100 idioms (thành ngữ tiếng Anh) cần biết để đạt điểm tối đa trong kỳ thi THPT quốc gia môn tiếng Anh

Idioms là gì?

Khi học tiếng Việt, bạn đã biết là "Thành ngữ là những cụm từ mang ngữ nghĩa cố định (phần lớn không tạo thành câu hoàn chỉnh về mặt ngữ pháp; không thể thay thế và sửa đổi về mặt ngôn từ) và độc lập riêng rẽ với từ ngữ hay hình ảnh mà thành ngữ sử dụng, thành ngữ thường được sử dụng trong việc tạo thành những câu nói hoàn chỉnh." (nguồn: https://vi.wikiquote.org/wiki/Thành_ngữ_Việt_Nam). Trong tiếng Anh cũng có khái niệm đó, gọi là idioms.

100 idioms (thành ngữ tiếng Anh) cần biết để đạt điểm tối đa trong kỳ thi THPT quốc gia môn tiếng Anh

Khái niệm và ví dụ về idioms. Ảnh: Pinterest.

Đối với đa số học sinh, các idioms là lý do gây mất cơ hội đạt điểm tối đa trong kỳ thi THPT quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh. Các idioms không dễ nhớ vì nghĩa của mỗi idiom không phải là sự cộng nghĩa của các từ riêng biệt, và trong quá trình học, các bạn không gặp chúng thường xuyên.

Danh sách các idioms cần biết để đạt điểm tối đa trong kỳ thi THPT quốc gia môn tiếng Anh

Dưới đây là các idioms thường gặp và xuất hiện nhiều trong các đề thi THPT quốc gia mà TiengAnhK12 tổng hợp lại. Với mỗi idiom, bạn hãy nhấn vào tên để luyện tập các câu hỏi vận dụng (trích từ các đề thi thật, đề thi thử THPT quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh).

Để ghi nhớ các idioms lâu dài, bạn hãy ghi vào sổ tay những idioms chưa quen thuộc, để tiện giở ra xem lại bất kì khi nào bạn có vài phút rảnh rang. Sau đó, định kì quay lại mục Luyện kỹ năng > Từ vựng > Thành ngữ tiếng Anh để luyện tập ngân hàng câu hỏi của TiengAnhK12 và nạp lại các idioms này, đưa chúng vào trong bộ nhớ dài hạn của bạn nhé!

  Idiom Meaning
1 RAINING CATS AND DOGS rain heavily (Mưa nặng hạt)
  It’s raining cats and dogs It’s raining heavily
2 CHALK AND CHEESE very different from each other (rất khác nhau)
  I don’t have anything in common with my brother. We’re like chalk and cheese.  
3 HERE AND THERE everywhere
  I have been searching here and there for the gift I bought for my girlfriend.  
4 A HOT POTATO something that is difficult or dangerous to deal with (vấn đề nan giải)
  The abortion issue is a hot potato in the US  
5 AT THE DROP OF A HAT immediately, instantly (ngay lập tức)
  If you need me, just call me. I can come at the drop of a hat.  
6 BACK TO THE DRAWING BOARD time to start from the beginning; it is time to plan something over again (bắt đầu lại)
  My plans to create a tiny car made of glasses were unsuccessful, so I guess it’s back to the drawing board for me.  
7 BEAT ABOUT THE BUSH avoiding the main topic, not speaking directly about the issue (nói vòng vo, lạc đề)
  Stop beating about the bush and answer my question.  
8 BEST THING SINCE SLICED BREAD a good invention or innovation, a good idea or plan
  Portable phones are marketed as the best thing since sliced bread; people think they are extremely good.  
9 BURN THE MIDNIGHT OIL to stay up working, especially studying late at night (thức khuya làm việc, học bài)
  I will have a big exam tomorrow so I’ll be burning the midnight oil tonight.  
10 CAUGHT BETWEEN TWO STOOLS when someone finds it difficult to choose between two alternatives (tiến thoái lưỡng nan)
  This course is too difficult for beginners, but too simple for a knowledge student. It's caught between two stools  
11 BREAK A LEG good luck! ( thường dùng để chúc may mắn )
  I have heard that you're gonna take a test tomorrow, break a leg, dude!!!   
12 HIT THE BOOKS to study (học)
  I can’t go out tonight. I’ve got to hit the books. I’m having an exam tomorrow.  
13  WHEN PIGS FLY

something will never happen (điều vô tưởng, không thể xảy ra, nhớ là “pigs” đừng nhầm với con vật khác nhé)

  Fred said he'll only see that when pigs fly!

