Đề thi THPT QG môn Tiếng Anh năm 2018 # 3

19/10/2018 12:00:00 SA
Đề thi chính thức 2018 - Các mã đề 403, 405, 411, 413, 419, 421

If you didn't have to leave today, I ______ you around the city.

  • showed
  • would show
  • have shown
  • will show

I've been waiting for hours. You ______ to tell me you would come late.

  • needn't have phoned
  • must have phoned
  • should have phoned
  • oughtn't to have phoned

He promised ______ his daughter a new bicycle as a birthday present.

  • buy
  • buying
  • to buying
  • to buy

Many parents tend to make their children study hard in the belief that good education will enable them to ______ in the future.

  • turn away
  • turn up
  • get on
  • get out

You must not ______ any step in the process; otherwise, you would not be able to cook the dish properly.

  • quit
  • skip
  • hide
  • leave

The operation of the newly constructed plants is likely to lead to ______ environmental consequences.

  • far-flung
  • far-off
  • far-reaching
  • far-gone

Michael rarely returns to his hometown, ______?

  • has he
  • doesn't he
  • does he
  • hasn't he

After a momentary ______ of concentration, Simon managed to regain his focus and completed the test.

  • failure
  • fault
  • error
  • lapse

Only after he ______ the job as a computer programmer did he realise how much he loved it.

  • had left
  • has left
  • was leaving
  • would leave

Susan has achieved great ______ in her career thanks to her hard work.

  • success
  • successful
  • succeed
  • successfully

Drastic measures should be taken to tackle the problems ______ child abuse.

  • to involve
  • involving
  • are involving
  • involved

The ______ prices of property in big cities may deter people on low incomes from owning a house there.

  • inflatable
  • competitive
  • prohibitive
  • forbidding

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

People nationwide have acted without hesitation to provide aids for the victims in the disaster-stricken areas.

  • awareness
  • reluctance
  • uncertainty
  • willingness

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Judy has just won a full scholarship to one of the most prestigious universities in the country; she must be on cloud nine now.

  • incredibly optimistic
  • obviously delighted
  • extremely panicked
  • desperately sad

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The chairman's thought-provoking question ignited a lively debate among the participants in the workshop.

  • triggered
  • defined
  • arose
  • hosted

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The football final has been postponed until next Sunday due to the heavy snowstorm.

  • cancelled
  • delayed
  • continued
  • changed

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • treat

  • wear

  • dream

  • mean

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • concerns
  • fingers
  • attacks
  • medals

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • agency
  • origin
  • charity
  • disaster

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • enter
  • allow
  • relax
  • behave

Two students are talking about the school curriculum.

- Ted: "Swimming should be made part of the school curriculum."
- Kate: "______. It is an essential life skill."

  • Not at all
  • Oh, that's a problem
  • You can make it
  • I can't agree with you more

Jane is talking to Mike, who has just helped her with her luggage.

- Jane: "______"
- Mike: "It's my pleasure."

  • Thanks a lot, indeed.
  • Welcome back.
  • It's too heavy.
  • It's not my duty.

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.

When hosting an Olympic Games, a country has to take account of several consideration, among which the financial one is by far the most important. The costs of hosting the Olympics can (A)______ tens of billions of dollars, and it is commonplace for budgets to double or even triple. In addition to the direct costs of hosting the Games (the opening and closing ceremonies, athletes' village, security, etc.),
cities often must build expensive new venues (B)______. Once constructed, sports venues often incur additional maintenance costs long after the Games have ended. 
While costs are the (C)______ concern for a host city, there are other factors to consider. For one, an Olympic host city may receive substantial revenue from ticket sales, tourist spending, corporate sponsorship, and television rights. Cities such as Los Angeles (1984) and Seoul (1988) actually made a
large profit from the Games they hosted. (D)______, hosting the Olympic Games confers prestige on a host city and country, which can lead to increased trade and tourism. The Olympics are also an opportunity to invest in projects (E)______ improve the city's quality of life, such as new
transportation systems.

