Đề số 22 ôn thi Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN

3/16/2021 1:13:00 PM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • synonym

  • synthesis

  • synchronize

  • synovial 

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • pessimism

  • plausible

  • assertive

  • consider

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • conversion

  • opinion

  • conservator

  • concert

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • editor

  • mentor

  • director

  • contributor

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • arithmetic
  • economist
  • euphemism
  • environment

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • redundant
  • department
  • microscopic
  • relationship

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • condolence
  • fortunate
  • paradise
  • opulent

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • nuance
  • sergeant
  • allege
  • atom

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

In the chaos of the emergency, the manager lost his head, forgetting the safety protocols.

  • was sensible
  • was furious
  • was panicked
  • was composed

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The Prime Minister was instrumental in bringing about the Prison Reform Act.

  • brisk
  • sedate
  • insignificant
  • vigorous

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The court upheld the local community's right to preserve the historic park against commercial development.

  • advocated
  • convicted
  • opposed
  • aborted

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

You must be scrupulous about hygiene when you're preparing a baby's bottle.

  • extemporaneous
  • meticulous
  • industrious
  • collaborative

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The organisers go to great lengths to warn entrants of the potential dangers.

  • fight tooth and nail
  • are up the creek without a paddle
  • put a dampener
  • get into hot water

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

The new government plans to do away with outdated tax laws to simplify the financial system.

  • abolish
  • recite
  • amend
  • contend

_____ are a form of carbon has been known since the late eighteenth century.

  • Diamonds, which
  • That diamonds
  • Because diamonds
  • Diamonds

The poor man was driven from _____ for justice, but his efforts were of no avail.

  • pillar to post
  • top to bottom
  • stem to stern
  • hand to mouth

In 1991, twenty ex-East German swimming coaches _____ admitted giving anabolic steroids to their former charges during the 1970s.

  • nimbly
  • frankly
  • lustily
  • acutely

If you are bitten by a poisonous snake, it is necessary to be given an _____ as quickly as possible.

  • analgesic
  • antibiotic
  • antiseptic
  • antidote

Beaches were _____ as police searched for canisters for toxic waste from the damaged ship.

  • sealed off
  • cut off
  • washed up
  • kept out

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Our group fell silent at the base of a narrow steel ladder that rose vertically through the maze of girders at the south-east end of Australia's Sydney Harbour Bridge. We needn't have worried about the first part of the climb. Up to this our guided tour had been little more than a stroll but now our task was to face the ladder. It must have been at least fifty feet high. There were handrails and our safety belts would be tethered to a cable to a fall but the water couldn't have been less than 250 feet below us and the prospect of climbing was daunting.

What lay at the top was stepping out onto the exposed upper arch of the bridge, with blue sky all round and the water almost 262 feet below. We ought to have found this out before embarking on what now seemed a singularly mission! My own acrophobia was extreme, but, on this sparkling morning, I saw no option but to the summit of one of the world's best-loved icons - a miracle of engineering recognized by people everywhere.

As I climbed, the tension out of me; I was driven by an exhilarating feeling of conquest. At the top, I dropped my to the vast pool of the harbor below. It might just as well have been a millpond from this height. We stood on a small viewing deck in the warm sunshine, with excitement and arms raised as our guide took a photograph.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Reviewers and students have educated me not only about how I write, but about why I write. Apparently, I wish to capture the immigrant experience, to demystify Chinese culture, to show the differences between Chinese and American culture, to pave the way for other Asian-American writers – and I have a whole host of other equally noble motivations.

The truth is, I write for more self-serving reasons – that is, I write for myself. I write because I enjoy stories and make-believe. I write because if I didn’t, I’d probably go crazy. Thus I write about questions that disturb me, images that mystify me, or memories that cause me anguish and pain. I write about secrets, lies, and contradictions, because within them are many kinds of truth. In other words, I write stories about life as I have misunderstood it. To be sure, it’s a Chinese-American life, but that’s the only one I’ve had so far.

Contrary to what some students, professors, reporters, and fund-raising organizations assume, I am not an expert on China, Chinese culture, mah jong, the psychology of mothers and daughters, generation gaps, immigration, illegal aliens, assimilation, acculturation, racial tension, Tiananmen Square, Most Favored Nation trade agreements, human rights, Pacific Rim economics, the purported one million missing baby girls of China, the future of Hong Kong after 1997, or, I am sorry to say, Chinese cooking. Certainly I have personal opinions on any of these topics, especially food, but by no means do my sentiments or my world of make-believe make me an expert.

