Đề ôn luyện chuyên Anh vào 10 Sở Hà Nội số 10 (Reading & Writing)

10/21/2020 4:59:00 PM

Đề ôn luyện Anh Chuyên các trường Chuyên thuộc Sở HN (Ams, Nguyễn Huệ, Chu Văn An, Sơn Tây), biên soạn bởi thầy Nguyễn Thế Hải (Trưởng Bộ môn Tiếng Anh học thuật, Khoa Tiếng Anh chuyên ngành, trường ĐH Hà Nội; Quản lý học thuật một hệ thống đào tạo Anh ngữ lớn ở Hà Nội) - thành viên Ban cố vấn chuyên môn của TiengAnhK12

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • chaos

  • cherish

  • chorus

  • hierarchy

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • surprised

  • beloved

  • faced

  • cursed

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • witch

  • mortgage

  • rapport

  • doubt

Choose the word whose main stress pattern is different from that of the other.

  • explanatory
  • characterize
  • inheritance
  • binocular

Choose the word whose main stress pattern is different from that of the other.

  • intimidating
  • photosynthesis
  • punctuality
  • managerial

Police have not _____ the names of any of the people involved.

  • leaked
  • released
  • showed
  • added

The lawyer insisted that his client _____ in the first place.

  • should never be arrested
  • should be never arrested
  • should never have been arrested
  • should have never been arrested

To her relief, she was _____ of all the charges laid against her.

  • acquitted
  • unconvinced
  • discharged
  • liberated

The management offered a large _____ to those workers who stayed to the end of the contract.

  • addition
  • reward
  • donation
  • bonus

The impact, occurring shortly before midnight local time, _____ knocked out all communications before warning could be given.

  • apparently
  • obviously
  • probably
  • hopefully

Since James spoke about the subject so indirectly, it was difficult to see what he was _____.

  • getting up
  • getting in
  • getting at
  • getting on

After his death, the scientific community made ______ for their initial disrespect by naming the metric unit of energy after him.

  • amend
  • amends
  • amendment
  • amendments

Reynolds became involved in ______ crime at a very young age.

  • petty
  • trivial
  • small
  • insignificant

_____ their poverty, they managed to live a happy life.

  • Despite of
  • However
  • Much as
  • For all

Typical of the grassland dwellers of the continent _____, or pronghorn.

  • it is the American antelope
  • the American antelope is
  • is the American antelope
  • the American antelope

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

A. The training programme is seen as a _______ between school and work.

B. Thankfully, efforts are already under way to ________ the digital divide.

C. The book will be useful reading for anyone seeking to _______ the gap between data and theory in ecology.


Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

A. Fowler was released after ________ two-thirds of his sentence.

B. Lower earnings have forced many stores to be less generous in _______ customers.

C. The dish has about 250 calories per ______.


Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

A. Three teenage girls were brought to _______ for robbing an elderly woman.

B. When she walked onto ______ for the final, the crowd went wild.

C. It's up to you what to do - the ball is in your ______ now.


Complete each sentence using a verb from column A in the correct form and a suitable particle from column B. You can use any particle more than once.



charge, come, count, cut, go, lock, pass, pick, see, think

up, through, to, out, over, forward, with, off

You should get that tooth by a dentist.

Dyson his bike as he rounded the last corner, but wasn’t badly hurt.

She was sitting at the kitchen table, a pile of mushrooms.

People need time to what the changes will mean for them.

The team will into the next round of the World Cup.

more criminals has helped to reduce the crime rate and produce safer streets.

You wonder, when you a deal like that, whether you’ll ever get one again.

They finally caught Capone by him tax evasion.

Let's them to see who's missing.

My doctor told me that I need to fried foods in order to improve my cholesterol.

Give the correct form of the words in brackets to complete the passage below.

A 52-year-old woman in the San Francisco Bay Area was arrested on (SUSPECT) of a hate crime after the police learned she was posting hateful (WRITE) messages on the homes of Asian-Americans, according to a statement from the San Leandro Police Department.

The messages suggested that men and women not (NATION) to the US leave the country immediately, according to the Associated Press, which saw a copy of one of the notes. "If you are a woman or man and was born in another country, return, go back to your land immediately, fast, with (URGE) ," the note said, according to The AP. It ended with "One American, white, brave, that serves the Nation or USA is going to live here."

