Đề ôn thi THPT môn Anh dành cho HS khá/giỏi #40

2/2/2020 9:06:00 PM

Choose the word which has the bold part pronounced differently from the others.

  • pyramid

  • hygiene

  • nylon

  • lifestyle

Find the word that has different pronunciation.
  • supposed

  • admired
  • sacred
  • changed

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • suspend
  • neglect
  • preview
  • embrace
Choose the word that has different stress pattern.
  • vulnerable
  • enormous
  • commercial
  • inaccurate

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

Many teenagers show signs of anxiety and depressed when being asked about their future.

  • teenagers
  • anxiety
  • depressed
  • being asked

Find the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

The development of the boiler is closely related to those of the steam engine, to which it is a necessary adjunct.

  • development
  • closely related
  • those
  • necessary adjunct

Find the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.

Among the favorite attractions at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington D.C are the film presented on the five-story-tall screen.

  • Among
  • at the
  • film
  • presented

Find the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Most of the school-leavers are sanguine about the idea of going to work and earning money.

  • fearsome
  • expected
  • worried
  • optimistic

Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

He had never experienced such discourtesy towards the president as it occurred at the annual meeting in May.

  • politeness
  • rudeness
  • encouragement
  • measurement

Find the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

His boss has had enough of his impudence, and doesn’t want to hire him anymore.

  • rudeness
  • obedience
  • respect
  • agreement

Find the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

The company was collapsed due to the director’s fatal mistakes in management.

  • mortal
  • harmless
  • supportive
  • lethal

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

The mistake in the accounts was not noticed until the figures were rechecked.

  • It was not until the mistake in the accounts was noticed that the figures were re-checked.
  • Once re-checking the figures, the mistakes in the accounts noticed.
  • The mistakes in the accounts only came to light when the figures were re-checked.
  • When the figures were re-checked they came to light the mistakes in the accounts.

Choose the answer closest in meaning to the following sentence.

This conference wouldn’t have been possible without your organization.

  • If you didn’t organize, this conference wouldn’t have been possible.
  • Your organization made it possible for this conference to take place.
  • If it had been for your organization, this conference wouldn’t have been possible.
  • It’s possible that you organization made this conference impossible.

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

You needn’t have taken so many warm clothes there.

  • It’s not necessary for you to take so many warm clothes there.
  • You have taken so many warm clothes that I don’t need.
  • You took a lot of warm clothes there but it turned out not necessary.
  • There is no need for you to take so many warm clothes there.

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

The boss allows his staff to make some important decisions. That fostered a spirit of togetherness and commitment.

  • Fostering a spirit of togetherness and commitment, the boss allowed his staff to make some important decisions.
  • Allowing his staff to make some important decisions, the boss fostered a spirit of togetherness and commitment.
  • Although the boss allowed his staff to make some important decisions, he fostered a spirit of togetherness and commitment.
  • Unless the boss allowed his staff to make some important decisions, he fostered a spirit of togetherness and commitment.

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

The leader failed to explain the cause of the problem. He didn’t offer any solutions.

  • Though the leader failed to explain the cause of the problem, he didn’t offer any solutions.
  • The leader failed to explain the cause of the problem and nor did he offered any solutions.
  • The leader failed to explain the cause of the problem because he didn’t offer any solutions.
  • The leader failed to explain the cause of the problem if he didn’t offer any solutions.

Choose the answer that is closest in meaning to this sentence.

You _____ to your teacher like that. It was very rude.

  • wouldn’t have talked
  • must have talked
  • needn’t have talked
  • shouldn’t have talked
_____, 70-percent alcohol is more effective than 100-percent alcohol.
  • An antiseptic used
  • How an antiseptic is used
  • When used as an antiseptic
  • An antiseptic when used
With the help of modern devices, those who suffer hearing or vision _____ find life easier.
  • disadvantage
  • impairment
  • inconvenience
  • deficiency

Choose the correct answer.

What measures have been _____ to control traffic jam at rush hours?

  • imagined
  • taken
  • done
  • carried

Jane: "What about going out for a walk after supper?"

Jimmy: "_____. Walking after meals is good for our health."

