Đề thi thử THPT quốc gia 2019 môn Tiếng Anh trường THPT Lương Thế Vinh, Hà Nội lần 1

5/21/2019 2:25:43 PM
Đề đã được bổ sung giải thích chi tiết cho mỗi đáp án bởi Tienganhk12.vn

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the pronunciation.

  • cybercrime
  • psychology
  • lay-by
  • cylinder

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the pronunciation.

  • chariatan
  • charade
  • champagne
  • cherish

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • identity
  • competency
  • analysis
  • development

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • profession
  • measurement
  • prescription
  • efficient

Choose the underlined part that need correction.
Efforts are done in the hope of preserving all species and maintaining the ecological balance.

  • done
  • of
  • species
  • the

Choose the underlined part that need correction.
Computers have made access to information instantly available just by push a few buttons.

  • have
  • access
  • instantly available
  • by push

Choose the underlined part that need correction.
Today, the most popular method of pasteurization, called ‘flash pasteurization’, involves several step which include heating mild for 15 second and then immediately cooling it.

  • of
  • step
  • which includes
  • cooling

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer for each of the blanks.

Family history is ____(A)_____ referred to as genealogy. It is one of the world’s most popular pastimes and millions of people around the planet are investigating their origins as I write this. From ____(B)_____ beginners to experienced genealogists, the attraction of ____(C)_____ out more about the past through your own family is hard to resist. Once you have set out on the research road, the work can become absolutely fascinating. There are many reasons why.

As you explore this route to the past, you’ll develop new skills, which you can use in many ways. You’ll also enjoy the excitement of the detective ____(D)_____. The voyage of discovery into your family’s past often leads to a greater understanding of history. It’s also a social pastime and will ____(E)_____ you into contact with many new and like-minded people.

Choose the correct answer for (A):

  • and
  • too
  • also
  • both

Choose the correct answer for (B):

  • full
  • complete
  • whole
  • thorough

Choose the correct answer for (C):

  • finding
  • meeting
  • learning
  • knowing

Choose the correct answer for (D):

  • course
  • movement
  • step
  • process

Choose the correct answer for (E):

  • send
  • carry
  • give
  • bring

Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part

The World Health Organization (WHO) was established on 7th April 1948.

  • made up
  • built up
  • set up
  • put up

Choose the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part.

Many young children are spending a large amount of time playing online games without being of their detriment to their schoolwork.

  • harm
  • advantage
  • support
  • benefit

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

Another critical factor that plays a part in susceptibility to cold is age. A study done by the University of Michigan School of public health revealed particulars that seem to hold true for the general population. Infants are the most cold-ridden group, averaging more than six colds in their first year. Boys have more colds than girls up to age three. After the age of three, girls are more susceptible than boys, and teenage girls average three colds a year to boys’ two.

The general incidence of colds continues to decline into maturity. Elderly people who are in good health have as few as one or two colds annually. One exception is found among people in their twenties, especially women, who show a rise in cold infections because people in this age group are most likely to have young children. Adults who delay having children until the thirties and forties experience the same sudden increase in cold infections.

The study also found that economics plays an important role. As income increases, the frequency at which colds are reported in the family decreases. Families with the lowest income suffer about a third more cold than families at the lower end. Lower-income generally forces people to live in more cramped quarters than those typically occupied by wealthier people, and crowding increases the opportunities for the cold virus to travel from person to person. Low income may also adversely influence diet. The degree to which poor nutrition affects susceptibility to colds is not yet clearly established, but an inadequate diet is suspected of lowering resistance generally.

The paragraph that precedes this passage most probably deals with ________.

  • minor diseases other than colds
  • the recommended treatment of colds
  • a factor that affects susceptibility to colds
  • methods of preventing colds among elderly people

What does the author claim about the study discussed in the passage?

  • It contains many inconsistences.
  • It specializes in children.
  • It contradicts the results of earlier studies in the field.
  • Its results apparently are relevant for the population as a whole.

It may be inferred from the passage that which of the following age groups of people is most likely to catch colds?

  • Infant boys
  • Young girls
  • Teenage boys
  • Elderly women

There is information in the second paragraph of the passage to support which of the following conclusions?

