

'Make-shift' in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to:

  • complicated and expressive
  • simple and temporary
  • extensive and diverse
  • private and personal

Which sentence is closest in meaning to the BOLD sentence?

Grammar is universal and plays a part in every language, no matter how widespread it is.

  • All languages, whether they are spoken by a few people or a lot of people, contain grammar.
  • Some languages include a lot of grammar, whereas other languages contain a little.
  • Languages which contain a lot of grammar are more common that languages that contain a little.
  • The grammar of all languages is the same, no matter where the languages evolved.
All of the following are features of the new Nicaraguan sign language EXCEPT:
  • All children used the same gestures to show meaning.
  • The meaning was clearer than the previous sign language.
  • The hand movements were smoother and smaller.
  • New gestures were created for everyday objects and activities.

Look at the word 'consistent' in paragraph 4. This word could best be replaced by which of the following?

  • natural
  • predictable
  • imaginable
  • uniform
Which idea is presented in the final paragraph?
  • English was probably once a creole.
  • The English past tense system is inaccurate.
  • Linguists have proven that English was created by children.
  • Children say English past tenses differently from adults.

Use the word in brackets to form a word that fits in the space.

   For many people, (PUNCTUAL) is a big issue. Parents are often keen to impress upon their children the (IMPORTANT) of being punctual because they see it as an aspect of (POLITE) and consideration for others. It is also a quality that (EMPLOY) regard as very positive, and those who are (USUAL) unpunctual may end up being (SUCCESS) in their careers as a result.

   It may be, however, that less punctual people have (CHOOSE) a more (RELAX) lifestyle than those who always arrive on time. They may find it (STRESS) when 50 much emphasis is placed on timekeeping. Indeed, if others get (PATIENCE) when they are late for appointments, this may not seem reasonable to them.

Find one suitable word in each blank to complete the following letter. 

   Dear Tim,

   Many for your letter. I’m sorry I haven’t written for so long because I’ve been very , and we have at the end of the month exams.

   You’ll be pleased to hear that the course has been going really well. I like the teachers very much, and we also have a about British culture, which is really interesting. I’ve been pronunciation in the lab and watching videos too much.

   As for my social life, it couldn't be better. I’ve met on the course lots of really nice people, and we all get well together. We go out to the theater and restaurants and we are planning trips to the country now. Last week we to Wales for the weekend, which was great. We may go next month to Cornwall.

   Anyway, I’d better go now, as I want to catch the post. Do write again soon.

Lots of love

Christina

P.S. the way, give my best to Jane if you see her.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The path was so slippery that we couldn't walk along it. (TOO)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

My mother is the most warm-hearted person I've ever known. (than)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

They share a lot of hobbies and interests. (common)

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word in brackets.

I find his handwriting very hard to read. (DIFFICULTY)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

I think cycling is preferable to walking. (rather)

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The phone stopped ringing the moment I got downstairs. => No sooner .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

She knows she shouldn’t have worked lazily. => She regrets .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I am amazed by the mistakes he makes. => What .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Mrs. Linda is proud of her cooking. => Mrs. Linda prides .....

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

They were cleaning out of the swimming pool at this time yesterday.

=> The swimming pool .....