Đề thi thử vào 10 năm 2020 theo mẫu của SGD Hà Nội số 24 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

4/20/2020 7:57:30 AM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • passed
  • wished
  • touched
  • moved

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • note
  • cold
  • nothing
  • notice

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • flexible
  • invention
  • promise
  • musical

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • ability
  • society
  • invention
  • entertain

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

In China, Japan, and other Oriental countries, where tea is the national drink, people almost never use sugar for their tea.

  • Oriental
  • where
  • almost never
  • for

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Ginger is three times hotter than cumin, but not as hot as chili powder.

  • three times
  • hotter than
  • not
  • hot as

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Many people are unaware of the duel function of honey; it's both a natural sweetener and an antiseptic for lesions and other wounds.

  • unaware of
  • duel function
  • natural sweetener
  • other wounds

All people should join hand in protecting the environment _____ we can gain better health.

  • in order that
  • when
  • because
  • even though

Their washing machine was out of ________ , so they couldn’t wash any clothes.

  • activity
  • work
  • order
  • condition

My mother is________ in her use of gas when cooking.

  • economical
  • economizing
  • economized
  • economic

Tourism has certainly ____ an important factor in the development of many countries.

  • to become
  • become
  • became
  • becoming

Of all the students in my class, Nam is _______

  • tallest
  • taller
  • tall
  • the tallest
He stood at the bus stop and looked ______ at his watch.
  • nervousness
  • nervous
  • nervously
  • unnervous

The bus collected us at 5 o’clock early ______ the morning.

  • on
  • from
  • in
  • at

Paul used to play games all day when he was in college. He wishes he_____ his time.

  • doesn't waste
  • hasn't wasted
  • hadn't wasted
  • didn't waste

I remember ____ him say the grass needed ____.

  • hearing/ cutting
  • hearing/ to cut
  • to hear/ to be cut
  • to hear/ cutting

- “I really like the photo exhibition. It’s great to see how the school used to look.”

- "_______ It's a fascinating way to learn History."

  • Not at all.
  • Absolutely right!
  • I couldn’t agree with you.
  • I'm not sure.

- "How far is it to Manchester?"

- "_____."

  • About two months
  • It's quite long
  • Almost 30 kilometres
  • It is in the North West of England

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The maintenance of these old castles must cost a lot of money.

  • building
  • foundation
  • destruction
  • preservation

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

American children customarily go trick-or-treating on Halloween.

  • inevitably
  • happily
  • traditionally
  • readily

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

My neighbors are really tight with money. They hate throwing away food, don’t eat at a restaurant, and always try to find the best price.

  • to spend money too easily
  • to not like spending money
  • to not know the value of money
  • to save as much money as possible

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The mountainous region of the country is thinly populated. It has only 300 inhabitants.

  • sparsely
  • greatly
  • densely
  • largely

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

Long ago a lot of people thought the moon was a god. Other people thought it was just a light in the sky. And others thought it was a big ball of cheese!

Then telescopes were made. And men saw that the moon was another world. They wondered what it was like. They dreamed of going there.

On July 20, 1969, that dream came true. Two American men landed on the moon. Their names were Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin.

The first thing the men found was that the moon is covered with dust. The dust is so thick that the men left footprints where they walked. Those were the first marks a living had ever made on the moon. And they could stay there for years and years. There is no wind or rain to wipe them off.

The two men walked on the moon for hours. They picked up rocks to bring back to earth for study. They dug up dirt to bring back. They set up machines to find out things people wanted to know. Then they climbed back into their moon landing craft.

On the next day, the landing craft roared as the two men took off from the moon. They joined Michael Collins in the spaceship that waited for them above the moon. Then they were off on their long trip back to earth.

Behind them, they left the plains and tall mountains of the moon. They left the machines they had set up. And they left footprints that may last forever.

This story tells _____.

  • about the first men to walk on the moon
  • how men found footprints on the moon
  • what the men brought back from their trip to the moon
  • who had left footprints on the moon before the two men landed there

A telescope _____.

  • makes balls of light seem brighter
  • turns the moon into another world
  • makes many of men’s dream come true
  • makes faraway things seem closer

The men brought rocks and dirt from the moon because _____.

  • they wanted something to show they were there
  • people wanted to use them to learn about the moon
  • they wanted to keep them as souvenirs
  • they might sell them to scientists

The American machines will most likely stay on the moon until _____.

  • someone takes them away
  • a storm covers them with dust
  • rain and wind destroy them
  • they become rusty and break to pieces

The next people who go to the moon most likely could _____.

 

  • find that the machines have disappeared
  • leave the first set of footprints on the moon
  • find the places where Armstrong and Aldrin walked
  • find that dust has wiped off the two men’s footprints

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Statesmen define a family as “a group of individuals having a common dwelling and related by blood, adoption or marriage, includes common-law relationships”. Most people are born into one of these groups and will live their lives as a family in such a group.

Although the definition of a family may not change, the relationship of people to each other within the family group changes as society changes. More and more wives are paying jobs, and, as a result, the roles of husband, wife, and children are changing. Today, men expect to work for pay for about 40 years of their lives, and, in today’s marriages in which both spouses have paying jobs, women can expect to work for about 30 to 35 years of their lives. This means that man must learn to do their share of family tasks such as caring for the children and daily chores. Children, too, especially adolescents, have to with the members od their family in sharing household tasks.

The widespread acceptance of contraception has meant that having is a matter of choice, not an automatic result of marriage. Marriage itself has become a choice. As alternatives such as common-law relationships and single-parent families have become socially acceptable, women will become more independent.

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

They use much wood pulp. That’s why they cut many trees. (THE MORE)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

A giant is a very big strong person. He is often cruel and stupid. (WHO)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

Without a passport, she couldn't have left this country. (IF)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

It was such hot tea that I couldn't drink it. (TOO)

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The fire has destroyed many houses. => Many houses ............

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

She had to do the washing up but she didn't. => She forgot ............

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Sally finally managed to get the job. => Sally finally succeeded ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It's a pity you didn't tell us about this. => I wish ...........