  • Men are more susceptible to colds than women.
  • Children infect their parents with colds.
  • People who live in a cold climate have more colds than those who live in a warm one.
  • People who don’t have children are more susceptible to colds than those who do.

The author’s main purpose in writing the last paragraph of the passage is to ______.

  • explain how cold viruses are transmitted
  • prove that a poor diet causes colds
  • discuss the relationship between income and frequency of colds
  • discuss the distribution of income among the people in the study

The word “cramped” in the passage is closest in meaning to __________.

  • cheap
  • crowded
  • depressing
  • simple

The author's tone in this passage could best be described as______.

  • neutral and objective
  • humorous
  • tentative but interested
  • highly critical

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part.
A judge must be impartial when he passes sentences on criminals.

  • biased
  • disinterested
  • neutral
  • attentive

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part.

There are several different kinds of faults in reading which are usually more exaggerated with foreign learners.

  • overestimated
  • understated
  • overemphasized
  • undertaken

Choose the most suitable response to each of the following questions.

Two friends, Jean and Bill, are working when Jean’s laptop collapses.

- Jean: “Would you mind if I used your computer for a couple of hours?”

- Bill: “_____“

  • Not at all. I’ve finished my job.
  • Of course OK. I still need it now.
  • Yes, you can use it.
  • Yes, it’s all right.

Choose the most suitable response to each of the following questions

Nancy met Sue at a party after a long time they were far away from each other.

- Nancy: “____________”

- Sue: “Great. Thanks.”

  • Excuse me.
  • How are you doing?
  • What are you doing?
  • Be careful!

Choose the correct answer.

They _________ for Japan at 10:00 p.m. tomorrow.

  • will be leaving
  • have left
  • will have left
  • will leave

Choose the correct answer.

Anthony Burgess, _________ as a novelist, was originally a student of music.

  • because of being famous
  • who because he was famous
  • who has achieved fame
  • he achieved fame

Choose the correct answer.

There should be an international law against _______.

  • afforestation
  • deforestation
  • forestry
  • reforestation

Choose the correct answer.

He finds physics ___________ other science subjects.

  • far more difficult than
  • too much more difficult than
  • many more difficult than
  • more much difficult than

Choose the correct answer.

Before you sign the contract, _________ in mind that you won't be able to change anything later.

  • hold
  • bear
  • retain
  • reserve

Choose the correct answer.

The firemen did well _____________ their preparation for catastrophic gas explosions.

  • although
  • because
  • despite
  • because of

Choose the correct answer.

Where’s that _________ dress that your grandma gave you?

  • long pink silk lovely
  • lovely long pink silk
  • pink long lovely silk
  • lovely pink long silk

Choose the correct answer.

____________ Columbus was one of ________ first people to cross _________ Atlantic.

  • X / the/ the
  • X/the/ an
  • The/ the/ the
  • X/ the/ X

Choose the correct answer.

The assignment was very long so she was forced to __________ to get it done on time.

  • to live in each other’s pockets
  • loose the plot
  • burn the midnight oil
  • take the wind out of her sails

Choose the correct answer.

Lance is _______ knowledgeable about biology. She always gets mark 10.

  • smartly
  • powerfully
  • firmly
  • highly

Choose the correct answer.

My husband always gives ____________ to me when we have an argument.

  • out
  • in
  • off
  • on

Choose the correct answer.

All the cereal grains _________ grow on the prairies and plains of the United States.

  • but for rice
  • but rice
  • excepting rice
  • except the rice

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions:

In the United States today there are more than half a million criminals serving time in jails or prisons. Most prisoners are male high school dropouts between the ages of 18 and 29. Even more shocking is the fact that the number and rate of imprisonment have more than doubled over the past twenty years, and the recidivism — that is, the rate re-arrest — is more than 60 percent.

Although the stated objective of the criminal justice system, on both federal and state levels, is to rehabilitate the inmates and reintegrate them into society, the system itself does not support such a goal. Although most jails are located within the community, prisons are usually geographically or psychologically isolated and terribly overcrowded. Even in the more enlightened prisons, only one-third of the inmates have vocational training opportunities or work release options. Even fewer have access to qualified counselors, psychologists, or social workers.

