Đề thi thử THPT QG môn Tiếng Anh #9

09/07/2018 12:00:00 SA
Đề thi thử THPT QG môn Tiếng Anh #9 giúp các em học sinh khắp các tỉnh thành ôn luyện cho kỳ thi THPT quốc gia.

Read the following passage and choose the correct word for each of the blanks.

Any change in one part of an ecosystem can cause changes in other parts. Droughts, storms, and fires can change ecosystems. Some changes ecosystems. If it is too rainfall, plants will not have enough water to live. If a kind of plant dies off, the animals that feed on it may also die or move away. Some changes are good for ecosystems. Some pine forests need fires for the pine trees to reproduce. The seeds are sealed inside pinecones. Heat from a forest fire melts the seal and lets the seeds . Polluting the air, soil, and water can harm ecosystems. Building on rivers for electric power and irrigation can harm ecosystems around the rivers. Bulldozing wetlands and cutting down forests destroy ecosystems. Ecologists are working with companies and governments to find better ways of fish, cutting down trees, and building dams. They are looking for ways to get food, lumber, and other products for people without causing harm to ecosystems.

Choose the word whose underlined part that differs from the other three in the pronunciation.

  • state
  • status
  • station
  • statue

Choose the word whose underlined part that differs from the other three in the pronunciation.

  • bury
  • carry
  • heavy
  • many

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • popularity
  • conscientious
  • apprenticeship
  • personality

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress

  • consonant
  • divisible
  • significant
  • mosquito

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer.

In the last third of the nineteenth century a new housing form was quietly being developed. In 1869 the Stuyvesant, considered New York's first apartment house was built on East Eighteenth Street. The building was financed by the developer Rutherfurd Stuyvesant and designed by Richard Morris Hunt, the first American architect to graduate from the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris. Each man had lived in Paris, and each understood the economics and social potential of this Parisian housing form. But the Stuyvesant was at best a limited success. In spite of Hunt's inviting facade, the living space was awkwardly arranged. Those who could afford them were quite content to remain in the more sumptuous, single-family homes, leaving the Stuyvesant to newly married couples and bachelors.

The fundamental problem with the Stuyvesant and the other early apartment buildings that quickly followed, in the 1870's and early 1880's was that they were confined to the typical New York building lot. That lot was a rectangular area 25 feet wide by 100 feet deep-a shape perfectly suited for a row house. The lot could also accommodate a rectangular tenement, though it could not yield the square, well-lighted, and logically arranged rooms that great apartment buildings require. But even with the awkward interior configurations of the early apartment buildings, the idea caught on. It met the needs of a large and growing population that wanted something better than tenements but could not afford or did not want row houses.

So while the city's newly emerging social leadership commissioned their mansions, apartment houses and hotels began to sprout in multiple lots, thus breaking the initial space constraints.

The new housing form discussed in the passage refers to______

  • single-family homes
  • apartment buildings
  • row houses
  • hotels

The word “inviting” in bold is closest in meaning to______

  • open
  • encouraging
  • attractive
  • asking
Why was the Stuyvesant a limited success?
  • The arrangement of the rooms was not convenient.
  • Most people could not afford to live there,
  • There were no shopping areas nearby.
  • It was in a crowded neighborhood.

It can be inferred that the majority of people who lived in New York‟s first apartments were__________

  • highly educated
  • unemployed
  • wealthy
  • young

It can be inferred that a New York apartment building in the 1870's and 1880's had all of the following characteristics EXCEPT _______

  • Its room arrangement was not logical.
  • It was rectangular,
  • It was spacious inside.
  • It had limited light.

The word “yield” in bold is closest in meaning to____

  • harvest
  • surrender
  • amount
  • provide

Why did the idea of living in an apartment become popular in the late 1800's?

  • Large families needed housing with sufficient space.
  • Apartments were preferable to tenements and cheaper than row houses
  • The city officials of New York wanted housing that was centrally located.
  • The shape of early apartments could accommodate a variety of interior designs.

The author mentions the Dakota and the Ansonia in bold because______.

  • they are examples of large, well-designed apartment buildings
  • their design is similar to that of row houses
  • they were built on a single building lot
  • they are famous hotels

Choose the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underline part.
Smith's new neighbors appear to be very friendlỵ.

