Đề số 8 ôn thi Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN

6/18/2020 9:05:00 PM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • dimension

  • expansion

  • confusion

  • tension

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • academe

  • anecdote

  • amalgam

  • aperture

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • massage

  • carriage

  • voyage

  • dosage

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • fascination

  • fascism

  • nascent

  • incandescent

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • apathetic
  • economic
  • emblematic
  • arithmetic

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • cathedral
  • restaurant
  • improvise
  • embryo

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • ambition
  • decency
  • destiny
  • reconcile

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • imminent
  • handicap
  • committee
  • heritage

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The team wasn’t playing well, so the coach took the bull by the horns and sacked several senior players.

  • made the right decision
  • made a bold decision
  • made a final decision
  • made the wrong decision

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Although he doesn't have a medical condition, he uses the same prescription medication that people who have ADHD use to stay on the ball during exams.

  • react quickly and correctly
  • stay awake
  • overdo your duty
  • keep calm

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I can't believe what a narrow escape it was when the car went off the road and passed within a few feet of us.

  • lost cause
  • first-rate
  • close call
  • take away

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The president's plan first came under fire from the community who said he didn't include enough spending cuts.

  • was criticized
  • was praised
  • was voted
  • was illuminated

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The police have concluded tentatively that the explosion was caused by a bomb.

  • differently
  • hesitantly
  • certainly
  • temporarily

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Bob began to write his examination and found himself firing on all cylinders.

  • working sluggishly
  • going to great lengths
  • working effectively
  • making poor uses of its resources

Katie O'Donovan, public policy manager at Google UK, said the company had shown its _____ to protecting children by developing its resources such as an online safety course has been taught to 40,000 schoolchildren.

  • interest
  • keenness
  • enthusiasm
  • commitment

We couldn't afford that house because it _____.

  • paid through the nose
  • went over my head
  • cost an arm and a leg
  • blew my own trumpet

She insisted that the report _____ as his source of information.

  • not be mentioned
  • not to mention
  • not mentioning
  • not mention

No matter how often I explain it, he doesn't seem to _____.

  • put it through
  • take it in
  • take it on
  • put it in

He was accused of theft, but then he _____ as the real thief confessed to the police.

  • appeared in broad daylight
  • cleared his name
  • kept it up to his sleeve
  • caught himself red-handed

Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.

Technology is used for the of human needs and production is increased by technology. Science and technology, the concerned with know-what and latter with know-how, are continuously conditioning man’s world view and have material standards beyond any earlier vision of man’s potential. However, in this science and technology, there is too much concerned with quantity at the expense of . Technology has made possible the mass production of articles and mass production seems to have reduced the quality of goods. If a motor-car in the past was made to last, today it is made to be thrown away and . While the quality in terms of new features has improved, is of little concern to manufacturers. In their drive to expand markets and be competitive, manufacturers ignore quality and are concerned with quantity or the number of products that can be sold. Evolving technology encourages the economy of economy of transience which is fast replacing the economy on permanence of the old world. Medical technology prolongs life and reduces the mortality rate, but the quality of life . Genetics has increased agricultural productivity, and the Green Revolution that it set in motion had resulted in high-yielding variety of wheat, rice paddy, etc., but they lack the quality which the traditional variety, through low- yielding, had. Alvin Toffler in his Future Shock considers the lowering of costs of manufacture and increased demand as factors for the sacrifice of quality. Science and technology should be concerned equally with quality and quantity. This concern is of great importance since science and technology are to make further strides. 

Read the passage and answer the questions:

There has been much debate over the past few decades concerning fears that automation will lead to robots replacing human workers on a massive scale. The increasing use of robotics, computers and artificial intelligence is a reality, but its full implications are far from cut and dried. Some forecasts present the future in a utopian way, claiming that robots will take over the tedious heavy work, thus freeing time and potential, allowing for more creativity and innovation. At the other end of the spectrum are those who foresee an employment apocalypse, predicting that almost fifty percent of all American jobs could vanish within the next few decades. Former Microsoft chairman Bill Gates stated that in 20 years robots could be in place in a number of job categories, particularly those at the lower end of the scale in terms of skills.

