Đề ôn thi tốt nghiệp THPT số 46

8/27/2020 10:30:00 AM
Đề thi gồm 50 câu hỏi theo đúng cấu trúc đề thi THPT chính thức dành cho học sinh đặt mục tiêu 9 - 10 điểm. Đề đã được giải thích đáp án chi tiết đầy đủ.

Anna: "I think there are just too many crazy people with guns these days."

Susan: "_____. The government should do something about it."

  • I don't think so
  • Well, maybe
  • You're definitely right
  • Absolutely not

Peter: "Could you fill it up, please?"

Ivan: "_______"

  • Sure. Shall I check the oil as well?
  • Not at all. I’ll fill the oil for you.
  • Certainly. My job is to fill in the application.
  • Where? Of course not.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Living in New York, apartments cost more to rent than they do in other smaller cities.

  • Living
  • more
  • than
  • smaller

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Even on the most careful prepared trip, problems will sometimes develop.

  • Even
  • careful
  • trip
  • develop

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Dreams are commonly made up of either visual and verbal images.

  • commonly
  • made up of
  • either
  • verbal images

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Roger's Thesaurus, a collection of English words and phrases, was originally arranged by the ideas they express rather than alphabetical order.

  • unless
  • instead of
  • restricted
  • as well as

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

They are going to suffer a lot of criticism for increasing bus fare by so much.

  • get into
  • stand in with
  • come in for
  • put

Choose the word(s) which is opposite in meaning to the underlined word(s).

If we use robots instead of humans, many people may be out of work.

  • employed
  • jobless
  • inemployed
  • unemployed

Choose the word(s) which is opposite in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I think it’s impossible to abolish school examinations. They are necessary to evaluate students’ progress.

  • stop
  • extinguish
  • continue
  • organize
Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.
  • looked

  • worked

  • cooked

  • crooked

Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation.

  • saturate
  • restrict
  • excessive

  • hesitate

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • fulfilment
  • systematic
  • represent
  • detrimental

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • technical
  • origin
  • agriculture
  • cathedral

The whole country is up in _____ about the new tax the government has put on books.

  • arms
  • fists
  • anger
  • rage

After graduating from university in Vietnam, she went on _____ for a Ph.D. course at an Australian University.

  • applying
  • apply
  • applied
  • to apply

______ classical dance for five years, Akiko finally felt ready _____ in public.

  • Studying/ to be performed
  • To study/ performed
  • Being studied/ having performed
  • Having studied/ to perform

Choose the correct answer.

Before the exam, I _____ everything - except the questions they asked!

  • had studied
  • study
  • have studied
  • was studying

Choose the correct answer.
______, the disaster would not have happened.

  • Had you have obeyed the orders
  • You had obeyed the orders
  • You obeyed the orders
  • Had you obeyed the orders

Choose the correct answer.

The crop was badly ___________ by the recent cyclone.

  • infected
  • conflicted
  • ingested
  • affected

If the negotiations hadn't been so intense, we _____ the contract tomorrow.

  • will be signing
  • would be signed
  • would be signing
  • will sign

Trying to use ______ dictionaries less and switching to monolingual ones can help you to translate in your head when you are speaking or listening.

  • biannual
  • bicentenary
  • bi-monthly
  • bilingual

Choose the correct answer.

I __________the garden. No sooner had I finished watering it than it came down in torrents.

  • shouldn’t have watered
  • mustn’t have watered
  • can’t have watered
  • needn’t have watered

Let your younger brother talk first, _____?

  • will you
  • would you
  • shall we
  • do you

Choose the correct answer.

Many cities use trucks in their ______ library services.

  • mobile
  • mobilize
  • mobilization
  • mobility

Choose the correct answer.

His brother refuses to even listen to anyone else's point of view. He is very ______ .

  • narrow-minded
  • kind-hearted
  • open-minded
  • absent-minded

Many of the pictures______ from outer space are presently on display in the public library.

  • sending
  • sent
  • having sent
  • were sent

Choose the correct answer.

Since he failed his exam, he had to ____ for it again.

