PET 2020 Test 11 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

5/4/2020 10:18:57 PM

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

What is the coach doing?

  • Encouraging the team to play even better in a future match.
  • Letting the team's fans know the positive effect of their support.
  • Congratulating the team on their most win.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

What should David do?

  • He should remind Kate that someone is picking her up for band practice.
  • He should check Kate is dressed properly and take her to band practice.
  • He should make Kate practice before she goes to her school band meeting.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • You need to buy shoes from the shopping mall in town today.
  • This shoe store will no longer serve customers after this week.
  • Only handbags are available at a reduced prize this week.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • If you play some music, consider the other people in the gym.
  • The members of the gym think music is very useful.
  • When playing music in the gym, please remember to switch it off.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • Governor Mills will open the new economy in Maine by adding more detailed plans.
  • Maine will reopen the economy that needs more detailed plans.
  • Governor Mills brings out details on her plan with the aim of restarting Maine's economy.

For each question, choose the correct answer.

The people below are all planing an evening's entertainment. Decide which evening would be the most suitable for them. 

Evening outs

A. Julius Caesar at the Octagon: A very modern and exciting performance of one of Shakespeare's most popular works! After great success in other parts of Europe this entertaining play comes to Britain for the first time. 

B. 70's Night!: Party! Party! Party! There's no time to stop! DJ Mike Murray and his 70's disco music will keep you entertained all night! Eight until late this Friday. Light snacks available at the bar - if you've time! 

C. Riverstone Restaurant: We are proud to announce a new chef and a new menu at the Riverstone. Choose from a wide selection of modem European dishes. Restaurant opens 7 p.m. every evening. Live music every Friday and Saturday night after 9 p.m

D. Hollywood Stars: Make new friends and have fun at our Hollywood Stars night this weekend. Dress up as your favourite film star and enjoy a live band and disco

E. Jazz and Stuff: Jazz and Stuff is one of the best concerts this town has seen for ages. Stars from around the world entertain with jazz, blues, country, soul, rock 'n' roll and pop. There's something for everyone. 

F. Life After Children: A warm and entertaining play about a mother who is trying to look alter her child and keep her job at the same time. This comedy should be seen by anyone with children - or anyone who's ever been a child! 

G. Upton Hotel and Restaurant: Set on the edge of town and in pretty gardens, the Upton hotel is the perfect place for romantic evenings, business meetings or for talking to friends. The quiet and pleasant hotel provides exciting and creative menus as well as a high standard of service. 

H. A Night Out at Squares: Squares is a great new club that provides different kinds of entertainment through the week. Comedy nights are on Fridays and Saturdays and there's live music on Mondays and Wednesdays. The rest of the week is dance time. Food available at lunchtimes only. 

  • Anna
  • Henri
  • George
  • Maria
  • Carol

Read the text and questions below. For each question, choose the correct answer.

SUMMER JOBS FOR STUDENTS

Employers are more and more interested in taking on students during their holiday periods. Students can do easier tasks and free up time for their permanent employees to concentrate on the more demanding ones. Although there is little financial reward for students, it is a great chance to explore their interests and add to their CVs. However, few students know what jobs may be available.

Colleges sometimes advertise summer jobs on their notice-boards and in newspapers, and there are also well-known international organizations which can help. Students can also search the web, find an interesting company and email the manager to ask what temporary jobs exist. This may sound time-consuming, but students then get to work in the company of their choice, so it is what I recommend.

As a science student, two years ago I spent ten weeks in a laboratory in California, helping a group of researchers with their work. To begin with, the job seemed uninteresting because my responsibilities were not clear, but when I started working on a range of projects, such as writing research papers and creating web pages, my attitude changed.

I was paid enough to cover all my daily needs, so I had no financial worries. One of my jobs was to prepare educational material for schools. This was an entirely new challenge which I enjoyed so much that I decided to train as a teacher rather than a researcher when I got back. My only regret was that I'd been too busy to learn more about the USA, but then a good summer job seldom leaves you much free time and you should be prepared for that.

What is the writer's main purpose in writing the text?

  • to warn students about low-paid summer jobs.
  • to describe the best summer jobs for students.
  • to encourage students to look for summer jobs.
  • to offer students interesting summer jobs.

The writer says the best way to find a good summer job is

  • to ask their own colleges for help.
  • to read the job advertisements in the press.
  • to join an organized student programme.
  • to contact possible employers directly.

The writer found the California job disappointing at first because

  • he was not sure what he had to do.
  • he had to work on too many projects.
  • he did not like research work.
  • he lacked good computer skills.

In what way did the California job benefit the writer?

