I. Cấu trúc cơ bản:
Câu điều kiện loại 1 được dùng để diễn đạt điều có thể xảy ra ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai. Cấu trúc:
If + S + V(hiện tại đơn), S + will/can/shall…… + V + …
E.g.: If the weather is nice, I will go swimming tomorrow.
If we _____ enough time, we’ll study this exercise more carefully.
If you do go to see Alec Smith’s new play, then I’m sure you’ll _____ yourself.
II. Unless = If ...not ...
Khi mệnh đề điều kiện viết ở thể phủ định, ta có thể dùng Unless thay thế cho "If ...not ...".
You will be sick if you do not stop eating. ~ You'll be sick unless you stop eating.
_____ we water these trees, they will die.
Tom's company will almost certainly fire him _____ he improves his attitude.
III. Luyện tập
He _____ be able to travel if the weather is bad.
If it rains next Saturday, ______.
If the players train hard for the final, _____.
If you decide to join the gym, _____.
If the man doesn’t drive carefully, he _____ an accident.
If the weather _____ worse, we won’t go to the beach.
If you _____ hard and effectively today, you will have a day off tomorrow.
If you take the 8 a.m. flight to New York, you _____ change planes.
Unless Peter _____ more time training, he won't stand any chance of winning the race.
We _____ on a field trip if the weather is fine this weekend.
If we _____ to pollute the water, we will have no fresh water to use.
I won't go _______ you explain everything to me.
If she _____ harder, she will break past records and set new ones.
They'll be able to walk across the river _____.
_____ any further information, please contact us at our office in Green Street.