Đề số 18 ôn thi Anh Chuyên vào 10 CNN

1/8/2021 4:59:00 PM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • advise

  • raise

  • lose

  • precise

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • choir

  • machete

  • mustache

  • niche

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • sizzling

  • wily

  • quits

  • piddling

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
  • comet

  • sterility

  • starlet

  • sequence

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • continual
  • anesthetic
  • congenital
  • anemia
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • disinterest
  • carnival
  • cathedral
  • attorney

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • immortal
  • electrics
  • manure
  • reference
Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.
  • miniature
  • comparison
  • analogy
  • impervious

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

This very morning, she announces, she has managed to procure what might be the last two-crates of peaches in France.

  • obscure
  • conceal
  • consume
  • obtain

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Nicholas brags about his father’s wealth all the time.

  • lies
  • boasts
  • announces
  • hides

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Every time he opens his mouth, he immediately regrets what he said. He is always putting his foot in his mouth.

  • speaking indirectly
  • saying embarrassing things
  • doing things in the wrong order
  • making a mistake

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

His boss has had enough of his impudence and doesn't want to hire him anymore.

  • respect
  • rudeness
  • obedience
  • agreement

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

We have achieved considerable results in the economic field, such as high economic growth, stability, and significant poverty alleviation over the past few years.

  • eradication
  • aggravation
  • prevention
  • reduction

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Although more and more companies are beginning to accept bitcoins, the percentage of purchases made using bitcoins is minuscule compared to other online payment methods.

  • huge
  • fixed
  • minute
  • low

It is crucial that patients _____ for urgent operations in all hospitals.

 
  • is not waiting
  • won't be waiting
  • not be waiting
  • be not waiting
Large UK-owned companies are _____ their European rivals when it comes to creating wealth, a study has concluded.
  • outstripping
  • catching up
  • overrunning
  • exceeding

The rates of extreme poverty have halved in recent decades. But 1,2 billion people still live _____.

  • on the house
  • on the tenterhooks
  • on the breadline
  • on the cards
The plague, otherwise known as the Black Death, was a _____ disease.
  • contingent
  • contiguous
  • contagious
  • congenial
A new computer has been produced, which will _____ all previous models.
  • overdo
  • supersede
  • excel
  • overwhelm

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

THE TRUTH BEHIND A SMILE

People smile a great deal, and we seem to know instinctively that some smiles are more genuine than others. But is there any scientific for this? Recent research suggests that a mechanism in the brain can help us recognize whether a smile is really heartfelt – or whether it is just being on for show.

According to various long-held traditions, a genuine smile involves the eyes as well as the mouth. In the nineteenth century, a French anatomist to prove this. He used electrodes to stimulate the facial muscles of volunteers, thereby creating false smiles. He found that real smiles were always with the contraction of a muscle around the eye, but that his artificially induced ones were not.

During more recent research, volunteers were shown a variety of human facial and their reactions to them were monitored. When they were shown a happy face, 35% of the volunteers immediately started looking at the eye area, checking for the tell-tale crinkles that would that the smile was genuine; but when shown a sad or neutral face, they did not. So why did the human brain evolve to distinguish between real and false smiles? It could be that this ability to a quick assessment of a smile has an important role to play in successful communication. A genuine smile as a gesture of conciliation in conflict, and it’s important to know whether they are really being offered a truce or not.

Read the passage then answer the questions.

The concept of being environmentally conscious, or “green”, has become more prevalent in twenty-first-century U.S culture. It has begun to affect the manufacturing of everything from non-toxic household cleaning products to motor vehicles powered by alternative sources of energy. However, one way of being “green” that is perhaps not as apparent to the viewer but of equal importance in being environmentally conscious, is the construction of buildings that are considered “sustainable”. Sustainable buildings are those that do not impose on the environment or rely on the over-utilization of energy or natural resources. There are four main principles of sustainability, which includes consideration of the health and stability of all living things and their environmental diversity, as well as the economic opportunities of humanity.

The sustainable architecture consists of environmentally conscious design techniques. In the past, the demolition of an old building meant that all or most of the debris of the building would end up in a landfill or a waste disposal site. Today, architects can plan and design a building that uses recycled materials, such as wood, concrete, stone, or metal. These materials are salvaged from the demolition of an older building and can be appropriately incorporated into a new construction. Architects and construction supervisors may also choose to recycle more organic parts of demolished buildings, such as wooden doors, windows, and other glass, ceramics, paper, and textiles.

