Đề thi thử vào 10 năm 2020 theo mẫu của SGD Hà Nội số 27 (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

4/29/2020 7:24:24 AM

I wish I _____ enough money to buy a laptop.

  • have
  • had
  • have had
  • shall have

She used to ______ a lot, but she prefers to stay at home these days.

  • travelling
  • travel
  • travelled
  • traveler

_____ Saturday afternoon, we’re going to visit my grandparents in the countryside.

  • On
  • In
  • For
  • At

Have you ever __________ to Australia?

  • was
  • been
  • be
  • being

She has avoided ______ by you so far.

  • to meet
  • to be met
  • being met
  • to have met

Thank you for your letter. I am glad _____ that you're keeping well.

  • listening
  • to listen
  • to hear
  • hearing

_____ youngest girl has started going to _____ school.

  • A/x
  • The/x
  • X/the
  • An/the

He tried hard, _____ he couldn't win a gold medal at the European Championship.

  • for
  • but
  • in spite of
  • because of

I am _____ with this machine. How do you use it?

  • familiar
  • unfamiliar
  • familiarize
  • family

Lisa: “Have you been able to reach Peter?”

Gina: “_______”

  • That’s no approval.
  • Yes, I’ve known him for years.
  • No, the line is busy.
  • It’s much too high.

Choose the most suitable response.

Peter: "Hi, David, do you think it's possible for you to have a talk sometime today?"

David: “_______”

  • I'd love to, but I've got a pretty tight schedule today.
  • No more time for me. I have to work with my boss.
  • I wish I had been free yesterday to have time with you.
  • Excuse me; however, I'm so busy all day from morning.

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

It was really difficult to decide between the two candidates.

  • steal
  • think
  • attempt
  • choose

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

No vehicle weighing over 3.5 tons is allowed on this bridge, according to traffic signs placed at both ends of the structure.

  • corruption
  • construction
  • connection
  • confusion

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Marco Polo’s account of his travels has been invaluable to historians.

  • valuable
  • important
  • worthless
  • priceless

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Jose had a hard time comparing the iPhone to the Samsung phone because to him they were apples and oranges.

  • containing too many technical details
  • very similar
  • completely different
  • very complicated

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • state
  • statue
  • status
  • station

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • broadened
  • washed

  • cried
  • smiled

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • oblige
  • promise
  • notice
  • project

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • arrival
  • technical
  • proposal
  • approval

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

I met a lot of interesting people while I was studying at Ho Chi Minh City.

  • met
  • interesting
  • while
  • at

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Would you mind turn on the lights, please? It’s too dark for me to read.

  • Would
  • turn on
  • too dark
  • to read

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The teacher said that she would attend the class meeting following day.

  • said
  • would attend
  • class meeting
  • following day

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

For more than six million American children, coming home after school means coming back to an empty house. Some deal with the situation by watching TV. Some may hide. But all of them have something in common. They spend part of each day alone. They are called “latchkey children”. They are children who look after themselves while their parents work. And their bad condition has become a subject of concern.

Lynette Long was once the principal of an elementary school. She said, “We had a school rule against wearing jewelry. A lot of kids had chains around their necks with keys attached. I was constantly telling them to put the keys inside shirts. There were so many keys; it never came to my mind what they meant.” Slowly, she learned that they were house keys.

She and her husband began talking to the children who had keys. They learned of the effect of working couples and single parents were having on their children. Fear was the biggest problem faced by children at home alone. One in three latchkey children the Longs talked to reported being frightened. Many had nightmares and were worried about their own safety.

The most common way latchkey children deal with their fears is by hiding. They may hide in a shower stall, under a bed or in a closet. The second is the TV. They often turn the volume up. It’s hard to get statistics on latchkey children, the Longs have learned. Most parents are slow to admit that they leave their children alone.

The phrase "an empty house" in the passage mostly means ______.

  • a house with no people inside
  • a house with no furniture
  • a house with nothing inside
  • a house with too much space

One thing that the children in the passage share is that ______.

  • they all watch TV
  • they spend part of each day alone
  • they are from single-parent families
  • they all wear jewelry

The phrase "latchkey children" in the passage means children who ______.

  • close doors with keys and watch TV by themselves
  • like to carry latches and keys with them everywhere
  • are locked inside houses with latches and keys
  • look after themselves while their parents are not at home

Lynette Long learned of latchkey children’s problems by ______.

  • visiting their homes
  • delivering questionnaires
  • interviewing their parents
  • talking to them

What is the most common way for latchkey children to deal with fears?

  • Hiding somewhere.
  • Talking to the Longs.
  • Having a shower.
  • Lying under a TV.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

GOING ON A DIET

A typical person needs about 1,800 calories per day to stay running. They keep your organs operating and your brain running. They also keep your body warm. A person gains weight because he or she consumes more calories per day than necessary. The only way to lose fat is to reduce the of calories that you consume per day. This is the basic principle behind going on a diet.

Unfortunately, diets don’t work for most people. They do lose weight but then go off the diet and put it back. Building a sensible diet and exercise plan is the key maintaining a consistent weight. You need to figure out how many calories you need in a day and how many you actually take in. The next step is to add exercise you can burn more calories.

Burning 250 or 500 calories per day can make a big . You can ride an exercise bike while you are watching television or you can take the stairs instead of the elevator. Find an exercise partner. Exercises can be a lot easier if there is someone to talk to. It’s a good idea to wear formfitting clothes if you are on a diet. Tight clothing acts as a reminder of what you are trying to accomplish.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Although he was very tired, he tried to help me with my homework. => Tired as  ............

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The last time I went to Ho Chi Minh City was ten years ago. => It .........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The dress is too expensive. She can’t afford it. => It was ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

"The headteacher wants to see me tomorrow," Jess said. => Jess said ............

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

My school has over 800 students. (There are)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

It is easy to find fault in the people. We dislike those people. (that)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

I look into your eyes much. I love you much. (The more)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

He was very tired. As a result, he fell asleep in front of the TV. (SO)