Đề thi chính thức tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2020 (Mã đề: 416)

8/11/2020 2:13:00 PM

Đây là 01 trong 04 đề thi chính thức tốt nghiệp THPT năm 2020 môn Tiếng Anh, đã được tổ GV THPT của TiengAnhK12 giải thích đáp án chi tiết.

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David and Tim are talking about films.

David: "In my opinion, action films are really exciting."

Tim: "_____ They always give me thrills."

  • You shouldn't say that.
  • What nonsense!
  • I couldn't agree more.
  • That’s wrong.

Joe and Linda are planning a night out.

Joe: "Let's go out for dinner tonight."

Linda: "_____"

  • That's a good idea.
  • Don't worry.
  • You're welcome.
  • Good luck!
You often play sports, _____?
  • haven't you
  • won't you
  • didn't you
  • don't you
I’m planning _____ my children to the new amusement park this weekend.
  • taking
  • to take
  • to taking
  • take

The air quality in this area has improved a lot since that factory _____.

  • will close
  • was closing
  • closed
  • would close
The Covid-19 pandemic reminds us to respect doctors and nurses, who _____ others in our society.
  • care for
  • go on
  • call back
  • pick up
The job gives you lots of chances to travel abroad; it’s certainly a very _____ offer.
  • attraction
  • attractively
  • attractive
  • attract
Hoi An is famous _____ its ancient architecture.
  • with
  • up
  • for
  • to
I can’t give chapter and _____, but to the best of my knowledge, it’s a line from a sonnet by William Shakespeare.
  • verse
  • scene
  • note
  • rhyme
If I _____ you, I wouldn't stay up this late.
  • am
  • will be
  • would be
  • were
You will not know who your true friend is _____.
  • after you had had trouble and needed help
  • until you have trouble and need help
  • when you were having trouble and needing help
  • as soon as you had trouble and needed help
An accomplished chef himself, Ronald is _____ about his use of ingredients and spices, especially when preparing feasts.
  • particular
  • feasible
  • creditable
  • receptive
Mrs Carter feels happy _____ her daughter has made good progress in her studies recently.
  • because
  • because of
  • although
  • despite
The data _____ from the survey allowed the researchers to gain insights into young people's attitudes to marriage.
  • is obtained
  • obtaining
  • obtained
  • obtains
My aunt excitedly _____ a compliment on the scarf I knitted for her as a birthday present.
  • took
  • passed
  • paid
  • caught
The striker had already celebrated the goal, but the _____ decided that he had been offside.
  • referee
  • inspector
  • examiner
  • judge
My mother is often ______ last person to go to bed in my family.
  • a
  • the
  • X (no article)
  • an

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I invited John to my wedding but he declined, saying that he would be busy.

  • confirmed
  • accepted
  • criticised
  • refused

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The author mostly writes novels, and he has also published some books of poetry.

  • partly
  • mainly
  • rarely
  • only

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Having to work to a deadline can be a stressful experience for students.

  • practical
  • painful
  • relaxing
  • tense

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Everyone was secretly rehearsing a surprise performance for Peter's proposal, but annoyingly James let the cat out of the bag at the last minute.

  • abandoned the plan
  • disclosed the plan
  • revised the plan
  • concealed the plan
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • mails
  • paints
  • wraps
  • packs
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • cut
  • hunt
  • push
  • run
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • attraction
  • capital
  • habitat
  • calendar

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • promise
  • destroy
  • support
  • believe

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

YOUR ONLINE IDENTITY

   Presenting yourself in the best possible light to a prospective employer is what job applications are all about. when you put together a compelling CV, write your concise covering letter and check your Linkedin profile, you might also want to ‘Google’ yourself and see what comes up, because increasingly that's what employers are doing: Your online identity, in your Facebook profile, could in fact be considered the ultimate CV - a personal, honest and spontaneous description of how you see yourself and how those know you see you. 

