PET 2020 Test 25 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

1/7/2021 3:57:00 PM

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

What does Jane want John to do?

  • Meet her at school this evening to do some homework together.
  • Help her understand something she herself can't about a school subject.
  • Explain how mountains are created as she has trouble understanding.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • This product doesn't need to be kept cool.
  • This product can last for two days after you open it.
  • This product must be put in a refrigerator immediately.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • You must tell us if you leave here for checking.
  • Check that you have all your books before leaving the library.
  • Do not leave here until we have checked your books.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

Jake is writing to

  • suggest a new date for a shopping trip.
  • invite Max to meet one of his relatives.
  • cancel an arrangement he had made.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • Make sure everything is correct before you leave.
  • We will correct any mistakes we have made with your ticket.
  • We will only correct mistakes that our staff are responsible for.

The people below are all looking for a guidebook about Britain.

1. Keiko is interested in the history of Britain. She wants to visit as many old cities as she can and needs lists of inexpensive hotels, as well as information about public transport.

2. Dominique is an art student who is interested in seeing the most important art galleries in Britain. She needs to find out how to get to them by train and bus.

3. Rachel and John often visit different parts of Britain. They want information about the best hotels and some advice on where to go out and enjoy themselves in the evenings.

4. Paolo wants to spend time in the countryside and go walking. He needs to find out about inexpensive accommodation. He does not have a car.

5. Peter and Anna have visited the main British tourist centers before, so they now want to see the less popular towns and cities. They have lots of time and would like information on which quiet country roads to use.

These are descriptions of eight guide books for people wanting to choose:

Guidebooks on Britain

A. This book is for travelers who have money to spend - top-quality hotels are listed, as well as excellent restaurants, shops, theatres, cinemas and nightclubs. Colorful maps and photographs of Britain's most important city centers make it an attractive and useful publication.

B. If you would like to know more about Britain's history but are tired of museums, this book will take you on a tour of the British countryside, stopping at castles and historical sites. For keen walkers, there are suggested routes, but a car is necessary to reach the start of each one.

C. This author stays away from the main tourist centers, which are well covered in other books. He tells us instead about the many towns and villages which are usually forgotten but are certainly worth visiting. His suggested routes avoiding the busy motorways give a wonderful opportunity to drive through the beautiful countryside.

D. This is a useful little book giving ideas of things to do during a holiday in Britain. All the most important museums and art galleries are listed. The main entertainment centers - theatres, ballet, opera and music of all kinds - are also covered.

E. This book contains a short history of Britain and it is very well done in so few pages. It is illustrated with lots of beautiful color photographs of both cities and the countryside, and also suggests some pleasant areas for walks. There is little practical information for the traveler, however.

F. The author covers the history of a number of important British cities and also provides practical information about each one, including names of hotels in every price range. The train and bus information may go out of date very quickly but phone numbers are provided so routes can be checked.

G. This book contains 100 walks through fields and forests in five different parts of the country. Every walk starts from a town or city, and some walks can be completed in a day. On others, you need to stay somewhere overnight. However, suggestions of reasonably-priced places to stay on the routes are included, as well as information about where to eat and public transport. 

H. This new book gives useful information on galleries and museums. Unusually, it includes not just the main cities but also suggests visiting smaller towns whose museums and art galleries contain valuable collections. At the back, there is useful advice on using public transport to travel around Britain.

Decide which guide books would be the most suitable for the following people.

  • Keiko
  • Dominique
  • Rachel and John
  • Paolo
  • Peter and Anna

Read the passage then choose the best answer to each question.

A hotel under the sea

Want to sleep under the sea? The company Planet Ocean has plans for an exciting underwater hotel, which they hope to build in locations all over the world.

The hotel won't be large, with only 12 guest rooms, plus a restaurant. Guests will get to the hotel in a lift - so no diving or getting wet! The hotel will float 10 meters under the ocean, although it will be attached to the sea bed to prevent it from moving too far. Because it won't be very deep under the water, the sun will shine down and provide light. Guests will get great close-up views of the fish and other sea creatures, which won't be bothered by the hotel and so won't make any effort to avoid it.

The hotel's design, with clear plastic walls, means guests will be able to see the sea and all the creatures that live there around, above and below them in their rooms. They will almost get the feeling that they are swimming in the ocean. The luxury rooms will have a shower, TV and even the internet. The restaurant will serve high-quality meals. As you might expect, Planet Ocean want to encourage people to eat less fish, so guests won't find any on the menu. What's more surprising is that the atmosphere will be silent, so guests will have to imagine the sound of the ocean around them.

The hotel won't be cheap to build and it won't be cheap to stay in. But the designers are especially proud of the fact that it will be environmentally friendly. It will use electricity, of course, but it will produce its own, and won't disturb ocean life at all. In fact, the designers hope some sea creatures will build their homes on parts of the building, which will bring real benefits to the underwater world.

