Đề số 30 Toefl Primary Step 2 - Reading (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

3/12/2021 8:26:00 AM

This is a kind of hat. It is a strong, hard one that covers and protects the head. What is it?

  • helmet
  • sun hat
  • mortarboard

When you do something good, you make your parents _____ you. When you overcome some difficulties, you feel _____ yourself. What is it?

  • boast about
  • proud of
  • shame for

When someone tells you a story, you promise you will not tell to others about it. Only you and the teller know it. What is it?

  • joke
  • rumor
  • secret

When you play something very well, your performance is regarded _____. When you first see a really big building, you think it is _____.

  • drastic
  • impressive
  • manifest

This is a very big unreal creature. It exists in imagination that makes you scared. What is it?

  • monster
  • alien
  • hero

Your parents do this to keep you safe from dangers or injuries. You are also taught this to keep yourself safe from home to school. What is it?

  • train
  • defeat
  • protect

This is a subject at school. In it, you learn about past events, ancient people and countries. What is it?

  • History
  • Literature
  • Critical thinking

When you are so hungry, you have this feeling. When you enjoy a very yummy meal, you also feel this. What is it?

  • Greediness
  • Appetite
  • Hunger

When you take good care of your trees and flowers, they grow _____. People often say: "Time flies so _____."

  • strongly
  • immediately
  • fast

Read the email. Then answer the questions.

Hi Joshua!

How are you? What time do you get up in the morning? I get up at 7:30 and my mum makes breakfast for me and my sister, Karen. Karen is 19 and she is not going to college. She is working in a bank. Have you got any brothers and sisters? I go to college and my lessons finish at 3:00. After that, I often play football in the park with my friends. In the evening, I listen to music and my sister watches TV. We have dinner with our mum and dad at 8:00. What do you do every day?

Write back,


What is the email mainly about?

  • Rewrite a school day of Paul
  • Tell Joshua about Paul's daily activities
  • Introduce Joshua some of Paul's friends

What is TRUE about Paul?

  • His family does not have dinner until 8:00.
  • His sister is working in a college.
  • He often plays soccer with his classmates.

Read the email. Then answer the questions.

Hi Sam,

We are in Suvretta House, St Moritz - one of the most favored hotels in Switzerland. It is such a stunning hotel and we are having a great time! I cannot use a word to describe this place. I feel like I am in a palace of both Western fairy tales and Japanese anime. Are you having a nice time in Italy? It snows every day here and we usually go skiing. 

Right now it is not snowing. We are sitting in a cafe. I am writing emails and Anna and Kim are drinking coffee and enjoying the mountain view.

See you.


What is the email mainly about?

  • Share about a trip to a foreign country
  • Ask for experience in a different country
  • Post some information on a trip website

How many people does Angela go with?

  • Only one man
  • Her parents
  • At least two

Read the report. Then answer the questions.

How is the weather today?

  • Rainy
  • Sunny
  • Cloudy

The day that has the highest temperature is _____.

  • Jun 8
  • Jun 9
  • Jun 10

Which day has the lowest temperature in a day?

  • Saturday
  • Friday
  • Tuesday

Monday is not suitable to go camping because _____.

  • it has some heavy rains
  • it is cloudy and has showers
  • the weather is very nice

Read the poster. Then answer the questions.

What can this poster help you?

  • Make your own tent by hand
  • Pitch a tent as well as you can
  • Don't do some things when camping

What you should do with a tarp?

  • Place it on the sand
  • Avoid the place with sand
  • Use sand to secure

We can learn from the poster that _____.

  • always put up your tents in high areas
  • let tarps cover on all sides
  • use a dust-resistant rain fly

Read the story. Then answer the questions.


An evil dragon lived in a castle in the remote southern mountains.

One day the monster landed in a town. The dragon commanded the people, “Give me food now, or I will eat you!” The dragon lifted its wings so that its lungs could be completely filled with hot steam, and breathed it upon the people. A man turned into a stone statue!

The people submitted and brought food. The dragon ate all of it and left.

The people sent a boy to ask for help from a wise old man. He resided in a temple.

The boy told the old man about the dragon. Then, the old man counseled the boy. “A meteor will fall in the northern sky. It will make a huge explosion. Find the meteor and bring it to me. I will use it to make a sword for you.”

The boy did as the old man said. Soon, the sword was ready.

“Use this to kill the dragon. But be careful. You must cover yourself with weeds that smell bad. That will ensure that he does not smell you,” the man said.

The boy traveled for many days to find the castle. He went to the upper level and opened a door. He could see the dragon’s tail. It was sleeping, so the boy killed it. Then, he took the dragon’s gold and jewelry and returned to his town. The people were happy.

What is this story about?

  • Why dragons live in castles
  • Why a boy killed an evil dragon
  • How a boy found a remote place

How did the dragon turn the people into statues?

  • It breathed steam on them.
  • It hit them with its wings.
  • It touched them with its tail.

What can be assumed about the old man?