 

14 SCRATCH SOMEONE’S BACK help someone out with the assumption that they will return the favor in the future (giúp đỡ người khác với hy vọng họ sẽ giúp lại mình)
  You scratch my back and I will scratch yours later,” the customer said when we talked about the new sales contact.  
15 HIT THE NAIL ON THE HEAD do or say something exactly right (nói chính xác, làm chính xác)
  Mike hit the nail on the head when he said most people can use a computer without knowing how it works.  
16 TAKE SOMEONE/SOMETHING FOR GRANTED coi nhẹ
  One of the problems with relationships is that after a while you begin to take each other for granted!!  
17  TAKE SOMETHING INTO ACCOUNT/CONSIDERATION to remember to consider something (tính đến cái gì, xem xét việc gì)
  We will take your long year of service into account when we make our final decision.  
18  PUT SOMEONE/SOMETHING AT SOMEONE’S DISPOSAL  to make someone or something available to someone (có sẵn theo ý muốn của ai)
  I’d be glad to help you if you need me. I put myself at your disposal.  
19   SPLITTING HEADACHE a severe headache (đau đầu như búa bổ) (khi ra thi sẽ hỏi từ “Splitting”)
  I’ve got a splitting headache. I’m going upstairs for a nap.  
20  ON THE HOUSE không phải trả tiền
  I went to a restaurant last night. I was the ten thousandth customer, so my dinner was on the house.  
21  HIT THE ROOF = GO THROUGH THE ROOF = HIT THE CEILING  to suddenly become angry (giận dữ)
  I”m afraid he will hit the roof when he finds out our vacation is canceled.  
22  MAKE SOMEONE’S BLOOD BOIL làm ai sôi máu, giận dữ
  When I hear stories of cruelty to animals, it makes my blood boil  
23  BRING DOWN THE HOUSE làm cho cả khán phòng vỗ tay nhiệt liệt
  G-Dragon brought the house down. He really brought down the house with his fantastic song.   
24  PAY THROUGH THE NOSE to pay too much for something (trả giá quá đắt) 
  If you want a decent wine in a restaurant , you to have to pay through the nose for it.   
25  BY THE SKIN OF ONE’S TEETH sát sao, rất sát 
  I got through calculus math by the skin of my teeth.
I got to the airport a few minutes late and missed the plane by the skin of my teeth
 
26  PULL SOMEONE’S LEG  chọc ai  
  You don’t mean that. You’re just pulling my leg  
27  IT STRIKE SOMEBODY AS/THAT A STRANGE  lấy làm lạ 
  It strikes as a strange to me that he failed the exam because he is so smart and diligent a student.  
28  TAKE IT AMISS  to understand as wrong or insulting, or misunderstand (hiểu lầm) 
  Would you take it amiss if I told you I thought you look lovely? I was afraid you’d take it the wrong way.   
29  HIGH AND LOW = HERE AND THERE  everywhere 
  I have been searching high and low for the gift I bought for my girlfriend.   
30  THE MORE, THE MERRIER  càng đông càng vui 
  Can I bring some friends with me? Yeah sure, the more, the merrier  
31  SPICK AND SPAN  ngăn nắp gọn gàng 
  The apartment was spick and span  
32 EVERY NOW AND THEN  sometimes 
  Every now and then, I want to be alone.   
33  PART AND PARCE   integral, crucial ( thiết yếu, quan trọng)
  Being recognized in the street is part and parcel of being a celebrity.   
34  GO TO ONE’S HEAD  khiến ai kiêu ngạo 
  Too much success will go to her head  
35  ONCE IN A BLUE MOON rất hiếm (rare) 
  Once in a blue moon, I stop thinking about her. If only she knew how much I loved her.   
36  FEW AND FAR BETWEEN  rare (hiếm gặp) 
  Go and tell her that you love her! That kind of girl is really few and far between   
37  ON THE SPOT  (1) immediately (ngay lập tức)  
(2) in trouble; in a difficult situation (gặp rắc rối) 
  (1) I expect you to be on the spot when and where trouble arises 
(2) I hate to be on the spot when it’s not my fault
 
