PET 2020 Test 20 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

10/21/2020 5:37:00 PM

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • George should tell Adam if he is going to be delayed.
  • George should tell Adam which bus he is on.
  • George should get a later bus to the station.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • Mary will meet Saily in Rome.
  • Sally got tired of walking in Rome.
  • Sally has done a lot of sightseeing.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • John needs to see if he likes the hotel.
  • John needs to book the hotel himself.
  • John needs to find a hotel near a museum.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • The library will not open on Friday.
  • The library will be closed at the weekend.
  • The library will close later than usual on Monday.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • The competition is only for children who have a pet.
  • Children must paint or draw a particular subject.
  • Children can compete in both groups if they want to.

The people below are all looking for a magazine to read.

1. Tony loves animals and would like to be a vet. He enjoys walking in the countryside and taking photographs of animals and plants. He cares very much about the natural world around him.

2. Gemma is a very good artist and she is thinking about going to art school to train as a clothes designer. She likes watching celebrities on IV to see what they are wearing, but she isn't interested in celebrity gossip.

3. Martin is very shy. He has just moved to a new school and is feeling quite lonely. He'd also like to get fitter but is not sure how to do it.

4. Nick and Tony love pop music and reality TV. They love to follow what the latest young stars are doing and they travel to different places to try to meet their favorite singers and actors.

5. Georgia likes to read and she also writes short stories about her life and the people around her. She has also started to write fantasy stories for children. She would like to read things written by people her own age.


These are descriptions of eight magazines for people wanting to read:

MAGAZINES

A. J-14 is always among the best magazines for teens. It's one of the first magazines to target a teen audience with articles focused mainly on today's celebrity issues. So if you want to stay up-to-date monthly on what Selena Gomez, One Direction, and other young stars are doing, J-14 may be the perfect magazine for you!

B. Twist keeps you up-to-date on all of the fashion and beauty choices of our favorite celebs. It is your number one choice when you need someone to give you ideas on how to develop your own unique and fabulous style! Twist also contains fun, teen-targeted quizzes that are certainly worth trying!

C. Glitter is a magazine "for girls who rock". If you're looking for more than gossip, you're in luck! Glitter has a fabulous book club column that discusses hot new books. Glitter also has a "real people" section where everyday people can share their stories with you.

D. Young World is a magazine for teenagers who care about their environment. It is full of interesting articles about the natural world and gives teenagers lots of advice about how they can be more environmentally friendly. It also organizes special events that teenagers can attend in order to learn more things about the environment.

E. Live your Life is a magazine for teenagers that talks about teenage health and problems and gives lots of interesting and helpful advice. It has a popular Problems Page where teenagers can write and ask for advice on anything that is worrying them, such as bullying, exams and how to be more confident.

F. Teen Ink is an online and print magazine with articles written only by teens and for teens. But unlike most magazines, Teen Ink has also fiction and poetry sections! So if you're a young literature enthusiast, you should start reading Teen Ink! It is definitely not just another teen magazine like the ones you are used to reading.

G. Teen Heroes is a magazine that focuses on famous people that have lived in the past and are still alive today. It is full of inspiring articles and stories of bravery and achievement. It also has art and history competitions as well as information about museums all over the world.

H. Fit for Life is a teen magazine about sporting heroes and teams around the world. It has special features on events, such as The Olympic Games and world sporting championships in every sport you can think of. There is always a special article on extreme sports, too, and on how you can get involved in them.

Decide which magazine would be the most suitable for the following people.

  • Tony
  • Gemma
  • Martin
  • Nick and Tony
  • Georgia

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

The New Forest
by Simon Finch

Last week my school got the chance to take part in a week's work experience in The New Forest. We were helping a charity that protects and counts the ponies that live in The New Forest.

It was really interesting work so I was excited to be able to take part. The ponies are free to go wherever they want to, which is wonderful, but it also puts them in danger sometimes. I stayed in a beautiful wooden hostel in the middle of the forest with some other charity workers. It was a basic building but warm and cosy and I got a free bed and food while I was working with the ponies. We shared a dormitory with eight beds in it, so at night we chatted to each other and I really got to know everyone.

One of the things that shocked me during my time in the forest was that tourists do not act responsibly in the forest. I can understand that they are excited about seeing the ponies and that they have come to enjoy the beautiful forest, but they don't understand that they shouldn't get too close to the ponies. This isn't because the ponies are dangerous. Actually, quite the opposite is true as they are usually very friendly. They will often come up to tourists who are having a picnic and try to steal their food, which is really funny. The problem is that the ponies should not be encouraged to get too close to people in case they start to depend on them.

Unfortunately, many ponies are hit by cars every year. There are several roads that go through the forest and tourists drive way too fast. I don't think people realize that they are causing problems and there should be lots of notices everywhere, telling them how to behave near the ponies.

