Đề thi thử THPT 2020 môn Anh - Sở GD&ĐT Ninh Bình (có giải thích đáp án chi tiết)

6/5/2020 9:10:00 AM
Choose the underlined sound that is pronounced differently from the rest.
  • steak

  • break

  • great

  • threaten

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • decided

  • stopped

  • watched

  • cooked

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • abandon
  • attractive
  • perception
  • recommend
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • punish
  • admire
  • native
  • teacher

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

He has travelled to most every country in the world so he is very knowledgeable about many cultures. 

  • has
  • most
  • in
  • knowledgeable

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

 I always will remember our childhood which brought us a lot of unforgettable memories.

  • always will remember
  • which
  • a lot of
  • unforgettable

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

New laws should enact to reduce the pressure of heavy traffic in the city center.

  • New
  • should enact
  • heavy
  • in

The forest fires in Australia have _____ a catastrophic impact on people's life, biodiversity and climate change.

  • had
  • given
  • got
  • taken

According to 24h VTV news, the number of road accidents caused by drinking alcohol has decreased dramatically since new laws _____ into force on January 1st, 2020.

  • changed
  • turned
  • came
  • occurred

_____ we had enough money, my husband refused to buy a new car.

  • Because
  • In spite of
  • Because of
  • Although

Emily has set her _____ on becoming a well-known scientist.

  • heart
  • feet
  • brain
  • head

_____ the can, my hand was cut.

  • Having tried to open
  • Trying to open
  • As I was trying to open
  • While trying to open

Responding to the recent _____ of nCov, Viet Nam is giving high priority to the prevention and combat of this epidemic.

  • outbreak
  • outset
  • outcome
  • outburst

Once _____ fossil fuels will take millions of years to reform.

  • has used up
  • is used up
  • used up
  • using up

What makes you think that you are qualified _____ this job?

  • at
  • of
  • with
  • for

Alice doesn't recall _____ to Bill's party last weekend.

  • to invite
  • to be invited
  • inviting
  • having been invited

There are a lot of _____ jobs available in this town.

  • attract
  • attractive
  • attraction
  • attractively

If the current rate of deforestation continues, the world's rainforests _____ within 100 years.

  • would vanish
  • will vanish
  • would have vanished
  • vanished

The price of pork in Viet Nam had risen _____ a few months before the Lunar New Year of 2020.

  • utterly
  • totally
  • sharply
  • effectively

The ambulance quickly arrived and took _____ injured to a nearby hospital.

  • an
  • Ø (no article)
  • the
  • a

Lora didn't want to go to the cinema with us because she _____ that film.

  • had seen
  • sees
  • is seeing
  • has seen

Lan is talking to Nam about one source of study on YouTube.

- Lan: "I think SunEnglish is a good channel for us to prepare for the National Exam."

- Nam: "_____. It is very informative and useful."

  • I'm not sure about that
  • It’s so unbelievable
  • I can't agree with you more
  • I'm considering what you say

Tom is showing his gratefulness to Paul for his help.

- Tom: "It was very kind of you to help me out, Paul."

- Paul: "_____"

  • That was the least I could do.
  • You can say that again.
  • I'm glad to receive your help.
  • You are very kind, thanks.

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

A few years ago, a fire devastated much of an overcrowded part of the city.

  • rehabilitated
  • reformed
  • occurred
  • destroyed

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

As they were attacked by the powerful enemy, the captain ordered his men to fall back.

  • battle
  • retreat
  • defend
  • attack

Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.

My parents don't see eye to eye with me about my choice of current job. They want me to find a better one.

  • approve
  • disagree
  • support
  • concern

Choose the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Psychologists who study memory are interested in how the brain stores knowledge, where this storage takes place, and how the brain later retrieves knowledge when we need it.

  • recovers
  • generates
  • creates
  • rejects

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Richard runs faster than any students in his class.

