Đề ôn thi tốt nghiệp THPT số 42

8/27/2020 10:10:00 AM
Đề thi gồm 50 câu hỏi theo đúng cấu trúc đề thi THPT chính thức dành cho học sinh đặt mục tiêu 9 - 10 điểm. Đề đã được giải thích đáp án chi tiết đầy đủ.

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • respond
  • threaten
  • translate
  • assist

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • effective
  • popular
  • establish
  • diversity

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • rough
  • touch
  • tough
  • plough

Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.

  • amused
  • cooked
  • laughed
  • increased

Choose the correct response.
- “ I apologize for keeping you waiting for 2 hours. My car broke down on the way.”
- “________.”

  • Your apology is accepted
  • It’s my pleasure
  • Thank you
  • You are welcome

- "The book is really interesting and educational."

- "______"

  • I’d love it!
  • That’s nice of you to say so!
  • I couldn’t agree with you more!
  • Don’t mention it!

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).
An air pollutant is defined as a compound added directly or indirectly by humans to the atmosphere in such quantities as to affect humans, animals, vegetation, or materials adversely.

  • considerably
  • quickly
  • admittedly
  • negatively

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word.
Face-to-face socializing is not as preferred as virtual socializing among the youth.

  • instant
  • available
  • direct
  • facial

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).
He was so insubordinate that he lost his job within a week.

  • understanding
  • obedient
  • fresh
  • disobedient

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

With price increases on most necessities, many people have to tighten their belt for fear of getting into financial difficulties.

  • dress in loose clothes
  • spend money freely
  • save on daily expenses
  • put on tighter belts

Choose the correct answer.

Just 15 months ago, the leaders of North and South ______ on Mt Paektu, optimistic that they would be able to come to some kind of an agreement to finally end the Korean War.

  • held hand
  • held hands
  • shake hand
  • joined hands

Choose the correct answer.

I was looking around the store for a present for my mom, and this scarf caught my _____.

  • sight
  • breath
  • eye
  • dream

Choose the correct answer.

_____ as the representative at the conference, she felt extremely proud of herself.

  • On choosing
  • Having been chosen
  • Be chosen
  • Having chosen

Choose the correct answer.

- “It is so cold today.” - “Yes, it’s ______!”

  • frozen
  • freeze
  • freezing
  • free

Choose the correct answer.

Science and advanced technology have made ______ better for millions of people worldwide.

  • a
  • an
  • the
  • X (no article)

Choose the correct answer.

They always kept on good _____ with their next-door neighbors for the children's sake.

  • terms
  • will
  • relations
  • relationship

Choose the correct answer.

All the computers are connected _____ each other.

  • at
  • in
  • on
  • to

Choose the correct answer.

She is worried about her two teenage sons because they're at such an _____ age.

  • impervious
  • impersonal
  • imperative
  • impressionable

If you had listened to my advice yesterday, you _____ in this mess right now.

  • wouldn't be
  • would have been
  • were
  • hadn't been

Choose the correct answer.

Beavers have been known to use logs, branches, rocks, and mud to build dams that are more than a thousand _______.

  • lengthy feet
  • feet long
  • long feet
  • foot in length

We do not have many carnivals in Vietnam ______ we have many special traditional festivals.

  • moreover
  • while
  • nevertheless
  • although

Choose the correct answer.

My family ______ a week in Turkey in 1996, but we _______ to Greece.

  • spent/have never been
  • has spent/were never
  • was spending/were never
  • spent/are never

Choose the correct answer.

The girls remember _____ to Suoi Tien Water Park when they were ten years old.

  • to have taken
  • being taken
  • having taken
  • to be taken

Choose the correct answer.

_____ the vegetables are inspected carefully.

  • To have arrive at the supermarket
  • Just arrived the supermarket
  • On arrival at the supermarket
  • They had arrived the supermarket

Read the following passage and choose the best option for each of the blanks.

