Đề số 37 Tiếng Anh vào 10 năm 2020 theo mẫu của SGD Hà Nội (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/15/2020 5:03:00 PM

Ở đề thi này, 8 câu hỏi tự luận (viết lại câu) được thay thế thành 8 câu hỏi trắc nghiệm (chọn câu cùng nghĩa với câu được cho, hoặc chọn câu phù hợp nhất để nối hai câu được cho), theo đúng format đánh giá khảo sát chất lượng thi vào 10 mà một số Phòng giáo dục thuộc Sở Hà Nội đã áp dụng trong tháng 06/2020.

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Never punish your children by hitting them. This might teach them to become hitters.

  • bring
  • accept
  • give
  • reward

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

He found the course difficult so he had to spend most of his time on study.

  • memorable
  • easy
  • interesting
  • hard

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Before you begin the exam paper, always read the instructions carefully.

  • orders
  • answers
  • rules
  • directions

Choose the word CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word of the following question.

We are very anxious about the result of the exam.

  • careful
  • worried
  • excited
  • indifferent

Lots of people come here _____ round the market.

  • to look
  • look
  • looking
  • to looking

Tim _____ get carsick when his father was driving.

  • is used to
  • get used to
  • used to
  • has used to

Ever since Tony started beating Sam, he has _____ down on him.

  • looked
  • put
  • turned
  • gone

After a six-year relation, Martha and Billy have decided to _____.

  • break the bank
  • tie the knot
  • turn the page
  • make ends meet

Let's look at the forecast and then decide, _____ we?

  • shall
  • won't
  • can't
  • don't

We had a discussion about _____ should be invited to our wedding.

  • who
  • whom
  • which
  • whose

You _____ book your holiday now before there are none left!

  • prefer
  • would rather
  • had better
  • would prefer

Her _____ for the job at the travel agent's was rejected.

  • application
  • appliance
  • applicable
  • apply

The longer people have to wait, _____.

  • more impatient they get
  • the more impatient they get
  • they will get more impatient
  • they get impatient

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others.

  • dislike
  • design
  • music
  • light

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • watched

  • phoned

  • referred

  • followed

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • relax
  • wonder
  • problem
  • special

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • conclusion
  • opponent
  • arrival
  • stadium

Billy and Bobby are in a coffee shop. Billy is asking Bobby for his opinion about the coffee there.
- Billy: “How's the coffee here?

- Bobby: “_____.”

  • It's a little better now that I've got a car.
  • It's a little bitter, to tell the truth.
  • As a matter of fact, I'm not interested.
  • No, I don't think so.

- Bob: "Our team has just won the last football match."

- Peter: "_____"

  • Yes, I guess it’s very good.
  • Well, that’s very surprising!
  • Yes, it’s our pleasure.
  • Good idea. Thanks for the news.

It was such expensive meal that he didn't spend any money for the rest of the month.

  • was
  • such expensive meal
  • any
  • the rest

We must stop the dog for getting out into the road.

  • must
  • for
  • out
  • into

You'll have to work hardly if you want to pass the exam.

  • have to
  • hardly
  • if
  • pass

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Christmas is the biggest festival of the year in most of Britain. Celebrations start properly December 24, Christmas Eve, although there have been several weeks of beforehand. The Christmas tree and all the presents, food, drink and decorations have been bought. Christmas cards have already been sent to friends and relations. About a week before Christmas, people usually put up their decorations and decorate the Christmas tree with lights, various colored decorations and an angel on the top. Family presents under the tree.

Christmas Day is the biggest day of the holiday. On the Christmas morning (often very early), children the presents that are in their socks. Some families go to church. The traditional Christmas dinner of roast turkey with potatoes and various other vegetables. Before the dinner, people usually pull crackers-small rolls of paper that have gifts, jokes, and party hats inside.

Read the following passage.
    Books and reading are a very important part of education. If you go into someone's house in the modern world, they will usually have some sort of bookshelf full of books that they like to read. Some very educated or book-loving people have large rooms full of books.
    Nowadays, you can have many books without needing a room to store them. The Internet is making it more efficient for people to read. Web sites now make it easy for people to buy books. Thousands of books are available online. You can buy used books or new books. Now you can even buy electronic books. The Kindle, released by the web site Amazon, allows people to download books online and read them on the device. People can download hundreds of books at a time and put them on this small, handheld e-book reader.
    The personal libraries of the past still look good and many people still like to have paper books, but e-book readers like the Kindle are changing things fast. Now people can carry huge libraries with them anywhere. People can read books for a lot cheaper as well. Books bought electronically are inexpensive because they do not have to be printed. They are stored in files and sold straight to the device. The Kindle and other reading devices are going to change book-buying and reading forever.

What would be the best title for the passage?

  • A New Age of Writing
  • Libraries Lost and Forgotten
  • Changes in the Reading Culture
  • Electronics Replacing Written Literature

The author mentions all of the following EXCEPT

  • carrying huge libraries everywhere
  • the Internet making it easier for people to read
  • books and reading as an important part of education
  • where to buy inexpensive books in North America

In paragraph 2, the word efficient is closest in meaning to

  • hard
  • safe
  • happy
  • handy

In paragraph 3, the word They refers to

  • Books
  • People
  • Libraries
  • Readers

What are the Kindle and other reading devices going to do to reading?

  • Destroy it
  • Make it difficult
  • Make it different
  • Make people stop reading

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

“Why didn’t you join your friends on the trip?” she asked.

  • She asked me why I didn’t join her friends on the trip.
  • She wanted to know why I hadn’t joined my friends on the trip.
  • She asked for the reason I hadn’t joined my friends on the trip.
  • She asked me why didn’t I join my friends on the trip.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

My brother regretted having bought the second-hand laptop.

  • My brother wished he had bought the second-hand laptop.
  • My brother wished he didn’t buy the second-hand laptop.
  • My brother wished he hadn’t bought the second-hand laptop.
  • If only my brother had bought the second-hand laptop.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

When the unemployment rate is high, the crime rate is usually also high.

  • The unemployment rate and the crime rate are both higher.
  • The higher the unemployment rate is, the higher the crime rate is.
  • The unemployment rate is as high as the crime rate.
  • The high rate of unemployment depends on the high rate of crime.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.
Do you have a good relationship with your boss?

  • Are you getting on well with your boss?
  • Are you going on well with your boss?
  • Are you behaving on well with your boss?
  • Are you keeping on well with your boss?

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

The man wanted to get some fresh air in the room. He opened the window.

  • The man opened the window in order to get some fresh air in the room.
  • The man wanted to get some fresh air in the room because he opened the window.
  • Having opened the window, the room could get some fresh air.
  • The man got some fresh air in the room, even though he opened the window.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

My friend Albert has decided to buy a motorbike. His car was stolen last week.

  • My friend Albert, whose car was stolen last week, has decided to buy a motorbike.
  • My friend Albert whose car was stolen last week has decided to buy a motorbike.
  • My friend Albert has decided to buy a motorbike which car stolen last week.
  • My friend Albert has decided to buy a motorbike has his car stolen last week.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

You don't try to work hard. You will fail in the exam.

  • Unless you try to work hard, you won't fail in the exam.
  • Unless do you try to work hard, you will fail in the exam.
  • Unless you try to work hard, you will fail in the exam.
  • Unless you don't try to work hard, you will fail in the exam.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

I strongly disapproved of your behavior. But I will help you this time.

  • Despite of my strong disapproval of your behavior, I will help you this time.
  • Despite my strong disapproval of your behavior, I will help you this time.
  • Because of your behaviour, I will help you this time.
  • Although I strongly disapproved of your behavior, but I will help you this time.