If prisons are indeed to achieve the goal of rehabilitating offenders, then the prisons themselves will have to change. First, they will have to be smaller, housing no more than five hundred prisoners. It has been shown that crowding in large facilities is not conducive to behavior modification. Second, they have to be built in or near population centers, with community resources available for gradual reintegration into society. This must include social and psychological services. Finally, prison programs must be restructured to provide work release and vocational and academic training for inmates to prepare them with skills that carry over into their lives after release. In addition to parole terms and community supervised work release, successful models for such collaborative efforts between the criminal justice system and the community already exist in several hundred half-way houses throughout the country where inmates complete their sentences while beginning to re-establish their lives as productive members of society. Studies suggest that imprisonment, as it is currently administered, must be viewed as a punishment rather than reform. Until we approach the problem in terms of changing behaviors rather than segregating offenders, prisoners who are released will probably return to a life of crime.

What is the author's main point?

  • Prisons must be restructured if they are to accomplish the goal of rehabilitation
  • Goals for community collaboration have been successful
  • Most of the criminals serving time in prison do not have goals
  • The criminal justice system must establish a better goal

According to the author, how many prisoners are offered training or work release?

  • None
  • 33 1/3 percent
  • 50 percent
  • 60 percent

The word “recidivism” in paragraph 1 refers to_______.

  • all people who are imprisoned
  • people who return to prison after release
  • people who dropout of high school
  • people who have been in prison for a long time

The word “options” in the passage is closest in meaning to______.

  • exceptions
  • challenges
  • alternatives
  • benefits

What does the author mean by the statement “Although the stated objective of the criminal justice system, on both federal and state levels, is to rehabilitate the inmates and reintegrate them into society, the system itself does not support such a goal”?

  • Inmates in prisons do not participate in in rehabilitation programs before they are
  • The goal of rehabilitation and reintegration into society is encouraged by the prison
  • Prison systems do not promote rehabilitation and reintegration despite their goal
  • Rehabilitation cannot be achieved by prisons without reintegration into society

Why should prisons be built near towns or cities?

  • Prisoners benefit from family visitations
  • Workers need to be close to their homes
  • Reintegration programs require resources
  • Prisons contribute to the economics

The author mentions all the following as necessary to prison reform EXCEPT ____________.

  • newer buildings
  • smaller institutions
  • vocational training
  • collaboration with the community

The paragraph following the passage most probably discusses ____________.

  • the goal for most state and federal prisons
  • the cost of prison reform
  • examples of models for community collaboration
  • problems with the current criminal justice system
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
I’d prefer him not to have said all those embarrassing things about me.
  • I'd prefer him not saying all those embarrassing things about me.
  • I'd sooner he hadn’t said all those embarrassing things about me.
  • I'd rather he didn’t say all those embarrassing things about me.
  • I'd not prefer his saying all those embarrassing things about me.
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
No one except for John has ever beaten me at the game of tennis.
  • I am the only person who has ever beaten John in the game of tennis.
  • I have ever beaten everyone except for John at the game of tennis.
  • John is the only one ever to beat me at the game of tennis.
  • No one but John has ever been beaten at the game of tennis.
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
The boy who was waiting in the hall expected a phone call.
  • The boy someone was waiting in the hall expected a phone call.
  • The boy waiting in the hall expected a phone call.
  • The boy waited in the hall and expecting a phone call.
  • The boy was waiting in the hall and expected a phone call
Choose the sentence that best combines the pair of the sentences given in each of the following questions.
We chose to find a place for the night. We found the bad weather very inconvenient.
  • Bad weather was approaching, so we started to look a place to stay.
  • The bad weather prevented us from driving any further.
  • Seeing that the bad weather had set in, we decided to find somewhere to spend the night.
  • Because the climate was so severe, we were worried about what we'd do at night.

Choose the sentence that best combines the pair of sentences given in each of the following questions.
I did not read his book. I did not understand what the professor was saying.

  • I would have understood what the professor was saying if I had read his book.
  • The professor’s book which I had not read was difficult to understand.
  • I found it very difficult to understand what the professor said in his book.
  • What the professor wrote and said was too difficult for me to understand.