Đề chính thức thi vào 10 chuyên Anh Sở Hà Nội năm 2019-2020 (Reading & Writing)

12/26/2019 10:23:00 PM

Đề thi chính thức vào 10 chuyên Anh các trường THPT Chuyên thuộc Sở HN năm 2019. Có giải thích đáp án.

Thời gian làm bài: 60" (Thời gian làm đề thi đầy đủ - gồm cả phần Listening và bài viết luận là 120").

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • digest

  • manage

  • category

  • legend

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • exist

  • exhaustion

  • explorer

  • exhibit

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • transfer

  • career

  • variety

  • afraid

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • certificate
  • apartment
  • individual
  • biology

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • admirable
  • advantageous
  • conscientious
  • analytic

One of _____ days, I’m going to give him a piece of my mind.

  • our
  • those
  • these
  • the

Many more students tend to ______ in vocational schools than in senior secondary schools.

  • endow
  • ensure
  • enlist
  • enrol

I have helped my wife with the cleaning, though ______ not for some time.

  • in contrast
  • especially
  • alternatively
  • admittedly

_____ to the unaided eye, ultraviolet light can be detected in a number of ways.

  • Although is invisible
  • Even though it invisible
  • Despite invisible
  • Although invisible

They are like two peas in a pod. It's amazing how their parents can _____ them apart.

  • tell
  • mean
  • distinguish
  • see

 The incoming administration _____ to clean up corruption in the city.

  • pledged
  • contemplated
  • suggested
  • resumed

The students had to _____ before they became successful physicists.

  • make a bundle
  • work flexitime
  • burn the midnight oil
  • burn the candles

In the future, teachers will be _____ rather than knowledge providers.

  • facilitators
  • attendants
  • candidates
  • workers

He spoke _____ of French that we found hard to understand.

  • slang
  • jargon
  • a dialect
  • a language

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

- The pensioner owned a small vegetable _____ where he spent most of his days looking after his carrots and tomatoes. 

- As the _____ unfolds, the film gathers pace and the actors can show their full potential.

- You can _____ all these numbers on one diagram for comparison.

Đáp án:

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

- There's nothing better than an early morning swim to _____ your spirits and set you up for the day. 

- Pressure from local shopkeepers has led the council to _____ the ban on parking in the High Street. 

- Sam was told not to _____ the lid of the saucepan while the meat was cooking.

Đáp án:

Think of one word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

- Her car skidded on a slippery road and was about to _____ into a roadside tree when she managed to regain control. 

- Nobody denies that he had a checkered _____ in business, but now he's shining as one of the stars in our department. 

- Being at a crossroads after leaving college, he sought some professional advice from a _____ counselor. 

Đáp án:

Form the collocations using the verbs and the prepositions from the boxes. Complete each sentence using a collocation in the appropriate form. You must use each verb and each preposition ONCE only.

go     bring     live     abide     set     split     get

in     back     to     up     for     off     by     over

I. I'd been looking forward to the course, but unfortunately it my expectations. 

2. Last year, the bad weather the building programme by several weeks.

3. Local residents were angry at on the housing proposal they were concerned about.

4. We have to the decision of the committee; we have no choice.

5. Lots of fruit and vegetables will help you your cold.

6. A branch from the tree trunk by the previous storm.

7. They have a high level of unemployment - but the same many other countries.

Give the correct form of the words to complete the passage.

It seems our personality is affected by many things, including the position we sleep in! This is because our sleeping position partly determines how we feel when we wake up. To (clear) , people who sleep on their backs with their arms stretched out typically awake feeling (vital) and eager for the day ahead. Conversely, those who sleep face down with arms outstretched awake feeling fatigued, as this position seems to generate a sense of losing control. Apparently, those who sleep lying straight tend to show signs of stubbornness, although whether this is simply because they feel stiff in the morning is (debate) . Most people appear to sleep on their side with their knees drawn up, often described as "the foetal position". Actually, this is unsurprising because although the position is often said to denote stress, people who sleep like this awake feeling (fresh) having somehow worked through their problems. It's unclear what it means if you are a (rest) sleeper and change your position frequently!

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

I suppose it's human to try to judge someone by their appearance The downside is that it’s then hard to alter our original judgement, which was based on that first impression they on us. At any initial encounter, we take note of the person's clothes, how they talk and what their body indicates.

But can this information be trusted? Does it actually reveal the truth? A talkative person may appear friendly and warm they are actually self-centred while an introvert may as arrogant when they are the sweetest person in the world once you see beneath their quiet exterior. Why do we assume we understand someone simply on what we suppose is absolute derived from a short acquaintance or that their appearance accurately reflects their personality? If we on our initial judgements too heavily or are too ready to to conclusions, we may be making a big mistake. 