  • It allowed him to save some money.
  • It gave him contacts he could use later.
  • It made him change his career plans.
  • It taught him what life was like in the USA.

Which of these could be the writer speaking?

  • A summer job is a good way of getting to see the world.
  • Students are often unaware of summer job opportunities.
  • Employers are unwilling to offer summer jobs to students.
  • Students should be better paid for doing summer jobs.

Complete the article about architecture. Write a letter from A-G in each blank. You do not need to use all the letters. 

A. They are happy and excited.

B. This is the final test of the building's success.

C. Starting from a simple sketch, the design gradually takes shape.

D. A narrow space between two skyscrapers in a city with millions of people requires a certain kind of building.

E. Its geometry and great beauty have stood for thousands of years and it is still one of the finest works of art of its kind

today.

F. Most buildings end up costing far more than the designers think they will in the beginning.

G. These are followed in the building of almost any structure to some degree.

The Art of Architecture

People don't always think of architecture as art. If you look at the average block of flats in your neighbourhood, it's easy enough to understand why not all buildings can be considered 'art'. But if you look at some of the best-known buildings of the world - from ancient times to today - it's clear that a lot more goes into a building than concrete, metal and glass. In fact, architecture is art on a very grand scale and provides an excellent example of how people make art part of their everyday lives.  

Let's look at some examples of architecture as art. Think for a minute of the Acropolis in Athens. The Parthenon has long been considered a nearly perfect structure. The Sydney Opera House is another fine example of the art of architecture. It's graceful image in Sydney harbour is one that the entire world recognises. Finally, Chicago's Sears Tower, for a while the tallest building in the world, set a new standard for skyscrapers and modern architecture in general.

What exactly goes into creating a great building? In many ways, the process of building is very similar to the process that an artist goes through when creating a great painting or sculpture or other work of art. There are many steps from start to finish. The amount of creativity and imagination together with the skill and knowledge of the architect are the ingredients for truly great architecture.

The first step in designing a new building is understanding where the building will be constructed and what it will be used for. A wide, open one allows for different kinds of structures. The space for the new building has a lot to do with the design it will have. Of course, what the building will be used for also plays an important role. Will the new building be a library or a school? Or perhaps a tall office or apartment building? For every different kind of building, there are endless possibilities.

Next, the architect must come up with an idea in the same way that an artist must imagine what a new work of art will be. What will the building look like? Will it be modern in design, made of glass and steel? Usually, the architect has a concept of the building in mind. It includes all the elements the architect has chosen to express a particular idea or to serve a certain purpose.

After the design is established, the building process begins. This can take many months or even many years! In the beginning, the structure doesn't look much like a building at all. Gradually, each part of the new building is added and it begins to resemble the architect's idea. Sometimes, changes are made along the way, either inside the building or even on the outside. In that way, the final building may be different from the architect's first idea. This is often the case with works of art: we don't really know what they will look like until they are finished.

Finally, the building is finished and people move in to use it. Is it a pleasant and comfortable environment to live or work in? Was it designed well for its use? Is it interesting and beautiful to look at? Does it fit in well with its environment? The answers to these questions will determine whether or not it is a great work of architecture.

The Namibia Challenge in Africa

The Namibia Challenge is a seven-day race (0) organized by Raleigh International, a company established in 1985. It is a competition for people who want to learn teamwork and communication skills. It place in the Namib desert in Africa, where teams spend a week pushing themselves to their limit and useful skills. As a final challenge, participants have to climb Mount Brandberg, Namibia’s highest mountain.

Paul Webster, a university student, is willing to his experiences with other students. "The Namibia Challenge is especially useful if, me, you haven't had much experience of working in a team," he says. " the end of it, we were all trying to help each other in the team. It is also a great opportunity to meet people of many different nationalities in a very special environment. I am of going back to Namibia if I can."

Read the text and write the missing words. Write ONE word on each blank.

Music from the Internet

These days, fans rather get their music online. On the morning of 10th October 2007, in Rainbows, the new album by the rock band Radiohead, was released. Radiohead fans had been looking to it for months. All they had to do to get it was turn on their PC, go to the Radiohead website and download it. Thousands did exactly that, and Radiohead didn't even insist on being paid! Instead, they said that people could pay as much or as little as they wanted. Some people downloaded it for free. Others preferred to pay, taking account the fact that if the album had come out on CD, it would have cost at least €15.

Some record companies accused Radiohead helping to destroy the music industry. However, many people blamed the record companies for charging so much for CDs, and were grateful to Radiohead for doing something different. One thing is certain: people want to on downloading music from the internet. The record companies better think about that carefully!