  • amicable
  • inapplicable
  • hostile
  • futile

Choose the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underline part
The clubs meet on the last Thursday of every month in a dilapidated palace.

  • renovated
  • regenerated
  • furnished
  • neglected

Choose the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part.
He didn’t bat an eye when he realized he failed the exam again.

  • didn't want to see
  • didn't show surprise
  • wasn't happy
  • didn't care

Choose the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part.

The changes in a person's physical and emotional state caused by drinking alcohol are known as intoxication.

  • drunkenness
  • poison
  • sleepiness
  • excitement

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

______ we're been having!

  • What dreadful weather
  • How dreadful is the weather
  • How dreadful the weather
  • What a dreadful weather

They ____ have seen the play last night as they went to a football match instead.

  • could
  • must
  • might
  • can't

Something tells me that you _____ to a single word I _____ in the past ten minutes.

  • haven't listened\was saying
  • didn't listen\ said
  • haven't been listening\ have said
  • haven't listened\ said

The ____ horse began to run as fast as he could.

  • frightening
  • frighten
  • frightful
  • frightened

The police spokesman said he was ______ to believe that the arrested man was the serial killer they had been looking for.

  • inclined
  • seemed
  • suspected
  • supposed

For lunch, I always have something quick and easy: a sandwich, a salad, toast and the ______

  • same
  • similar
  • like
  • rest

I don't think anyone understood what I was saying at the meeting, did they? I totally failed to get my point ______ .

  • around
  • along
  • across
  • about

This fruit has been in the fridge for over three weeks! It is all ____.

  • sour
  • mouldy
  • rotten
  • bitter

As I have just had a tooth ____ , I am not allowed to eat or drink anything for three

  • taken out
  • crossed out
  • broken off
  • tried on

We don't seem to have any more of that book, Sir. It is out of ____ but we are getting a new delivery next Thursday if you would like to pop back then.

  • stock
  • order
  • print
  • shop

As coal mines became deeper, the problems of draining water, bringing in fresh air, and ____ to the surface increased.

  • how ore is transported
  • transporting ore
  • ore is transporting
  • to transport ore

I'm _____ my brother is.

  • nowhere near asambitious as
  • nothing near as ambitious as
  • nowhere like so ambitious as
  • nothing as ambitious as

Choose the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

- "What do you think of football?"

-"_____ "

  • I am crazy about it.
  • Of course, football players are excellent
  • Well, it's beyond my expectation
  • It's none of my business.

- “____”

- “Not really.”

  • I don't like that new movie.
  • Would you like to watch a cartoon or a documentary?
  • Would you recommend the new movie at the Odeon?
  • How often do you go to the movies?

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer.

Are organically grown foods the best food choices? The advantages claimed for such foods over conventionally grown and marketed food products are now being debated. Advocates of the organic foods-a term whose meaning varies greatly - frequently proclaim that such products are safer and more nutritious than others.

The growing interest of consumers in the safety and more nutritional quality of the typical North American diet is a welcome development. However, much of this interest has been sparked by sweeping claims that the food supply is unsafe or inadequate in meeting nutritional needs. Although most of these claims are not supported by scientific evidence, the preponderance of written material advancing such claims makes it difficult for the general public to separate fact from fiction. As a result, claims that eating a diet consisting entirely of organically grown foods prevents or cures disease or provides other benefits to health have become widely publicized and form the basis for folklore.

Almost daily the public is besieged by claims for “no-aging" diets, new vitamins, and other wonderful foods. There are numerous unsubstantiated reports that natural vitamins are superior to synthetic ones, that fertilized eggs are nutritionally superior to unfertilized eggs, that untreated grains are better than fumigated grains and the like.

One thing that most organically grown food products seem to have in common is that they cost more than conventionally grown foods. But in many cases, consumers are misled if they believe organic foods can maintain health and provide better nutritional quality than conventionally grown foods. So there IS real cause for concern if consumers, particularly those with limited incomes, distrust the regular food and buy only expensive organic foods instead. 

The world "Advocates" is closest in meaning to which of the following?
  • Proponents
  • Merchants
  • Inspectors
  • Consumers

The word "others" refers to ____.

  • advantages
  • advocates
  • organic foods
  • products

The "welcome development" is an increase in ____.