  • He enjoyed commanding the townspeople.
  • He resided in the temple all his life.
  • He counseled the townspeople when they had trouble.

According to the passage, all of the following are true EXCEPT _____.

  • a meteor fell in the northern sky
  • a boy killed the dragon with a golden sword
  • a boy took the dragon’s jewelry

Read the story. Then answer the questions.


A deer told himself every day, “I am the most handsome deer in the forest. My large chest is a symbol of my power. And my beautiful horns impress other animals.”
But he did not like his legs and hooves*. “My legs are narrow, and my hooves are ugly. They do not satisfy me.”
One day, the deer saw a big dog. The deer made some noise and disturbed the dog. The dog woke up and chased him. The deer felt terror. He screamed. He did not want to be a victim, so he ran into the forest. His strong legs helped him run fast. His pale brown hooves were hard, so they were not sensitive to rough rocks. However, his horns got caught in branches, slowing him down. His large chest could not fit between thick trees.

The deer estimated that he ran for an hour. He felt like he was running a marathon. In the end, the deer escaped the threat of the dog. He sat in the shade of a tree. “That was almost a disaster! I almost did not escape because of my chest and horns. My legs and hooves saved me.” As a consequence, the deer learned to honor his fast legs and have confidence in his strong hooves. “Pretty things only supplement important things,” he thought.
*hooves - the feet of animals like deer and horses

What is this story about?

  • How a deer becomes a victim
  • Why deer have confidence in their horns
  • How a deer learned to honor useful things

According to the passage, all the following are true EXCEPT _____.

  • the deer sat in the shade of a tree
  • the deer experienced a bad consequence
  • the rough rocks decorated the forest

Why did the deer scream?

  • He felt great terror.
  • He ran a marathon.
  • His legs were narrow.

What can we infer by the end of the story?

  • The deer impressed the animals with his long run.
  • The deer was a victim of disaster.
  • The deer’s legs and hooves satisfied him.

Read the story. Then answer the questions.


Once there was a chef, who was mean to his cooks. He was mean to the people who came in to eat. He charged too much for meals. Many people were not able to afford the cheapest bean dish. When his metal oven broke, he did not have it fixed. So everything baked in it burned. The only light was from candles, and the whole place was a mess. Sometimes, he didn’t pay his waiters. Since they had no funds, they had many debts.

The chef behaved this way all the time. He monitored the cooks and yelled if they did not do things his way.

One day, the cooks decided that they were tired of the abuse and that they would not be passive anymore. Everyone opposed the chef. At first, they thought about suing him. Instead, they tied up the chef with rope. Now, they controlled the restaurant! They decreased the price of food. They used the best ingredients and made large quantities of food. They turned on the lights. The restaurant was converted into a happy place. For the first time, many people came to eat.

The chef realized that the restaurant’s problems were his fault. The chef learned an important lesson. The new, generous chef insisted on giving the customers a free meal.

What is this story about?

  • How a mean chef was converted into a generous man
  • Why waiters’ funds are not enough to pay their debts
  • How simple beans brought a large quantity of customers

Why could people not afford to eat at the restaurant?

  • The chef insisted they take free food.
  • The chef made prices too high.
  • The chef monitored the cooks.

What did the chef learn at the end of the story?

  • Electricity was better than using candles.
  • It was his fault that the restaurant did so well.
  • Behaving in a nice way is better than being mean.

According to the passage, all the following are true of the waiters and cooks EXCEPT _____.

  • they decreased prices
  • they used good ingredients
  • they were replaced by robots

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

New York Water Taxis are boats that transport people across the East River and the Hudson River of New York. They can carry about 150 passengers. Like the New York City taxi cabs, they are all yellow so that people can see them easily. There are only 12 water taxi boats in New York but they transport many people to work everyday and they also take tourists on sightseeing tours of the city. The tours last about 90 minutes and there is a guide on each boat. They show people the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building and other famous landmarks of New York from the boats are explain their history. The boat goes very close to some places, but you can only see others from distance. However, people can get on and off at five different places along the river. This way, they can choose to spend more time at a site or just go for walk in the area. The water taxi is a great way to see New York. 

How long does the tour last?

  • An hour and a half
  • Half an hour
  • Less than an hour

When the boat goes close to some places, _____.

  • the taxi is always waiting for you
  • it's okay to go shopping there
  • you can walk around there

Read the text. Then answer the questions.

We call a system of planets that orbit around a star a solar system. Our solar system is around 4.6 billion years old. The Sun is a star made up of heat and light, Planet Earth rotates on its axis once per day, and takes 365 days to complete its orbit around the Sun. The Sun gives the Earth the energy it needs to support life. What's more, the Earth is just one of eight planets orbiting the Sun. 

What is the solar system?

  • A system of planets moves around a star.
  • A system of planets has more than 4.6 million years old.
  • A system of planets consists of both heat and light.

How long does the Earth take to finish one round around the Sun?

  • One day
  • Once per day
  • One year