Đề số 18 Tiếng Anh vào 10 năm 2020 theo mẫu của SGD Hà Nội (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

4/5/2020 9:33:00 PM

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • released
  • rushed
  • increased
  • informed

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • warm
  • small
  • draw
  • want

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in the following question.

  • fireplace
  • outweigh
  • lifestyle
  • folklore
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in the following question.
  • reflect
  • contain
  • purchase
  • suggest

Choose the correct answer.

Once grandparents, parents and children ________ together, but now grandparents ________ by themselves.

  • used to live/are used to living
  • are used to living/used to live
  • used to live/used to live
  • get used to living/used to live

Nancy can't go with us _____ she has to look after her little sister.

  • so
  • despite
  • because
  • as for

He tasted the sauce _____ before he gave it to the customers.

  • carefully
  • careful
  • caring
  • careless

"Would you mind _____ the books back to the library for me?" - "Not at all."

  • taking
  • to taking
  • take
  • to take

My younger brother promised _____ too much time playing computer games.

  • not to spend
  • did not spend
  • not spend
  • to not spending

Choose the correct answer.

Of all the sports in the Olympics, which sport is _____________ ?

  • as dangerous
  • less dangerous
  • more dangerous
  • the most dangerous

Choose the correct answer.

Frank invited Janet, _____ , to the party.

  • met in Japan
  • meeting in Japan
  • whom he had met in Japan
  • that he had met in Japan

Choose the correct answer.

I wish he _____ borrowing money from me. He has never paid it back.

  • do not keep
  • will not keep
  • would not keep
  • hadn't kept

It was so noisy outside that she couldn’t concentrate _____ her work.

  • at
  • in
  • on
  • with

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Exceeding speed limits and fail to wear safety belts are two common causes of automobile death.

  • Exceeding
  • fail
  • safety belts
  • causes

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

It was a nice day, so we decided going for a walk.

  • It
  • so
  • going
  • walk

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Almost poetry is more enjoyable when it is read aloud.

  • Almost
  • is more
  • enjoyable
  • it is

John invites his friend to go to a party with him.

John: "Would you like to come with me to the party tonight?"

Adam: "_______"

  • I’m so sorry. I don’t think I can.
  • That's definitely right.
  • Yeah, it was a lot of fun.
  • Wow. I can't imagine that.

Choose the most suitable response to complete the following exchange.

Kate: "I thought the film was really boring."
Andy: "______"

  • If you like.
  • So did I.
  • I'm afraid not.
  • I do, too.

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Satish’s point of view was correct but his behavior with his father was quite impertinent.

  • healthy
  • smooth
  • inadequate
  • respectful

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

James may get into hot water when driving at full speed after drinking.

  • get into trouble
  • fall into disuse
  • remain calm
  • stay safe

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The only cure for alcoholism is complete abstinence from alcohol.

  • sickness
  • pretension
  • avoidance
  • absence

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

“What I’ve got to say to you now is strictly off the record and most certainly not for publication.” said the government staff to the reporter.

  • beside the point
  • not popular
  • not recorded
  • not yet official

Read the passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

It’s a sound you will probably never hear, a sickened tree sending out a distress signal. But a group of scientists has heard the cries, and they think some insects also hear the trees and are drawn to them like a vulture to a dying animal. Researchers with the US Department of Agriculture's Forest Service fastened sensors to the bark of drought-stricken trees clearly heard distress calls. According to one of the scientists, most parched trees transmit their plight in the 50-hertz to the 50-kilohertz range. (The unaided human ear can detect no more than 20 kilohertz). Red oak, maple, white pine, and birch all make slightly different sounds in the form of vibrations at the surface of the wood.

The scientists think that the vibrations are created when the water columns inside tubes that run along the length of the tree break, a result of too little water flowing through them. These fractured columns send out distinctive vibration patterns. Because some insects communicate at ultrasonic frequencies, they may pick up the trees’ vibration and attack the weakened trees. Researchers are now running tests with potted trees that have been deprived of water to see if the sound is what attracts the insects. “Water-stressed trees also smell differently from other races, and they experience thermal changes, so insects could be responding to something other than sound’, one scientist said.

Which of the following is the main topic of the passage?
  • The sound made by trees
  • The vibrations produced by insects
  • The effects of insects on trees
  • The mission of the U.S Forest Service

The word "them" in the first paragraph refers to _____.

  • insects
  • trees
  • scientists
  • vultures

The word "parched" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • recovered
  • dehydrated
  • burned
  • damaged
All the following are mentioned as possible factors in drawing insects to weakened trees EXCEPT _____.
  • sounds
  • changes in colors
  • smells
  • thermal changes
Which of the following could be considered a cause of the tree's distress signals?
  • lack of water
  • attacks by insects
  • torn root
  • experiments by scientists

Holiday with my friends

When we finished our exams, my friends and I from university all decided to go on holiday together. Our friend Jenny nearly backed out because she couldn't really afford it so we lending her the money. At first, she refused but we explained to her that we might never have this opportunity again.

We wanted a resort that had of nightlife and nice beaches. We had all studied really hard all year and so we wanted to have some fun. We chose a self-catering holiday because it was cheaper. The eight of us flew out on the Monday morning after spending the previous night our bags and getting really excited. From the moment we arrived, we had a great time. We all day on the beach and all night in the many cafés the area, meeting people from all over the world. By the time we came home, we had made lots of new friends. I think it was one of the best holidays of my life.

Rewrite the sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the original one.

Stop using the computer after 10 P.M. => You must shut ............

Rewrite the sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the original one.

Nam started playing football four years ago. => Nam has ............

Rewrite the sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the original one.

Susan doesn't have a watch, so she is often late for work. => If Susan .............

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The weather was bad, but we went to school on time. => Although ............

Combine the sentences into a new one, using the given word in the bracket. Do NOT change the word given.

Revising for an exam takes up all my time at the moment. (BUSY) 

Combine the sentences into a new one, using the given word in the bracket. Do NOT change the word given.

The Grand Canyon is one of the wonders of the world. It is over 200 miles long. (WHICH)

Combine the sentences into a new one, using the given word in the bracket. Do NOT change the word given.

Kevin plays the guitar better than Nathan. (AS)

Combine the sentences into a new one, using the given word in the bracket. Do NOT change the word given.

Arthur has the talent to become a concert pianist. (SO) => ..........