Fill each of the following blanks with ONE suitable word.

You got your blue eyes from your mother, and your ears from your father. But where did you get your adventurous personality or your talent singing? Did you learn these from your parents or were they predetermined by your genes? While it's clear that physical characteristics are hereditary, things are a little clear when it to an individual's behaviour, intelligence and personality. Ultimately, the old argument of nature vs nurture has never really been won. We do not yet know exactly how much of we are is determined by our DNA and how much by our life experience. But we do know that both a part. 

Some scientists think that people behave they do according to genetic predispositions or even "animal instincts". This is known as the "nature" theory of human behaviour. Other scientists believe that people think and act in certain ways because they are taught to do so. This is the "nurture" theory. 

Our growing understanding of the human genome has recently made it clear that both sides are partly right. Nature endows us inborn abilities and traits; nurture takes these natural tendencies and moulds them as we learn and mature.

Read the passage and choose the best answer to each of the question.

A smart irrigation sensor that gives plants only as much to drink as they need can increase tomato yields by more than 40 per cent. The sensor has been developed by Yehoshua Sharon and Ben-Ami Bravdo at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's faculty of agriculture in Rehovot, Israel. The researchers say that their system not only increases the yield of crops, but it also dramatically reduces water usage - by up to 60 percent for some crops. 

At the heart of the system is an electronic sensor that dips onto a plant leaf and measures its thickness to an accuracy of 1 micrometer. "A leaf’s thickness is dependent on the amount of water in a plant," says Sharon. "A healthy leaf is 60 per cent water." A thin leaf is a sure sign that the plant is suffering stress because it is thirsty, and stress is bad for yields. 

The sensor consists of two plates, one fixed and the other spring-loaded, which together grip the leaf. The moving plate is connected to a small computer that regulates the voltage in an electrical circuit. As the leaf's thickness changes, the plate moves, causing a change in the voltage. This signal is fed to a processor that adjusts the plant's water supply. 

Unlike conventional irrigation systems, which water crops periodically, the Israeli system waters the plants continuously, but adjusts the flow to the plant's needs. The idea is to give the plant the proper amount of water at the correct time, according to what the plant requires," says Sharon. 

Field studies show the system increases the yields of several crops while reducing consumption of water. Yields of grapefruit increased by 15 per cent while needing 40 per cent less water. For peppers, the yield rose by 5 per cent while water usage fell by 60 per cent. Tomato plants yielded 40 per cent more fruit while consuming 35 per cent less water. 

"It is an interesting idea," says John Sadler, a soil scientist at the US government's Agricultural Research Service in Florence, South Carolina. "Other researchers have measured stress by measuring a plant's temperature or stem thickness. But I haven't heard of anyone doing irrigation at such a refined level," he says. But Sadler is a little surprised by the figures for water savings. "They would depend on the technique you're comparing these results with," he says. Sharon says the savings are based on comparisons with the Israeli government's recommendations for irrigating crops. 

He admits that the system has to be very reliable if it is to be effective. "Because the plants are watered continuously they are more susceptible to sudden changes in water supply," he says. "This means our system has to operate very reliably." 

The researchers have founded a company called Leafsen to sell the new irrigation system, and they hope to start marketing it within the next few months.

Which of the following is true according to the passage?
  • The irrigation sensor can reduce the need for water in some plants.
  • A leaf's thickness is dependent on the amount of water in a plant.
  • The conventional irrigation systems water the plant continuously.
  • Leafsen is the company that sold the new irrigation system.
According to the passage, the sensor is operated by_____.
  • a computer
  • a plate
  • a spring
  • a voltage

The phrase "the heart" in the second paragraph means_____.

  • the most complex
  • the smallest part
  • the most important part
  • the most accurate part

The word "fixed" in paragraph 3 is similar in meaning to______.

  • having a leaf
  • stuck by glue
  • not empty
  • not moving
Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
  • The new system helps reduce the water amount plants require.
  • The new system is welcomed by a US scientist.
  • The new system needs more time to become usable.
  • In order for the system to be effective, it has to be very reliable.

The phrase “at the correct time" in paragraph 4 mostly means_____.

  • at the time being
  • when the plants require
  • when the time is accurate
  • when the yields are increased
When a plant is thirsty, ______.
  • its yield is raised
  • it is suffering stress
  • it has healthy leaves
  • it can reduce its water usage
Which of the following is NOT mentioned as benefited from the new system?
  • tomatoes
  • peppers
  • grapefruits
  • eggplants
How is John Sadler’s attitude to the new system?
  • critical
  • doubtful
  • ironical
  • appreciative

Read the article and choose your answers from sections A-D. You may choose any of the sections more than once. 

