Đề ôn thi tốt nghiệp THPT số 37

8/27/2020 6:02:00 AM
Đề thi gồm 50 câu hỏi theo đúng cấu trúc đề thi THPT chính thức. Đề đã được giải thích đáp án chi tiết đầy đủ.

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • contain
  • purchase
  • reflect
  • suggest

Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • confusion
  • pollution
  • influence
  • removal

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • face
  • take
  • catch
  • famous

Choose the word whose underlined and bold part is pronounced differently from that of the rest.

  • pulled

  • sprayed

  • dripped

  • warned

- "Would you like another coffee?"

- "______."

  • I'd love one
  • Willingly
  • Very kind of your part
  • It's a pleasure

Anna: "I think we should recycle these bags. It will help protect the environment."

John: "_____"

  • It's rubbish. We shouldn't use it.
  • I can't agree with you more.
  • Never mind.
  • You can't say that again.

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

Gery didn’t go on the expedition - he made up that part of the story.

  • invented
  • narrated
  • unfolded
  • recounted

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s):

They are going to declare details of the plan to the public later this week. 

  • announce
  • infer
  • remind
  • notice

Choose the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part.
She now faces the daunting challenge of writing a successful sequel to her hugely popular first book.

  • formidable
  • feasible
  • encouraging
  • discouraging

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

You should put yourself on the back for having achieved such a high score in the graduation exam.

  • criticize yourself
  • wear a backpack
  • praise yourself
  • check up your back

Choose the correct option to finish the sentence.

His harsh criticism of her appearance gave ______ to her deep hatred for him.

  • cause
  • rise
  • result
  • lead
The students were worried that they wouldn’t be able to _______ the deadline for the assignment.
  • answer
  • match
  • beat
  • meet
On Passover, Jewish people celebrate _______ from slavery.
  • freeing
  • free
  • freely
  • freedom

All the old museums must be renovated until _______.

  • opened for public again
  • having opened for public again
  • opening for the public again
  • are opened for public again
Residents in HCM city are facing an electricity ____________ because of prolonged hot spells and low rainfall.
  • shortage
  • lack
  • lacking
  • shortcoming

On July 28, 1995, Vietnam became _____ seventh member of ASEAN.

  • a
  • an
  • the

Fill in the correct preposition.

The father was proud ______ the way his son handled the affair.

  • for
  • into
  • in
  • of
Sports journalists are saying that the home side is _______ to win the championship match tomorrow.
  • resolute
  • feasible
  • bound
  • probable

If you _____ hard and effectively today, you will have a day off tomorrow.

  • work
  • will work
  • worked
  • would worked

The judge found him _____ of stealing and sent him to prison.

  • evil
  • innocent
  • guilty
  • guiltless

_____ her good qualifications, she wasn't the right person for the job.

  • Since
  • Because of
  • Despite
  • Although

What did you do while _____ for the others to come?

  • were you waiting
  • you were waiting
  • had you been waiting
  • you had been waiting

Choose the correct answer.
I would never forget _________ to be the judge in such a well-known competition.

  • being invited
  • having invited
  • to have invited
  • to be invited

___________, she realised that she had left her passport at home.

  • As soon as Celia driving to the airport
  • As Celia was driving to the airport
  • During Celia drive to the airport
  • Until Celia drives to the airport

Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the blanks.

Many children in school classes all over America are taking language courses in Chinese. The concept is easy. On one day they learn everything in English and the next they to Chinese. It is an advantage to learn languages when you are young because small children soak up the language and use it in everyday situations. Chinese has become so popular that some schools even want to offer parents Chinese courses.
Because of China’s economy and influence, is growing so fast, Chinese has become a language many people want to learn. In the United States about 50,000 students from kindergarten to eighth grade are taking Chinese, to only 5,000 in 2004. About 100 million people worldwide are studying Chinese as a second language.
In the Philippines people think that learning Chinese will allow them to get better jobs in the future. In Panama, one government official has even thought about making Chinese compulsory in public schools; , it is so hard to get enough qualified teachers to teach Chinese.
In the future Mandarin Chinese might not overtake English as the world’s number one language but because China is expanding further it will become an important language.

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the 8 questions underneath.

Tropical rainforests are being destroyed and badly degraded at an unsustainable rate. Some scientists estimate that in the early 1990s tropical forests were being destroyed at a rate of approximately 28 hectares a minute, or about 14 million hectares each year – an area about the size of the state of Wisconsin. This figure marked a decrease since in the 1980s, when approximately 16 million hectares were destroyed each year, largely due to a reported decline of deforestation in the Amazon River Basin in the early 1990s. However, satellite images indicate that rates may have rebounded in the late 1990s as burning in the Amazon increased again. Over the past three decades alone, about 5 million square kilometers – or 20 percent of the world's tropical forests – have been cleared. During this time, deforestation in tropical Asia reached almost 30 percent. High rates of deforestation are inevitably followed by alarming rates of plant and animal extinction because many rainforest species cannot survive outside their pristine rainforest habitat. Some scientists estimate that dozens of rainforest species are becoming extinct every day.

Causes of deforestation vary from location to location, but certain patterns tend to be consistent across all forests. Logging companies in search of valuable rainforest hardwoods, or, less often, oil companies in search of petroleum, are often the first to enter a remote area of rainforest. Some logged forests, if left alone, can regenerate in a few decades. But typically, they are not left alone – the roads built by logging companies often provide access for landless farmers to enter a new area, as well as a means to transport agricultural crops to market. For every 1 kilometer of new roads built through a forested area, 4 to 24 square kilometers are deforested and colonized.