(Adapted from "Skillful Reading & Writing 4" by Mike Boyle and Lindsay Warwick)

(A)_______

  • surmount
  • exceed
  • overcharge
  • outnumber

(B)______

  • at
  • in
  • for
  • on

(C)______

  • instrumental
  • influential
  • primary
  • supplementary

(D)_______

  • Otherwise
  • For example
  • However
  • In addition

(E)______

  • what
  • which
  • who
  • whom

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions underneath.

Body language is a vital form of communication. In fact, it is believed that the various forms of body language contribute about 70 percent to our comprehension. It is important to note, however, that body language varies in different cultures. Take for example, eye movement. In the USA a child is expected to look directly at a parent or teacher who is scolding him/her. In other cultures the opposite is true. Looking directly at a teacher or parent in such a situation is considered a sign of disrespect.

Another form of body language that is used differently, depending on the culture, is distance. In North America people don't generally stand as close to each other as in South America. Two North Americans who don't know each other well will keep a distance of four feet between them, whereas South Americans in the same situation will stand two to three feet apart. North Americans will stand closer than two feet apart only if they are having a confidential conversation or if there is intimacy between them.

Gestures are often used to communicate. We point a finger, raise an eyebrow, wave an arm – or move any other part of the body – to show what we want to say. However, this does not mean that people all over the world use the same gestures to express the same meanings. Very often we find that the same gestures can communicate different meanings, depending on the country. An example of a
gesture that could be misinterpreted is sticking out the tongue. In many cultures it is a sign of making
a mistake, but in some places it communicates ridicule.

The dangers of misunderstanding one another are great. Obviously, it is not enough to learn the language
of another culture. You must also learn its non-verbal signals if you want to communicate successfully.

(Adapted from "Reading Academic English" by Judy Rapoport, Ronit Broder and Sarah Feingold) 

What is the passage mainly about?

  • Misunderstandings in communication
  • Non-verbal communication across cultures
  • Interpretations of gestures in different cultures
  • The significance of non-verbal signals in America

According to paragraph 1, when scolded by his/her parent or teacher, an American child is expected to ______.

  • point a finger at the person
  • look directly at the person
  • stand close to the person
  • raise his/her eyebrows

The word "intimacy" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______.

  • strength
  • agreement
  • enjoyment
  • closeness

The word "misinterpreted" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______.

  • misunderstood
  • misspelled
  • misbehaved
  • mispronounced

The word "it" in paragraph 3 refers to ______.

  • making a mistake
  • an example
  • the country
  • sticking out the tongue

As stated in the passage, in order to communicate successfully with people from another culture, it is advisable for a person ______.

  • to learn both the language and non-verbal signals of that culture
  • to travel to as many countries as possible
  • to use the body language of the people from that culture
  • to learn only non-verbal signals of that culture

Which form of body language is NOT mentioned in the passage?

  • eye movement
  • gesture
  • posture
  • distance

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions underneath.

The green building movement, started in the 1970s as a way to reduce environmental destruction, is changing the way buildings are constructed. In the early years, green builders were a small minority, and their goals of reducing the environmental impact of buildings were considered unrealistic. Now, however, the movement is growing, as builders have been able to take advantage of new technology.

Green builders try to make use of recycled materials, which means less waste in dumps. Also, they reduce environmental impact by reducing the energy requirements of a building. One way is to provide an alternative, non-polluting source of energy. First, with solar panels, it is possible to produce electricity from the rays of the sun. Once installed, they provide energy at no cost and with no pollution.

Another solution is to reduce the amount of energy required in a building. It is possible to cut electricity use noticeably by improving natural lighting and installing low-energy light bulbs. To reduce the amount of fuel needed for heating or cooling, builders also add insulation to the walls so that the
building stays warmer in winter and cooler in summer.
One example of this advanced design is the Genzyme Center of Cambridge, the most environmentally responsible office building in America. Every aspect of the design and building had to consider two things: the need for a safe and pleasant workplace for employees and the need to lessen the negative environmental impact. 75 percent of the building materials were recycled materials, and the energy use has been reduced by 43 percent and water use by 32 percent, compared with other buildings of the same size.

In other parts of the world, several large-scale projects have recently been developed according to green building principles. One of these is in Vauban, Germany, in an area that was once the site of army housing. The site has been completely rebuilt with houses requiring 30 percent less energy than conventional ones. These houses, heated by special non-polluting systems, are also equipped with solar panels.

