Đề thi thử tiếng Anh THPT QG 2019 của Sở GD Hà Nội

4/1/2019 6:11:00 PM
Đề khảo sát chất lượng (thi thử đại học môn tiếng Anh) do Sở GD Hà Nội tổ chức thi ngày 28/3/2019.

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • agent
  • gadget
  • guitar
  • outset
Choose the word which differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.
  • miserable
  • questionable
  • criticize
  • inferior

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • searched

  • practiced
  • subscribed
  • increased
Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.
  • adverb
  • advent
  • advertise
  • advance

If he _____ ill yesterday, he would have taken part in the football match.

  • wouldn’t be
  • weren't
  • hadn’t been
  • hasn't been

I am interested in _______ for the position of chief financial officer which was advertised in yesterday’s Daily Post.

  • asking
  • demanding
  • requesting
  • applying

Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.
We are all too ______ of traditions in our modern world, but they can have a very strong impact on us.

  • dismissing
  • dismissal
  • dismissed
  • dismissive
Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Women are supposed to have a longer _______ than men.
  • life expectancy
  • life expectation
  • live expect
  • life expected

I assume that you are acquainted _____ this subject since you are responsible _____ writing the accompanying materials.

  • with/with
  • with/ for
  • to/ to
  • to/for

______, the meeting stops now. Please feel free to contact me if you have any further questions later.

  • With no questions to ask
  • There being no question
  • If no question asked
  • Without any question, so

Sometimes people just focus on the _____ benefits without thinking of the environmental risks of certain economic activities.

  • immediate
  • short-lived
  • potential
  • long-term

People should ______ green lifestyle to help conserve the natural resources.

  • adjoin
  • adapt
  • adopt
  • adjust

______, cars are widely used as the most popular mode of transport in the United States.

  • As though they are expensive
  • Regardless their high price
  • Expensive as they are
  • But for their high price

He is _____ he has bought a lot of houses in this area.

  • so rich a man that
  • so a rich man that
  • as rich a man that
  • such rich a man that
Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.
This class, _______ is a prerequisite for microbiology, is so difficult that I would rather drop it.
  • when
  • that
  • where
  • which

"Don't ______ to phone Mrs. Whiteman. I've already talked to her about the upcoming meeting held by the board of directors." said Mary.

  • bother
  • mind
  • mention
  • concern

Would you mind _____ these plates a wipe before putting them in the cupboard?

  • doing
  • giving
  • making
  • getting

You should take regular exercise _____ sitting in front of the television all day.

  • except for
  • in spite of
  • without
  • instead of

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Educators are complaining that students rely on social media so much that they lose the ability to think critically.

  • insist on
  • appear on
  • depend on
  • decide on
Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).
The issue of pay rise will loom large at this year's conference as it is what all the attendees want to mention.
  • be discussed
  • be improved
  • become important
  • be avoided

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

If you are at a loose end this weekend, I will show you round the city.

  • confident
  • reluctant
  • free
  • occupied

Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Adverse reviews in the New York press may greatly change the prospects of a new product on the market and lead to its failure.

  • comfortable
  • favorable
  • complementary
  • additional

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
The product that you bought at the lower price is the more inferior than the one that we sell at a slightly higher price.

  • that you bought
  • the more inferior
  • the one
  • at a slightly

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Digital clocks, however precise, they cannot be perfectly accurate because the earth's rotation changes slightly over years.

  • they
  • perfectly
  • the
  • slightly

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Because there were so few women in the early Western states, the freedom and rights of Western women were more extensive than Eastern ladies.

  • Because
  • so few women
  • more extensive
  • Eastern ladies

John and Jill are talking about Jill's trip.

Jack: "How was your trip to Denmark?"

Jill: "_______. Everything was perfect."

  • I couldn't dream about it
  • I couldn't be so sure
  • I couldn't agree more
  • I couldn't feel better about it

John and Tim are talking about future jobs.

John: “What kind of job would you like?”

Tim: “_______.”

  • Anything to do with computers
  • That will do
  • Any of them are OK
  • Any time after next week

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.
Seeking a new life and hoping for a significant in their standard of living, foreign workers began flocking into Western Europe during the 1950s. In Britain, some of the first immigrants arriving from the West Indies and the Indian subcontinent were welcomed by brass bands, but the dream of a new life soon sour for many.
Attracted by the promise to earn good money and learn new skills, the reality they found was often one of low wages and, in many cases, unemployment. Some did not adapt to life in a country of cold weather and discrimination. The of West Indian immigrants moved into the inner cities, areas that were already fraught with social tensions caused by poverty and poor housing. There were cases of open hostility towards the newcomers; riots out in Notting Hill, West London in 1958, when gangs of white youths began taunting immigrants.
However, despite the numerous difficulties they encountered, many foreign workers did manage to adjust to their new conditions, settling in their new adopted country and prospering. Their contribution had the effect of not only speeding up the pace of economic change in the postwar period but also transforming Western Europe into a multiracial society.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions underneath.
People appear to be born to compute. The numerical skills of children develop so early - and so inexorably that it is easy to imagine an internal clock of mathematical maturity guiding their growth. Not long after learning to walk and talk, they can set the table with impressive accuracy - one plate, one knife, one spoon, one fork, for each of the five chairs. Soon they are capable of noting that they have placed five knives, spoons and forks on the table and, a bit later, that this amounts to fifteen pieces of silverware. Having thus mastered addition, they move on to subtraction. It seems almost reasonable to expect that if a child were secluded on a desert island at birth and retrieved seven years later, he or she could enter a second-grade mathematics class without any serious problems of intellectual adjustment.