And so I am alarmed when reviewers and educators assume that my very personal, specific, and fictional stories are meant to be representative, down to the smallest detail, of not just Chinese-Americans but sometimes all Asian culture. Is Jane Smiley’s A Thousand Acres supposed to be representative of all American culture? Do all American daughters serve their tyrannical fathers the same breakfast every morning? Do all sisters betray each other? Are all conscientious objectors flaky in love relationships? Why do readers and reviewers assume that a book with Chinese-American characters can encompass all the demographics and personal histories of Chinese America?

My editor at Putnam tells me that over the years she has received hundreds of permission requests from publishers of college textbooks and multicultural anthologies, wishing to reprint my work for educational purposes. One publisher wanted to include an excerpt from The Joy Luck Club, a scene in which a woman invites her non-Chinese boyfriend to her parents’ house for dinner. The boyfriend brings a bottle of wine as a gift and commits a number of social gaffes at the dinner table. Students were supposed to read this excerpt, then answer the following question: ‘If you are invited to a Chinese family’s house for dinner, should you bring a bottle of wine?’ My editor and I agreed to turn down that permission request.

I hear that my books and essays are now on the required-reading lists for courses in ethnic studies, Asian-American studies, Asian-American literature, Asian-American history, women’s literature, feminist studies, feminist writers of color, and so forth. I am proud to be on these lists. What writer wouldn’t want her work to be read? But there’s a small nagging question that whispers into my ear once in a while: ‘What about American literature?’

I know I’m not supposed to complain, or at least not too loudly. After all, I am one of the lucky writers to be read, in classrooms, by the mainstream, and in CliffNotes. I have had many readers tell me that they read my books because they feel the stories are about universal emotions between mothers and daughters.

But as my mother has often told me, I have an attitude. I have an attitude not just about my books but about literature in general. I have this attitude that American literature if such a classification exists, should be more democratic than the color of your skin or whether rice or potatoes are served at your fictional dinner table. And so I ask myself and sometimes others: Who decides what is American fiction? Why is it that works of fiction by minority writers are read mainly for the study of class, gender, and race? Why is it so hard to break out of this literary ghetto?

Why does the writer use the word ‘Apparently’ in line 2?

  • to emphasize that some readers misunderstand her reasons for writing
  • because she had not been aware of how her work was perceived by others
  • to indicate that she has not given much thought to her true reasons for writing
  • to show that she is not interested’ in any of the subjects mentioned subsequently

Why do some people assume that the writer is an expert on China?

  • because she writes about topical Chinese issues
  • because she expresses her views about Chinese culture in her fiction
  • because she has strong feelings about anything to do with China
  • because she often touches upon Chinese themes in her fiction

The writer mentions Jane Smiley’s novel in the fourth paragraph because _____.

  • it contains untenable generalizations about American life and culture
  • although it is an American novel, the reader does not expect to draw conclusions about American culture from it
  • it deals with the same themes as the ones in her own novels and is peopled by similar characters
  • it deals with the difficult relationship between daughters and fathers

Why did the writer and her editor refuse a request to publish an excerpt from The Joy Luck Club?

  • because the excerpt would have given readers an inaccurate idea of Chinese culture
  • because the excerpt might have misled readers about correct Chinese etiquette
  • because one of the questions on the text showed that the point of the scene had been misunderstood
  • because one of the questions on the text would have been unfair to students

The writer implies that her books _____.

  • are popular with ordinary readers
  • are read mainly by academics
  • are studied by mothers and daughters
  • are largely unknown to the general public

What is the writer’s main point in the last paragraph?

  • She thinks academics classify American literature incorrectly.
  • She does not consider the way American literature is classified to be fair.
  • She thinks nobody is properly qualified to classify American literature.
  • She thinks socio-political issues in literature should not be the subjects of study.

We can infer from the text that the writer is _____.

  • an American citizen with Asian roots
  • a Chinese citizen with an American background
  • an Asian-American living in Hong Kong
  • AI illegal Chinese immigrant living in America

The word ‘flaky’ in the 4th paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.

  • eccentric
  • surreptitious
  • revolting
  • forgetful

Mike and Lane are university students. They are talking about Lane’s upcoming high-school reunion.

Mike: "So, you have your fifth high-school reunion coming up?"

Lane: "______."

  • Oh, the school reunion was wonderful.
  • The food at the reunion was excellent.
  • Yeah. I’m really looking forward to it.
  • No. You’re in no mood for the event.