The bottom line is that while the future is always uncertain, robots are a fixture of our society, which is not going to disappear. As with the Industrial Revolution, where machines were utilized in many tasks in place of manual laborers and social upheaval followed, the Digital Revolution is likely to place robots in various jobs. In spite of that, many of today's jobs were not in existence before the Industrial Revolution, such as those of programmers, engineers and data scientists. This leads other experts to criticize this alarmist approach of robot scare-mongering, which is invariably compared to the 19th-century "Luddites". This group was textile workers who feared being displaced by machines and resorted to violence, burning down factories and destroying industrial equipment - their rejection of inevitable progress has come to symbolize mindless ignorance. 

Needless to say, exactly what new kinds of jobs might exist in the future is difficult to envision at present. Therefore, the crux of the issue is not whether jobs will be lost, but whether the creation of new vacancies will outpace the ever-increasing number of losses and what skills will be required in the future.

It is clearly not all doom and gloom, as demand for employees with skills in data analysis, coding, computer science, artificial intelligence and human-machine interface is rising and will continue to do so. Furthermore, the demand for skills in jobs where humans surpass computers, such as those involving care, creativity and innovative craftsmanship, are likely to increase considerably. Ultimately, the key lies in the adaptation of the workforce, through appropriate education and training, to keep pace with our world's technological progress.

What is the main concern associated with technological advances in the workplace?

  • safety at work
  • increased unemployment
  • the use of artificial intelligence
  • robots taking over the world

What do optimists predict technology will allow?

  • workplaces to become more relaxing
  • a greater enjoyment of life
  • flexible working hours
  • higher quality products
What can be inferred from the comments made by Bill Gates?
  • Changes will occur for many decades.
  • There will be increasing amounts of unskilled workers.
  • Technology will have a negative effect in the workplace
  • Highly skilled workers have less to worry about.
Why is the example of the Industrial Revolution given?
  • It was also a time of great change in the workplace.
  • It had far less of an effect than the Digital Revolution.
  • It led to widespread unemployment in the world.
  • It resulted in a more violent society.

What is the modern-day view of the Luddites?

  • They managed to protect their jobs.
  • Their refusing to adapt to change is seen in a pessimistic way.
  • Their adapting to new technology saved their jobs.
  • Their actions are inspiring many workers today.

Which of the following is closest in meaning to "doom and gloom" in paragraph 4?

  • incredulity
  • perplexity
  • despair
  • outrage

Which of the following is closest in meaning to "crux" in paragraph 4?

  • the most complex part
  • the hidden message
  • the least understood part
  • the most important part
According to the article, which quality will technology never be able to replace?
  • human compassion
  • the desire to manufacture goods
  • human intelligence
  • team work
What is the main idea of this article?
  • There are few negative consequences to the Digital Revolution.
  • Learning about technology is a natural part of human development.
  • Workers will need to adapt to technological changes.
  • Unemployment will increase dramatically as technology advances.

This is the communicative exchange at an electric shop.

The shop assistant: "This is my last portable CD player. I’ll let you have it for sixty dollars."

Steven: " _____?"

  • Can I take a picture of it
  • Can you tell me your favorite type of music
  • Could you give me a discount
  • Could you give me your last CD

Mike and Laura are talking about their plan for the weekend.

Mike: “I promise to go shopping with you if you help me with the housework.”

Laura: “______. You are the last person to keep a promise.”

  • Come off it!
  • That’s great!
  • How come?
  • I hate to differ.

Peter: "Your constant nagging is driving me crazy."

Linda: "I know, I sound like _____, but I just want you to be more responsible."

