Đề số 28 Tiếng Anh vào lớp 10 năm 2020 theo mẫu của SGD Hà Nội (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

4/30/2020 2:32:00 PM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • informs
  • mistakes
  • combines
  • complains

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • breath
  • health
  • heart
  • head

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • accuse
  • admire
  • enter
  • deny

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • specific
  • admirable
  • animate
  • realize

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Mr. Thach, who sing English songs very well, is my teacher of English.

  • Mr. Thach
  • who sing
  • English songs
  • is

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

My father asked us not to spending too much time playing computer games.

  • asked
  • not to spending
  • much time
  • playing

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

If I am you, I would take a taxi to the airport.

  • If
  • am
  • would take
  • to

I wish Ann _____ here. She will be able to help us.

  • were
  • weren't
  • is
  • wasn't

I have heard nothing from him since _________.

  • he left
  • he had left
  • he has left
  • he leaves
I can’t ______ the problem with my computer.
  • detect
  • detective
  • detection
  • detecting

Barbara gets _____ salary in the whole company.

  • the highest
  • higher
  • the higher
  • highest

I always run _____ of money before the end of the month.

  • out
  • back
  • up
  • down

I remember the times ______ it rained so much that the road to our town was blocked for days.

  • when
  • which
  • where
  • that

Becoming a doctor isn't easy. _____ to many years of studying medicine, you have to deal with uncomfortable situations all the time.

  • However
  • Therefore
  • In addition
  • But

I was enjoying my book, but I stopped _____ a program on TV.

  • to read to watch
  • reading to watch
  • to read for watching
  • reading for to watch

My dog as well as my cats _____ twice a day.

  • has eaten
  • eat
  • eats
  • ate

Choose the most suitable response.

Sarah: “Why aren’t you taking part in our activities? _____” 

David: “Yes, I can. Certainly.”

  • Can you help me with this decorations?
  • Can I help you?
  • Shall I take your hat off?
  • Could you please show me how to get the nearest post office?

Simon: “Do you mind if I use your phone?”

Alex: “_____”

  • Sorry. I have no idea.
  • Yes, certainly.
  • You can say that again.
  • Not at all. Help yourself.

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The washing machine I have just bought is very simple to use.

  • boring
  • interesting
  • easy
  • difficult

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The factory is fined for discharging dangerous chemicals into the river.

  • releasing
  • increasing
  • decreasing
  • keeping

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

A large city such as Chicago would be called an urban area.

  • metropolitan
  • rustic
  • suburban
  • sophisticated

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

We have to employ extra staff to deal with the increased workload.

  • approach
  • dismiss
  • interview
  • meet

The joys and tribulations of being a pet owner! During our lifetime most of us have some experience of either owning a pet or being in contact with someone who does. Is there such a thing as “the ideal pet”? If so what characterizes the ideal pet? Various factors influence one’s choice of pet, from your reasons for getting a pet to your lifestyle. For example, although quite a few pets are relatively cheap to buy, the cost of upkeep can be considerable. Everything must be into account, from food and bedding to vaccinations and veterinary bills. You must be prepared to spend time on your pet, which involves shopping for it, cleaning and feeding it. Pets can be demanding and a big responsibility. Are you prepared to exercise and an animal or do you prefer a more independent pet? How much spare room do you have? Is it right to lock an energetic animal into a confined space? Do you live near a busy road which may threaten the life of your pet? Pets as turtles and goldfish can be cheap and convenient, but if you prefer affectionate pets, a friendly cat or dog would be more . People get pets for several reasons, for company, security or to teach responsibility to children. Pets can be affectionate and loyal and an excellent source of the company as long as you know what pet suits you and your lifestyle.

Read the passage and answer the following questions.

Plants and animals will find it difficult to escape from or adjust to the effect of global warming. Scientists have already observed shifts in the lifecycles of many plants and animals, such as flowers blooming earlier and birds hatching earlier in the spring. Many species have begun shifting where they live or their annual migration patterns due to warmer temperatures.

With further warming, animals will tend to migrate toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations. Species living in unique ecosystems, such as those found in polar and mountaintop regions, are especially at risk because migration to new habitats is not possible. Projecting species extinction due to global warming is extremely difficult. Some scientists have estimated that 20 to 50 percent of species could be committed to extinction with 2 to 3 Celsius degrees of further warming. The rate of warming, not just the magnitude, is extremely important for plants and animals. 

Ocean ecosystems, especially fragile ones like coral reefs, will also be affected by global warming. Scientists estimate that even 1 Celsius degree of additional warming could lead to widespread bleaching and death of coral reefs around the world. Also, increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere enters the ocean and increases the acidity of ocean waters. This acidification further stresses ocean ecosystems. 

Scientists have observed that warmer temperatures in the spring cause flowers to ________.

  • die instantly
  • bloom earlier
  • become lighter
  • lose color

According to paragraph 2, when their habitats grow warmer, animals tend to move _____.

  • south – eastwards and down mountainsides toward lower elevations
  • north – westwards and up mountainsides toward higher elevations
  • toward the North Pole and down mountainsides toward lower elevations
  • toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations

The pronoun “those” in paragraph 2 refers to______.

  • species
  • ecosystems
  • habitats
  • areas

It is mentioned in the passage that if the global temperature rose by 2 or 3 Celcius degrees, _____.

  • half of the earth’s surface would be flooded
  • the sea level would rise by 20 centimeters
  • water supply would decrease by 50 percent
  • 20 to 50 percent of species could become extinct.

The level of acidity in the ocean is increased by _____.

  • the rising amount of carbon dioxide entering the ocean
  • the decrease of acidity of the pole waters
  • the extinction of species in coastal areas
  • the loss of acidity in the atmosphere around the earth

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It's the first time I've been to New York. => I haven't ............

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

"You damaged my camera", said Hung to his sister. => Hung accused .............

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

We didn't have any holidays until this summer. => It was not ..............

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

If you hadn't studied hard, you would have failed the exam. => Had .............

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

She didn't eat much though she was hungry. (Despite)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

It is hard to concentrate on your study when you are tired. (The more)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

COVID-19 is much more dangerous than the flu. (as...as)

Complete the second sentence using the word given that has the same meaning to the first.

He invited his classmates to the birthday party. Most of them couldn't come. (that)