Đề ôn thi tốt nghiệp THPT số 40

8/27/2020 10:00:00 AM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • invent
  • internet
  • attend
  • media

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • bags

  • dates

  • speaks

  • photographs

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • attract
  • person
  • signal
  • instance

Mark the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress.

  • republic
  • politic
  • aquatic
  • historic

Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).

I wouldn’t underestimate him. He can really play well if he’s in good shape.

  • appreciate
  • undervalue
  • depreciate
  • miscalculate
Choose the word(s) which is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s).
If we get to the theater ahead of time, we'll have our pick of good seats.
  • belatedly
  • early
  • previously
  • eagerly

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).
Tet marks the beginning of spring and, for agrarian people who depend on the lunar calendar to manage their crops, the start of the year.

  • traditional ones
  • minority people
  • farmers
  • old people

Choose the word(s) which is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s).

He normally objected to doing anything dangerous, but he agreed to take part this time.

  • opposed
  • aimed
  • attempted
  • endeavored

Laura and Mitchell are talking about their school curriculum.

- Laura: "I think Art should be a compulsory subject."

- Mitchell: "______. Art helps develop creativity."

  • I quite agree
  • You must be kidding
  • I'm of the opposite opinion
  • I don't think that's a good idea

- Peter: “How lovely your cats are!”

- Linda: “_____”

  • I love them, too.
  • Really? They are.
  • Can you say that again?
  • Thank you. It’s nice of you to say so.

If you _____ a wallet in the street, what would you do with it?

  • found
  • have found
  • find
  • had found

The clown was wearing a ________ wig and a red nose.

  • red funny plastic French
  • French funny plastic red
  • funny red French plastic
  • red French plastic funny

Only after the teacher ______ the procedure clearly were the students allowed to go ahead with the experiment.

  • would explain
  • had explained
  • was explaining
  • has explained

His mother encouraged him to take up some sports and do exercise regularly in order to stay in ____.

  • shadow
  • shape
  • shield
  • shell

Mark the correct answer.

I _____ sight of the robber just before he disappeared around the corner.

  • caught
  • got
  • took
  • had

We like _____ policies.

  • American recent economic
  • recent American economic
  • recent economic American
  • economic recent American

Choose the correct answer.
The students would like ______ by Mr. Smith.

  • to be taught
  • to teach
  • to be teaching
  • to have taught

Many small businesses have ________ victim to the recent economic recession.

  • become
  • been
  • blamed
  • fallen

Mark the correct answer.

Los Angeles is a city with great ______. There are many different kinds of people there.

  • diverse
  • diversity
  • diversify
  • diversely

Gravity, _____ by Issac Newton, has been widely applied in physics.

  • discover
  • discovered
  • discovering
  • to discover

Jack found it hard to _______ the loss of his little dog.

  • get over
  • put off
  • get along
  • turn over

In my company, the director deputy usually ______ the responsibility for organizing meetings and conferences.

  • makes
  • gets
  • becomes
  • takes

Many people think chatting on the Internet is _____.

  • time-consumed
  • consumed-time
  • consuming-time
  • time-consuming

George _____ better in the tennis tournament than I thought he _____ because he got through to the finals.

  • must have played / could
  • will have played / ought to
  • should be playing / did
  • ought to play / can

I don’t think he’s ever been there, _____?

  • do I
  • has he
  • have I
  • hasn’t he

Read the following passage and choose the best option for each of the blanks.

To many people, their friends are the most important in their life. Really good friends always joys and sorrows with you and never turn their backs on you. Your best friend may be someone you have known all your life or someone you have grown with.

There are all sorts of things that can bring about this special relationship. It may be the result of enjoying the same activities and sharing experiences. Most of us have met someone that we have immediately felt relaxed with as if we had known them for ages. , it really takes you years to get to know someone well enough to consider your best friend.

To the of us, this is someone we trust completely and who understands us better than anyone else. It's the person you can tell your most intimate secrets.

Read the passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

The first thing to do when you have a trip abroad is to check that your passport is valid. Holders of out-of-date passports are not allowed to travel overseas. Then you can prepare for your trip. If you don't know the language, you can have all kinds of problems communicating with local people. Buying a pocket dictionary can make a difference. You'll be able to order food, buy things in shops and ask for directions. It's worth getting one. Also, there's nothing worse than arriving at your destination to find there are no hotels available. The obvious way to avoid this is to book in advance. This can save you money, too. Another frustrating thing that can happen is to go somewhere and not know about important sightseeing places. Get a guide book before you leave and make the most of your trip. It's a must.

Then, when you are ready to pack your clothes, make sure they are the right kind. It’s no good packing sweaters and coats for a hot country or T-shirts and shorts for a cold one. Check the local climate before you leave.

Also, be careful how much you pack in your bags. It's easy to take too many clothes and then not have enough space for souvenirs. But make sure you pack essentials. What about money? Well, it's a good idea to take some local currency with you but not too much. There are conveniently located cash machines (ATMs) in most big cities, and it's usually cheaper to use them than change your cash in banks. Then you'll have more money to spend. When you are at your destination, other travelers often have great information they are happy to share. Find out what they have to say. It could enhance your traveling experience.

(Adapted from Pearson Test of English General Skills)

What is the passage mainly about?

  • Things to avoid when you go abroad
  • Tips for Travelers Overseas
  • The benefits of traveling
  • How to find ATMs in big cities

According to the passage, you should do all of the following before leaving EXCEPT _____.