  • a pack rat
  • a broken record
  • a balancing act
  • a paper chase

Jack: "Why do you ask me about my brother?"

Carlos: "_____."

  • Just a reason
  • Be curious
  • I can't miss it
  • Just idle curiosity

James: "Would you like me to take that book?"

Marry: "_____."

  • Yes, please. That would be great help.
  • It's OK as it is.
  • Yes, I'll be happy to do it.
  • Please but there is no need.

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Does he feel strongly about your switching to the night shift?

b. Oh? What's it all about?

c. Well, to make a long story short, my boss wants me to switch to the night shift, but I'd rather stay on the day shift.

d. Well, to tell the truth, I've been having a disagreement with my boss.

e. Yes, he does. And I feel just as strongly about staying on the day shift.

f. You seemed troubled for the past few days. Is anything wrong?

  • c-f-b-a-d-e
  • e-b-f-d-a-c
  • a-b-c-e-f-d
  • f-d-b-c-a-e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. What is gravity?

b. Without gravity, you would float into the sky like a balloon.

c. I don’t understand.

d. Gravity is very important.

e. That would be fun!

f. It’s the force that pulls everything down.

  • d-c-b-a-e-f
  • d-a-f-c-b-e
  • b-a-d-f-c-e
  • a-b-e-f-d-c

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Have you heard the news?

b. I doubt it, personally.

c. It's a rumor going around the office. Do you think it's true?

d. No, what?

e. Our supervisor has been fired?! I can't believe it. Who told you that?

f. Our supervisor has been fired.

  • f-e-a-d-b-c
  • a-e-c-f-d-b
  • a-b-c-e-f-d
  • a-d-f-e-c-b

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Well, you can find pencils and an eraser in the kitchen drawer.

b. Dad, I need a few supplies for school.

c. Things are just more progressive now.

d. I didn’t have any of that when I was at school, and I did just fine.

e. You mean I’m too old, don’t you?

f. I’m in middle school and I need high-tech stuff for my demanding classes.

  • b-d-c-a-f-e
  • f-d-b-a-c-e
  • b-a-f-d-c-e
  • f-e-b-d-a-c

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Check out the silverware.

b. Well, let’s forget about germs and focus on food.

c. The tables and chairs look okay.

d. Is this a clean restaurant?

e. It passes inspection.

f. What about the waiter?

  • d-c-a-e-f-b
  • d-a-b-f-c
  • f-a-d-e-b-c
  • a-c-e-d-b-f

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Since the 1960s, water pollution has increased, leading to a reduction in the number of fish species. 

  • Despite sea pollution dating back to the 1960s, the number of fish in the seas has increased.
  • There was a sharp decrease in the number of fish because of a sudden rise in sea pollution in the 1960s.
  • Sea water was cleaner and there were more varieties of fish before the 1960s.
  • The drop in the number of fish in the sea is directly connected with the increase in sea pollution.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

What began as a pleasant hike ended up being a fight for survival.

  • The fight that nearly cost them their lives was initiated during a hike in the woods.
  • They started the day hiking together and finished it trying to kill one another.
  • It started as an enjoyable walk in the country but resulted in a nearly fatal situation.
  • Though they had planned to spend the day walking, they ended it with a nasty fight.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

I envy Jack, as he seems to accomplish everything so effortlessly.

  • I wish I could get things done as easily as Jack done.
  • Jack makes everything look easy which is not the case for me at all.
  • I am envious of Jack since he has accomplished so much.
  • I'm jealous of Jack because he seems to have everything easy.

Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to the following question.

Much as George loved travelling in Asia, he decided not to go to Iraq because of his fears of terrorism.

  • As Iraq had become a high-risk terrorism spot, George, who normally loved Asia, was afraid to go there.
  • Even though George liked touring Asia very much, he was afraid of terrorism in Iraq, so he chose not to go there.
  • Although George liked touring Asia, ever since the threat of terrorism started, he hadn’t been to Iraq.
  • George would have gone to Iraq if he hadn’t been scared of terrorism so much because Asia was his favorite travel spot.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

We’re still hesitating about which school our son ought to go to.

