Đề số 29 Tiếng Anh vào lớp 10 năm 2020 theo mẫu của SGD Hà Nội (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

5/4/2020 10:27:00 PM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • houses

  • misses

  • glasses

  • mixes

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • read
  • teacher
  • eat
  • ahead

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • persuade
  • install
  • occur
  • capture

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • density
  • negative
  • organize
  • enormous

- A: "Is this ______ shirt you have got in your shop?"

- B: "No, sir. We've got some other cheaper."

  • the cheapest
  • cheap
  • cheaper
  • the cheap

We can supply materials _____Thursday morning next week, so let's meet at the school ______8:00 a.m.

  • on/at
  • at/around
  • on/in
  • at/until

l am not ________ getting the bus to work because I usually drive there.

  • be used to
  • get used to
  • used to
  • use to

Hung is sick. _____________, he can’t go to school.

  • Therefore
  • And
  • But
  • Because

Christopher Colombus _______ America more than 500 years ago.

  • discovered
  • has discovered
  • had discovered
  • had been discovering

I won't change my mind _____ what you say.

 

  • whether
  • although
  • no matter
  • because
The celebrity lost her temper when realizing that the evening dress she had ordered online was completely ______ in her size.
  • out of stock
  • out of order
  • out of touch
  • out of sight

I was brought _____ in the countryside by my aunt after my parents had passed _____.

  • on / over
  • for / on
  • on / off
  • up / away
I don’t think this medicine is ______. I still have a headache.
  • effect
  • effective
  • effectively
  • affect

Peter: "How often do you go to school?"

Harry: "_______"

  • I go there early.
  • Every day except Sunday.
  • I don't think so.
  • I go there by bus.

Linda: “Which gender is most likely to ask strangers for directions?”

Jean: “_________”

  • Men sometimes ask strangers for directions as well.
  • Women are because their sense of space and directions is worse.
  • Both men and women can use GPS these days.
  • GPS is very useful to help car drives.

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The way the care-taker treated those little children was deplorable. She must be punished for what she did.

  • respectable
  • unacceptable
  • mischievous
  • satisfactory

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Talking about your feeling can help you get clear about what you feel.

  • control
  • banish
  • get rid of
  • figure out

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Adverse weather conditions made it difficult to play the game.

  • favorable
  • bad
  • comfortable
  • severe

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

He revealed his intentions of leaving the company to the manager during the office dinner party.

  • disclosed
  • concealed
  • misled
  • influenced

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Kid’s summers consist of go to the pool or the library.

  • Kid’s
  • consist
  • go
  • or

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

It is necessary for me find that information.

  • necessary
  • for
  • find
  • information

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Some of the most excited architecture in Britain can be found in Manchester and the nearby Salford Quays area.

  • of
  • excited
  • found
  • nearby

Read the passage and answer the following questions.

The difference between a liquid and a gas is obvious under the conditions of temperature and pressure commonly found at the surface of the Earth. A liquid can be kept in an open container and fills it to the level of a free surface. A gas forms no free surface but tends to diffuse throughout the space available; it must, therefore, be kept in a closed container or held by a gravitation field, as in the case of a planet's atmosphere. The distinction was a prominent feature of early theories describing the phases of matter. In the nineteenth century, for example, one theory maintained that a liquid could be "dissolved" in a vapor without losing its identity, and another theory held that the two phases are made up of different kinds of molecules: liquidons and gasons. The theories now prevailing take a quite different approach by emphasizing what liquids and gases have in common. They are both forms of matter that have no permanent structure, and they both flow readily. They are fluids.

The fundamental similarity of liquids gases becomes clearly apparent when the temperature and pressure are raised somewhat. Suppose a closed container partially filled with a liquid is heated. The liquid expands, or in other words, becomes less dense; some of it evaporates. In contrast, the vapor above the liquid surface becomes denser as the evaporated molecules are added to it. The combination of temperature and pressure at which the densities become equal is called the critical point. Above the critical point, the liquid and the gas can no longer be distinguished; there is a single, undifferentiated fluid phase of uniform density.

Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage?

  • New Containers for Fluids
  • High-Temperature Zones on the Earth
  • The Beginnings of Modem Physics
  • The Properties of Gases and Liquids

According to the passage, the difference between a liquid and a gas under normal conditions on Earth is that the liquid _________.

  • has a permanent structure
  • forms a free surface
  • is affected by changes in pressure
  • is considerably more common

According to the passage, in the nineteenth century, some scientists viewed liquidons and gasons as __________.

  • different types of molecules
  • dissolving particles heavy molecules
  • heavy molecules
  • fluids

According to the passage, what happens when the temperature is increased in a closed container holding a liquid?

  • The liquid and gas phases become more similar.
  • The liquid and the gas become less dense.
  • The container expands.
  • The liquid evaporates out of the container.

The word "apparent" is closest in meaning to ________ .

  • small to recognize
  • simple to perform
  • difficult to see
  • easy to notice

Since the birth of agriculture, farmers have tried to using pesticides by employing various biological methods to control nature. The first method involved introducing a predator that would control pests eating them. This was used successfully in 1925 to control the prickly pear population in Australia. The prickly pear has originally been used as a divider between paddocks. , it eventually spread from a few farms to 4 million hectares of farming land, rendering them unusable. The Cactoblastis moth larvae were introduced to help control the and within ten years, the prickly pear was virtually eradicated. Further attempts at biological control weren't so successful. When farmers tried to eliminate the cane beetle by introducing the South American cane toad, the results were catastrophic. The cane toad did not eat the cane beetle and the toad population spread leading to the decline of native species of mammals and reptiles.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

No one has bought this house. => This house .............

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

We couldn't go camping because of the storm. => The storm ............

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It's ages since I last talked to him. => I have .........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It was a mistake for him to buy that house. => He shouldn't ...........

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

She didn't take an umbrella so she got wet. (IF)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

The book was so interesting that we couldn't put it down. (such)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

He said to me: "Don't stay up late." (told)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

Although Nam was very tired, he tried to finish his work. (However)