Of course, the truth is not so simple. This century, the work of cognitive psychologists has illuminated the subtle forms of daily learning on which intellectual progress depends. Children were observed as they slowly grasped or, as the case might be, bumped into concepts that adults take for granted, as they refused, for instance, to concede that quantity is unchanged as water pours from a short stout glass into a tall thin one. Psychologists have since demonstrated that young children, asked to count the pencils in a pile, readily report the number of blue or red pencils, but must be coaxed into finding the total.

Such studies have suggested that the rudiments of mathematics are mastered gradually and with effort. They have also suggested that the very concept of abstract numbers - the idea of a oneness, a twoness, a threeness that applies to any class of objects - is a prerequisite for doing anything more mathematically demanding than setting a table, and is itself far from innate.
What does the passage mainly discuss?
  • The use of mathematics in child psychology
  • The fundamental concepts of mathematics that children must learn
  • The development of mathematical ability in children
  • Trends in teaching mathematics to children
It can be inferred from the passage that children normally learn single counting ________.
  • when they begin to be mathematically mature
  • soon after they learn to walk
  • by looking at the clock
  • after they reach second grade in school

The word illuminated is closest in meaning to _______.

  • clarified
  • lighted
  • accepted
  • illustrated
According to the passage, when small children were asked to count a pile of red and blue pencils, they ______.
  • subtracted the number of red pencils from the number of blue pencils
  • counted only the pencils of their favorite color
  • counted the number of pencils of each color
  • guessed at the total number of pencils
Which of the following statements would the author LEAST agree with?
  • Most people follow the same pattern of mathematical development.
  • Mathematical development is subtle and gradual.
  • Children learn to add before they learn to subtract.
  • Children naturally and easily learn mathematics.
Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions underneath.
In the history of technology, computers and calculators were innovative developments. They are essentially different from all other machines because they have a memory. This memory stores instructions and information. In a calculator, the instructions are the various functions of arithmetic, which are permanently remembered by the machine and cannot be altered or added to. The information consists of the numbers which are keyed in.

An electronic pocket calculator can perform almost instant arithmetic. A calculator requires an input unit to feed in numbers, a processing unit to make the calculation, a memory unit, and an output unit to display the result. The calculator is powered by a small battery or by a panel of solar cells. Inside is a microchip that contains the memory and processing units and also controls the input unit, which is the keyboard; and the output unit, which is the display.

The input unit has keys for numbers and operations. Beneath the keys is a printed circuit board containing a set of contacts for each key. Pressing a key closes the contacts and sends a signal along a pair of lines in the circuit board to the processing unit, in which the binary code for that key is stored in the memory. The processing unit also sends the code to the display. Each key is connected by a different pair of lines to the processing unit, which repeatedly checks the lines to find out when a pair is linked by a key.

The memory unit stores the arithmetic instructions for the processing unit and holds the . temporary results that occur during calculation. Storage cells in the memory unit hold the binary codes for the keys that have been pressed. The number codes, together with the operation code for the plus key, are held in temporary cells until the processing unit requires them.

When the equal key is pressed, it sends a signal to the processing unit. This takes the operation code – for example addition – and the two numbers being held in the memory unit and performs the operation on the two numbers. After the addition is done, the result goes to the decoder in the calculator’s microchip. This code is then sent to the liquid crystal display unit, which shows the result, or output, of the calculation.
What is the main purpose of the passage?
  • To explain how a calculator works
  • To summarize the history of technology
  • To discuss innovative developments in technology
  • To compare computers and calculators with other machines
What can be inferred about machines that are not calculators or computers?
  • They have simple memory and processing units.
  • They cannot store information in a memory.
  • They are less expensive than computers.
  • They are older than computers.
The word "innovative" in paragraph 1 could best replaced by _______.
  • recent
  • important
  • complicated
  • revolutionary
In what part of the calculator are the processing and memory units?
  • The output unit
  • The microchip
  • The battery
  • The solar cells
According to the passage, one function of the memory unit is _______.
  • to send codes to the display unit
  • to store temporary results during calculation
  • to alter basic arithmetic instructions
  • to control the keyboard
The word "This" in paragraph 5 refers to ______.
  • the plus key
  • the processing unit
  • the equal key
  • the memory unit
The word "contacts" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _______.
  • connections
  • locations
  • commands
  • codes
Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE about calculators?
  • Sending codes takes place only in the memory unit of a calculator.
  • Calculators require 'a lot of instructions to operate quickly.
  • Calculators and computers have a memory.
  • Pressing a key activates a calculator.
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.
Many people think that Steve stole the money.
  • It was Steve who stole the money.
  • Steve is thought to have stolen the money.
  • The money is thought to be stolen by Steve.
  • Many people think that the money is stolen by Steve.
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.
Right after the boy got out of his house, it started to rain heavily.
  • It had rained heavily before the boy got out of his house.
  • Not until it started to rain heavily did the boy got out of his house.
  • No sooner had the boy got out of his house than it started to rain heavily.
  • Hardly had it started to rain heavily when the boy got out of his house.
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.
"Have a drink," said Mr Smith.
  • Mr. Smith asked me for a drink.
  • Mr. Smith offered me a drink.
  • Mr Smith recommended me with a drink.
  • Mr. Smith said that I should have a drink.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The children were attracted by the show. It was performed by the animals.

  • The children attracted by the show which was performed by the animals.
  • Performing by the animals, the show attracted the children.
  • The children were attracted by the show to have been performed by the animals.
  • The children were attracted by the show performed by the animals.

Choose the correct sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

There are few passengers. The coach to Dover will still leave on schedule.

  • The coach to Dover would be going to depart soon even if there weren't many people on it.
  • The coach planned to going to Dover only carries a small number of passengers.
  • Despite having few passengers, the coach to Dover will still leave as planned.
  • Even though the coach for Dover leaves now, there won't be few people travelling on it.