Đề thi thử THPT QG môn Tiếng Anh #22

7/22/2018 12:00:00 AM
Đề thi thử THPT QG môn Tiếng Anh 2018 #22 giúp các em học sinh khắp các tỉnh thành ôn luyện cho kỳ thi THPT quốc gia.

Choose the word that is closest in meaning to the underlined part.
She had no qualms about lying to the police.

  • distress
  • impunity
  • persevere
  • scruple

Choose the word that is closest in meaning to the underlined part.
Her impersonations of our teachers were a source of considerable mirth.

  • anger
  • glee
  • sarcasm
  • mistrust

Choose the word that is opposite in meaning to the underlined part.
"I was not dreaming," I said, with some warmth, for her brazen coolness provoked me.

  • bashful
  • boisterous
  • noisy
  • heated

Choose the word that is opposite in meaning to the underlined part.
Without demur, then, she turned and accompanied the rascally Malay toward the harbour.

  • embrace
  • crude
  • boisterous
  • falter

Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.

  • slaughter

  • draught

  • naughty

  • plaudit

Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest

  • but

  • bury

  • nut

  • young

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress

  • vocabulary
  • influential
  • engineering
  • biological

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress

  • referee
  • electrician
  • manufacture
  • immortal

Choose the underlined part that needs correction

A paragraph is a portion of a text consists of one or more sentences related to the same idea.

  • A paragraph
  • consists of
  • sentences
  • related to

Choose  the underlined part that needs correction

Students should be encouraged to discuss critically about the information that they are given.

  • should be
  • to discuss
  • about
  • are given

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Neither of the scout leaders know how to trap wild animals or how to prepare them for mounting.

  • of the
  • know
  • or
  • for mounting

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions. 

In addition to providing energy, fats have several other functions in the body. The fat-soluble vitamins, A, D, E, and K, are dissolved in fats, as their name implies. Good sources of these vitamins have the high oil or fat content, and the vitamins are stored in the body’s fatty tissues. In the diet, fats cause food to remain longer in the stomach, thus increasing the feeling of fullness for some time after a meal is eaten. Fats add variety, taste, and texture to foods, which accounts for the popularity of fried foods. Fatty deposits in the body have an insulating and protective value. The curves of the human female body are due mostly to strategically located fat deposits.

Whether a certain amount of fat in the diet is essential to human health is not definitely known. When rats are fed a fat-free diet, their growth eventually ceases, their skin becomes inflamed and scaly, and their reproductive systems are damaged. Two fatty acids, linoleic and arachidonic acids, prevent these abnormalities and hence are called essential fatty acids. They also are required by a number of other animals but their roles in human beings are debatable. Most nutritionists consider linoleic fatty acid an essential nutrient for humans.

This passage probably appeared in which of the following?
  • A diet book
  • A book on basic nutrition
  • A cookbook
  • A popular women’s magazine

The phrase “stored in” in lines 3 is closest in meaning to __________.

  • manufactured in
  • attached to
  • measured by
  • accumulated

The author states that fats serve all the following body function EXCEPT to ________.

  • promote a feeling of fullness
  • insulate and protect the body
  • provide energy
  • control weight gain
According to the author of the passage, which of the following is true for rats when they are fed a fat free diet?
  • They stop growing.
  • They have more babies.
  • They lose body hair.
  • They require less care.

Linoleic fatty acid is mentioned in the passage as ______.

  • an essential nutrient for humans
  • more useful than arachidonic acid
  • preventing weight gain in rats
  • a nutrient found in most food

The phrase “these abnormalities” refers to ________.

  • a condition caused by fried food
  • strategically located fat deposits
  • curves on the human female body
  • cessation of growth, bad skin, and damaged reproductive systems

That humans should all have some fat in our diet is_____, according to the author.