Two close friends Tom and Kyle are talking about Kyle's upcoming birthday.

Tom: "Can I bring a friend to your birthday party?

Kyle: " _____."

  • It's my hornour
  • Let's do it then
  • The more the merrier
  • That's right

- "______ detective stories?"

- "In my opinion, they're good for teenagers."

  • What do you think about
  • Are you fond of
  • How about
  • What do people feel about

- “More women will be participating in politics.”

- "_______ They are becoming more active."

  • Not at all.
  • Yes, it may be true.
  • Really?
  • I disagree.

An old gentleman, who is not sure where to go for the summer holiday, is asking a travel agent for advice.

Gentleman: “Can you recommend any places for this summer holiday?”

Agent: “_____."

  • Yes, please go to other agencies
  • I don't think you could afford a tour to Singapore, sir
  • No, you cannot recommend any places
  • A package tour to the Spratly Islands would be perfect, sir

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

(1) _____. This is a complex issue about which not a great deal is known, but the lack of evidence of mineral deficiencies in our population speaks to the adequacy of our soils. Agricultural practices that remove the total crop from the field year after year with no replenishment of trace minerals can over time result in a crop poor in these minerals.(2) _____. But with most fertilizers this practice would replenish only potassium, phosphates, and nitrogen. Rotating a "green manure" crop such as clover, (3)  _____, would renew only nitrogen in the soil, not trace elements. There is a growing realization, (4) _____, that so-called organic farming makes good commercial sense and would help minimize mineral depletion. Organic farming essentially refers to farming that does not depend on chemical fertilizers; rather, soils are invigorated (5) _____. These techniques return organic material and trace minerals back to the soils and are to be commended. 

(1)

  • Scientists have been concerned that agricultural and industrial use of land have caused the depletion in the soil minerals
  • Some people are concerned that our soils are becoming depleted of trace minerals by continuous agricultural use
  • Compared to traditional farming, farmers believe that organic farming can make soils more fertile and avoid losing trace minerals.
  • Traditional agricultural practices prevent soils from replenishing itself, making it necessary to supplement trace minerals by using fertilisers

(2)

  • Of course, the farmer could supply chemical fertilizer to the fields
  • Obviously, organic fertilizer can help the farmer supplement trace minerals
  • The farmer can certainly avoid mineral deficiency by using chemical fertilizers
  • There is no way to improve the soils, except for the use of chemicals.

(3)

  • which is plowed under after the end of the growing season
  • which ploughs to grow wheat
  • that is plowed in the end of the growing season
  • which needs to plow when the growing season ends

(4)

  • however
  • therefore
  • due to
  • Yet

(5)

  • by applying organic wastes such as corn stalks and bean vines, and compost
  • by using natural fertilizers from animals and discontinuing using chemicals
  • by converting all crops to organic farming and abandoning all fertilizers
  • by applying manure and by plowing in crop wastes, such as corn stalks and compost

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I guess he has to be very careful about what he eats.

b. He almost died when he was little.

c. My brother is allergic to peanuts.

d. He has a very strict diet.

e. That’s not good.

  • b-d-e-a-c
  • d-c-b-a-e
  • c-e-b-a-d
  • b-a-d-c-e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. What happened to your plan?

b. I got a D in college chemistry.

c. I was going to be a doctor.

d. Now I’m glad that I didn’t.

e. I think a hospital is the most dangerous place in the world.

f. So, you didn’t become a doctor.

  • a-b-e-c-f-d
  • c-d-a-b-e-f
  • b-a-c-e-d-f
  • c-a-b-f-d-e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Natural food has more vitamins.

b. I’m on a new diet.

c. Why did you do that?

d. I switched from pasta to potatoes.

e. Pasta is processed food, and potatoes are natural food.

f. What are you eating now?

  • a-b-d-c-e-f
  • b-f-d-c-e-a
  • d-c-e-a-b-f
  • f-e-a-b-c-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I think you look great in the blue one. 

b. Lucy, long time no see. You look great.

c. You always did have a good taste.

d. What a coincidence! I haven’t seen you for ages, Meghan.

e. I just got a new job. And I’m looking for new dresses.

  • b-e-d-a-c
  • d-b-a-e-c
  • b-d-a-c-e
  • d-b-e-a-c

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Well, it must have been nice to get away from this rain for a while. We had so much rain while you were gone that we all thought we’d be drowned.

b. Did you have a good vacation, Ben?

c. It was great, we went to the beach every day. The ocean was a little cold for swimming though.

d. Really? I am sorry. Man, it would’ve been so much nicer if you had come with us!