A larger project is under way in China. The first phase of this project will include houses for 400 families built with solar power, non-polluting bricks, and recycled wall insulation. In a second phase, entire neighborhoods in six cities will be built. If all goes well, the Chinese government plans to copy these ideas in new neighborhoods across China.

Green building ideas, on a small or large scale, are spreading. Individuals, companies, and governments are beginning to see their benefits. Not only are they environmentally friendly, green buildings improve living and working conditions and also save money in the long run.

(Adapted from "Advanced Reading Power" by Beatrice S. Mikulecky and Linda Jeffries)

Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?

  • An environmentally friendly approach to constructing buildings
  • Economic benefits of environmentally responsible buildings
  • Successful green building projects all over the world
  • New technologies applied to constructing office buildings

According to paragraph 1, the environmental goals set by green builders were initially considered unrealistic presumably because ______.

  • there was a lack of green builders at the beginning of the 20th century
  • the potential applications of technology to constructing green buildings were not recognised then
  • the problems of environment destruction were not prevalent at the time
  • there was an abundance of natural materials for the construction of conventional buildings

The word "they" in paragraph 2 refers to ______.

  • rays of the sun
  • recycled materials
  • solar panels
  • green builders

The word "insulation" in paragraph 3 mostly means ______.

  • materials that prevent heat loss and absorption
  • devices that monitor changes in temperature
  • panels that convert solar energy into electricity
  • systems that protect buildings from the sun's rays

What is one common characteristic shared by the Genzyme Center of Cambridge and the project in Vauban, Germany?

  • Both took advantage of new insulation technology, which cuts down on construction costs.
  • Both were built out of entirely recycled materials instead of conventional ones.
  • Both are housing complexes with special, non-polluting heating systems.
  • Both were built based on green building principles, which reduces energy use considerably.

The phrase "under way" in paragraph 6 mostly means ______.

  • being inspected
  • being certified
  • being launched
  • being notified

Which of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph 7 as a merit of green buildings?

  • Being friendly to the environment
  • Improving living conditions
  • Increasing work productivity
  • Proving more economical eventually

According to the passage, which of the following statements about green buildings is TRUE?

  • They have only been built in technologically developed countries.
  • They are more economical and produce no pollution.
  • They are environmentally responsible constructions with gardens.
  • They are gaining in popularity in different parts of the world.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

They have carried out exhausting research into the effects of smartphones on schoolchildren's behaviour and their academic performance.

  • exhausting
  • into
  • behaviour
  • academic performance

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Most workers seems to be happy with their new working conditions.

  • seems
  • with
  • new
  • conditions

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

It is the night of 5th November that people in Britain light bonfires and have fireworks as a national tradition.

  • the night of 5th November
  • in Britain
  • fireworks
  • national

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

"Don't forget to submit your assignments by Thursday," said the teacher to the students.

  • The teacher encouraged the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.
  • The teacher ordered the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.
  • The teacher allowed the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.
  • The teacher reminded the students to submit their assignments by Thursday.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

She wasn't early enough to catch the bus.

  • She didn't arrive late for the bus.
  • She arrived too early for the bus.
  • She was too late to catch the bus.
  • She wasn't late for the bus.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

They expect that recent changes will bring about an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education.

  • A. It was expected that recent changes would result in an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education.
  • B. The quality of the country's education is expected to be the consequence of recent changes.
  • C. It is expected that recent changes are caused by an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education.
  • D. Recent changes are expected to lead to an overall improvement in the quality of the country's education.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

His friends supported and encouraged him. He did really well in the competition.

  • Such were his friends' support and encouragement that he couldn't do really well in the competition.
  • If his friends had given him support and encouragement, he could have done really well in the competition.
  • Had it not been for his friends' support and encouragement, he couldn't have done so well in the competition.
  • No matter how much his friends supported and encouraged him, he couldn't do well in the competition.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Joe has finished his first-aid course. He proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker.

  • Although Joe proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker, he hasn't finished his first-aid course.
  • Without finishing his first-aid course, Joe proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker.
  • Having finished his first-aid course, Joe proves extremely helpful as a rescue worker.
  • However helpful Joe proves as a rescue worker, he hasn't finished his first-aid course.