  • I couldn’t agree more
  • I believe not
  • I don’t think so
  • I’m afraid not
By the end of this week, we _____ on the project for a month.
  • will have been working
  • will be working
  • will have been worked
  • will work
Mr. Grant says he doesn’t mind _____ his snow shovel.
  • our borrowing
  • us borrow
  • to our borrowing
  • to borrow us

Industrialization has been responsible for _____ most radical of the environmental changes caused by human.

  • a
  • the
  • some of which
  • which are the
Most of _____ archaeologists know about prehistoric cultures is based on the studies of material remains.
  • these
  • what
  • which
  • their

Public opinion remained largely _____ to the issue.

  • indifferent
  • different
  • differentiate
  • differences
One aim of the International Day of Persons with Disabilities is to further _____ awareness of disability issues.
  • raise
  • rise
  • make
  • pull

I remember _____ the money in the top drawer, but it’s not there now.

  • to put
  • putting
  • put
  • to have put

Daisy is talking to Jim about his house.

Daisy: "What a lovely house you have!"

Jim: "_____"

  • Thank you. Hope you will drop in.
  • I think so.
  • Of course not, it’s not costly.
  • No problem.

On the battle field _____.

  • the tanks did lie
  • the tanks lay
  • did the tanks lie
  • lay the tanks
Voice Queen Corporation produced _____ Kingsman last year ranked the first place in the whole industry.
  • twice as much recorder as
  • twice as many recorders as
  • two times as many recorders as
  • two times as much recorders as
If you _____ your best in the first place, you wouldn’t be disappointed about the result.
  • had tried
  • tried
  • try
  • could try

Choose the word or phrase that best fits the space in the passage.

Environmental Concerns 

Earth is the only place we know of in the universe that can support human life. Yet human activities are making the planet less fit to live on. As the Western world on consuming two-thirds of the world's resources while half of the world's population do so just to stay alive we are rapidly destroying the resource we have by which all the people can survive and prosper. Everywhere fertile soil is built on or washed into the sea. Renewable resources are so much that they will never be able to recover completely. We discharge pollutants into the atmosphere without any thought of the consequences. As a result, the planet’s ability to support people is being reduced at the very time when rising human numbers and consumption are increasingly heavy demands on it.

Read the passage and answer the questions:

There has been much debate over the past few decades concerning fears that automation will lead to robots replacing human workers on a massive scale. The increasing use of robotics, computers and artificial intelligence is a reality, but its full implications are far from cut and dried. Some forecasts present the future in a utopian way, claiming that robots will take over the tedious heavy work, thus freeing time and potential, allowing for more creativity and innovation. At the other end of the spectrum are those who foresee an employment apocalypse, predicting that almost fifty percent of all American jobs could vanish within the next few decades. Former Microsoft chairman Bill Gates stated that in 20 years robots could be in place in a number of job categories, particularly those at the lower end of the scale in terms of skills.

The bottom line is that while the future is always uncertain, robots are a fixture of our society, which is not going to disappear. As with the Industrial Revolution, where machines were utilized in many tasks in place of manual laborers and social upheaval followed, the Digital Revolution is likely to place robots in various jobs. In spite of that, many of today's jobs were not in existence before the Industrial Revolution, such as those of programmers, engineers and data scientists. This leads other experts to criticize this alarmist approach of robot scare-mongering, which is invariably compared to the 19th-century "Luddites". This group was textile workers who feared being displaced by machines and resorted to violence, burning down factories and destroying industrial equipment - their rejection of inevitable progress has come to symbolize mindless ignorance. 

Needless to say, exactly what new kinds of jobs might exist in the future is difficult to envision at present. Therefore, the crux of the issue is not whether jobs will be lost, but whether the creation of new vacancies will outpace the ever-increasing number of losses and what skills will be required in the future.

It is clearly not all doom and gloom, as demand for employees with skills in data analysis, coding, computer science, artificial intelligence and human-machine interface is rising and will continue to do so. Furthermore, the demand for skills in jobs where humans surpass computers, such as those involving care, creativity and innovative craftsmanship, are likely to increase considerably. Ultimately, the key lies in the adaptation of the workforce, through appropriate education and training, to keep pace with our world's technological progress.

What is the main concern associated with technological advances in the workplace?

  • safety at work
  • increased unemployment
  • the use of artificial intelligence
  • robots taking over the world

What do optimists predict technology will allow?

