PET 2020 Test 28 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

4/8/2021 5:09:00 PM

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • Clive borrowed Mark's Walkman.
  • Clive's brother will return the Walkman to Mark.
  • Mark wants to use Clive's Walkman on a journey.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • We will inform you if our kitchen products take longer to deliver than expected.
  • We are continuing to improve the quality of our kitchen products.
  • We need to know it there is something wrong with our kitchen products.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • Sarah has read the book and is advising Gianni to read it.
  • Sarah's friend recommended that Gianni read the book before his trip.
  • Sarah is suggesting that Gianni reads the book before she does.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • If it rains, a different activity will be available.
  • The next tennis lesson has been canceled due to bad weather.
  • Tennis lessons may take place indoors or outdoors, depending on the weather.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • The fitness class will only last for half an hour this week.
  • There won’t be a fitness class next week.
  • The fitness class will be somewhere different this week.

The young people below are all interested in protecting the environment.

1. Ethan wants to know about environmental organizations around the world. He's interested in doing a project at home on energy production and wants recommendations for other websites with up-to-date information on new research.

2. Mario is interested in how the way he gets to work affects the environment and wants ideas to reduce any negative effects. He'd like to meet local people who share his interest in the environment.

3. Sylvia is keen to know what she can do with items she doesn't need, rather than throw them away. She'd like the opportunity to ask environmental experts about their work.

4. Decian wants to know where to find clothes produced without damaging the environment. He'd like to learn about recycling processes, and see how recycling is done internationally.

5. Tasha wants to help her family save energy, and get a basic introduction to studying the environment for a college project. She'd also like to buy something created from recycled items.

These are descriptions of eight websites for people wanting to join:

Websites on the environment

A. futurenow.org
Find answers here about how much energy is used around the planet. And if you're planning a journey, put in your route to compare the energy used by different types of transport, and choose the one that's best for the environment.

B. ourworld.org
This site lists the best places online to learn the latest results of scientific studies on issues affecting the environment. Or if you prefer working things out for yourself, there are experiments to do like making your own power using sunlight! You'll also find information on groups all over the planet working to protect the environment.

C. cleanplanet.org
Discover how waste plastic, glass and metal are turned into new products, and watch clips showing different methods used around the world. There's also a section about how much attention various fashion companies pay to their effect on the environment. Use it to keep up with new trends!

D. gtobaleco.org
This site explores the importance of energy in our daily lives, and also different ways of generating it without using oil or gas, for example by using wind power instead. There are links to UK companies that use these renewable energies, so you can find out more about what they do.

E. eco.org
Contact others who also care about environmental issues and find information about international groups; search for one to join in your area. You can also find out if your choice of transport damages the planet. If so, try the easy changes to your routine suggested here.

F. planetmatiters.org
Learn about what top scientists involved in research to protect our planet today, as well as about their latest discoveries. There's a message board so you can post questions to them - you'll always get a quick reply. There's also a recycling section - find different uses for things that you might otherwise put in the bin.

G. worldaware.org
Most people want to know what they can do to help protect our world. This site has everything you need to know about recycling: why it's important around the world, and how to get rid of items safely in your local area without harming the environment.

H. oneworld.org
There's lots of environmental information here, whether you're just starting to explore the subject, or wanting to find out about the latest research. Gifts are on sale, too, made from objects and materials that are often thrown out - treat yourself and help the planet! There's also a useful guide on using less electricity at home - reduce those bills!

Decide which websites would be the most suitable for the following people:

  • Ethan
  • Mario
  • Sylvia
  • Decian
  • Tasha

Read the text and questions. For each question, choose the correct answer.

Breaking the Ice
Michael Sharp visits an outdoor pool

It's just before 7 a.m. and I'm at an outdoor swimming pool in London, where the temperature of the water is only 11 degrees above freezing! Amazingly, there are already eight people swimming.

I had intended to discover, by taking a swim myself, why anyone would want to swim in such cold water. However, in the end, I decided to ask people instead. Peter Smith has been a swimmer here for three years, coming every morning before work. "It's wonderful on a cold winter morning," he says. "I thought it would make me healthier and I haven't been ill once since I started."

All the swimmers here say the same thing. They all feel fitter. However, not everyone agrees with them. Some doctors say it helps fight illness, while others say it could be dangerous, especially for your heart.

I asked Peter what they did on the days when the pool was frozen. "That's easy," he said. "There's a place in the middle where the ice is thin and easy to break. You have to avoid the sides where the ice is thicker. I did try to swim there once just to see what it was like, but I found out that it was impossible to break through the ice."

