PET 2020 Test 36 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

8/12/2021 9:01:57 AM

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • Mary should call Grandad.
  • Grandad has cancelled the visit.
  • Mum will call Grandad later.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • The police are watching thieves in the area around the police station.
  • The police will be informed of anyone taking someone else's personal property.
  • The police have arrived to arrest some thieves without using any security cameras.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • Passengers flying to European airports must go to a different location.
  • You can fly all over the world from Terminal 1.
  • Anyone wanting to fly to America should look for the signs.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • You are allowed to swim in the water.
  • You must throw things away in the park's rubbish bins.
  • You can cook in a special place.

Choose the correct answer that goes with this text.

  • Sam can meet Jake and Dan at the café if he goes before 3 p.m.
  • Jake wants Sam to help him choose new sports clothes.
  • Dan and Jake will wait for Sam to arrive before they go to Railtons.

The teenagers below all want to work as volunteers to help the environment.

Ali lives in the country and wants to help wildlife in his area. He has experience caring for animals and would like to share this knowledge with other young people.

Sam lives in a harbor town and is worried about the amount of pollution in his area. He wants to know what effect this is having on the local wildlife and he would also like to take part in events to help reduce pollution where he lives.

Hannah only has free time at the weekend and wants to meet other teenagers interested in making things out of materials that are recycled. She wants to help organize a social event to make more people in her town start reducing the amount of rubbish they throw away.

Fatema has brilliant computer skills and would love to join a club that meets online. She wants to share information to let people know which animals are in danger and ways to help them.

Joe lives in a city and wants to meet other people who are interested in the environment. He wants to know how pollution affects plants and learn how to grow food in a city garden project.

There are descriptions of eight clubs which help the environment.

A. Safe Zone
We provide a safe place for wildlife such as bats, snakes, and rabbits that have been injured. Our team of experts cares for them until they're healthy enough to go back into nature. Our team wants to train more young people to help us with jobs like cleaning the cages and preparing the animals' food.

B. Earth's Friends
We get creative at Earth's Friends! This youth club is for teens who want to get involved with online projects such as making more people aware of pollution in cities and how it is affecting the climate. Our website has a fantastic travel planner, so you can see how walking or cycling reduces pollution in your local area.

C. Eco-Teen
Come and help clean up the rubbish in our city parks! It's not easy, but you'll make loads of new friends who share the same passion as you do. And it's not all hard work - we have summer barbecues, guest speakers cmd group discussions about how we can help to protect animals in the area.

D. Green Time
Come and learn about all the different species that live in our local fields, woods, and back gardens. And if you've got any experience looking after animals, let us know! We're short on youth volunteers who can offer tips and advice at our weekly teen meetings in villages and towns across the nation. Our club wants to provide a safer environment for local creatures - big and small - by holding talks and events.

E. Listen up!
You can access our weekly meetings from any time zone on our award-winning website, where you can chat with young people concerned about the environment. Our members are passionate about making people aware of the things everyone should do to save and protect species all over the Earth. Members post updates and articles about wildlife issues weekly.

F. Genius
Don't put your bottles, newspapers, and tin cans in the recycling bin - bring them to any Saturday-morning meeting, when our expert environmental artist shows you how to make art out of rubbish! Take part in planning the annual event to show off your creative projects to the public, and share tips on ways to reduce waste.

G. Nature First
Come and get some fresh air and meet people of all ages concerned about the environment at our beach project, where we collect plastic to be recycled in a coastal area near you. Learn how waste in our oceans harms sea life and what you can do about it.

H. Band Together
You won't believe you're in the middle of the city where our club meets every Sunday afternoon. Come and see all of the different crops we produce at our little farm. Young and old are invited to come and find out when to pick what you've planted when you join Band Together. We also discuss monthly topics such as vehicles and how they affect nature.

Decide which club would be the most suitable for the people below.

  • Ali
  • Sam
  • Hannah
  • Fatema
  • Joe

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

The teenage snowboarder 

15-year-old Vanessa Hanson writes about her sport.

I was born in Denver, USA, and started snowboarding at eight when my dad took me to a resort in the mountains, about two hours from Denver. The hill looked unbelievably steep and scary, so my dad had to do a lot of persuading to get me on a board. Because I was so young, I hadn't even thought of asking him if I could start snowboarding, but he was already into it and wanted me to love it too - he made it look so simple. And in the end, I managed just fine.

After this experience, it wasn't long before I'd developed a love of the sport and had improved my ability, too. I started competing aged ten. Some people enter loads of competitions and end up getting bored of snowboarding, but my love of taking part, and winning too, if I'm honest, has got stronger as I've gotten older, which always helps me to push myself harder. I enjoy not having a fixed plan, and sometimes this goes well, like when I became the first female ever to get a perfect 100 at a local competition. I wasn't sure I'd even attempt the jumps that got me this score until I actually set off. That achievement increased my trust in my own abilities.