  • Other students in Richard's class run faster than he does.
  • No one in Richard's class runs as fast as he does.
  • Richard is the fastest runner in his school.
  • Richard runs as fast as other students in his class.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to this sentence.

"Why were you absent from the class yesterday?" The teacher said to Andrew.

  • The teacher wanted to know why Andrew was absent from the class the previous day.
  • The teacher wondered why Andrew has been absent from the class the day before.
  • The teacher asked Andrew why he had been absent from the class the day before.
  • The teacher told Andrew why had he been absent from the class the previous day.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

I'm sure it wasn't Charles you saw yesterday because he was staying with me at that time.

  • It mustn't have been Charles you saw yesterday because he was staying with me at that time.
  • It can't have been Charles you saw yesterday because he was staying with me at that time.
  • It mightn't be Charles you saw yesterday because he was staying with me at that time.
  • It shouldn't be Charles you saw yesterday because he was staying with me at that time

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Brian registered for the course. He received the scholarship right after that.

  • Brian registered for the course soon after he had received the scholarship.
  • Rather than receive the scholarship, Brian registered for the course.
  • Hardly had Brian registered for the course when he received the scholarship.
  • Receiving the scholarship actually helped Brian to register for the course.

Choose the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following question.

Arnold didn't attend Lora's birthday party. He regrets it now.

  • Arnold would rather have attended Lora's birthday party.
  • If Arnold attended Lora's birthday party, he would regret it.
  • Arnold wishes he attended Lora's birthday party.
  • Arnold regrets having attended Lora's birthday party.

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right but a foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. at the current time, 1 in 5 women and girls between the ages of 15 and 49 have reported experiencing physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner within a 12-month period and 49 countries currently have no laws women from domestic violence. Progress is occurring regarding harmful practices such as child marriage and FGM (Female Genital Mutilation), has declined by 30% in the past decade, but there is still much work to be done to completely eliminate such practices.
Providing women and girls with equal to education, health care, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision-making processes will fuel sustainable economies and
benefit societies and humanity at large. Implementing new legal frameworks regarding female equality in the workplace and the eradication of harmful practices targeted at women is crucial to ending the gender-based discrimination prevalent in many countries around the world. 

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

It used to be that people would drink coffee or tea in the morning to pick them up and get them going for the day. Then cola drinks hit the market. With lots of caffeine and sugar, these beverages soon became the pick-me-up of choice for many adults and teenagers. Now drink companies are putting out so-called "energy drinks". These beverages have the specific aim of giving tired consumers more energy.

One example of a popular energy drink is Red Bull. The company that puts out this beverage has stated in interviews that Red Bull is not a thirst quencher. Nor is it meant to be a fluid replacement drink for athletes. Instead, the beverage is meant to revitalize a tired consumer's body and mind. In order to do this, the makers of Red Bull, and other energy drinks, typically add vitamins and certain chemicals to their beverages. The added chemicals are like chemicals that the body naturally produces for energy. The vitamins, chemicals, caffeine, and sugar found in these beverages all seem like a sure bet to give a person energy.

Health professionals are not so sure, though. For one thing, there is not enough evidence to show that all of the vitamins added to energy drinks actually raise a person's energy level. Another problem is that there are so many things in the beverages. Nobody knows for sure how all of the ingredients in energy drinks work together.

Dr. Brent Bauer, one of the directors at the Mayo Clinic in the US, cautions people about believing all the claims energy drinks make. He says, "It is plausible if you put all these things together, you will get a good result." However, Dr. Bauer adds the mix of ingredients could also have a negative impact on the body. "We just don't know at this point," he says. 