  • We had great difficulty deciding upon which school our son should attend.
  • We haven’t yet decided where we should send our son to school.
  • We are not sure whether we should let our son choose a school for himself.
  • We won’t send our son to any school unless we are certain that it is the one we want.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

I am so thankful for your reminder of the Spanish test. Otherwise, I would not have attended today's class.

  • Had it not been for your reminder of the Spanish test I would have played hooky during today's class.
  • I owe you a favor because of your reminder about the Spanish test, which I was intending to skip.
  • That you reminded me of the Spanish test made me realize the true meaning of attending today's class.
  • If you hadn't reminded me of the Spanish test, I wouldn't have skipped today's class.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

My sisters used to get on with each other. Now they hardly speak.

  • My sisters were once joined at the hip, but they rarely speak to each other these days.
  • My sisters do not speak to each other much now, but they have been as thick as thieves.
  • Dialogue between my sisters is sparse because they have never agreed with each other.
  • Interaction between my sisters is infrequent now as they weren't like two peas in a pod.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The main actor didn't show up at the press conference. They had to cancel it.

  • The main actor's failure to attend the press conference resulted in the cancellation of it.
  • No sooner had they cancel the press conference than the main actor failed to attend it.
  • The main actor had to delay the press conference as all the attendants could not make it.
  • The press conference was abort because of the fact that the main actor couldn't show up.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Companies spend millions of dollars on advertising. They want to increase their sales. 

  • Companies pour big bucks into advertising lest they feel like pumping up their sales numbers.
  • Companies spend millions of dollars on advertising, but they want to grow their gross.
  • Companies shell out a small fortune for advertising with the aim of pumping up their sales numbers.
  • Companies save fortunes by skimping on advertising in the hopes of growing their gross.

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

(1) _____. Cook was unlike most other explorers of the same period as he did not come from a wealthy family and had to work hard to achieve his position in life. He was lucky to be noticed by his father's employer, who saw that he was a bright boy and paid for him to attend the village school. At sixteen, he started work in a shop in a fishing village, (2) _____. He developed an interest in the sea and eventually joined the Royal Navy in order to see more of the world.

Cook was fascinated by sailing, astronomy and the production of maps, and quickly became an expert in these subjects. (3)_____, he was one of the first people to realize that scurvy, an illness often suffered by sailors, could be prevented by careful attention to diet. (4) _____ that Cook made his historic landing in Australia and the major discovery that New Zealand was two separate islands. (5) _____.

Choose the correct answer for (1)

  • Captain James Cook is recognized today for being one of Britain's most famous explorers of the 18th century.
  • Captain James Cook is recognized today for being one of Britain's most famous businessmen of the 18th century.
  • Exploring the ocean was both dangerous and fascinating, especially in the 18th century.
  • Exploring the ocean in the 18th century was never possible without the skills and techniques of observing the stars and the moons.

Choose the correct answer for (2)

  • because this was a turning point in his life.
  • though this was a turning point in his life.
  • and this was a turning point in his life.
  • and he started to love studying fish.

Choose the correct answer for (3)

  • Nevertheless
  • Also
  • Although
  • In contrast

Choose the correct answer for (4)

  • It was his voyage to the Pacific Ocean
  • It was during his voyage to the Pacific Ocean
  • It was during his journey to the Pacific Ocean
  • During his voyage to the Pacific Ocean

Choose the correct answer for (5)

  • He became a national hero and still explores the world today.
  • He became a national hero but soon forgotten until today.
  • He became a national hero of both Australia and New Zealand.
  • He became a national hero and still remains one today.

Write an academic essay of about 250 words on the following topic.

Some people think that parents should teach their children how to be good members of society. Others, however, believe that school is the best place to learn this. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.