During the summer, I focus on training and my studies while there's no snow. Although I train daily, it's nice not having to stick to quite a strict diet like I do in the winter. I also get to spend lots of time with my friends then. It's the best way of dealing with not being able to do what I love so much and what I'm really good at.

I have to think carefully about my future. Snowboarding is such a huge part of my life now, but I also feel it's important to have something else I can do, just in case I don't succeed as a professional snowboarder or if I get injured. I'm wondering whether becoming a doctor is a possibility if my active life allows time for doing a college degree. It's impossible to imagine myself growing tired of the sport, but I can't go on snowboarding my whole life.

Just before Vanessa snowboarded down a hill for the first time, she felt _____

  • worried she was too young.
  • nervous about doing it.
  • keen to copy her father.
  • pleased to be allowed to do it.
What does Vanessa say about taking part in competitions?
  • She expects too much of herself.
  • She sometimes loses interest.
  • She always plans for them carefully.
  • She enjoys them more and more.

In the summer, Vanessa enjoys _____

  • the good weather where she lives.
  • not having to train regularly.
  • being able to eat whatever she likes.
  • having plenty of time to do her schoolwork.

Vanessa says that in the future, snowboarding _____

  • may not be her main career.
  • will be a way for her to make a lot of money.
  • might not always be interesting for her.
  • will help her stay fit and healthy.
What would Vanessa say to one of her friends?
  • I love snowboarding, but it's a shame I have so many accidents.
  • I'm pleased that I'm more confident now. I hope this will help me, whatever I decide to do.
  • I'm so happy to be a champion snowboarder like Dad - but I think he enjoys the sport more than I do.
  • I'm sorry I've never been able to see you that much, even during the summer holidays.

Five sentences have been removed from the text below.

For each question, choose the correct answer from A-H. There are three extra sentences that you do not need to use.

A. And it's good for your health.

B. Then there's that sense of achievement.

C. But I don't think these are the reasons I go running.

D. Finding the time to run can be a problem.

E. I injured myself earlier in the year.

F. Running gives me a rest from anything that is on my mind.

G. Running also offers lots of opportunities to volunteer.

H. But mostly we talk about running.

My new hobby

After years of doing very little exercise, I recently took up running. I certainly feel fitter; I've lost a bit of weight and I can run distances now that would have been impossible for me 20 years ago. So, what is it that keeps me interested?

Well, to begin with, there's nothing like sharing a love of something with other people. When I train with my club we do sometimes talk about other things as we're running around the streets. We'll share news of our goals, our latest injuries, our next runs, knowing we have a friendly, interested, and understanding ear. I've yet to meet a horrible runner!

This is something I've really enjoyed. It might be helping to organize a run in the local park or helping those who are new to running get started. I do very little compared to some people, but I certainly aim to include more of this in the future.

It really helps me to relax as well. I live quite a busy life and find it surprisingly difficult to go ten minutes without thoughts racing through my head. Yet I can often go ages during a run thinking of nothing other than the pavement in front of me and how my body is feeling.

I like having something to aim for and running provides opportunities for a focus, whether it's something long-term, like my marathon ambitions, or more immediate like going for a personal best time on a shorter run. But it's important to remember not to push myself too hard, and one of my goals is always to enjoy running!

This is especially true when you've done something you didn't think was possible. That's been the case with the personal best times I've had in the past and completing some of the longer runs.

(Adapted from PET Collins 8 TESTS)

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Tomatoes - the whole truth

Leading scientists have that tomatoes can be of great benefit to our health. A lot of has been done in recent years, trying to understand why that is. It now seems that it's the whole tomato that may lower cancer risks, not parts of it, according to some new studies.

Experts have that simply taking the antioxidant lycopene - a substance which is found in tomatoes but is highly popular as a health food supplement because of its link to a(n) risk of cancer - did not work as well as eating whole tomatoes.

This is why scientists today believe that people should eat tomatoes in pastas, salads, tomato juice and pizza, rather than take supplements. Recent findings suggest that the risks of poor eating cannot simply be reversed with a pill.

We shouldn't easy solutions to a complex problem.

(Adapted from Succeed in Cambridge English B1)

Read the text and write ONE word to fill in each gap.

Are all influencers just interested in being famous and making money? Perhaps not in the case of Emma Watson. Emma born in Paris but brought up in England. She took up acting at an early age and starred in her first Harry Potter film she was just eleven years old. By the time she was 19, she was earning more money any other Hollywood actress.

Around that time, Emma went to university to do an English degree. She also became well known a speaker on how men and women should be given the same opportunities. She traveled to places like Bangladesh and Zambia support education for girls. Thousands of Emma Watson's Fans follow her on social media, but she uses her accounts to discuss issues such as women in society and the effect of fashion the environment.