A problem that has often arisen has been with how a site crew-whether it is demolition or construction crew determines and sorts what is “waste” and what is recyclable. Architects and environmental scientists have to decide whether or not a material is appropriate for use in new construction and how it will impact the environment. They must evaluate the materials from the demolition and determine what those materials contain, and if they meet the standards set by the U.S, government’s Environmental Protection Agency (the EPA). If the debris from the demolition contains hazardous materials that are harmful to the environment or to the consumer, such as asbestos, then the material is not salvageable. The use of the asbestos for insulation and as a form of fire retardation in buildings and fabrics was common in the nineteenth century. Asbestos was once used in shingles on the sides of buildings, as well as in the insulation in the interior walls of homes or other construction. In new “green” construction, insulation that once asbestos-based can be replaced with recycled denim or constructed with cellulose - a fibrous material found in paper products. The same assessment applies to wood or wallboard painted with toxic lead-based paints. In addition, gas-flow regulators and meters on both water and gas heating systems constructed prior to 1961 must be carefully evaluated to determine that they do not contain dangerous substances such as mercury. Mercury can be harmful to humans and the environment if it is spilled during the removal of these devices.

In paragraph 1, the author implies that _____.

 
  • some companies manufacture vehicles that are not powered by gasoline
  • the concept of being green has not influenced manufacture
  • uses of alternative energy are apparent to the consumer
  • all buildings impose on the environment
According to paragraph 1, which of the following is true?
  • All construction follows the concept of sustainable architecture.
  • Sustainable buildings do not overuse electricity, oil, or gas.
  • Today’s cleaning products and appliances harm the environment.
  • Construction of “green” buildings is an old idea.
In paragraph 2, the word “salvaged” is closest in meaning to _____.
  • lost
  • destroyed
  • buried
  • saved

According to paragraph 2, an environmentally conscious design incorporates _____.

 
  • safe, organic, recycled materials
  • new wood, stone, or concrete
  • debris from a demolished building
  • materials from a landfill
In paragraph 3, the author mention both demolition and construction crews in order to _____.
  • give an example of how choosing materials is not easily determined on a site
  • illustrate the types of crews that sort waste and recyclables
  • demonstrate that choosing recyclable materials is challenging for both crews
  • contrast the work of the two types of crews on a site
The word “they” in paragraph 3 refers to _____.
  • the EPA
  • the site crew
  • architects and environmental scientists
  • the materials from the demolition

In paragraph 3, the author mentions all of the following hazardous materials found in debris from a demolition site EXCEPT _____.

 
  • cellulose
  • mercury
  • asbestos
  • lead

What does this passage mainly discuss?

  • The role of the U.S. government's Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in regulating building materials
  • The multifaceted challenges and complexities of sustainable architecture in the United States during the 21st century
  • The rise and impact of the environmentally conscious "green" movement in 21st-century U.S. culture
  • The shift towards sustainable architecture in the U.S., emphasizing recycled materials and avoiding hazardous substances

Anne is making a request for Lucy.

Anne: “Do you mind if I use your phone?"

Lucy: "_____"

  • Not at all. Help yourself.
  • Yes, it sure is.
  • Sorry, I have no idea.
  • You can say that again.

Anne and John are talking to each other when he comes to her house.

Anne: "Make yourself at home."

John: "_____"

  • It's very kind of you. Thank you.
  • Not at all. Don't mention it.
  • Thanks! Same to you.
  • Yes, can I help you?

Sarah and Kathy are talking about the ways to protect themselves and their family from Coronavirus.

Sarah: “In my opinion, we should wash our hands regularly and wear masks whenever going out.”

Kathy: “_____”

  • It’s nice of you to say so!
  • I’m glad you like it.
  • I totally agree with you.
  • You shouldn’t say that.

The teacher is talking to Laura about her presentation in class today.

Teacher: "Your speech this morning was beyond my expectations"

Laura: "_____"

  • Are you kidding me? It's terrible.
  • It's OK. It was the least I could do.
  • Thanks. Without your help, I couldn't have.
  • That's alright. I'm glad I could help.

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Don’t drink milk out of the carton. Use a glass!

b. I didn’t do anything.

c. I saw what you did.

d. What are you talking about?

e. Okay, I promise.

f. Oh yes, you did.