Once the loggers leave the land, a typical cycle of destruction ensues. When the landless farmers arrive, they clear the land for planting. Poor rainforest soils produce a low crop yield, especially after a couple of years. At that point, the farmers often sell their lands to cattle ranchers or large plantation owners. After nutrients have been exhausted and soils compacted by cattle, lands are then abandoned and often laid to waste. Rainforest does not readily regenerate on these lands without human intervention. Meanwhile, the colonist farmers and cattle ranchers move to a new piece of land made accessible by logging roads, where the cycle of deforestation begins again.

(Source: Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation)

What does the passage mainly discuss?

  • The size of tropical rainforest loss.
  • Causes and effects of rainforest destruction.
  • The rate of rainforest destruction in the Amazon.
  • Typical patterns of extinction of rainforest species.

According to paragraph 1, which of the following about the rate of rainforest destruction is TRUE?

  • It was greater in the early 1990s than in the 1980s.
  • It was the same in the early 1990s as in the 1980s.
  • It was greater in the 1980s than in the early 1990s.
  • It kept increasing from the 1980s to the 1990s.

The word "rebounded" in paragraph 1 could be best replaced by ______.

  • remained unchanged
  • fallen again
  • risen again
  • gone up and down

Which of the following can result from the loss of tropical rainforests?

  • The decrease in wasted lands
  • The disappearance of many rainforest species
  • The disappearance of landless farmers
  • The increase in the rainforest habitat

According to the passage, what is the most common cause of deforestation in different regions?

  • The search for oil
  • The search for valuable woods
  • The search for rare animals
  • The search for new farm lands

The word "regenerate" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______.

  • recover
  • renew
  • repeat
  • refine

The phrase "these lands" in paragraph 3 refers to ______.

  • lands for raising cattle
  • lands sold and colonized
  • lands abandoned and wasted
  • lands for planting

What can be inferred about rainforests from the passage?

  • Rainforest destruction can be reduced with the help of cattle ranchers.
  • The cycle of rainforest destruction will come to an end.
  • Human beings are the main contributor to deforestation in tropical regions.
  • Most tropical rainforests have been sold to plantation owners.

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

I didn’t have enough money. I couldn’t go to Jon’s wedding in the States.

  • I wish I had enough money to go to Jon's wedding in The States.
  • If only I had enough money to go to Jon's wedding in The States.
  • I wish I hadn't had enough money to go to Jon's wedding in The States.
  • If only I had had enough money to go to Jon's wedding in The States.
Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.
The rain stopped. We could see the view of the ocean.
  • Not until the rain stopped could we see the view of the ocean.
  • Only when we could see the view of the ocean did the rain stop.
  • Were the rain to stop, we could see the view of the ocean.
  • Had the rain stopped, we could have seen the view of the ocean.
Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to this one.
I think it’s dangerous that Henry drove at 100 miles an hour.
  • Henry needn’t have driven at 100 miles an hour because it’s dangerous.
  • Henry mustn’t have driven at 100 miles an hour because it’s dangerous.
  • Henry can’t have driven at 100 miles an hour because it’s dangerous.
  • Henry shouldn’t have driven at 100 miles an hour because it’s dangerous.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given.

In Venezuela, beauty contests are more popular than football.

  • In Venezuela, beauty contests are as popular as football.
  • In Venezuela, football is more popular than beauty contests.
  • In Venezuela, football is not as popular as beauty contests.
  • In Venezuela, beauty contests are not as popular as football.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to this sentence.

Robert asked Linda, “What did Natasha say about her holiday plans?”

  • Robert asked Linda what Natasha had said about her holiday plans.
  • Robert asked Linda what Natasha said about her holiday plans.
  • Robert asked Linda what Natasha has said about her holiday plans.
  • Robert asked Linda what had Natasha said about her holiday plans.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Drawing on her own experience in psychology, the writer successfully portrayed a volatile character with dramatic alternatives of mood.

  • in psychology
  • portrayed
  • character
  • dramatic alternatives

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Mary and her friend goes sometimes to the gym at noon.

  • and
  • goes sometimes
  • the
  • at

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Nitrogen must be combine with another element such as hydrogen or oxygen to be useful in agriculture or industry.

  • must be combine
  • another element
  • such as
  • to be useful

Read the following passage then choose the best answer to each question below.

It is estimated that about 40 percent of the world’s population use social media, and many of these billions of social media users look up to influencers to help them decide what to buy and what trends to follow.

An influencer is a person who can influence the decisions of their followers because of their relationship with their audience and their knowledge and expertise in a particular area. Influencers often have a large following of people who pay close attention to their views. They have the power to persuade people to buy things, and influencers are now seen by many companies as a direct way to customers’ hearts. Brands are now asking powerful influencers to market their products. With some influencers charging up to $25,000 for one social media post, it is no surprise that more and more people are keen to become influencers. If you are one of them, here are tips on how to do it.

First, choose your niche. What is the area that you know most about? What do you feel most excited talking about? Second, choose your medium. Most influencers these days are bloggers and micro-bloggers. Decide which medium – your own online blog, Instagram or Snapchat – is the best way to connect with your followers. Third, post regularly and consistently. The more you post, the more likely people will follow you. Also, ensure that your posts are consistent and possibly follow a theme. Most importantly, be patient. Keep posting and your following will gradually increase.

What is the passage mainly about?

  • Social media
  • Influencers
  • Online brands
  • Bloggers
An influencer is a person who ______.
  • influences the decisions of their followers
  • requires brands and companies to market their products
  • pays close attention to their followers’ views
  • follows hot trends

The word ''their'' in paragraph 2 refers to _____.

  • influencers
  • followers
  • customers
  • companies
According to the passage, in order to become an influencer, you should do all of the following EXCEPT ______.
  • choose your means of communication
  • post regularly and consistently
  • choose your most suitable dressing style
  • keep patient

The word ''consistent'' in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _____.

  • conflicting
  • accordant
  • diversified
  • specific