Tiếng Anh lớp 8 - Unit 12 - D. Reading

9/22/2022 11:43:01 AM

Read this story and fill each gap with a suitable word given below.


Hi. We are from Neptune, the eighth planet from the Sun in the Solar System. Our planet is after the Roman god of the sea. The climate here is very unfriendly, with a of around -300 degrees Celsius, and the winds are very strong. Actually, we have a lot of storms here. Everything is freezing on the of Neptune, so of course we don't have liquid water. To be able to survive here, we have to build all of our cities a hundred kilometres beneath the surface. Luckily, we don't have Neptune-quakes!

Our life here is very different from your life on Earth. Because it's extremely underground, we have a very good lighting system on round the clock. Every day we need only three hours for sleep, four hours for work, and the rest of the day we on our leisure activities. So life is relaxing. Most of us like travelling to new cities for new experiences. Although we are than you in size, we can move very fast. In fact, we have wings, so we can fly. Thus, we don't suffer heavy traffic like on your Earth. We don't oxygen either, but we live on hydrogen.

Read the following passage and do the tasks that follow.

A. Earth is the third closest planet to the Sun in the Solar System. It's the only planet whose English names, the World or the Earth, don't come from Roman or Greek mythology but from Old English and Germanic.

B. It is also referred to as the Blue Planet, or the Blue Marble because it's the only planet that has water in liquid form on the surface. In fact, seventy-one per cent of Earth's surface is covered with water, which is vital for all known forms of life.

C. Earth is the only planet that is capable of hosting any known form of life. It is home to millions of species of plants and animals, including a global population of humans. Life on Earth is supported and nourished by its biosphere and minerals.

D. Scientists are looking for other planets to accommodate our increasing population. They believe that if humans could trace water on Mars and plant trees, they could increase the amount of oxygen on the planet. That would greatly increase the chance of humans being able to live on it in the future.

Find the words in the passage that have similar meanings to these words or phrases.

1. old stories which frequently involve gods or monsters =>

2. kept alive and healthy =>

3. the part of Earth's surface and atmosphere in which plants and animals can live =>

4. provide a place to live =>

5. find or discover =>

Match the details with paragraph which mentions them.

  • The name of the planet
  • The possibility of life on a planet
  • The surface of Earth
  • The position of Earth
  • The place where we may live in the future

What are the other names for Earth?

=> They are and the World.

Why is Earth called the Blue Planet?

=> Because it is on the surface. 

Where is Earth in the Solar System?

=> Earth is the in the Solar System.

According to passage C, how is Earth different from other known planets?

=> It is able to .

What is the life on Earth supported by?

=> Life on Earth is supported by .

What is the biggest difference between Earth and Mars?

=> There are on Earth, but there are no such things on Mars.

Read the text and decide if the statements are true or false.

Long ago, people thought the Moon was a god and we would never be able to reach it. However, the invention of telescopes in 1608 enabled people to learn that the Moon is just another planetary body. And mankind's dream of walking on the Moon suddenly seemed possible.
The dream came true on July 20th, 1969 when Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins flew to the Moon as part of the Apollo 11 lunar mission. Neil Armstrong was the first to step onto the Moon. After admiring the tranquil, desolate beauty of the Moon's surface, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin completed their mission, while Collins stayed in orbit to maintain the systems on board the spacecraft.
During the stay of more than twenty-one hours on the Moon's surface, the astronauts found no rain or wind at all. The Moon was like a desert with plains, mountains, and valleys. The surface was covered with dust, which was so thick that they left footprints where they had walked. They left a United States of America flag there and returned to Earth with forty-six pounds of moon rock for scientific study.

People have known all about the Moon for thousands of years.

The invention of telescopes helped people to understand that the Moon is not a god.

Only Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin stepped onto the Moon.

The climate on the Moon was unfriendly, with a lot of rain and wind.

The astronauts stayed on the Moon for nearly one day.

They brought back dirt and rocks as souvenirs.

The invention of telescopes helped people to understand that the Moon is not a god.