Generally, it was a wonderful experience and it has taught me that I want to study for a degree in animal behavior. This is something I wouldn't have thought about before. I'll probably study in London as I love living in the city and I will definitely come and help in the forest again. I'm so happy that I spent the week working with the ponies. It was not only educational and interesting but a lot of fun, too.

(Adapted from Simply B1 Preliminary for School)

Simon describes the accommodation
  • as quite uncomfortable, having to share a room with others.
  • as standard but inviting for guests.
  • as unexpectedly modern and luxurious.
  • as expensive, if one takes into account what was offered.
What was Simon's attitude towards tourists?
  • He enjoyed talking to them about animal issues.
  • He thought they should not be allowed in The New Forest anymore.
  • He believed they needed to be more educated about the ponies.
  • He tried to teach them about the wildlife in the forest but failed.
One of the problems ponies face is that
  • people treat them very badly.
  • they live in bad weather conditions.
  • they die as a result of car accidents involving tourists.
  • they are completely dependent on humans for their survival.

What effect had the experience on Simon?

  • He wants to live near the forest.
  • He wants to study animals at university.
  • He wants to buy a pony if he can afford to.
  • He doesn’t want to work with a charity again.
What might Simon say about his experience in The New Forest?
  • After spending a week helping in The New Forest, l am more certain than ever that animals need our help and attention.
  • New Forest is slowly being destroyed and this is why the government should try to protect it.
  • The wild ponies of The New Forest can be quite dangerous and tourists have to protect
  • I joined a project to ban all tourists from The New Forest in order to protect the wild ponies themselves from them.

Five sentences have been removed from the text below.

For each question, choose the correct answer from A-H. There are three extra sentences that you do not need to use.

A. Surprising herself, she talked about growing up in a lakeside town in eastern Finland.

B. Therefore, he needed to find somewhere to live.

C. As a result, she wasn't sure whether the young people had arrived.

D. She'd left the door open, as she always did in the morning.

E. In the end, three of them, including Jonatan, were chosen.

F. Because of this, Jonatan has to be a good neighbor and spend 30 hours a month with Taimi.

G. It would be the first time that anything like this had happened at Rudolf House.

H. Instead, they just talked, as if they’d known each other forever.

At home together

Taimi Taskinen is an 83-year-old woman who lives in a care home called Rudolf House in Helsinki, Finland. A care home is a place where old people can live and be looked after if they don't live with their families. At Rudolf House, there are lots of stairs, so there are some rooms which elderly people can't access easily. As a result, the city council decided to rent these spare rooms to young people. They called this new housing programme "The House that Fits".

When Taimi heard about the council's plan, she wondered how it was going to work. She couldn't imagine what she'd have in common with young people who weren't family members. Then, one morning a few days later, a young man appeared outside her room.

"Hi! I'm your new neighbor," the young man said. "My name's Jonatan Shaya. Mind if I come in?" "Please do," she replied, immediately curious. "I'll make coffee," he announced, going into her tiny kitchen. "Why don't you tell me about yourself?" he asked, as he brought their drinks to the table.

She also told him about her family and how much she loved making art.

In turn, 20-year-old Jonatan told Taimi he'd been living in Helsinki with his mother and younger brother until they moved away. He was in the middle of a course in the city, training to become a chef. That's when he heard about "The House that Fits" on social media. The council’s post resulted in over 300 young people applying to live at Rudolf House. They had face-to-face interviews and wrote short essays about why they wanted to live there. And that’s how the unlikely friendship between Taimi and Jonatan began.

(Adapted from B1 Preliminary 1)

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

The invention of crisps

Potato crisps were invented by accident in 1853, by a chef called George Crum. He was extremely of his cookery skills and the expensive hotel where he worked attracted customers who were to eating only the best food. One evening, a particularly difficult-to-please guest complained about Crum's fried potatoes. "They're too thick," he said, "too soft, and have no flavor." He that they should be replaced. The customer's negative made Crum extremely angry, so he decided to annoy the customer. He cut a potato into paper-thin slices, fried the pieces until they were hard, then put far too much salt on them. "He'll hate them," Crum thought. But the customer loved them and ordered more. News of this new snack traveled fast and an absolutely global industry has grown from Crum's invention - even though his fried potatoes were actually to taste disgusting!

(Adapted from B1 Preliminary 1)

For each question, write the correct answer in the gap. Write ONE word or a number, a date, a time.

Moving house

Hi Alex,

How are you? This week's been a very busy one for me - I finally moved house! wasn't until I started to pack a few days ago that I realized how much stuff I had. I really think moving house is one of the stressful things I've ever done! I was sad to leave my old house - after , I'd lived there my whole life so I have lots of good memories.

Anyway, I'm looking to being in this new house. It's not as big as the old one, but least it's got a great garden. I'm planning to have a small party on Saturday night. Are you free then? Why don't you come along you are? I hope you can make it. Let me know.

All the best,
Sam

(Adapted from B1 Preliminary 1)