  • taking money from an ATM
  • making sure of the validity of your passport
  • preparing suitable clothes
  • getting a guide book

The word "This" in paragraph 1 refers to _____.

  • finding are no hotels to stay at
  • saving money
  • booking in advance
  • asking for directions

According to the passage, holders of out-of-date passports _____.

  • have to show an ID instead when they travel
  • cannot travel to other countries
  • should ask for help from local people
  • may have their passports renewed in any country.

The word "essentials" in paragraph 3 mostly means _____.

  • everything
  • valuables
  • necessities
  • food

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Until recently, most American entrepreneurs were men. Discrimination against women in business, the demands of caring for families, and lack of business training had kept the number of women entrepreneurs small. Now, however, businesses owned by women account for more than $40 billion in annual revenues, and this figure is likely to continue rising throughout the 1990s. As Carolyn Doppelt Gray, an official of the Small Business Administration, has noted, "The 1970s was the decade of women entering management, and the 1980s turned out to be the decade of the women entrepreneurs".

What are some of the factors behind this trend? For one thing, as more women earn advanced degrees in business and enter the corporate world, they are finding obstacles. Women are still excluded from most executive suites. Charlotte Taylor, a management consultant, had noted, "In the 1970s, women believed if they got an MBA and worked hard, they could become chairman of the board. Now they've found out that isn't going to happen, so they go out on their own".

In the past, most women entrepreneurs worked in "women's" fields: cosmetics and clothing, for example. But this is changing. Consider ASK Computer Systems, a $22-million-year computer software business. It was founded in 1973 by Sandra Kurtzig, who was then a housewife with degrees in math and engineering. When Kurtzig founded the business, her first product was software that let weekly newspapers keep tabs on their newspaper carriers and her office was a bedroom at home, with a shoebox under the bed to hold the company's cash. After she succeeded with the newspaper software system, she hired several bright computer-science graduates to develop additional programs. When these were marketed and sold, ASK began to grow. It now has 200 employees, and Sandra Kurtzig owns $66.9 million of stock.

Of course, many women who start their own businesses fail, just as men often do. They still face hurdles in the business world, especially problems in raising money; the banking and finance world is still dominated by men, and old attitudes die hard. Most businesses owned by women are still quite small. But the situation is changing; there are likely to be many more Sandra Kurtzig in the years ahead.

What is the main idea of this passage?

  • Women today are better educated than in the past, making them more attractive to the business world.
  • The computer is especially lucrative for women today.
  • Women are better at small businesses than men are.
  • Women today are opening more businesses of their own.

All of the following were mentioned in the passage as detriments to women in the business world EXCEPT ______.

  • Women were required to stay at home with their families.
  • Women lacked ability to work in business.
  • Women faced discrimination in business.
  • Women were not trained in business.

In paragraph 2, the word “that” refers to ______.

  • women becoming the chairman of the board
  • women working hard
  • women achieving advanced degrees
  • women believing that business is a place for them

According to the passage, Charlotte Taylor believes that women in 1970s ______.

  • were unrealistic about their opportunities in business management.
  • were still more interested in education than business opportunities
  • had fewer obstacles in business than they do today.
  • were unable to work hard enough to success in business.

The word “hurdles” in paragraph 4 can be best replaced by ______.

  • fences
  • obstacles
  • questions
  • small groups

It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes that business operated by women are small because ______.

  • women prefer a small intimate setting.
  • women can't deal with money.
  • women are not able to borrow money easily.
  • many women fail at large businesses.

The author's attitude about the future of women in business is ______.

  • skeptical
  • optimistic
  • frustrated
  • negative

Choose the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

I’d like to blame you. However, I know I can’t.

  • Much as I’d like to blame you, I know I can’t.
  • However much would I like to blame you, I know I can’t.
  • Since I know I can’t, I’d like to blame you.
  • Though I wouldn’t like to blame you, I know I can’t.

Mark the sentence that best combines this pair of sentences.

He did not remember the meeting. He went out for a coffee with his friends then.

  • Not remembered the meeting, he went out for a coffee with his friends.
  • Not to remember the meeting, he went out for a coffee with his friends.
  • Not remember the meeting, he went out for a coffee with his friends.
  • Not remembering the meeting, he went out for a coffee with his friends.

Choose the sentence CLOSEST in meaning to the following sentence.

My family doesn't normally go into town by car.

  • My family is used to going to town by car.
  • My family is not used to going to town by car.
  • My family used to go to town by car.
  • My family didn't use to go into town by car.

Mark the sentence that is closest in meaning to the given one.
People think that the company is planning a new advertising campaign.

  • It is being thought that a new advertising campaign is planned by the company.
  • The company is being thought to plan a new advertising campaign.
  • People think that a new advertising campaign is being planned.
  • The company is thought to be planning a new advertising campaign.

Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the following question.

“You had better see a doctor if the sore throat does not clear up,” she said to me.

  • She reminded me of seeing a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.
  • She ordered me to see a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.
  • She insisted that I see a doctor unless the sore throat did not clear up.
  • She suggested that I see a doctor if the sore throat did not clear up.

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.
Obviously Australia speak English, but at times you may wonder whether it is the proper English.

  • Obviously
  • Australia
  • times
  • whether

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

It is believed that in the near future robots will be used to doing things such as cooking.

  • It is believed
  • in the near future
  • be used to doing
  • such as

Choose the underlined part that needs correction.

What happened in that city were a reaction from city workers, including firemen and policemen who had been laid off from their jobs.

  • What happened
  • were
  • including
  • their