Higher education also provides a competitive edge in the career market. We all know that in the economic times we are living in today, finding jobs is not guaranteed. The number of people unemployed is still relatively high, and the number of new career isn’t nearly enough to put people in jobs they are seeking.

As a job seeker, you’re competing with a high number of experienced workers have been out of the workforce for a while and are also seeking work. , when you have a higher education, it generally equips you for better job security. Generally speaking, employers tend to value those who have completed college than those who have only completed high school and are more likely to replace that person who hasn’t a higher education. Furthermore, some companies even go so far as to pay your tuition because they consider an educated to be valuable to their organization. A college education is an investment that doesn’t just provide you with substantial rewards. It benefits the hiring company as well.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

For hundreds of years, giving flowers has been a social means of communication. In the United States, flowers are often given during rites of passage, for commemorating special occasions or as a heartfelt gift between loved ones and friends. Flower gifting also occurs in most countries around the world. However, the meanings and traditions often vary. 

While students traditionally gave their favorite teacher an apple in past years, in China, teachers are given flowers. Peonies are by far the flower most often given in China. They are also quite popularly used for weddings. Strangely, potted plants are not considered a pleasant gift among Asian cultures. The people believe that like a plant confined by a pot, the gift symbolizes a binding or restriction. 

In Russia, in lieu of giving birthday presents, the guest of honor receives a single flower or an unwrapped bouquet. Floral arrangements or baskets are not given. Russians celebrate a holiday known as Woman's Day. Traditional gifts include red roses, hyacinths or tulips. When there is a funeral or other occasion where someone wishes to express sympathy, carnations, lilies or roses are given in circular configurations, which signify the transition of birth, life, and death to rebirth. In this instance, the color of choice is commonly yellow. For joyous occasions, arrangements and bouquets generally contain an odd number of flowers. 

In the times of ancient Rome, brides carried flowers to scare away evil spirits and encourage fertility. The Dutch believed that flowers were food for the soul. When invited to someone's home in Great Britain, it is tradition to bring a gift of flowers. All types are acceptable except white lilies, which are usually seen at funerals. Unlike the United States, red roses are a symbol of love. Flowers are generally gifted in odd-numbered increments regardless of the occasion. However, the Brits also have superstitions regarding the number 13, so the number is avoided. 

In the southern region of the continent, flowers are traditionally given during Christmas. Egyptians are much more conservative and restrict flower gifting to funerals and weddings. While certain flowers may have significant meanings for some, flowers in Las Vegas and across the United States flowers are an acceptable gift for any reason desired

(Source: http://www.fJowersofthefieldIv.com/) 

What does the topic mainly discuss?

  • The different meanings of flowers in different cultures.
  • The comparison of giving flowers between Asian and European cultures.
  • The kinds of flowers people often give each other in different cultures.
  • The fascinating tradition of giving flowers.

What does the word “They" in paragraph 2 refer to?

  • Flowers
  • Teachers
  • Peonies
  • Students

Why should not you give a potted plant to an Asian?

  • As this gift is often given at weddings in Asia.
  • Because Asians prefer to be given flowers.
  • Since this gift is believed to symbolize an astriction and limitation in Asia.
  • Because Asian students like to give an apple or flowers to others.

According to the passage, the following flowers are given at Woman's Day in Russia, EXCEPT __________.

  • hyacinths
  • tulips
  • red roses
  • yellow roses

What could the word "fertility" in paragraph 4 best be replaced by?

  • fecundity
  • happiness
  • good spirit
  • loyalty

The word “superstitions" in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to _______.

  • deep-seated belief
  • religious belief
  • traditional belief
  • unfounded belief

In which country should not people bring white lilies to other houses?

  • Russia
  • China
  • Great Britain
  • United States

It can be inferred from the passage that _________.