  • a-d-b-c
  • b-a-d-c
  • b-c-a-d
  • b-c-d-a

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

What a pity that the fridge broke down. Thus, we can't prevent our food from rotting now.

  • But for the broken-down fridge, our food couldn't have remained unspoiled now.
  • Had the fridge been in good working order, our food would remain fresh now.
  • The fridge malfunction has nothing to do with the present decomposition of our food.
  • Unless the fridge worked properly, we could try food in an unspoiled state now.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Societies doubted about women's intellectual ability. Therefore, they could not get access to education.

  • Failure to get access to education resulted in the doubt about women’s intellectual ability.
  • The denial of education to women was caused by societies’ doubt about their intellectual ability.
  • Not getting access to education, societies showed their uncertainty to women’s intellectual ability.
  • Women’s intellectual ability was doubted about due to their lack of education.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

My brother can't find a job. He is very well-qualified.

  • Without strong qualifications, my brother has been struggling to secure employment.
  • Despite possessing tip-top qualifications, my brother is still between jobs.
  • My brother's credentials are mediocre but he manages to get a job.
  • My brother's resume highlights no skills yet he is never without work opportunities.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Bill was tired of the hectic lifestyle in the city. He quitted his job and moved to a far-flung place.

  • Bill was so tired of the busy, modern life in the city that he handed in his resignation and moved to a place off the beaten track.
  • So tired was Bill of the rat race that he decided to go on business trip to a remote area.
  • Tired as he might be with the hustle and bustle of the city life, Bill resigned from the company and came back his home to live with his family.
  • Such was Bill's exhaustion with the lifestyle in the city that he ended up working remotely in a place in the middle of nowhere.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Some mobile applications are very tempting. They may expose users to identity theft.

  • So tempting are some mobile applications that they limit users' exposure to identity theft.
  • Not only is identity theft tempting, it also exposes users to some mobile applications.
  • It is the temptation of identity theft that exposes users to some mobile applications.
  • Tempting though some mobile applications are, they may expose users to identity theft.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Providing that Sheldon's plans stay the same over the weekend, we'll leave early on Monday morning.

  • We would leave early on Monday morning if Sheldon's plans were changed.
  • Because Sheldon's plans has changed over the weekend, we have to leave early on Monday morning.
  • We'll set off early on Monday morning due to the changes in Sam's plans.
  • Unless there are changes in Sheldon's plans over the weekend, we'll hit the road early on Monday morning.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

That he decided to retire early marked the end of his distinguished career.

  • His distinguished career took an intriguing turn with his decision to retire early.
  • His decision to retire early brought the curtain down on his illustrious career.
  • The early retirement announcement came as a surprise amid his illustrious career.
  • His premature retirement was seen as the pinnacle of his distinguished career.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

A lot of people believe that other life forms exist elsewhere in the universe, but we'll probably have to wait for a long time until we know for sure.

  • Many people believe that it will take a long time for us to know for sure of other life forms exist somewhere else in the universe.
  • It is certain that other life forms exist somewhere in the universe, but it will be a long time before people can find and get into contact with them.
  • Many people have long believed that somewhere in the universe there certainly exist other life forms that are waiting for us to contact them.
  • It is most likely that it will be many years before humans know for certain if there are aliens somewhere in the universe, but many people already believe they do.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Trying to run a few errands just before she went to the airport caused her to be a little late in picking up her husband there.

  • It was due to her attempt to do some small tasks at the last moment that she arrived at the airport a few minutes late to pick her husband up.
  • She was running some errands when she suddenly realized that she had to go to the airport to meet her husband, and she arrived there a bit late.
  • She had to run a few errands after she had picked her husband up at the airport. And so they arrived home a little late.
  • She had run several errands a short time before she went to pick her husband up at the airport, yet she still managed to get there just on time.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

The reason she wasn't responding to your questions is that her anger at you for what you said to her the other night still hasn't waned.

  • What you said to her a few nights ago doesn't matter any more because she's no longer angry with you and will respond to any questions you ask her.
  • Your words to her the other night made her very angry, and for this reason she's not asking you any questions.
  • She remains angry with you for all those things you said to her a few nights ago, and that's why you weren't getting any replies to your questions.
  • She hasn't stopped being angry with you for your words to her a few nights ago, but there's no reason for you not to respond to her questions, about them.

Write an academic essay of about 250 words on the following topic.

The use of social media is replacing face-to-face interaction among many people in society. Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.