38  ON THE VERGE OF = ON THE BRINK OF = IN THE EDGE OF  trên bờ vực (cẩn thận với giới từ “on” và “in” nhé!) 
  Unless we take measures to protect tigers, they will be on the verge of extinction. (lưu ý: take measures: đưa ra biện pháp)  
39  IT NEVER RAINS BUT IT POURS good or bad things do not just happen a few at a time, but in large numbers all at once (họa vô đơn chí)
  Everyone in my house is sick right now because it never rains but it pours.  
40  BE ON THE WAGON kiêng rượu
  Bob’s old drinking buddies complained that he was no fun when he went on the wagon.  
41  LED SOMEBODY BY THE NOSE to control someone and make them do exactly what you want them to do (nắm đầu, dắt mũi ai)
  They simply didn’t know what they were doing and they were led by the nose by a manipulative government.  
42  AT THE ELEVENTH HOUR  vào phút chót 
  She always turned her term paper in at the eleventh hour  
43  SELL/GO LIKE HOT CAKES  bán đắt như tôn tươi 
  The book has only just been published andcopies are already selling like hot cakes in both Britain and America.   
44  FIND FAULT WITH  chỉ trích, kiếm chuyện, bắt lỗi 
  It is very easy to find fault with the work others.   
45  OFF AND ON/ ON AND OFF  không đều đặn, thỉnh thoảng 
  We don’t often go there- just off and on  
46  MAKE BELIEVE giả bộ, giả vờ
  I tried to make believe she was happy, but knew deep down it was not true.  
47  MAKE GOOD TIME di chuyển nhanh, đi nhanh
  We made good time and were at the hotel by lunch time.  
48  LOOK DAGGERS AT SOMEONE giận giữ nhìn ai đó
  Their relationship is not free and easy but at least he is no longer looking daggers at her.  
49  BE OUT OF THE QUESTION không thể được
  You cannot get married until you are 18, it’s out of the question.  
50  ALL AT ONCE suddenly: bất thình lình
  All at once, there was a loud banging on the door.  
51  BLOW ONE’S TRUMPET bốc phét, khoác lác
  Anyone will tell you she’s one of the best journalist we’ve got, although she’d never blow her trumpet.  
52 SLEEP ON IT suy nghĩ thêm về điều gì đó
  You don’t have to give me your decision now. Sleep on it, and let me know tomorrow.  
53  FIGHT TOOTH AND CLAW/NAIL đánh nhau dữ dội, cấu xé nhau
  We fought tooth and claw to retain our share of business.  
54  PLAY TRICKS/JOKES ON  chọc phá, trêu ghẹo, chơi khăm 
  The kids are always play jokes on their teachers.   
55  DOWN THE DRAIN  đổ sông đổ biển (công sức, tiền bạc) 
  It’s just money down the drain.  
56  SMELL A RAT hoài nghi, linh cảm chuyện không ổn
  The minute I came in, I smelled a rat.  
57  THE LAST STRAW giọt nước tràn ly
  When she showed up late a third time, that was the last straw. We had to fire her.  
58  GET THE HAND OF SOMETHING nắm bắt được, sử dụng được
  After three weeks of using this computer, I think I’ve finally got the hand of it.  
59  HARD OF HEARING lãng tai, nặng tai
  Tom is hard of hearing. Therefore, we have to speak loudly so that he can hear us.  
60  KEEP AN EYE ON coi chừng, ngó chừng
  Please keep an eye on my baby while I’m out for a while.  
61  HAVE A BEE IN ONE’S BONNET (ABOUT SOMETHING) đặt nặng chuyện gì, chấp nhất chuyện gì
  She has a bee in her bonnet about going to America.  
62  GET/HAVE COLD FEET mất hết can đảm, chùn bước
  I’m worried my members in this page may be getting cold feet about the university entrance exam. Therefore, I will try my best to help them overcome this severe exam.  
63  ON SECOND THOUGHTS suy nghĩ kĩ
  On second thoughts, it was a dumb movie.  
64  IN VAIN uổng công, vô ích
  Government agents tried in vain kidnap him.  
65  CHIP IN khuyên góp, góp tiền
  If everyone chips in, we will be able to buy her a nice present.  
66  OFF ONE’S HEAD điên, loạn trí
  The old man has been off his head for at least a year.  
67 RUN AN ERRAND làm việc vặt
  I’ve got to run an errand. I’ll be back in a minute.  
68  JUMP THE TRAFFIC LIGHTS vượt đèn đỏ
  They ignore people who jumps the traffic lights.  
69  FLY OFF THE HANDLE dễ nổi giận, phát cáu
  No one will fly off the handle for no reason.  
70  THE APPLE OF ONE’S EYES đồ quý giá của ai
  You are the apple of my eyes.  
71  BUCKET DOWN mưa xối xả, mưa to
  It’s been bucketing down all day.  
72  CLOSE CALL = CLOSE SHAVE = NARROW ESCAPE thoát chết trong gang tấc
  Phew, that was a close shave. I was so lucky.  
73  DROP A BRICK lỡ lời, lỡ miệng
  I dropped a brick when talking with my best friend, and now she doesn’t want to talk to me.  
74  GET BUTTERFLIES IN ONE’S STOMACH cảm thấy bồn chồn
  I always get butterflies in my stomach when it comes to taking test.  
75  OFF THE RECORD không chính thức, không được công bố
  What the president said is not to be printed. It’s off the record.  
76  ONE’S CUP OF TEA thứ mà ta thích
  SNSD is my cup of tea. They are so beautiful and talented. Especially Seohyun, she looks so cute.  
77  CUT IT FINE đến sát giờ
  Only allowing half an hour to get from the station to the airport is cutting it fine, isn’t it?  
78  GOLDEN HANDSHAKE món tiền hậu hĩnh dành cho người sắp nghỉ việc
  The manager got early retirement and a 600,000$ golden handshake when the company was restructed.  
79  PUT ON AN ACT giả bộ, làm bộ  
  We’ve known you are a good swimmer – stop putting on an act.  
80  COME TO LIGHT được biết đến, được phát hiện, được đưa ra ánh sáng
  Four soldiers have faced charges since the scandal came to light last fall  
81  TAKE THINGS TO PIECES tháo ra từng mảnh
  Men like to take things to pieces and put them together.  
82  PUT ONE’S FOOT IN IT gây nhầm lẫn, bối rối, phạm một sai lầm gây bối rối
  I really put my foot in it when I asked her about her job. I didn’t know she’d just been fired.  
83  PULL ONE’S WEIGHT nỗ lực, làm tròn trách nhiệm
  The rest of the team complained that Sarah wasn’t pulling her weight.  
84  MAKE ENDS MEET xoay sở để kiếm sống
  I have to work at two jobs to make ends meet.  
85  GET THE HOLD OF THE WRONG END OF THE STICK hiểu nhầm ai đó
  I think I must explain to her that she got hold of the wrong end of the stick again.  
86  CUT AND DRIED cuối cùng, không thể thay đổi, rõ ràng, dễ hiểu
  Although a deal has been agreed, it is not yet cut-and-dried.
The human rights issue is by no means cut-and-dried.
 