  • workplaces to become more relaxing
  • a greater enjoyment of life
  • flexible working hours
  • higher quality products
What can be inferred from the comments made by Bill Gates?
  • Changes will occur for many decades.
  • There will be increasing amounts of unskilled workers.
  • Technology will have a negative effect in the workplace
  • Highly skilled workers have less to worry about.
Why is the example of the Industrial Revolution given?
  • It was also a time of great change in the workplace.
  • It had far less of an effect than the Digital Revolution.
  • It led to widespread unemployment in the world.
  • It resulted in a more violent society.

What is the modern-day view of the Luddites?

  • They managed to protect their jobs.
  • Their refusing to adapt to change is seen in a pessimistic way.
  • Their adapting to new technology saved their jobs.
  • Their actions are inspiring many workers today.

Which of the following is closest in meaning to "crux" in paragraph 4?

  • the most complex part
  • the hidden message
  • the least understood part
  • the most important part
According to the article, which quality will technology never be able to replace?
  • human compassion
  • the desire to manufacture goods
  • human intelligence
  • team work
What is the main idea of this article?
  • There are few negative consequences to the Digital Revolution.
  • Learning about technology is a natural part of human development.
  • Workers will need to adapt to technological changes.
  • Unemployment will increase dramatically as technology advances.

Read the passage and answer the question.

The first two stages in the development of civilized man were probably the invention of primitive weapons and the discovery of fire, although nobody knows exactly when he acquired the use of the latter. 

The origin of language is also obscure. No doubt it began very gradually. Animals have a few cries that serve as signals, but even the highest apes have not been found able to pronounce words, even with the most intensive professional instruction. The superior brain of man is apparently a necessity for the mastering of speech. When man became sufficiently intelligent, we must suppose that he gradually increased the number of cries for different purposes. It was a great day when he discovered that speech could be used for narrative. There are those who think in this respect picture language preceded oral language. A man could draw a picture on the wall of his cave to show in which direction he had gone, or what prey he hoped to catch. Probably picture language and oral language developed side by side. I am inclined to think that language has been the most important single factor in the development of man. 

Two important stages came not so long before the dawn of written history. The first was the domestication of animals; the second was agriculture. Agriculture was a step in human progress to which subsequently there was nothing comparable until our own machine age. Agriculture made possible an immense increase in the number of the human species in the regions where it could be successfully practiced. These were, at first, only those in which nature fertilized the soil after each harvest. Agriculture met with violent resistance from the pastoral nomads, but the agricultural way of life prevailed in the end because of the physical comforts it provided.

Another fundamental technical advance was writing, which, like spoken language, developed out of picture, but as soon as it had reached a certain stage, it was possible to keep records transmit information to people who were not present when the information was given.

These inventions and discoveries - fire, speech, weapons, domestic animals, agriculture, and writing - made the existence of civilized communities possible. From about 300 B.C until the beginning of the Industrial Revolution less than two hundred years ago there was no technical advance comparable to these. During this long period man had time to become accustomed to his technique and to develop the beliefs and political organizations appropriate to it. There was, of course, an immense extension in the area of civilized life. At first it had been confined to the Nile, the Euphrates, the Tigris and the Indus, but at the end of the period in question it covered much the greater part of the inhabitable globe. I do not mean to suggest that there was no technical progress during this long time; there was progress - there were even two inventions of very great importance, namely gunpowder and the mariner’s compass - but neither of these can be compared in their power to such things as speech and writing and agriculture.

Adapted from "The Development of Human Civilization"

The author of the passage implies that in the development of man _____.
  • human speech developed along with other human faculties
  • picture language and written language developed side by side
  • oral language preceded the use of fire
  • the ape might be taught to master speech
According to the passage, picture language was found most useful when _____.
  • people didn't want to use speech in communication
  • oral language was not fully developed
  • people went hunting or traveling somewhere
  • people were inhabiting in caves

The word "it" in paragraph 3 refers to _____.

  • increase
  • agriculture
  • number
  • soil

The word "obscure" in paragraph 2 probably means _____.

  • interesting
  • complex
  • imperfect
  • unclear
The pastoral nomads would not have yielded to the agricultural way of life _____.
  • if it had not been for the benefits brought about by agriculture
  • unless agriculture could provide them with sufficient domesticated animals
  • if agriculture had taken up too large a number of their pastures
  • if they had not found setbacks in their pastoral way of life