Officers in San Leandro, a suburb of 89,000 just south of Oakland, were called to the Heron Bay neighborhood Friday night after receiving reports of notes containing "insensitive messages towards (MINOR) " taped to five homes.

Read and choose the correct words that best fits each of the blanks 1-8 to complete the passage.


Made of good quality cowhide, this unisex belt bag is ideal for travelling or any other energetic outdoor pursuit where it is beneficial to have both hands . Compact and lightweight, the bag 8"x4 1/2" and fits up to a 41" waist. The main zipped section, and a flap-over compartment with pop fastening are large enough to sunglasses, a passport, a small camera and more. There is also a small zipped pocket for coins. Available in black, navy and brown for £15.50, is included. Our slim, hideaway travel wallet is to slot over a belt and sit securely in position under trousers or a skirt. Features a strong stitched band, a full length zipped pocket for notes, travel cards etc, and a small zipped section which is ideal for postage stamps or a key. Measuring a compact 7"x4", this black leather wallet is available for only £5.95. Return within seven days for a refund if not completely satisfied. 

Fill each of the blanks 1-10 with a suitable word to complete the passage.

For decades, influenza has been referred to as “an unvarying disease caused by a varying virus” because of tendency to mutate every year and yet still cause the same symptoms of rapid-onset fever, malaise, headaches and coughing. Indeed, a review of influenza published in 2018 by John Paget of the Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, showed that even when all of the different influenza types (A or B) and subtypes (H1N1, H3N2, etc.) were analyzed, there were differences in the ways they presented clinically. Literature on SARS-COV-2 suggests, by contrast, that this virus is a master of disguise.

For example, Anthony DeBenedet, a doctor at St Joseph Mercy Health System in Michigan, reports in the American Journal of Gastroenterology in early March, following a trip down the Nile, a 71-year-old woman arrived at his emergency department bloody diarrhoea. She suffered with this condition for five days, while experiencing abdominal pains and nausea. But her temperature was normal and her breathing good, so COVID-19 was not suspected. Yet when he and his colleagues examined of her stools for signs of the sorts of bacterial infections that are likely to be picked up in Egypt, they found none. They also saw no beneficial effects from the antibiotics they were administering. They, therefore, started to wonder something else might be going on. It was only on the fourth day of the woman’s stay at the hospital, her ninth day of illness, when she developed a cough, that they her for SARS-COV-2 and confirmed the virus’s presence in both her nasal tissues and her stools.

Dr. DeBenedet’s findings are far from unique. Patients brought into hospital with all the symptoms of a heart attack have been found to be suffering from cardiac inflammation caused by the virus. It has also demonstrated that it can begin as a kidney infection, or even as meningitis, before sometimes going on to cause its characteristic respiratory problems.

Read the passage below and choose the best option to answer each of the following questions. 

How did writing begin?

Many theories, few answers

The Sumerians, an ancient people of the Middle East, had a story explaining the invention of writing more than 5,000 years ago. It seems a messenger of the King of Uruk arrived at the court of a distant ruler so exhausted that he was unable to deliver the oral message. So the king set down the words of his next messages on a clay tablet. A charming story, whose retelling at a recent symposium at the University of Pennsylvania amused scholars. They smiled at the absurdity of a letter which the recipient would not have been able to read. They also doubted that the earliest writing was a direct rendering of speech. Writing more likely began as a separate, symbolic system of communication and only later merged with spoken language.

Yet in the story the Sumerians, who lived in Mesopotamia, in what is now southern Iraq, seemed to understand writing's transforming function. As Dr. Holly Pittman, director of the University's Center for Ancient Studies, observed, writing 'arose out of the need to store and transmit information ... over time and space'.

In exchanging interpretations and information, the scholars acknowledged that they still had no fully satisfying answers to the questions of how and why writing developed. Many favoured an explanation of writing's origins in the visual arts, pictures becoming increasingly abstract and eventually representing spoken words. Their views clashed with a widely held theory among archaeologists that writing developed from the pieces of clay that Sumerian accountants used as tokens to keep track of goods.