 

  • a commonly held view
  • not yet a proven fact
  • only true for women
  • proven to be true by experiments on rats

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

An air pollutant is defined as a compound added directly or indirectly by humans to the atmosphere in such quantities as to affect humans, animals, vegetation, or materials adversely. Air pollution requires a very flexible definition that permits continuous change. When the first air pollution laws were established in England in the fourteenth century, air pollutants were limited to compounds that could be seen or smelled - a far cry from the extensive list of harmful substances known today. As technology has developed and knowledge of the
health aspects of various chemicals has increased, the list of air pollutants has lengthened. In the future, even water vapor might be considered an air pollutant under certain conditions.

Many of the more important air pollutants, such as sulfur oxides, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides, are found in nature. As the Earth developed, the concentration of these pollutants was altered by various chemical reactions; they became components in biogeochemical cycles. These serve as an air purification scheme by allowing the compounds to move from the air to the water or soil. On a global basis, nature's output of these compounds dwarfs that resulting from human activities. 

However, human production usually occurs in a localized area, such as a city. In such a region, the human output may be dominant and may temporarily overload the natural purification scheme of the cycles. The result is an increased concentration of noxious chemicals in the air. The concentrations at which the adverse effects appear will be greater than the concentrations that the pollutants would have in the absence of human activities. The actual concentration need not be large for a substance to be a pollutant; in fact, the numerical value tells us little until we know how much of an increase this represents over the concentration that would occur naturally in the area. For example, sulfur dioxide has detectable health effects at 0.08 parts per million (ppm), which is about 400 times its natural level. Carbon monoxide, however, has a natural level of 0.1 ppm and is not usually a pollutant until its level reaches about 15 ppm.

It can be inferred from the first paragraph that _____.

  • Water vapor is an air pollutant in localized areas.
  • Most air pollutants today can be seen or smelled.
  • The definition of air pollution will continue to change.
  • A substance becomes an air pollutant only in cities.
For which of the following reasons can natural pollutants play an important role in controlling air pollution?
  • They function as part of a purification process.
  • They occur in greater quantities than other pollutants.
  • They are less harmful to living beings than other pollutants.
  • They have existed since the Earth developed.

According to the passage, human-generated air pollution in localized regions _____.

  • can be dwarfed by nature's output of pollutants
  • can overwhelm the natural system that removes pollutants
  • will damage areas outside of the localized regions
  • will react harmfully with natural pollutants

The word “localized” in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to ____.

  • specified
  • circled
  • surrounded
  • encircled

According to the passage, the numerical value of the concentration level of a substance is only useful if ____.

  • the other substances in the area are known
  • it is in a localized area
  • the natural level is also known
  • it can be calculated quickly
Which of the following is best supported by the passage?
  • To effectively control pollution, local government should regularly review their air pollution laws.
  • One of the most important steps in preserving natural lands is to better enforce air pollution laws.
  • Scientists should be consulted in order to establish uniform limits for all air pollutants.
  • Human activities have been effective in reducing air pollution
What does the passage mainly discuss?
  • The economic impact of air pollution.
  • What constitutes an air pollutant.
  • How much harm air pollutants can cause.
  • The effects of compounds added to the atmosphere.

The woman ______ someone had stolen her purse, but although they searched everyone in the shop, it wasn't found.

  • accused
  • enforced
  • claimed
  • warned

As I was ______ of the change in the program, I arrived half an hour late for the rehearsal.

  • unaware
  • unconscious
  • unable
  • unreasonable

The Best Invention ______ this year was given to Jason Meyers.

  • Reward
  • Brand
  • Factor
  • Award

On Christmas Eve, the ______ family gathers for dinner, usually at my grandmother's house.

  • mere
  • entire
  • total
  • complete

When the first Chinese restaurants opened in Greece, it was very difficult to get fresh ______ of Chinese vegetables.

  • provisions
  • materials
  • supplies
  • ingredients

I find mending old socks incredibly ______ , that's why I always ask my mother to do it for me.

  • hilarious
  • tedious
  • furious
  • recreational

Megan solved her computer problem quite ______ as she happened to mention it to a friend who had had the same problem and told her what to do.

