Đề thi thử THPT năm 2020 môn Anh - Trường PT Thực Hành SP (ĐHSP Hà Nội)

7/28/2020 2:23:00 PM

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

It can take a long time to become successful in your chosen field, however, talented you are. One thing you
have to be aware of is that you will face criticism along the way. The world is full of people who would rather say something negative than positive. If you've made up your to achieve a certain goal, such as writing a novel, don't let the negative criticism of others prevent you from reaching your target, and let the criticism have a positive effect on your work. If someone says you're totally in the  of talent, ignore them. That's negative criticism. , if someone advises you to revise your work and gives you a good reason for doing so, you should consider their suggestions carefully. There are many film stars who were once out of work. There are many famous novelists who made a complete mess of their first novel - or who didn't but had to keep on approaching hundreds of publishers before they could get it . Being successful does depend on luck, to a certain extent. But things are more likely to turn out well if you persevere and stay positive.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Neither the Minister nor his colleagues has given an explanation for the chaos in the financial market last week.

  • Neither
  • has given
  • for
  • the financial market

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Her disappointed exam results are entirely due to her inattention in class.

  • disappointed
  • are
  • entirely
  • inattention

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Eleanor Roosevelt was one of the most active and influence first ladies.

  • was
  • most active
  • influence
  • ladies

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

"Let's have a picnic next Saturday. " Julia said.

  • Julia said that let's have a picnic the next Saturday.
  • Julia suggested having a picnic the following Saturday.
  • Julia advised how about having a picnic the next Saturday.
  • Julia told me why they didn't have a picnic next Saturday.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

My new school is a little farther than my old one.

  • My old school is not as far as my new one.
  • My new school is not as far as my old one.
  • My old school is a little further than my new one.
  • My new school is near my old one.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

His letter is full of mistakes. He sent it without checking.

  • He must have checked the mistakes carefully before sending his letter.
  • He should have checked the mistakes carefully before sending his letter.
  • He could have checked the mistakes carefully before sending his letter.
  • He can have checked the mistakes carefully before sending his letter.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

He helps me every day. I can finish my homework.

  • Provided he helped me every day, I would not finish my homework.
  • Unless he helps me eve day, I will finish my homework.
  • But for his daily help, I would not finish my homework.
  • I would not finish my homework if he helped me every day.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

In spite of his poverty, he led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause.

  • He could not devote his life to the revolutionary cause because of his poverty.
  • If he had not been so poor, he could have devoted his life to the revolutionary cause.
  • Poor as he was, he led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause.
  • He led a devoted life to the revolutionary cause, but he was so poor.
Spaghetti is not a delicious dish, _____?
  • is it
  • isn't it
  • was it
  • wasn't it
We might be able to catch _____ last train if we hurried.
  • a
  • an
  • the
  • x (no article)

You _____ many good choices for the future if you are admitted to a famous university.

  • will have
  • had
  • would have
  • would have had
My father often spend one hour _____ gardening every day.
  • making
  • do
  • make
  • doing
The pandas _____ habitat is the bamboo forest.
  • natured
  • nature
  • naturally
  • natural
I remember _____ to the zoo when I was a child.
  • to take
  • being taken
  • taking
  • to be taken
The teacher criticized me _____ making too many stupid mistakes in the essay.
  • on
  • for
  • about
  • by
Labor Unions and the company _____ in a confrontation over plans to curb benefits.
  • carried away
  • faced off
  • caught up
  • showed up
Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May was the first world leader ______ Trump at the White House after his inauguration some years ago.
  • visiting
  • visit
  • to visit
  • visited
I went there once a long time ago and _____ back since.
  • wasn't
  • had not been
  • hasn't been
  • have not been
The house owner _____ coming near the dog as it could become very fierce unexpectedly.
  • stopped me
  • accused me of
  • warned me against
  • advised me
Nam is motivated to study _____ he knows that a good education can improve his life.
  • so that
  • therefore
  • so
  • because
Some ethnic groups have strange _____ such as walking on fire to prevent natural disasters.
  • spirits
  • customs
  • national prides
  • behaviors
He has the _____ face and skin of an old traveller.
  • thought-provoking
  • year-round
  • overloaded
  • weather-beaten
It is stated that we are now in the first stages of a battle for the _____ of life on the earth.
  • sustainability
  • conservation
  • responsibility
  • purification

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The one thing you mustn't do is be late because the boss is very hot on punctuality.

  • worried about
  • good about
  • funny about
  • strict about

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

In view of the global financial crisis, Tom and his brother have been laid-off, so they are on the dole.

  • receiving a lot of attention
  • living on their parents' support
  • living on unemployment benefits
  • selling goods on pavements

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).
Sorry, I can’t come to your party. I am snowed under with work at the moment.

  • busy with
  • fond of
  • free from
  • relaxed about

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Wendy is on the horns of a dilemma: she just wonders whether to go for a picnic with her friends or to stay at home with her family.

  • unwilling to make a decision
  • able to make a choice
  • eager to make a plan
  • unready to make up her mind

George is talking to Michelle in the room.

George: "_____"

Michelle: "Thank you for your compliment."

  • You've done your work.
  • This is a present for you.
  • I'm glad that you're well again.
  • You look pretty in this dress.