(Adapted from "Reading Challenge 2", Casey Malarcher & Andrea Janzen, Compass Publishing)

The beverages mentioned in the first paragraph aim to give consumers _____.
  • more choices
  • more energy
  • more caffeine
  • more sugar
The word "it" in the second paragraph refers to _____.
  • Red Bull
  • the company
  • one example
  • thirst quencher
The word "plausible" in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.
  • reasonable
  • impossible
  • unlikely
  • typical
Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
  • It has been scientifically proved that energy drinks work.
  • The makers of Red Bull say that it can revitalize a person.
  • Bauer does not seem to believe the claims of energy drink makers.
  • Colas have been on the market longer than energy drinks.
What is the main idea of this passage?
  • Teenagers should not choose energy drinks.
  • Red Bull is the best energy drink for athletes.
  • Caffeine is too bad for people to drink every day.
  • It is uncertain whether energy drinks are healthy.

Read and choose the correct answer for each question.

Human beings are plagued by all kinds of diseases and millions of people die from them. Many of these diseases such as diabetes, polio, whooping cough and diphtheria can be fatal and in the past, people used to die from them. However, with modem technology and a lot of research, scientists and doctors have come up with various ways to cure these diseases, and consequently, many lives are saved.

In doing the medical research, doctors have come face to face with many problems. One such problem is the opposition that comes from animal activists. They are against the inhuman treatment of animals. They argue that in conducting their medical research, doctors put animals through a very painful process and this should be stopped. According to the fiercest animal activists, nothing justifies the use of animals in medical experiments, even if lives might be saved.

To get their message across, animal activists are even willing to resort to the use of violence. Many animal protection groups, like the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), have broken into laboratories illegally to "rescue" animals. They take away whatever animals they can find and free them. These people also make their case by threatening the researchers. They vandalize medical equipment, and in the most serious cases, they even use bombs.

In stealing the animals, the activists are actually hindering the progress of medicine. In many cases, the animals were part of research for the cure for various diseases and visual defects in babies. Cures for problems that people face, therefore, come slower and in the waiting period, more people die.

Researchers have come up with many cures in the process of working with animals and on animals. Organ transplants are so common today, but we forget they became only possible after they were tested on animals. Doctors were able to come up with a cure for river blindness, a disease that affects millions of people in South America and Africa. These are only a few examples, and there are many more. In spite of what animal activists think, most researches do not treat animals cruelly. In fact, mistreated animals which are in agony will affect the quality of research so that results obtained are not really reliable. Thus, researchers do try to treat animals as well as possible.

In the long run, animal activists can cause serious damage to the future of medicine. With their persistent campaigning, much of the public supports their cause. People with AIDS or cancer need doctors to do research to save their lives, and often it is a case where animal research is crucial before any cure can be found.

The belief of animal activists is that animals ______.
  • should experience no pain in experiments
  • must be treated well so that they can do research
  • can be used in experiments to cure human diseases
  • should not be sacrificed in experiments
According to paragraph 3, animal activists may resort to the use of violence _____.
  • to debate about their case
  • to stand up for the researchers
  • to cure the animals
  • to defend their cause
The phrase "resort to" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____.
  • refuse to take drastic action
  • turn to something as another choice
  • take full advantage of
  • come to a decision on second thoughts
Thanks to tests on animals, doctors succeeded in _____.
  • treating animals as well as possible
  • discovering river blindness
  • finding a cure for river blindness
  • revealing what animal activists think
Which of the following might NOT be the purpose of doing medical research?
  • Making better medicine for the rich
  • Developing medical equipment
  • Finding the cure for diseases
  • Improving the well-being of humans
The highlighted word "they" in paragraph 5 refers to _____.
  • researchers
  • animals
  • many cures
  • organ transplants
Which of the following statements is NOT true, according to the passage?
  • Animal activists are against cruelty to animals used in research.
  • River blindness is a disease that affects millions of people.
  • Fatal diseases like diabetes and AIDS are things of the past.
  • A result of the campaign by animal activists is getting people's support.
Which of the following would the author probably agree with?
  • Animal activists are doing a good job for the community.
  • Organ transplants are impossible unless they are carried out on animals.
  • Animal research is essential to find a remedy for fatal diseases.
  • With modern technology, doctors can now cure all kinds of diseases.