  • pass
  • make
  • take
  • sit
Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this one.

The man in that painting reminds me of my uncle.

  • There are some likeness between my uncle and the man in that painting.
  • My uncle and the man in that painting were very alike.
  • The man in that painting bears a strong resemblance to my uncle.
  • In that painting, the man has something similar to my uncle.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

If only you had told me the truth about the theft.

  • You should have told me the truth about the theft.
  • I do wish you would tell me the truth about the theft.
  • You must have told me the truth about the theft.
  • It is necessary that you tell me the truth about the theft.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

As long as you stay calm, you have nothing to fear from the interview.

  • You have remained calm for a long time in spite of your fear of the interview.
  • Even if you are afraid of the interview, it is important not to let it show.
  • Interviews are only intimidating for people who are not extremely calm.
  • Provided you do not get nervous, the interview won't go badly for you.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
The weather was so dismal. They had to cancel the picnic immediately.

  • The weather was too dismal that the picnic was cancelled immediately.
  • The picnic would be cancelled immediately since the weather was dismal.
  • So dismal was the weather that they had to cancel the picnic immediately.
  • The weather was enough dismal for them to cancel the picnic immediately.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
Tom was encouraged by my success. He decided not to quit his work.

  • Encouraged by my success, Tom decided not to quit his work.
  • Encouraging by my success, Tom decided not to quit his work.
  • To be encouraged by my success, Tom decided not to quit his work.
  • That he was encouraged by success, Tom decided not to quit his work.

Read and choose the best answer for each space.

What a load of rubbish!!

It's difficult to believe that after years of people working hard to fight pollution and take action the environment, we still have a long way to go before we succeed.

Oceanographers have discovered a huge ‘plastic soup’ from rubbish floating in the Pacific Ocean. This island of rubbish has been growing slowly for over 60 years and is now so big. It goes from California to Hawaii and nearly to Japan. It everything you could imagine, from plastic bags to children's toys and even plastic swimming pools!

The ‘Great Garbage Patch’ as it's sometimes called, causes lots of problems. One of is the chemicals it produces in the sea. These chemicals and small pieces of plastic are now appearing in fish, and obviously, this means the plastic-filled fish could get into our dinner plates!

It’s not all bad news . At the moment, a conversation group is investigating if the 100 million tons of waste can be turned into fuel and used in a positive way.

Let’s hope they take action on the ‘plastic soup’ now before it gets any bigger!

(Adapted from Close-up B1 pre-intermediate)

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions. 

You can usually tell when your friends are happy or angry by the looks on their faces or by their actions. This is useful because reading their emotional expressions helps you to know how to respond to them. Emotions have evolved to help us respond to important situations and to convey our intentions to others. But does raising the eyebrows and rounding the mouth say the same thing in Minneapolis as it does in Madagascar? Much research on emotional expressions has centered on such questions.

According to Paul Ekman, the leading researcher in this area, people speak and understand substantially the same "facial language". Studies by Ekman's group have demonstrated that humans share a set of universal emotional expressions that testify to the common biological heritage of the human species.

Smiles, for example, signal happiness and frowns indicate sadness on the faces of people in such far- flung places as Argentina, Japan, Spain, Hungary, Poland, Sumatra, the United States, Vietnam, the jungles of New Guinea, and the Eskimo villages north of Artic Circle. Ekman and his colleagues claim that people everywhere can recognize at least seven basic emotions: sadness, fear, anger, disgust, contempt, happiness, and surprise. There are, however, huge differences across cultures in both the context and intensity of emotional displays - the so called display rules. In many Asian cultures, for example, children are taught to control emotional responses - especially negative ones- while many American children are encouraged to express their feelings more openly. Regardless of cultures, however, emotions usually show themselves, to some degree, in people's behavior. From their first days of life, babies produce facial expressions that communicate their feelings.

