Tiếng Anh lớp 9 - Unit 10 - D. Reading

7/28/2021 10:17:00 AM

Read the following NASA fact sheet about the Hubble Space Telescope and do the tasks.

A. named after Edwin P. Hubble, who discovered that the Milky Way was only one of many galaxies 

B. launched into space on April 24, 1990

C. orbits about 547 kilometers above Earth

D. is the length of a large school bus and weighs as much as two adult elephants

E. travels about 8 kilometers per second

F. is solar-powered

G. takes sharp pictures of objects in space such as planets, stars, and galaxies for research

H. has made more than one million observations

Match the facts with the appropriate headings.

  • Size and weight
  • Name
  • History
  • Mission
  • Position and speed
  • Power source

The Hubble Space Telescope is named after the scientist who created it.

The telescope moves in space around the Earth.

It is as heavy as one elephant.

Its speed is about 480 kilometres per minute.

The telescope uses wind energy for its operation.

Its mission is to take pictures of the universe for scientific research.

Read the text and choose the best answers.

Earth, our beautiful home planet, is the only astronomical object to accommodate life as we know it. Scientists believe Earth was formed approximately 4.5 billion years ago. It is the fifth-largest planet in our solar system. Its equatorial diameter is about the third-closest planet to the sun. The distance from Earth to the sun is roughly 149,600,000 kilometers. It takes 365.3 days for Earth to orbit the sun, and 24 hours to rotate on its axis. The surface temperature ranges from -88 to 58°C. Nearly 70 percent of Earth's surface is covered by ocean, which has an average depth of about 4 kilometers. In 2015 it was estimated that 7.3 billion humans are living on Earth.

As we know it, Earth is the only planet that accommodates life. It is _____.

  • habitable
  • habitual
  • habitat

There are _____ planets between Earth and the sun.

  • two
  • three
  • four

In our solar system, _____ planets are larger than Earth.

  • three
  • four
  • two

The hottest place on Earth may have a temperature of ____.

  • 58°C
  • 40°C
  • - 88°C

It takes _____ for Earth to rotate on its axis.

  • one year
  • one month
  • one day

Most of Earth's surface is covered by_____.

  • ocean
  • mountain
  • forest

Put the words/phrases in the appropriate gaps in the text.

Did you know that the spacesuit astronauts wear while in outer space is formally called an Extravehicular Mobility Unit, or EMU? ‘Extravehicular’ means outside of a spacecraft, and '' means that the astronaut can move around in the suit, independent of the . An EMU is not simply a set of clothes. The suit provides life support and environmental protection for the astronaut during planetary exploration or . For example, spacesuits protect astronauts from extreme temperature change, which can go as cold as , or as hot as 120 degrees Celsius. Spacesuits also supply astronauts with   to breathe and water to drink during spacewalks. They protect astronauts against fast-moving space dust particles, , and bright sunlight.