I would like to be able to say that I too dived happily into the water and swam a couple of hundred metres. But the truth is, fearing the worst, I walked very carefully into the pool, stood there almost in shock and then got out again after 30 seconds before I became a block of ice!

(Adapted from EXAM EXTRA PET)

What is the writer trying to do in this text?
  • Explain why some people like swimming in the cold
  • Prove an idea he has had about keeping fit
  • Warn people not to go swimming in cold water
  • Advise people on ways to stay healthy
What can a reader find out from this text?
  • where to go swimming in London
  • what happened to the writer at the pool
  • how to keep warm in cold water
  • how often the writer goes swimming
What does Peter Smith say about his morning swim?
  • It has helped him recover from a recent illness.
  • He enjoys it when the pool is covered in ice.
  • It is the reason why he keeps well all year.
  • He thinks it makes him work better.
What did the writer feel about swimming at the pool?
  • It was as cold as he expected.
  • He did not like the ice.
  • It made him feel healthier.
  • He enjoyed swimming up and down.
What do you think the writer would say to his friends?
  • My doctor has advised me not to go swimming there.
  • It's amazing how the pool stays clear of ice all winter.
  • I really enjoyed my early morning swim at the outdoor pool.
  • I was surprised at the number of people in the pool - they must be crazy.

Five sentences have been removed from the text below. For each question, choose the correct answer from A-H. There are three extra sentences that you do not need to use.

A. Just to be outside, traveling through nature, is enough of a reason to do this.

B. I must admit, it was a country I had never wanted to visit.

C. Actually, it's more of a track than a road.

D. All my friends got motorbikes or cars.

E. The trouble is finding the free time.

F. It was a dream opportunity not to be missed.

G. The more challenging, the better.

H. This meant getting myself a mountain bike and being out in all weathers.

Cycling the Most Dangerous Road

Like most children, I got my first bicycle at a young age. You could easily tell from all the pictures that I fell in love with it from the moment I saw it. So, while most children grow out of cycling, I took it to a whole new level. My mum was not too keen on the idea but soon got used to it.

Nowadays, every spare moment I ever have I'm out, exploring different places. Hills, mountains, forests, nothing beats that sense of achievement when you manage to get through some of the most difficult landscapes on a bike. It's not so much about others knowing what you can do, but rather proving to yourself that you are able to do it.

And of course, there's being in the natural environment. Breathing some fresh air while getting away from the city not only relaxes you but also keeps you healthy.

So, when I saw an advertisement for cyclists to join a group to cycle in Bolivia, I was not just keen. My mum was terrified when I announced I wanted to go, but as my father is a keen cyclist himself, he managed to persuade her that we should definitely go.

The Yungas Hwy is the world's most dangerous road. An average of twenty-six vehicles disappear over its edge every year. With only space for one vehicle the 1,000 metre drops are terrifying. Add to that the waterfalls, which fall directly onto the road, and the journey becomes even more dangerous as you try to avoid the frequent speeding lorries. But despite this, the excitement draws cyclists from around the world, And I just couldn't be the one to miss it.

(Adapted from Simply PET Preliminary for School)

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Advertising

When a company wants to increase the sales of a product, it will usually advertise. An advertisement tells us what products are available and it also us to buy a particular product.

Today's television advertisements millions of people, but the first forms of advertising were much more local. Market traders shouted out what they had for sale and large signs displayed outside shops. Modern advertising began about 150 years ago, factories started producing goods large quantities. Before long, advertisements for a wide range of products appeared in national newspapers.

Nowadays, we see many different kinds of advertisements. They can appear on the sides of vehicles and on the clothes we wear as well as on television and radio. But the aim of all advertisements is the same. They try to our attention and get us to buy a particular product.

(Adapted from PET Practice Test Plus 2)

Read the text and write one word to fill in each gap.

School Jazz Band

Do you play a jazz instrument — maybe the trumpet, guitar, or drums? Do you want to have some musical fun with other students in the school have similar interests to yours? If you do, come and join us on Tuesdays after school in the music room. At the moment, there are eight of us playing quite a wide range of instruments. We're having such great time and Mr. Jones is an amazing jazz teacher, but we need more people, especially electric guitarists!

We're hoping perform in the end-of-term show and Mr. Jones said he'll deal all the technical arrangements and the sound system, which is great!

Either come and ask me more details during one of the lunch breaks, just turn up on the day. But don't forget to bring your instrument! See you there!

Sam (from the School Jazz Band)