Films that make you feel good

A. Feel-good films stretch back right into the early days of cinema. The Brits were pioneers of the form. Producer Cecil Hepworth's Rescued By Rover (1905), a winsome yarn about a dog retrieving a kidnapped baby, was an early example of feel-good film-making. What distinguished it was the tempo. The film-makers used cross-cutting to crank up the tension, which is only finally released when the baby is found. The film “marks a key stage in the medium's development from an amusing novelty to the 'seventh art,' able to hold its own alongside literature, theatre, painting, music and other more traditional forms," claims the British Film Institute's Screenonline website. Film historians today continue to study Hepworth's storytelling abilities but that wasn't what interested the 1905 audiences who flocked to see it. They went because it was a feel-good film.

B. There has long been a tendency to sneer at feel-good films. Serious, self-conscious auteurs are often too busy trying to express their innermost feelings about art and politics to worry about keeping audiences happy. However, as Preston Sturges famously showed in his comedy Sullivan's Travels (1941), if you're stuck on a prison chain gang, you don’t necessarily want to watch Battleship Potemkin. Sullivan's Travels is about John L Sullivan, a glib and successful young Hollywood director of comedies, who yearns to be taken seriously. Sullivan dresses up as a hobo and sets off across America to learn more about the plight of the common man. He ends up sentenced to six years in prison. One of the prisoners' few escapes from drudgery is watching cartoons. As he sits among his fellow cons and sees their faces convulsed with laughter at a piece of what he regards as throwaway Disney animation, he rapidly revises his own priorities. "After I saw a couple of pictures put out by my fellow comedy directors, which seemed to have abandoned the fun in favour of the message, I wrote Sullivan's Travels to satisfy an urge to tell them to leave the preaching to the preachers," Sturges recalled.

C. A few years ago there were a lot of "deep-dish" movies. We had films about guilt (Atonement), about the all-American dream coming apart at the seams (Revolutionary Road) and even a very long account of a very long life lived backwards (the deeply morbid The Curious Case Of Benjamin Button). Deep-dish, feel-bad films have plenty to recommend them. If you're not a teenager and you don't just want to see the next summer tent-pole blockbuster, you'll welcome movies that pay attention to characterisation and dialogue and don't just rely on computer-generated imagery or the posturing of comic book heroes. However, as film-makers from Preston Sturges to Danny Boyle have discovered, there is no reason that a feel-good movie needs to be dumb. You can touch on social deprivation and political injustice: the trick is to do so lithely and, if possible, with a little leavening humour.

D. Historically, the best feel-good movies have often been made at the darkest times. The war years and their immediate aftermath saw the British turning out some invigorating, entertaining fare alongside all the propaganda. The Age of Austerity was also the age of the classic Ealing comedies, perfect examples of feel- good film-making. In the best of these films like Passport To Pimlico or Whisky Galore, a community of eccentric and mildly anarchic characters would invariably come together to thwart the big, bad, interfering bureaucrats. Stories about hiding away a hoard of whisky or setting up a nation state in central London were lapped up by audiences. To really work, feel-good movies must have energy and spontaneity - a reckless quality that no amount of script tinkering from studio development executives can guarantee. The best take you by surprise. What makes the perfect feel-good movie? That remains as hard to quantify as ever - you only know one when you see one. 

In which section does the writer praise the quality of some more serious films?

In which section does the writer mention a film character who learns from his experiences?

In which section does the writer explain how a director uses a film as a vehicle for his own opinion?

In which section does the writer mention a special technique used to create a feel-good reaction?

In which section does the writer insist that lighter films can also be clever?

In which section does the writer refer to films where ordinary people triumph over authority?

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Although she seems to be very courteous, she can also be very impolite. => Courteous …….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

When we came back home, we realized our house had been broken into. 

=> On ………

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It is known that Ha Long Bay was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1994. 

=> Ha Long Bay ………

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first. 

The class watched a film yesterday. The film was about the Apollo 13 space mission. 

=> The film ……….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It was the goalkeeper that saved the match for us.

=> Had ………

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I remained neutral during their disagreement because I like both of them. (sides)

=> ………

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

A great many people will congratulate her if she wins. (showered) 

=> ……….

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I don't think she was informed about the burglary. (can't)

=> ……….

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Barney was not the only person who felt disappointed with the food in the restaurant. (alone)

=> ………...

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

One of the directors pointed out to the board a number of inconsistencies in the report. (attention)

=> ………

Write an essay on the following topic:

Global warming is one of the most serious issues that the world facing today. What are the causes of global warming and what measures can governments and individuals take to tackle the issue? 

Use specific reasons and examples to support your view in about 200 - 250 words.

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