Đề thi chính thức vào 10 năm 2022 môn Anh - Sở GD&ĐT Bình Dương

6/28/2022 2:09:16 PM

Read the passage and choose the best answer for each blank.

Billions of people still breathe unhealthy air

According to the 2022 update of the World Health Organization's (WHO) air quality database, almost all global population polluted air. A record number of over 6000 cities in 117 countries are now monitoring air quality, but the people living in them are still taking in levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), a common urban pollutant.

The findings have made the World Health Organization highlight the importance of limiting fossil fuel use and taking other steps to air pollution levels.

"It is unacceptable to still have 7 million preventable deaths and countless preventable lost years of good health air pollution. That's what we're saying when we look at the mountain of air pollution data, evidence, and solutions available. Yet too investments are still being sunk into a polluted environment rather than in clean, healthy air," said Dr. Maria Neira, WHO Director, Department of Environment, Climate Change and Health.

(Adapted from www.who.int)

Read the passage and choose the best answer for each question below.

When it comes to health, we often have fitness and food goals like losing weight, exercising regularly, eating healthier, or making better food choices. Losing weight could take months. Exercising regularly could take years while eating healthier and making better food choices are hard to measure.

Before we achieve these goals, we may feel discouraged and give up. To feel motivated, we can break down these health goals into smaller and more realistic steps. Here are 4 good eating habits which will definitely help us to achieve our food goals. For those of us with diabetes, these healthy eating habits will also help us to control our blood sugar.

  • Choose water: Set a goal to drink water instead of sugar-sweetened drinks.  
  • Eat slowly: It takes about 20 minutes for your brain to send out signals that you are full. Eat slowly. Take the extra time to pay attention to what we are eating and how much.
  • Eat fruit and vegetables: Set a goal to fill half your plate with fruit and vegetables at every meal. Fruit and vegetables are naturally low in saturated and trans fat, and rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Switch to whole grains: Eating wholegrain foods such as brown rice, wholemeal bread, and rolled oats can help reduce the risk of developing heart disease and diabetes. They can also help with weight management because they keep you feeling full longer and reduce the need for snacking.

These 4 good eating habits take time to develop. Be patient. These changes, no matter how small, make a big difference to our health.

(Adapted from www.healthhub.sg)

Which of the following is the best title of the passage?

  • Four Health Benefits of Weight Management
  • The Immense Benefits of Daily Physical Activity
  • Good Eating Habits to Achieve Your Health Goals
  • Regular Exercise and Healthy Food to Maintain Youth

According to the passage, why should we eat slowly?

  • Because we need time to pay attention to when to eat healthy food.
  • Because if we eat fast, we do not know how delicious the food is.
  • Because our brain needs 20 minutes to realise that we are eating.
  • Because it takes time for the brain to inform that our stomach is full.

The word "motivated" in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.

  • encouraged
  • embarrassed
  • frustrated
  • astonished

The word "They" in the fourth eating habit refers to _____.

  • diabetes
  • wholegrains
  • minerals
  • vitamins

According to the passage, which of the following should be avoided?

  • Soda
  • Oranges
  • Brown rice
  • Lettuce

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • garnish
  • replace
  • tailor
  • witness

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • wanders

  • defends

  • swallows

  • contacts

February is _____ month of the year.

  • short
  • shorter than
  • as short as
  • the shortest

_____ people think that children learn language by imitation.

  • A lot of
  • A little
  • Another
  • Much

She _____ a scholarship last month.

  • wins
  • won
  • is won
  • is winning

She advised him _____ too much.

  • not drink
  • not drinking
  • not to drink
  • not drank

Many local people objected _____ the building of the new airport.

  • about
  • with
  • to
  • for

He held a party and the noise levels caused some _____ to his neighbors.

  • inconveniently
  • inconvenience
  • conveniently
  • convenient

Stress has an effect on both your physical and _____ health.

  • cooperative
  • dependent
  • mental
  • doubtful

Yoga can improve our powers of _____.

  • embarrassment
  • concentration
  • obesity
  • severity

Having excellent crops means that farmers become _____ by selling what they have grown.

  • prosperous
  • imperial
  • breathtaking
  • nutritious

She told him not to worry because buying a dress at a discount price wouldn't _____ the bank.

  • beat
  • lend
  • lock
  • break

She had to _____ the fact that she would never walk again after the accident.

  • set off
  • turn up
  • face up to
  • run out of

The doctor wants him to _____ sweets and fatty foods so that he can lose weight.

  • cut back on
  • look up to
  • run into
  • cheer up

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Stronger measures will have to be taken to bring down unemployment.

  • amounts
  • applications
  • areas
  • actions

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Computer-controlled robots are replacing manual workers in many industries.

  • empathetic
  • sympathetic
  • automatic
  • specific

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The Louvre, where is the world's biggest and busiest museum, was called the Napoleon Museum at the start of the 19th century.

  • where
  • was called
  • at the start
  • century

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

They have found a solution.

  • A solution has been found.
  • A solution is found.
  • A solution had been found.
  • A solution was found.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

She asked the boy, "Why are you crying?"

  • She asked the boy why are you crying.
  • She asked the boy why you are crying.
  • She asked the boy why was he crying.
  • She asked the boy why he was crying.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Manage your time well and you won't feel stressed out.

  • When you managed your time well, you felt stressed out.
  • If you manage your time well, you won't feel stressed out.
  • Because you manage your time well, you feel stressed out.
  • Although you managed your time well, you felt stressed out.

Fill in each blank with only ONE word. 

Conversation 1:

Tourist: Excuse me, is there a near here?

Local: Yes, there is. Now go straight up Orange Street for two blocks and turn left onto Pine Street. The bank is on the right.

Tourist: you very much. 

Conversation 2: 

Tourist: Excuse me, can I get to the Penguin Restaurant?

Local: Oh, it's not far here. Go straight ahead for two blocks and turn left on King's Road, the restaurant is next the library.

Tourist: Thanks a lot.

In about 120 words, write a paragraph about positive effects and negative effects of tourism on our country.