Đề thi thử vào 10 năm 2020 theo mẫu của SGD Hà Nội số 11 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

3/16/2020 9:20:08 PM

Choose the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word.

Tornadoes mostly happen during very strong thunderstorms and cause a lot of damage to anything they touch.

  • never
  • seldom
  • usually
  • always
Choose the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word.
They are going to declare details of the plan to the public later this week.
  • notice
  • remind
  • infer
  • announce

Choose the word OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word.

Komodo dragons are huge reptiles that can grow to three meters long and weigh 160 kilos.

  • little
  • violent
  • impressive
  • complicated

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

This says that there is an infinite number of alternative universes.

  • boundless
  • limited
  • indefinite
  • without limit

Read the passage and choose the correct answer to each question.

The word robot first appeared in a 1921 stage play by Czech writer Karel Capek. In the play, a man makes the machine that can think, which he calls a robot and which ends up killing its owner.In the 1940s, the American science fiction writer Isaac Asimov wrote a series of stories about robots and invented the term robotics, the science of robots. Meanwhile, in the real world, the first robots were developed by an engineer, Joseph F. Engelberger, and an inventor, George C. Devol. Together they started Unimation, a manufacturing company that produces the first real robot in 1961, called the Unimate. Robots of this type were installed at a General Motors automobile plant and proved to be a success. They worked reliably and saved money for General Motors, so other companies were soon acquiring robots as well.

These industrial robots were nothing like the terrifying creatures that can often be seen in science fiction films. In fact, these robots looked and behaved nothing like humans. They were simply pieces of computer-controlled machinery, with metal “arms” or “hands”. Since they were made of metal, they could perform certain jobs that were difficult or dangerous for humans, particularly jobs that involve high heat. And since robots were tireless and never got hungry, sleepy, or distracted, they were useful for tasks that would be tiring or boring for humans. Industrial robots have been improved over the years, and today they are used in many factories around the world. Though the use of robots has meant the loss of some jobs, at the same time other jobs have been created in the design, development, and production of the robots.

Rise of the Robots, Silicon Valley Entrepreneur, Martin Ford, 1988.

What is Unimation?
  • It's the name of a robot inventor.
  • It's the name of a robot.
  • It's a robot making program.
  • It's the producer of the first robot.
What can be said about Karel Capek?
  • He was the first to create the word "robot".
  • He is an American writer.
  • He made a robot.
  • He made a robot in order to kill a person.
Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a characteristic of robots?
  • They don't need food.
  • They are not distracted.
  • They are tiring.
  • They can do jobs involving high heat.
What are industrial robots like?
  • They behave like humans.
  • They controlled machinery.
  • They look like humans.
  • They are computer-controlled machines.

When did the word "robot" appear?

  • In the 1920s
  • In the 19th century
  • In the 40s
  • In the 60s

Choose the word which underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • wanted
  • asked
  • mixed
  • laughed

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • label
  • danger
  • natural
  • ancient
Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress
  • nation
  • picture
  • attend
  • answer
Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress
  • polite
  • student
  • easy
  • champion

Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in each sentence.

Vietnamese people are very ___ and hospitable.

  • reserved
  • friendly
  • official
  • quiet

Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in each sentence.

She often goes to the _____________ to pray because her religion is Islam.

  • mosque
  • pagoda
  • church
  • temple

Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in each sentence.

We knelt down in a place of worship and _________ for peace.

  • impressed
  • depended
  • said
  • prayed

Mathematics and Literature are _____ subjects in high schools.

  • extra
  • optional
  • compulsory
  • positive

The United States has a _____ of around 250 million.

  • population
  • size
  • range
  • land

Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in each sentence.

The national__________ in Malaysia is Malay.

  • language
  • currency
  • religion
  • climate

Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in each sentence.

During the year she was abroad, they ___________ by letter.

  • said hello
  • kept together
  • kept in touch
  • lost contact

Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in each sentence.

The office is closed ___________ the weekend.

  • on
  • in
  • of
  • for

Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in each sentence.

The two cities are the same  __________ some way.

  • as
  • for
  • in
  • of

- "Would you like to go and visit the museum tomorrow?"

- "_____"

  • That right.
  • I like to see it.
  • You must want it.
  • That would be great.

Choose the most suitable response to complete the exchange.

"Shall I open the window?" - "_____."

  • Yes, I shall
  • Yes, you will
  • Yes, please
  • Yes, you are

Choose the underlined word or phrase that needs correcting.

Mr. Minh used to driving to work, but now he takes the bus.

  • driving
  • work
  • but
  • takes

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Even though the extremely bad weather in the mountains, the climbers decided not to cancel their climb.

  • Even though
  • extremely
  • not to cancel
  • their climb

Choose the underlined word or phrase that needs correction. 

Her friendliness made him happily.

  • Her
  • friendliness
  • made
  • happily

Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space in the following passage.

Malaysia is a country in South East Asia. It is a member of the ASEAN. It consists (1) ______ the Malay Peninsula and Sarawak and Sabah on the Island Borneo. It is (2) _______ into regions, known as West Malaysia and East Malaysia. It has a tropical (3) __________. It is the world’s biggest producer of palm oil, and it exports rubber, tin and gas. In addition to Islam, the country’s official (4) ________, there are Buddhism, Hinduism and Christianity. Malaysian people speak Bahasa Malaysia as a mother tongue. It is the language of (5) __________ in all secondary schools.

English, Chinese and Tamil are also widely spoken in this country.

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (1).

  • at
  • in
  • of
  • for

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (2).

  • comprised
  • divided
  • impressed
  • corresponded

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (3).

  • climate
  • weather
  • region
  • territory

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (4).

  • region
  • religion
  • population
  • language

Choose the word or phrase that best fits (5).

  • attraction
  • association
  • instruction
  • production

Rewrite the sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the original one.

When he was young, he lived in Hanoi. => He used ..........

Rewrite the sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the original one. 

What a pity that I don’t have a laptop. => I wish ............

Rewrite the sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the original one.

The beauty of the city really impressed Maryam. => Maryam was............

Rewrite the sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the original one.

Please keep quiet in the classroom. => I'd rather you ...........

Combine the sentences into a new one, using the given word in the bracket. Do NOT change the word given.

The weather was so beautiful that we stayed out all day. (such)

Combine the sentences into a new one, using the given word in the bracket. Do NOT change the word given.

Gary invited a pop singer onto his chat show. The pop singer never turned up. (whom)

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

She felt really upset. She started to cry. (SO)

Combine the sentences into a new one, using the given word in the bracket. Do NOT change the word given.

He got old. He became bad-tempered. (The older)