  • occasionally
  • clumsily
  • accidentally
  • attentively

Bill Gates is probably the best known and most successful ______ in computer software.

  • pioneer
  • navigator
  • generator
  • volunteer

My mother often ______ our mistakes, whereas my father is very strict and punishes us for even the slightest one.

 

  • passes
  • neglects
  • avoids
  • overlooks

When I joined the army, I found it difficult to ______ out orders from my superiors, but I soon got used to it.

  • call
  • carry
  • miss
  • take

After nine months without any rain, the country was facing one of the worst ______ in the last fifty years.

  • draughts
  • floods
  • eruptions
  • droughts

What I like about this restaurant is that there is ______ parking space right outside it.

  • plenty
  • ample
  • expanded
  • big

– “Thanks for the lovely evening.”

– “_____.”

  • Yes, it's really great
  • No, it's not good
  • Oh, that's right
  • I'm glad you enjoyed it

– “What do you usually do on your day off?”

– “_____.”

  • I usually drive to work
  • I will sleep all day
  • I usually do not much
  • Nothing much. I always sleep until noon

Choose the the sentence that best combines each pair of
sentences in the following sentence.

I had never seen her before. However, I recognized her from a photograph.

  • Although I had never seen her before, I recognized her from a photograph.
  • I recognized her from a photograph before I had never seen her.
  • Although I had never seen her before but I recognized her from a photograph.
  • After I had seen her, I recognized her from a photograph.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
The human brain is ten times the size of a baboon’s. It weighs about 1,400 grams.

  • The size of human brain is ten times that of a baboon’s which is about 1,400 grams weigh.
  • The human brain, which weighs about 1,400 grams, is ten times the size of a baboon’s.
  • The size of a baboon’s brain is 1,400 grams, ten times that of the human one.
  • The weight of a baboon’s brain is 1,400 grams, ten-fold than that of the human one.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.
Tom has the ability to be a professional musician, but he’s too lazy to practice.

  • He is talented but he’ll never be a professional musician as he doesn’t practice.
  • As a professional musician he is not lazy to practice music lessons.
  • He is able to practice music lessons professionally though he is lazy.
  • Though practicing lazily, he is a professional musician.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.
David broke his leg and couldn’t play in the final.

  • David couldn’t play in the final due to his broken leg.
  • If David hadn’t broken his leg, he could play in the final now.
  • If David didn’t break his leg, he could play in the final.
  • But for his broken leg, David couldn’t have played in the final.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.
My father couldn’t stand Tom’s behavior.

  • My father found Tom’s behavior intolerant.
  • My father found Tom’s behavior intolerable.
  • My father was tolerant towards Tom’s behavior.
  • Tom’s behavior was not tolerable.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following sentence.

Cultures vary from country to country.

  • Cultures are different in different countries.
  • There are different cultures in one country
  • Culture differences are based on countries
  • Cultures move from one country to another.

Read the following passage and choose the best option for each of the blanks.

From the seeds themselves to the machinery, fertilizers, and pesticides - The Green Revolution regimen depend heavily on technology. One (A)_____, however, depends much more on technology - organic farming. Many organic farmers use machinery, but (B)_____ chemical fertilizers or pesticides. (C)_____ chemical soil enrichers, they use animal manure and plant parts not used as food - natural, organic fertilizers that are clearly a renewable (D)_____. Organic farmers also use alternatives for pesticides; for example, they may rely (E)_____ natural predators of certain insect pests. Then, the need arises, they can buy the eggs and larvae of these natural predators and introduce them into their crop fields.

(A)______

  • alternative
  • alternate
  • alteration
  • alteration

(B)________

  • for
  • not
  • also
  • all

(C)

  • On account of
  • Instead of
  • In favor of
  • In spite of

(D)

  • source
  • resource
  • substance
  • matter

(E)_______

  • on
  • of
  • in
  • to