  • c-b-f-d-a-e
  • b-d-e-a-c-f
  • c-f-e-d-a-b
  • d-a-f-b-e-c

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Can you tell me what Barcelona is like?

b. How about the weather... and the people?

c. Really? That's good to hear. Can you tell me anything more?

d. The weather at this time of year is usually comfortable, and in my opinion, the people there are very friendly.

e. Well-uh... what else would you like to know?

f. Well, it's a very lively place. In fact, it's probably one of the most lively places I know. 

  • c-f-b-a-d-e
  • e-b-f-d-a-c
  • a-f-c-e-b-d
  • b-d-e-a-c

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Could you tell me your recipe for chocolate chip cookies?

b. I'm afraid I don't have a pencil but go ahead anyway.

c. Okay. First, mix together 2 cups of flour and a teaspoon of baking soda. Then add a teaspoon of salt. After that, mix together a cup of butter and a cup of sugar in a separate bowl. Are you with me so far?

d. Okay. Then add 2 eggs. Next, combine all the ingredients in a large bowl.

e. Sure, but it's pretty complicated. You might want to write this down.

f. Yes. I'm following you.

  • c-f-b-a-d-e
  • e-b-f-d-a-c
  • a-e-b-c-f-d
  • a-d-b-c-e

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. I asked you if you'd play your radio someplace else.

b. I'm sorry. I didn't hear from you. What did you say?

c. Sure. I'd be happy to.

d. Thanks.

e. Would you mind playing your radio someplace else?

  • c-f-b-a-d-e
  • a-b-e-c-d
  • a-b-c-e-f-d
  • e-b-a-c-d

Choose the best way to rearrange the following sentences in order to make a meaningful conversation.

a. Do you know anything about the new superintendent?

b. Have you heard anything else?

c. Really? That's nice.

d. Well, they also say he's very helpful.

e. Yes. Everybody tells me he's very friendly.

  • c-b-a-d-e
  • e-b-d-a-c
  • a-e-b-d-c
  • b-d-e-a-c

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

(1)__________ One of the most significant differences is the amount of time you spend at university, either attending lectures or tutorials. At school, you spend about 30 hours a week studying in the classroom.  (2)__________ At the moment, I have to attend three lectures a week, all in the morning. In the afternoons, I use my time for private study, either working on assignments or revising for exams. That is (3) __________ I have a scheduled tutorial. Tutorials are an opportunity to work through assignments or topics in small groups. In some countries, they are also (4) __________ as ‘seminars’. I attend tutorials weekly, one in the middle and one at the end of the week. Another important part of university life is making sure (5)________. You should choose something you will enjoy or something new. This will help you make friends and enjoy your time away from home. Towards the end of the week, I have football training in the evening and on Tuesday evening I attend the cinema club.

Choose the correct answer for (1)

  • School and university life are said to be both special to all students.
  • The most important part of university life is being independent.
  • University life is quite different to life at school or college.
  • Private study with tutors and playing sports make university life more interesting.

Choose the correct answer for (2)

  • At university, there is much less contact time and therefore you must have a great deal of self-discipline.
  • At university, you will spend more time with private tutors or consultants to help you become more independent learners.
  • At university, you have an equal number of class hours, yet you will have to join more activities with small groups.
  • At university, you will have more assignments and practices with tutors and small groups than those at school.

Choose the correct answer for (3)

  • until
  • when
  • meanwhile
  • unless

Choose the correct answer for (4)

  • referred to
  • came up to
  • made up
  • regarded with

Choose the correct answer for (5)

  • you play sports with your classmates
  • you become involved in other activities, such as clubs or sports
  • you have a wide social network in extracurricular activities
  • you become the leader of certain social groups at university

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

In spite of the recent improvements in the political situation, Nigeria still has a long way to go before it returns to full democracy.

  • Although the political situation in Nigeria has never appeared more hopeless, there are still some people who long for a return to full democracy.
  • Following recent developments for the better, Nigeria now looks poised for a return to democracy in the near future.
  • The political situation in Nigeria has been so bad recently that a return to full democracy appears to be hopeless.
  • Nigeria’s government has changed for the better recently, but they still have a lot to do before complete democracy is achieved.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

In the 18th century, the Divan poetry of the Ottoman Empire began to be influenced by Turkish folk poetry.

  • The Divan poetry of the Ottoman Empire was only affected by Turkish folk poetry during the 1700s.
  • In the 18th century, the Divan poetry of the Ottoman Empire was greatly influenced by poetry in the Turkish language.
  • Turkish folk poetry started to affect the Ottoman Empire’s Divan poetry in the 1700s.
  • Throughout the 18th century, Turkish folk poetry had the greatest influence on the Divan poetry of the Ottoman Empire.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

The “missing sun” motif is an element in many mythologies of the world and may have been used to explain the disappearance of the sun at night.