Tom's in the doctor's office because he doesn't feel well with his stomach.

Doctor: "Remember not to eat fast. It's not good for your health."

Patient: "_____"

  • All right, I won't. Thanks, doctor.
  • It's OK. I will.
  • Thanks for your suggestion.
  • I'm sorry. I have eaten so much fat.
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • undertake
  • cave
  • pastime
  • spectator
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • chores
  • houses
  • coaches
  • dishes
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • dissolve
  • observe
  • publish
  • appraise
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • ancestor
  • measurement
  • counterpart
  • appearance

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

The peregrine falcon, a predatory bird indigenous to North America, was once in danger of extinction. In the 1960s, scientists discovered byproducts of the pesticide DDT in the birds' eggs, which caused them to be too soft to survive. The use of the pesticide had been banned in the United States, but the falcons were eating migratory birds from other places where DDT was still used. In order to increase the survival rate, scientists were raising the birds in laboratories and then releasing them into mountainous areas. This practice achieved only moderate success, however, because many of the birds raised in captivity could not survive in the wild.

There is now, however, a new alternative to releases in the wild. A falcon that has been given the name Scarlett chose to make her home on a ledge of the 33rd floor of a Baltimore, Maryland, office building rather than in the wild, and, to the surprise of the scientists, she has managed to live quite well in the city. Following this example, programs have been initiated that release birds like Scarlett into cities rather than into their natural wild habitat. These urban releases are becoming a common way to strengthen the species. Urban homes have several benefits for the birds that wild spots do not. First, there is an abundance of pigeons and small birds as food sources. The peregrine in the city is also protected from its main predator, the great horned owl. Urban release programs have been very successful in reestablishing the peregrine falcons along the East Coast. Though they are still an endangered species, their numbers increased from about 60 nesting pairs in 197 to about 700 pairs in 1992. In another decade the species may flourish again, this time without human help.
 
What is the main topic of the passage?
  • harmful effects of pesticides
  • endangered species
  • survival of peregrine falcons
  • releases into the wild
Why were the peregrine falcons in danger?
  • Because they were prized by hunters and hunted to near extinction.
  • Because of pesticides used by American farmers.
  • Because they ate birds from other countries where DDT was still used.
  • Because they migrated to countries where their eggs could not survive.
In paragraph 1, the word "banned" could be best replaced by _____.
  • developed
  • authorized
  • disseminated
  • prohibited
According to the passage, where have the release programs been the most successful?
  • in the wild
  • on the East Coast
  • in mountainous areas
  • in office buildings

According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a reason why a falcon might choose to live in a city?

  • There is abundant food.
  • There are high places to nest.
  • There is a lack of predators.
  • There are other falcons nearby.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer for each question.

The food we eat seems to have profound effects on our health. Although science has made enormous steps in making food more fit to eat, it has, at the same time, made many foods unfit to eat. (3) Some research has shown that perhaps eighty percent of all human illnesses are related to diet and forty percent of cancer is related to the diet as well, especially cancer of the colon. People of different cultures are more prone to contract certain illnesses because of the characteristic foods they consume.

(6) That food is related to illness is not a new discovery. (7) In 1945, government researchers realized that nitrates and nitrites (commonly used to preserve color in meats) as well as other food additives caused cancer. Yet, these carcinogenic additives remain in our food, and it becomes more difficult all the time to know which ingredients on the packaging labels of processed food are helpful or harmful.

(10) The additives that we eat are not so all direct. (11) Farmers often give penicillin to cattle and poultry, and because of this, penicillin has been found in the milk of treated cows. (12) Sometimes similar drugs are administered to animals not for medical purposes, but for financial reasons. The farmers are simply trying to flatten the animals in order to obtain a higher price on the market. Although the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has tried repeatedly to control these procedures, the practice continue.

(15) A healthy diet is directly related to good health. (16) Often we are unaware of detrimental substances we ingest. (17) Sometimes well-meaning farmers or others who do not realize the consequences add these substances to food without our knowledge.

How has science done a disservice to people?

  • Because of science, disease caused by contaminated food has been virtually eradicated.
  • It has caused a lack of information concerning the value of food.
  • As a result of scientific intervention, some potentially harmful substances have been added to our food.
  • The scientists have preserved the color of meats, but not of vegetables.

What are nitrates used for ?

  • They preserve flavor in packaged foods.
  • They preserve the color of meats.
  • They are the objects of research.
  • They cause the animals to become fatter.

The word "these" refers to __________.

  • meats
  • colors
  • researchers
  • nitrates and nitrites

The word "carcinogenic" is closest in meaning to ____________.

  • trouble-making
  • color-retaining
  • money-making
  • cancer-causing

The word "additives" is closest in meaning to ________.

  • dangerous substances
  • added substances
  • natural substances
  • benign substances

All of the following statements are true EXCEPT __________.

  • food may cause forty percent of the cancer in the world
  • drugs are always given to animals for medical reasons
  • some of the additives in our food are added to the food itself and some are given to the living animals
  • researchers have known about the potential hazards of food additives for more than forty-five years

FDA means _____.

  • Federal Dairy Additives
  • Food and Drug Administration
  • Final Difficulty Analysis
  • Food Direct Additives