The ability to read facial expressions develops early, too. Very young children pay close attention to facial expressions, and by age five, they nearly equal adults in their skill at reading emotions on people's faces. This evidence all points to a biological underpinning for our abilities to express and interpret a basic set of human emotions. Moreover, as Charles Darwin pointed out over a century ago, some emotional expressions seem to appear across species boundaries. Cross - cultural psychologists tell us that certain emotional responses carry different meanings in different cultures. For example, what emotion do you suppose might be conveyed by sticking out your tongue? For Americans, this might indicate disgust, while in China it can signify surprise. Likewise, a grin on an American face may indicate joy, while on a Japanese face it may just as easily mean embarrassment. Clearly, culture influences emotional expressions.

The word “evolved” is closest in meaning to _______.

  • developed
  • simplified
  • increased
  • reduced

Many studies on emotional expressions try to answer the question whether ______.

  • raising the eyebrows has similar meaning to rounding the mouth
  • different cultures have similar emotional expressions
  • rounding the mouth has the same meaning in Minneapolis and Madagascar
  • eyebrow raising means the same in Minneapolis and Madagascar

Unlike American children, Asian children are encouraged to _______.

  • change their behaviour
  • conceal their positive emotions
  • display their emotions openly
  • control their emotions

The biggest difference among cultures lies in _______.

  • how intensive emotions are expressed
  • how often positive emotions are shown
  • how emotional responses are controlled
  • how long negative emotions are displayed

According to the passage, we respond to others by _______.

  • looking at their faces
  • observing their looks
  • watching their actions
  • observing their emotional expressions

The word "their" in paragraph 3 refers to ________.

  • feelings
  • babies
  • Asian children
  • American children

Which of the following is TRUE about young children?

  • They spend a long time learning to read others' emotions.
  • They are sensitive towards others' emotions.
  • They make amazing progress in controlling their emotions.
  • They take time to control their facial expressions.

The best title for the passage is _______.

  • Human habit of displaying emotions
  • Ways to control emotional expressions
  • Cultural universals in emotional expressions
  • Review of research on emotional expressions

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

Herman Melville, an American author best known today for his novel Moby Dick, was actually more popular during his lifetime for some of his other works. He traveled extensively and used the knowledge gained during his travels as the basis for his early novels. In 1837, at the age of eighteen, Melville signed as a cabin boy on a merchant ship that was to said from his Massachusetts home to Liverpool, England. His experiences on this trip served as a basis for the novel Redburn (1849). In 1841 Melville set out on a whaling ship headed for the South Seas. After jumping ship in Tahiti, he wandered around the islands of Tahiti and Moorea. This South Sea island sojourn was a backdrop to the novel Omoo (1847). After three years away from home, Melville joined up with a U.S. naval frigate that was returning to the eastern United States around Cape Horn. The novel White-Jacket (1850) describes this lengthy voyage as a navy seaman. With the publication of these early adventure novels, Melville developed a strong and loyal following among readers cages for his tales of exotic places and situations. However, in 1851, with the publication of Moby Dick, Melville's popularity started to diminish. Moby Dick, on one level the saga of the hunt for the great white whale was also a heavily symbolic allegory of the heroic struggle of man against the universe. The public was not ready for Melville's literary metamorphosis from romantic adventure to philosophical symbolism. It is ironic that the novel that served to diminish Melville's popularity during his lifetime is the one for which he is best known today.

The main subject of the passage is _____.

  • Melville's travels
  • Melville's person background
  • The popularity of Melville's novels
  • Moby Dick

The passage implies that Melville stayed in Tahiti because _____.

  • He had unofficially left his ship.
  • He was on leave while his ship was in port.
  • He was finished his term of duty.
  • He had received permission to take a vacation in Tahiti.

How did the publication of Moby Dick affect Melville's popularity?

  • His popularity increased immediately.
  • It had no effect on his popularity.
  • It caused his popularity to decrease.
  • His popularity remained as strong as ever.

According to the passage, Moby Dick is _____.

  • a romantic adventure
  • a single-faceted work
  • short story about a whale
  • symbolic of humanity fighting the environment

The word "metamorphosis" is closest in meaning to _____.

  • change
  • circle
  • mysticism
  • descent