87  STAY/KEEP ON ONE’S TOE cảnh giác, thận trọng
  We had better keep on our toes while we’re walking along the dark portions of this street.  
88  SEE EYE TO EYE đồng tình
  I’m glad that they see eye to eye on the matter of the conference location.  
89  HAVE IN MIND đang suy tính, cân nhắc
  I don’t want to see a movie now, I have in mind going to the park.  
90  A LOST CAUSE hết hy vọng, không thay đổi được gì
  It seems that Charles will give it up. I suppose he is a lost cause.  
91  TO BE BOUND TO chắc chắn
  You’re bound to be late if you don’t hurry.  
92  AT HEART thực chất, cơ bản (basically, fundamentally)
  James sometimes seems quite unfriendly but at heart he’s a good person.  
93  TO KNOW BY SIGHT nhận ra (recognize)
  The woman said that she would know the thief by sight if she ever saw him again.  
94  NOW AND THEN = NOW AND AGAIN = AT TIMES = FROM TIME TO TIME = OFF AND ON = ONCE IN A WHILE = EVERY SO OFTEN sometimes (thỉnh thoảng, không thường xuyên)
  I visit her now and then.  
95  TO TAKE PAINS làm việc cẩn thận và tận tâm
  She takes pains to do everything well.  
96  TO MAKE DO xoay sở, đương đầu (to manage, to cope)
  During difficult economic times, many people have to make do with less.  
97  SELL SOMEONE SHORT đánh giá thấp
  Don't sell yourself short—you've got what it takes.  
98  FACE THE MUSIC chịu trận
  Mary broke a dining-room window and had to face the music when her father got home.  
99 LET THE CAT OUT OF THE BAG to reveal a secret or a surprise by accident (để lộ bí mật)
  It’s asecret. Try not to let the cat out of the bag.  
100  ON PROBATION trong thời gian quản chế
  While Anne was on probation, she reported to the police regularly.
John was on probation for a year.
 

 

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