Planet Ocean’s future designs include a moving hotel. It perhaps sounds like this will work in the same way as a cruise ship, but this is not the case. In fact, rather than moving between continents and countries, it will stay within a single country’s waters, but only occasionally change positions around its coast.

(Adapted from B1 EXAM BOOSTER)

What do we learn about the hotel?
  • Guests will have to swim down to get to it.
  • Its lights will shine into the sea so guests can see the fish.
  • It will only have a small number of rooms.
  • Fish and other sea creatures will be scared of it.
What might guests find strange about staying at the hotel?
  • Swimming from their rooms into the ocean.
  • Having ocean life in their room.
  • Enjoying a meal of freshly caught fish.
  • Being unable to hear the ocean.
What is the best thing about the hotel, according to the designers?
  • It won't cost much to build.
  • It won't use much electricity.
  • It won't cause any damage to the environment.
  • Fish and other sea creatures won’t come very close to it.
Planet Ocean's moving hotel will
  • rarely move from one site to another.
  • travel between various countries.
  • be similar to a type of cruise ship.
  • remain close to the coast of each continent.
What might a guest in this hotel say?
  • It's very expensive, but the facilities are quite basic and the windows are too small to see outside.
  • It's great to stay in such a beautiful hotel that is also good for the planet.
  • Seeing the fish up close is amazing, but it's a shame that the hotel disturbs sea life.
  • It's a great idea, and I love the fact that it can move around and travel to different locations.

Five sentences have been removed from the text below.

For each question, choose the correct answer from A-H. There are three extra sentences that you do not need to use.

A. On the other hand, others who are more talented may not.

B. You should never try to do anything that is difficult.

C. Hope is belief - belief in yourself and belief in the power of possibility.

D. Many of you may be afraid to do what you really love.

E. I believe that you should always obey the rules.

F. Well, I say that you do not need to know the details of how your dream will happen.

G. It's very important that you listen to this advice.

H. I disagree; I believe there is a HUGE gray area.

Achieving your dreams
A psychologist reaching out to teens around the world

To you, I say, you are more able and amazing than you know. Follow your dream no matter how ambitious it may appear to others. It is the dreamers who bring positive change to the world. So if somebody doesn't support or understand your dream, just smile and think to yourself, "Don't believe me? Just watch!"

Some people insist that the "rules of success" are very black and white. Following "the rules" may not be the best way to get you where you want to go. Your dream can be a very simple one, or a very complicated one. The truth is the world needs your dream to develop, so take a look at what I think are the truly important things to consider when following your dream.

You can try to be perfect, but one person's idea of what is perfect is always different from another's. In fact, I believe it is our weaknesses that make us special. You can be the most brilliant, talented person in the world, but if you lack the enthusiasm, passion and excitement for what you do, then it doesn't matter how good you are. You may not be the best at what you do, but if you have great enthusiasm, you will reach your goal. Enthusiasm creates dreams; talent does not.

When you have a big dream for your life, people like to tell you that you aren't being realistic. I think that when it comes to having a dream, being realistic and sensible aren't helpful. These are simply limitations that we have placed upon ourselves. When we experience a challenge, it is not a problem; it is part of the journey itself. Otherwise, it would not be there. Every step you take is one step closer to your dream becoming a reality. The important ingredient for realizing your dream is hope. It can change the world.

(Adapted from Simply PET Preliminary for School)

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

A lucky picnic

When I was a child we used to (0) go to my grandmother's house. We often had a picnic in a wood which was full of wildflowers. We always used to go to the same place. One day when we had finished our picnic, my mother noticed that she had her ring, had her initials inside it. 

We looked everywhere for it and we carried on until it was dark and we had to give . Thirty years later, I was on holiday with my own children and we found the same wood. We decided to have a picnic there. It was my son who made it a lucky day. He was bored with the picnic started digging a hole a tree. Suddenly, he held up a ring. It was my mother's ring. It had a letter inside it and we all we would give it back to her. She was really happy when we gave it back to her!

(Adapted from PET Practice Test Plus 2) 

Read the text and write ONE word to fill in each gap.

My city
by Harry Salter

Do you live in a nice place? I do! The city I live is called Bristol, and it's in the south-west of England. It's not very big, but there are loads of things for teenagers to do here.

you're interested in television, you should go to the Bristol TV and Radio studios. On the tour of the studios, you can have a go at presenting and appear your own radio drama.

Or if you're into sport, why try canoeing? The best place is a very pretty local section of the Kennet and Avon canal. It connects Bristol to London and it built in the early 18th century, so you can experience some local history at the same time.

These are just two the many things you can do here. It really is a great place.