Đề thi thử vào 10 theo mẫu của SGD Hà Nội số 20

4/9/2020 10:09:00 PM

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • decided
  • afforded
  • advanced
  • invented

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • great
  • break
  • beautiful
  • steak

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • cartoon
  • western
  • teacher
  • theatre

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • possession
  • politics
  • decision
  • refusal

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The Mediterranean, a large sea surrounded by land, is a mile depth on the average and more than 2000 miles long.

  • surrounded by land
  • depth
  • on the average
  • 2000 miles long

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

While working as a travel agency, my elder brother specialized in arranging tours of the Mekong Delta for foreign tourists.

  • While
  • travel agency
  • specialized in
  • tours of

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The number of wild horses on Assateague is increasing, resulted in overgrazed marsh and dune grasses.

  • number
  • is
  • resulted
  • grasses

- “More women will be participating in politics.”

- "_______ They are becoming more active."

  • Not at all.
  • Yes, it may be true.
  • Really?
  • I disagree.

Choose the most suitable response to complete the exchange.

- "You’ve been making very good progress. I’m proud of you!"

- "_____ "

  • No problem.
  • Don’t worry about it!
  • Everything’s alright. Thank you.
  • I really appreciate you saying that.

"I can’t _____ driving on the other side of the road," complained Pierre when he was in England.

  • be used to
  • get used to
  • used to
  • use to

I asked her if she wanted to go to the cinema with me but she _____ me down. 

  • turned
  • put
  • let
  • looked

Hair color is one of _____ characteristics to be used in identifying people.

  • the most obviously
  • most obvious
  • obviously the most
  • the most obvious

The match was canceled _____ the bad weather.

  • since
  • because of
  • despite
  • even though

Choose the correct answer.

You can protect yourself against coronavirus disease (COVID-19) _______ washing your hands regularly for 20 seconds, with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub.

  • in
  • by
  • after
  • for

If he didn't come to the party, he ______ Sarah.

  • couldn't meet
  • can't meet
  • hadn't met
  • couldn't have met

The food wasn't bad, but I'd _____ to go somewhere else next time.

  • rather
  • prefer
  • better
  • liked

I enjoy ____ to foreign countries to learn more about different cultures and peoples.

  • travelling
  • to visit
  • to travel
  • visiting

Choose the correct answer.

All of the ______ on the tour were top-rated hotels.

  • accommodations
  • accommodate
  • accommodating
  • accommodated

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

They believe that life will be far better than it is today, so they tend to look on the bright side in any circumstance.

  • be optimistic
  • be smart
  • be confident
  • be pessimistic

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

She was a very superficial person with a large group of frivolous friends.

  • superior
  • deep
  • attractive
  • horrible

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The government has passed laws to protect wildlife from commercial trade.

  • enforced
  • enabled
  • ensured
  • enacted

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

At every faculty meeting, Ms. Volatie always manages to put her foot in her mouth.

  • move rapidly
  • trip over her big feet
  • fall asleep
  • say the wrong thing

Read the passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

Cities Get Clean by Going Green 

When people hear the word “city”, they usually imagine concrete, neon signs, and lots of air pollution. Thanks to some clever and concerned architects, this image is starting to change. The concept of green cities aims to bring some beauty from rural environments into urban areas. It is not only about looking better though. Green cities are also trying to improve the efficiency of cities and raise the standard of living for people who stay in them.

The term “green cities” refers to cities where builders take into account several environmental factors before that city is constructed or redesigned. For starters, green cities are designed to be more physically appealing than traditional cities from the past. In addition, the mobility of citizens should be considered, so public transportation can be more convenient and travel time to work can be reduced. Energy sources should also be evaluated with the goal of minimizing air pollution.

When it comes to going green, the city of Barcelona is far ahead of its time. Since 1859, its designers have consciously tried to create sustainable urban designs. Then in 1992, the city received a well-deserved makeover before hosting the Olympic Games. In recent years, Barcelona has upgraded its transportation system. This has reduced air pollution as more and more workers are using public transportation instead of their own vehicles. Barcelona also boasts one of the best recycling programs in the world. Visitors will find clear, color-coded trash bins throughout the city where they can put all of their materials.