  • Egyptians are rather comfortable when receiving flowers at funerals and weddings.
  • At the funerals in any culture, flowers are gifted in circular configurations.
  • People can give flowers to Americans on any occasion.
  • Flowers given in Britain are in even numbers in any case.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

One way of training for your future occupation in Germany is by pursuing a dual vocational training program. Such programs offer plenty of opportunities for on-the-job training and work experience. Programs usually last between two and three and a half years and comprise theoretical as well as practical elements. You will spend one or two days a week, or several weeks at once, at a vocational school where you will acquire the theoretical knowledge that you will need in your future occupation. The rest of the time will be spent at a company. There you get to apply your newly acquired knowledge in practice, for example by learning to operate machinery. You will get to know what your company does, learn how it operates and find out if you can see yourself working there after completing your training.
This combination of theory and practice gives you a real head start into your job: by the time, you have completed your training, you will not only have the required technical knowledge, but you will also have hands-on experience in your job. There are around 350 officially recognized training programs in Germany, so chances are good that one of them will suit your interests and talents. You can find out which one might be by visiting one of the jobs and vocational training fairs which are organized in many German cities at different times in the year.
Employment prospects for students who have completed a dual vocational training program are very good. This is one of the reasons why this kind of training is very popular with young Germans: around two-thirds of all students leaving school go on to start a vocational training program.

How many German school leavers choose this vocational training program?

  • around one out of five
  • less than a third
  • about 70%
  • well over 75%

The word “it” in the first paragraph refers to_____.

  • organization
  • machinery
  • knowledge
  • company

Which of the following statements best describes the dual vocational training programs?

  • These programs provide you with both theoretical knowledge and practical working experience.
  • These programs consist of an intensive theoretical course of two and a half years at a vocational school.
  • These programs require you to have only practical working time at a certain company.
  • These programs offer you some necessary technical skills to do your future job.

The word “hands-on” in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to ______.

  • practical
  • technical
  • theoretical
  • integral

Which of the following is probably the best title of the passage?

  • Employment Opportunities and Prospects in Germany
  • Dual Vocational Training System in Germany
  • Combination of Theory and Practice in Studying in Germany
  • Higher Education System in Germany

Choose the sentence that best combines the pairs of original sentences.

It never stops raining here. That is not what I wish.

  • I wish it stopped raining here.
  • I wish it would stop raining here.
  • I wish it had stopped raining here.
  • I wish it could stopped raining here.
Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
You were not well-organized. That’s why you were so stressed at the last minute.
  • Had you not been more organized, you would have been so stressed at the last minute.
  • Not until you had been more organized were you so stressed at the last minute.
  • Only after you had been more organized were you so stressed at the last minute.
  • Had you been more organized, you wouldn’t have been so stressed at the last minute.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.
I'm certain Luis was on top of the world when his wife gave birth to their first child.

  • Luisa must be on the top of the world when his wife gave birth to their first child.
  • Luisa must have been on the top of the world when his wife gave birth to their first child.
  • Luisa could have been on the top of the world when his wife gave birth to their first child.
  • Luisa may be very on the top of the world when his wife gave birth to their first child.

Find the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Success in the academic field depends on your number of qualifications.

  • The success in the academic field leads to the higher quantity of qualifications you have.
  • The more qualifications you get, the more successful you are in the academic field.
  • The number of qualifications you get depends greatly on your academic success.
  • As long as you are highly academically qualified, you will be more and more successful.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

“What did you do last night?” the policeman asked the woman.

  • The policeman asked the woman what did she do the night before.
  • The policeman asked the woman what she had done the night before.
  • The policeman asked the woman what had she done the night before.
  • The policeman asked the woman what she did the night before.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Facebook.com's server IP address could not find in Google Chrome browser because of the error of Internet connection.

  • Facebook.com's
  • could not find
  • because of
  • Internet connection

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
He takes four paracetamol everyday, not knowing that will seriously damage his liver.

  • not knowing
  • everyday
  • four paracetamol
  • that

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
I know that if I start watching a soap opera, I immediately become hopelessly addictive.

  • addictive
  • if
  • watching
  • hopelessly