   That's not to say that a potential employer is necessarily going to disapprove of your silly behaviors on a night out with friends; indeed, they might be looking for an extrovert character. But it does mean they will be examining your real interests and motivations and mining sites for clues to your true character. So if you say in your CV that you're a motivated, loyal team player and then criticize your employer to friends on Facebook, that’s probably not going to go .Try Googling yourself and then ask: "Would you hire you?"

(Adapted from Keynote by Paul Dummett, Helen Stephenson and Lewis Lansford)

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

   Most of us have taken a selfie at one time or another, be it a photo of ourselves in a beautiful place, during a performance by our favourite band, or on a memorable night out with friends. But today, more and more people are putting their lives at risk in an attempt to get the most shocking pictures to share on social media. In several cases, this action has had disastrous consequences.

   Take, for example, the Spaniard who was killed by a bull while he was taking a selfie during the annual bull run in a village near his hometown, or the Singaporean tourist who died when he fell from cliffs on the coast of Bali. Such incidents have led to the death toll from selfie-related incidents reaching double figures for the first time in 2015, overtaking the number of victims of shark attacks. 

    Despite the risks, social media is full of pictures featuring near misses that could have been fatal under other circumstances. Under the caption ‘Most dangerous selfie ever', a woman posing at a stadium can be seen narrowly avoiding being hit in the head by a baseball approaching her. Yet the photo has received thousands of 'likes', and the comments below it suggest that this behaviour is something to be admired. 

   In response to the increasing threat posed by the selfie, the authorities have started to take action. The Russian Interior Ministry, for instance, has launched a public education campaign advising selfie-takers against balancing on dangerous surfaces or posing with their pets, among other things. But if instructions like this are really necessary, then perhaps it is about time we asked ourselves which is more important, a ‘like' or a life? 

(Adapted from Solutions - Third Edition by Tim Falla and Paul A Davies)

What could be the best title for the passage?
  • A Ban on Selfie-taking
  • Positive Trends in Photography
  • Dying for a Selfie
  • Posing with Animals
According to paragraph 1, selfie-takers try to get shocking pictures mainly to _____.
  • show off their beautiful lives
  • share them with others
  • upset other people
  • have lovely memories with friends

The word "overtaking" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • becoming better than
  • dealing with
  • competing with
  • becoming greater than

The word "it" in paragraph 3 refers to _____.

  • the head
  • a stadium
  • the photo
  • a baseball
Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
  • Pictures of near misses are popular on social media.
  • Action has been taken to warn selfie-takers against dangerous situations.
  • There was an increase in the number of selfie-related deaths in 2015.
  • Taking a selfie with pets is considered the most dangerous.

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

One day, a middle-aged man asked a taxi to take him to see Chelsea play Arsenal at football. He told the driver “Stamford Bridge”, the name of Chelsea's stadium, but he was delivered instead to the village of Stamford Bridge in Yorkshire. Of course, he missed the match.

What had happened? With the Sat-Nav system in place, the driver in this story felt he did not need to know where he was going. He confidently outsourced the job of knowing this information to the Sat-Nav. Using an Internet search engine takes a broadband user less than a second. And with smartphones at hand, people will be online almost all of the time.

The same could be true of university education. Today, the average student seems not to value general knowledge. If asked a factual question, they will usually click on a search engine without a second thought. Actually knowing the fact and committing it to memory does not seem to be an issue, it's the ease with which we can look it up.

However, general knowledge has never been something that you acquire formally. Instead, we pick it up from all sorts of sources as we go along, often absorbing facts without realizing. The question remains, then: is the Internet threatening general knowledge? When I put that to Moira Jones, expert in designing IQ tests, she referred me to the story of the Egyptian god Thoth. It goes like this: Thoth offers writing as a gift to the king of Egypt, declaring it an “elixir of memory and wisdom.” But the king is horrified and tells him: “This invention will induce forgetfulness, in the souls of those who have learned it, because they will not need to exercise their memories, being able to rely on what is written.”