Archaeologists generally concede that they have no definitive answer to the question of whether writing was invented only once, or arose independently in several places, such as Egypt, the Indus Valley, China, Mexico, and Central America. The preponderance of archaeological data shows that the urbanizing Sumerians were the first to develop writing, in 3,200 or 3,300 BC. These are the dates for many clay tablets in an early form of cuneiform, a script written by pressing the end of a sharpened stick into wet clay, found at the site of the ancient city of Uruk. The baked clay tablets bore such images as pictorial symbols of the names of people, places, and things connected with government and commerce. The Sumerian script gradually evolved from the pictorial to the abstract but did not at first represent recorded spoken language.

Dr. Peter Damerow, a specialist in Sumerian cuneiform at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin, said, 'It is likely that there were mutual influences of writing systems around the world. However, their great variety now shows that the development of writing, once initiated, attains a considerable degree of independence and flexibility to adapt to specific characteristics of the sounds of the language to be represented.' Not that he accepts the conventional view that writing started as a representation of words by pictures. New studies of early Sumerian writing, he said, challenge this interpretation. The structures of this earliest writing did not, for example, match the structure of spoken language, dealing mainly in lists and categories rather than in sentences and narrative.

For at least two decades, Dr. Denise Schmandt-Besserat, a University of Texas archaeologist, has argued that the first writing grew directly out of a system practiced by Sumerian accountants. They used clay tokens, each one shaped to represent a jar of oil, a container of grain, or a particular kind of livestock. These tokens were sealed inside clay spheres, and then the number and type of tokens inside was recorded on the outside using impressions resembling the tokens. Eventually, the token impressions were replaced with inscribed signs, and writing had been invented. Though Dr. Schmandt-Besserat has won much support, some linguists question her thesis, and others, like Dr. Pittman, think it too narrow. They emphasize that pictorial representation and writing evolved together. 'There's no question that the token system is a forerunner of writing,' Dr. Pittman said, 'but I have an argument with her evidence for a link between tokens and signs, and she doesn't open up the process to include picture-making.‘

Dr. Schmandt-Besserat vigorously defended her ideas. 'My colleagues say that pictures were the beginning of writing,' she said, 'but show me a single picture that becomes a sign in writing. They say that designs on pottery were the beginning of writing, but show me a single sign of writing you can trace back to a pot — it doesn't exist.' In its first 500 years, she asserted, cuneiform writing was used almost solely for recording economic information, and after that its uses multiplied and broadened.

Yet other scholars have advanced different ideas. Dr. Piotr Michalowski, Professor of Near East Civilizations at the University of Michigan, said that the proto-writing of Sumerian Uruk was 'so radically different as to be a complete break with the past'. It no doubt served, he said, to store and communicate information, but also became a new instrument of power. Some scholars noted that the origins of writing may not always have been in economics. In Egypt, most early writing is high on monuments or deep in tombs. In this case, said Dr Pascal Vernus from a university in Paris, early writing was less administrative than sacred. It seems that the only certainty in this field is that many questions remain to be answered. 

The researchers at the conference regarded the story of the King of Uruk as ridiculous because _____.

  • clay tablets had not been invented at that time.
  • the distant ruler would have spoken another language.
  • writing probably developed independently of speech.
  • evidence of writing has been discovered from an earlier period.

According to the writer, the story of the King of Uruk ____.

  • is a probable explanation of the origins of writing.
  • proves that early writing had a different function to writing today.
  • provides an example of symbolic writing.
  • shows some awareness amongst Sumerians of the purpose of writing.

The word "tokens" in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to_____.

  • coins
  • markers
  • receipts
  • souvenirs

The word “concede” in paragraph 4 means ____.

  • insist
  • permit
  • admit
  • agree

The word “their” in the fifth paragraph refers to______. 

  • pictorial symbols
  • writing systems
  • specific characteristics
  • sounds

According to the passage, the uses of cuneiform writing ____.

  • were narrow at first, and later widened.
  • became more abstract over time.
  • represented grammatical features of speech.
  • were for only purpose in trade transactions.

Sumerian writing was believed to have developed into ______.

  • a means of information storage.
  • a means of ancient life reflection.
  • a means of political control.
  • a means of pictorial representation.

Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

  • Dr. Schmandt-Besserat is in tune with the notion that designs on pottery were the precursors to writing.
  • Early Sumerian writing did not mirror how people commonly spoke and communicated verbally.
  • There is evidence shows that the people of Mesopotamia invented writing in around 3300 BC.
  • According to Dr. Pittma, there is no convincing proof to suggest a relationship between tokens and signs.

Read a newspaper article about the effect of having a dog in the classroom. For questions 1-6, choose from the sections (A-D). The paragraphs may be chosen more than once.

Paws for thought 

Buying a dog for a school isn't a barking mad idea, says Maly Braid. Man's best friend is also a useful classroom assistant. 

Henry is the undisputed star of Dronfield School near Sheffield. Whatever the achievements of other members of the comprehensive School, it is Henry, with his soulful eyes and glossy hair, who has hogged the, limelight, appearing on television, in Britain and abroad. Yet despite all the public adulation, Henry stirs up no envy or resentment among the 2000 students - in fact, they all adore him, saying the Cavalier King Charles spaniel is simply a pupil's best friend.Their teachers make even greater assertions for Henry. They say the dog, who first arrived six months ago, is a super dog, who has improved pupil behaviour and encouraged more students to focus on their academic achievement. 


“It's hard not to drift off in a large class sometimes,” explains Andrew Wainwright, 15, who, like everyone else, is crazy about Henry. “So when I go to catch-up classes, Henry is always in the room where they're held. He helps me focus and get on with it”. Andrew says Henry is a calming influence although he is unsure of why this might be. But he knows that there's something magical about being able to interact with Henry while he is studying. He knows that if he falls behind, that opportunity will be denied. Even doubting staff have finally been won round. Perhaps that is because Henry, who lies on the floor during staff meetings, has also had a calming influence on them. 


Wendy Brown is Andrew's teacher. It was Brown and Julie Smart, the school counsellor, who first proposed buying a school dog. 'Julie and I grew up with dogs and we were talking one day about how looking after dogs can affect children's conduct,' says Brown. 'We did some research and discovered that the presence of pets has been shown to be therapeutic. A number of studies have found that animals improve recovery after surgery or illness and have a calming influence on people in lots of settings. Some of my kids can be a handful and some of the children Julie counsels have terrible problems.


The two teachers could have plucked a dog from a rescue centre but felt that those dogs were more likely to have their own behavioural issues. What they and what troubled children needed was a stable, intelligent, people-loving animal. Step forward then puppy Henry, purchased from a local breeder, Julie looks after him after school hours - information that has pacified animal lovers who, assuming he was being kept on the premises overnight, complained to the school about Henry's treatment.' Also, the school budget was too tight to buy a dog and you can imagine that putting one before books might have stirred some people up a bit. We wanted the least controversy possible so we settled on approaching local churches. They donated the funds to buy him and his favourite food. 

In which paragraph are the following mentioned?

a motivating reason for students to keep up with their schoolwork:

evidence to back up the theory that dogs can improve physical well-being:

people eventually being persuaded that a dog at school is beneficial:

a misunderstanding concerning the way a dog is being cared for:

the popularity of a dog not attracting negative feelings:

a decision which was taken to avoid provoking people:

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Nadja is incredibly ambitious. (DETERMINED)

=> Nadja …… the top.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

You'll find it difficult to finish the project on time. (CUT)

=> You'll have your work ……. finishing the project on time.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I hope you broke my computer by accident. (BETTER)

=> You …….. purpose.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

He was once a very rich man. (DEAL)

=> He ……... money.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The film was an adaptation of a novel by Hilton Nordman. (BASED)

=> They ……… by Hilton Nordman.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Lily never seems to remember her parents' special occasions or ceremonies.

=> Lily is always ………

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

"I think she should donate the money to charity," he said.

=> His proposal …….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

He shouldn't have tried to fix the device himself as the repairs cost even more in the end.

=> Had ……….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

So inaccurate was the report that the newspaper had to print an apology.

=> There were ……

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Although she was really exhausted, she never thought about giving up the search.

=> Exhausted ……….

Write an academic essay of about 250 words on the following topic.

Some people think that public libraries are necessary, while others believe that they are no longer important thanks to open online sources. What is your opinion?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.