It is no secret in Portland, Oregon is one of the greenest cities in the US. Since 1903, it has been an example of what American cities can accomplish with careful planning. Instead of filling its area with office buildings, Portland has plenty of green space for activities. There are 119 kilometers of running, hiking, and bike trails that allow citizens to experience the great outdoors. The city also offers residents creative energy plans that give them the opportunity to pay a bit extra for clean energy sources. For about $3 to $9 extra each month, homeowners can choose solar or wind power and help the environment

These are only a small sampling of the green cities around .the world. As more people experience the pleasure of visiting green cities, it seems certain that the trend of urban areas going green will continue far into the future.

All of the following are true about Barcelona EXCEPT that _____.

  • visitors can put all the trash in one colorful trash bin
  • more people have used public transportation
  • air pollution has been reduced
  • it is said by some to have one of the best recycling programs in the world

What does the term "mobility" in paragraph 2 mean?

  • how much money tourists spend
  • the opinions of people
  • how visitors move around
  • the feelings visitors have

The word "they" in paragraph 3 refers to _____.

  • some dustbins in the city
  • those who run the city
  • people who collect dustbins
  • people who want to throw out the trash

Which of the following people would most enjoy living in Portland?

  • Someone who likes to work in tall buildings
  • Someone who doesn't mind air pollution
  • Someone who want cheap energy solutions
  • Someone who enjoys exercising outside

How does the author seem to feel about the future of green cities?

  • Green cities are too expensive to build in most countries.
  • Few people have interest in living in a green city.
  • The best green cities in the world are in North America.
  • We should continue to see more green cities being built each year.

Read the following passage, then choose the correct answer to questions.

Today, supermarkets are found in almost every large city in the world. But the first supermarket opened only fifty years ago. It was opened in New York by a man named Michael Cullen.
A supermarket is different other types of stores in several ways. In supermarkets, goods are placed on open shelves. The choose what they want and take them to the checkout counter. This means that fewer shop assistants are needed than in other stores. The way products are displayed is another difference between supermarkets and many other types of stores; example, in supermarkets, there is usually a display of small inexpensive items just in front of the checkout counter: candies, chocolates, magazines, cheap foods and so on.
Most customers go to a supermarket buy goods from a shopping list. They know exactly what they need to buy. They do the shopping according to a plan.

Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given.

The Earth/ run out/ oil/ gas/ recently.

  • Earth has run away with oil and gas recently.
  • The Earth is running away from oil and gas recently.
  • An Earth is running after oil and gas recently.
  • The Earth has run out of oil and gas recently.

Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given.

There / young girl / twelve to fifteen years old / begin / learn how / make pottery.

  • There are young girls from twelve to fifteen years old which begin to learn how to make pottery.
  • There were young girls from twelve to fifteen years old whose begin to learn how to make pottery.
  • There had young girls from twelve to fifteen years old whom begin to learn how to make pottery.
  • There are young girls from twelve to fifteen years old who begin to learn how to make pottery.

Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given.

I / sure / they / be / very happy / be / together / 25 years

  • I am sure that they were very happy to be together for 25 years.
  • So I am sure of they have been very happy to be together for 25 years.
  • I am sure that they have been very happy to be together for 25 years.
  • I am sure they have been very happy to be together since 25 years.

Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given.

We / stay / sun / such / long time / became sunburned.

  • We stayed in the sun for so a long time that we would become sunburned.
  • We stayed in the sun for such a long time that we became sunburned.
  • We stayed in the sun for a long time that we became sunburned.
  • We stayed in the sun for which such a long time that we sunburned.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.

Large cars use more gas than smaller ones.

  • If you own a small car, it uses more gas.
  • The smaller the car, the more gas it uses.
  • The larger the car, the more gas it uses.
  • Large cars don’t use as much gas as smaller ones.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.

I don't have money, so I can't help you.

  • If I can help you, I will have money.
  • If I have money, I can help you.
  • If I had money, I could help you.
  • If I had had money, I could have helped you.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Mary said, "I've just got a new job, so I can't ask for a day off this week".

  • Mary told me about her new job, but I couldn't get a day off that week to go out with her.
  • Mary said that when she got a new job, she was not allowed to ask for a day off a week.
  • Mary was glad that she had got a new job, but she was sad that she could not have a day off a week.
  • Mary told me that she could not ask for a day off that week because she had just got a new job.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.

For a cold, doctors often recommend that you rest and drink lots of fluids.

  • Doctors would rather give advice about cold than about fluids.
  • Rest and liquids are frequently advised for treatment of colds.
  • The doctors recommend that you have a cold soft drink.
  • You were told to come out of the cold and rest.