Who wants to be a millionaire finalist David Swift, responding to the same question, recognises that there was a problem of young people saying: “I don’t need to know that”, but he is far more excited about the educational potential of the Internet. “There is so much more information out there, giving people opportunities to boost their general knowledge.” 

After all, the Internet might just help us to forget more and more. But meanwhile, the continuing popularity of quizzes and game-shows shows us that general knowledge is strong enough to remain.

(Adapted from English Unlimited by Adrien Doff and Ben Goldstein)

 

Which best serves as the title for the passage?
  • New Perspectives on Tertiary Education
  • The Age of the Robot?
  • The End of General Knowledge?
  • Novel Applications of the Sat-Nav System

Why did the middle-aged man miss the football match?

  • Because the search engine in the taxi failed to work
  • Because the taxi driver was over-dependent on technology
  • Because he did not remember the directions to the stadium
  • Because the Sat-Nav in his car was out of order
The word "outsourced" in paragraph 2 mostly means _____.
  • submitted
  • exchanged
  • imposed
  • assigned
The word "that" in paragraph 4 refers to _____.
  • general knowledge
  • the Internet
  • the question
  • the story
The word "induce" in paragraph 4 mostly means _____.
  • ease
  • cause
  • promote
  • limit
Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?
  • General knowledge tends to have been mainly acquired through formal schooling.
  • The majority of undergraduates are reluctant to look for answers to factual questions online.
  • On being offered the gift of writing, the king of Egypt was hopeful about its potential.
  • Young people do not seem to bother themselves with memorising factual information.
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
  • David Swift believes that informal acquisition of knowledge has been overrated these days.
  • Many universities worldwide have switched to virtual platforms for learning and teaching.
  • When it comes to IQ tests, the ability to recall factual information is of little importance.
  • Moira Jones is not positive about the potential of the Internet in general knowledge acquisition.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the question.

Mary is more intelligent than her brother.

  • Mary isn’t as intelligent as her brother.
  • Mary’s brother isn’t as intelligent as she is.
  • Mary is less intelligent than her brother.
  • Mary’s brother is more intelligent than she is.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the question.

"I’m going to participate in a volunteer program this summer," said Martha.

  • Martha said that I am going to participate in a volunteer program this summer.
  • Martha said that she is going to participate in a volunteer program that summer.
  • Martha said that I was going to participate in a volunteer program this summer.
  • Martha said that she was going to participate in a volunteer program that summer.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question. 

It is compulsory for all students to obey the class rules.

  • All the students needn’t obey the class rules.
  • All the students can’t obey the class rules.
  • All the students may obey the class rules.
  • All the students must obey the class rules.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

In some areas, solar energy is used to light, heat, and cooling houses and buildings.

  • In
  • is used
  • cooling
  • and

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

The team’s spirits were really low after the first loss, but their morality was improved remarkably by the next three consecutive victories.

  • low
  • morality
  • remarkably
  • consecutive

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

My house look more beautiful in spring when the front garden is full of flowers.

  • look
  • in
  • when
  • flowers

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Body shaming is hurtful. Many people enjoy making fun of others’ appearance.

  • Were body shaming hurtful, many people wouldn’t enjoy making fun of others’ appearance.
  • Hurtful though body shaming is, many people enjoy making fun of others' appearance.
  • Body shaming is hurtful in order that many people enjoy making fun of others' appearance.
  • Such is many people's enjoyment in making fun of others' appearance that body shaming is less hurtful.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

The Internet connection was not stable. The teacher couldn’t conduct the online lesson successfully.

  • Without the stable Internet connection, the teacher could conduct the online lesson successfully.
  • But for the unstable Internet connection, the teacher could have conducted the online lesson successfully.
  • Suppose that the Internet connection hadn't been stable, the teacher could conduct the online lesson successfully.
  • If the Internet connection had been unstable, the teacher could have conducted the online lesson successfully.