  • Most of the world’s mythologies attempted to explain the sun’s vanishing at night time by using the “missing sun” motif.
  • Because the sun seems to disappear at night, lots of the world’s mythologies created the “missing sun” motif in order to be able to explain it.
  • The night time vanishing of the sun might be the reason behind the “missing sun” motif that exists in a lot of the world’s mythologies.
  • Most of the mythologies of the world used to use the “missing sun” motif to explain the sun’s nightly disappearance.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

The idea that a duck's quack does not echo was recently proven to be wrong by acoustics experts at the University of Salford.

  • An idea that the quack of a duck does not echo has recently arisen, and experts in acoustics at the University of Salford are trying to prove it wrong.
  • A short while ago, experts in acoustics at the University of Salford proved that the idea that the quack of a duck does not make an echo was false.
  • Recently, a duck’s quack was actually heard to echo by experts in acoustics at the University of Salford, and this disproved the idea that it does not.
  • Because the quack of a duck does not actually echo, it was easy for acoustics experts at the University of Salford to disprove that myth.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

Had the Union army not seized the fortress of Vicksburg, the Mississippi River would have remained in Confederate control.

  • The Union army captured the fortress of Vicksburg from the Confederates, and then went on to capture the Mississippi River as well.
  • The Confederates lost power over the Mississippi River because Vicksburg fortress had been taken by Union forces.
  • The fortress of Vicksburg would have been kept by the Confederates if Union forces had not taken control of the Mississippi River.
  • The Confederates would only have been able to gain control of the Mississippi River if they had not been defeated by Union forces at Vicksburg fortress.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The harnessing of the wind to generate electricity dates back to 1890. However, few notable advances were made until 1970 when energy prices began to rise fast.

  • It was in 1890 that the wind was first used to generate electricity, but it was only in 1970 when the energy prices started to rise sharply, that real advances were made.
  • In 1890 a few efforts were made to generate electricity from wind power, but it was only in 1970 when energy prices rose steeply, that such a scheme was taken seriously.
  • In 1970, when there was a sudden increase in energy prices, efforts were made to harness the power of the wind for the generation of electricity for the first time since 1890.
  • Between 1890 and 1970 various attempts were made to harness the power of the wind as the rising prices of energy made this desirable.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The manager has not yet had a chance to consult his legal adviser. Therefore, he is unwilling to say anything.

  • The manager doesn’t want there to be a law case so he is saying nothing.
  • The manager is referring all questions to his lawyer and answering none himself.
  • Until he is instructed in the legal aspects of the matter by his lawyer, the manager is keeping quiet.
  • In consultation with his lawyer, the manager has decided to answer no more questions.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Citrus trees grow well in many types of soils. Nevertheless, they prefer a well-drained and slightly acid soil.

  • The ideal soil for citrus trees is one that is well-drained and rather acid; they do not do well in other soils.
  • Citrus trees thrive on a wide range of soils, but well-drained and slightly acid types are more suitable.
  • Citrus trees grow in many different places, but the soil must always be well-drained and fairly acid.
  • Citrus trees are particular about soil on which they grow and do best on well-drained and slightly acid soil types.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

The committee rejected his application for a fund for his project on the grounds. They thought that his research wouldn't benefit people much.

  • Stating that his research would be of little use to people, the committee refused to provide him with a fund.
  • The committee considered his project totally useless, particularly because the majority of people wouldn’t profit from his research.
  • As his research wouldn’t help people in a practical way, it was not surprising that the committee declined his application.
  • The committee was not very interested in his project because they believed his research had no scientific value.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

Tom Higdon suggested that the children of farmworkers should be educated in 1911. After that, he was dismissed from his job as a teacher.

  • After being fired from his teaching position in 1911, Tom Higdon suggested that the children of farmworkers ought to be educated.
  • Tom Higdon’s suggestions in 1911 that the children of farmworkers didn’t deserve to be educated led to his dismissal.
  • In 1911, the teacher Tom Higdon was fired because he proposed that farmworkers’ children be educated.
  • In 1911, Tom Higdon was fired from his post as a teacher for teaching the children of farmworkers, who shouldn’t have been educated.

Write an academic essay of about 250 words on the following topic.

Many students find it difficult to concentrate or pay attention at school. What are the reasons? What could be done to solve this problem?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.