  • interest in food safety and nutritional quality of the typical North American diet
  • the nutritional quality of the typical North American diet
  • the amount of healthy food grown in North America
  • the number of consumers in North America
According to the first paragraph, which of the following is true about the term "organic foods"?
  • It is accepted by most nutritionists.
  • It has been used only in recent years.
  • It has no fixed meaning.
  • It is seldom used by consumers.

The author implies that there is cause for concern if consumers with limited incomes buy organic foods instead of conventionally grown foods because _______ .

  • organic foods can be more expensive but are often no better than conventionally grown foods
  • many organic foods are actually less nutritious than similar conventionally grown foods
  • conventionally grown foods are more readily available than organic foods
  • too many farmers will stop using conventional methods to grow food crops.

According to the last paragraph, consumers who believe that organic foods are better than conventionally grown foods are often _____ .

  • careless
  • mistaken
  • thrifty
  • wealthy

What is the one thing in common that most organic food seem to have?

 

  • They cost more than conventionally grown food
  • They are healthier than conventionally grown food
  • They come from an unknown source
  • They are home - made

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
After the social science lecture all students are invited to take part in a discussion of the issues which were risen in the talk.

  • social science lecture
  • to take part
  • of the issues
  • risen in

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
A football match begins with the ball kicking forwards from a spot in the centre of the field.

  • begins
  • with
  • kicking forwards
  • in the centre

Choose the underlined part that needs corrected.
They had a discussion about training not only the new employees but also giving them some challenges.

  • about training
  • not only
  • giving
  • some challenges

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following sentence.
The match on Sunday is very popular. It was wise of him to buy the tickets in advance.

  • Since it is a popular match, he should have brought the tickets beforehand.
  • Although he bought the tickets in advance, he wasn‟t wise to forsee the match popularity,
  • Such is the popularity of the match on Sunday that he wisely bought the tickets beforehand.
  • The match on Sunday is so popular that he had enough wisdom to buy the tickets in advance.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following sentence.
We arrived at an airport. We realized our passports were still at home.

  • It was until we arrived at the airport that we realize our passports were still at home.
  • We arrived at the airport and realized that our passports arc still at home,
  • Not until had we arrived at the airport, we realized our passports were still at home.
  • Not until we arrived at the airport, did we realize that our passports were still at home

Choose the sentence which is the closest in meaning to the given one.
Friendly though he may seem, he's not to be trusted.

  • He's too friendly to be trusted.
  • However he seems friendly, he's not to be trusted.
  • He may have friends, but he's not to be trusted.
  • However friendly he seems, he's not to be trusted.

Choose the sentence which is the closest in meaning to the given one.
“You're always making terrible mistakes”, said the teacher.

  • The teacher asked his students why they always made terrible mistakes.
  • The teacher realized that his students always made terrible mistakes,
  • The teacher complained about his students making terrible mistakes.
  • The teacher made his students not always make terrible mistakes.

Choose the sentence which is the closest in meaning to the given one.
The criminal is believed to be living abroad.

  • There's a belief that that the criminal should be living abroad.
  • It is believed that the criminal is living abroad.
  • The belief is that the criminal should be living abroad.
  • It believes that the criminal is living abroad.

Read the following passage and choose the correct word for each of the blanks.

Any change in one part of an ecosystem can cause changes in other parts. Droughts, storms, and fires can change ecosystems. Some changes (A)_____ ecosystems. If there is too (B)_____ rainfall, plants will not have enough water to live. If a kind of plant dies off, the animals that feed on it may also die or move away. Some changes are good for ecosystems. Some pine forests need fires for the pine trees to reproduce. The seeds are sealed inside pinecones. Heat from a forest fire melts the seal and lets the seeds (C)_____. Polluting the air, soil, and water can harm ecosystems. Building (D)_____ on rivers for electric power and irrigation can harm ecosystems around the rivers. Bulldozing wetlands and cutting down forests destroy ecosystems. Ecologists are working with companies and governments to find better ways of (E)_____ fish, cutting down trees, and building dams. They are looking for ways to get food, lumber, and other products for people without causing harm to ecosystems.

(A)

  • harm
  • harmless
  • harmful
  • harms

(B)

  • little
  • few
  • a little
  • a few

(C)

  • fly
  • out
  • in
  • go

(D)

  • bridges
  • ditches
  • moats
  • dams

(E)

  • taking
  • carrying
  • catching
  • holding