Đề ôn luyện chuyên Anh vào 10 Sở Hà Nội số 1 (Reading & Writing)

7/1/2020 8:55:00 AM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • exhalation

  • exuberant

  • execution

  • exhibition

Choose one word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others

  • doubt
  • thorough
  • scout
  • foul

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others.

  • equation

  • question

  • digestion

  • suggestion

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • abominable
  • mediocre
  • delinquency
  • outrageous

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • influential
  • accessible
  • rudimentary
  • incidental

Choose the best option to complete the following sentence.

It is so difficult to prove players have been induced to change clubs for money, yet you hear that rumor and it gives the game a bad name.

  • hear it on the grapevine
  • turn a deaf ear to it
  • be all ears
  • hear the last of it

I’m in a real _____ and I just don’t know what to do.

  • dilemma
  • paradox
  • query
  • hunch

I _____ it’s going to snow tonight, don’t you?

  • speculate
  • reflect
  • reckon
  • ponder

I get so stressed at work it’s hard sometimes to _____ in the evenings.

  • unwind
  • undo
  • undergo
  • untie

How dare you accuse me _____!

  • to cheat
  • cheating
  • that I cheat
  • of cheating

You know what they _____: variety is the spice of life!

  • say
  • tell
  • speak
  • state

Was it always an _____ of yours to play for France?

  • urge
  • adoration
  • anticipation
  • aspiration

Jon asked Todd if ________ arrested!

  • he was ever
  • was he ever
  • he had ever been
  • had he ever been

The play wasn’t very good but it wasn't very bad either. _____, I’d say.

  • Medium
  • Mediocre
  • Metric
  • Medlow

Going down white-water rapids in a canoe must be extremely ________! Does your heart start beating really fast?

  • trivial
  • mundane
  • sedentary
  • exhilarating

Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

The police were given the _______ to break up gatherings of three or more people.

The study identified which fuels would have been used in electricity generation if nuclear _______ had not been used.

The Chairman of the company was reluctant to hand over ________ to the Board of Directors in his absence.


Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

Demand for beach toys is very _______ this year because of the bad summer weather.

The villagers were angered when the council spokesperson put forward a rather _______ argument for closing the local school.

This tea's far too ________ there's too much water in the pot.


Think of ONE word which can be used appropriately in three sentences.

I think what you said yesterday _______ how difficult it is to get anyone to agree on anything.

The lecturer ________ his talk with a really colourful selection of slides.

It was universally agreed that the book which won the photography prize was beautifully _________.


Form the collocations using the verbs and prepositions from the boxes. Complete each sentence using a collocation in the appropriate form.

Each verb and each preposition must be used ONCE only.



coincide, count, hint, insure, boast, stem, prefer

about, against, at, for, from, to, with    

This year's conference two other major conventions.

Is it possible to my bike theft?

The problem the government's lack of action.

When I asked Jean, she the chance of a promotion for me.

Being rich doesn't much on a desert island.

I can't stand the way she is always her wealthy parents.

I really just about anything watching television.

Complete the passage by changing the form of the word in capitals.

Students learning English as a second language are sometimes given a word by their teacher and asked to give an explanation as to what that word means; in other words, to provide a definition. The (ASSUME) is that if you know a word, you can define it. Logically, that might make sense, but in reality it is not always reasonable to assume that. There are words and phrases that even native speakers use in conversation without much thought which can lead to (CONFUSE) when you ask a native speaker to define them. Take the (CONCEIVE) of “zeitgeist”, for example, which has entered English from German. It’s (DOUBT) much easier to use than it is to define. With a word like “zeitgeist”, it may be more (SENSE) to test the student’s understanding in ways other than asking them to define it.

Read the following paragraph and choose the correct option for each blank.

When I first entered general practice I was living in a small community on the east coast of Lake Huron. People expected me to be of their last physician, and they were both disappointed and upset when this didn’t turn out to be the case. Although I had few companions, I was a young, unmarried and attractive woman who had been through one of the best medical schools in the country, and had a reasonable regard for my own qualities. It was upsetting at first when professional was ignored and my patients insisted on second opinions for the most trivial of conditions, but things became even more difficult when people started to spread malicious about my private life.

However, I decided that I would not let myself be made even if there were enough reasons to make anyone feel . | followed my father's cure for all problems — plain old hard work. I got up early every morning, to my office, and followed my profession. This was in the ‘30s and the level of poverty was . Children didn't have enough to eat and mothers couldn't feed them. Because I was sympathetic and able to give practical help in some cases, my surgery became a for women trying to escape from the threat of domestic violence and the trap of poverty and too many children. And ironically, as I the poorest people in the community, the middle class began to think that maybe I had something to offer and started to beat a path to my surgery door.

Fill each of the following blanks with ONE suitable word.


Until very recently, teenagers have been hooked on television. Parents have worried that their children are becoming fat, lazy potatoes, and teenagers seem to have preferred watching TV to almost any other activity in the home. Except perhaps sleeping. But no more! According to the latest statistics, teenagers have off TV and are turning off in droves. Given the choice TV and the internet, it’s clear what most teens prefer. The internet an interactive, social need that TV doesn’t. Teenagers at a loose in their bedrooms can hang out with their mates in cyberspace. As websites such as MySpace have off, teenagers have been only too eager to join in their millions and spend hours a day - and night - online. We’re witnessing the birth of the generation of the “keyboard potato”, for of a better expression.

Read the passage and choose the best answer to each of the questions that follow.

In the second millennium, one frequently asked a question is: What are the limits of the human body? Is there a point at which it is physically impossible to do something?

"One thing we’ve all learned in the last 30 years or so is to just about anything is humanly possible," says Dr. Jack Wilmore from Texas A&M University and author of The Physiology of Sport and Exercise, part of which examines the limits of the human body.

“As the new millennium progresses. I think you'll see more records continue to fall in every sport. The talent pool is better than ever. Never before have so many good athletes competed, and not just in this country, but all over the world. With more people involved and competing, records will fall and new standards will be set.

Many believed that it was physically impossible for a human to run a mile in under four minutes, but Roger Bannister proved that theory wrong with three minutes, 59-second mile (1.609 kilometers) in 1954. Today, sub-four-minute miles are considered routine even in high school. And Bob Beamon stretched human performance in the 1968 Olympics with his historic long jump of 8.9027 meters. In an event in which a record is usually broken by mere inches, he shattered the previous jump by 0.6096 meters, but even his record was broken in 1991.

“We’ve all seen reports of people doing superhuman feats of strengths under duress, such as a man lifting a car off a child,” Wilmore adds, “So we know that the human body can do things that go far beyond normal activity. That’s why it’s foolish to say any record can’t be broken.”

One additional factor is just now becoming more understood and heavily emphasized: sports psychology. Getting inside the athlete’s head can be as effective as training and long workouts.

According to Wilmore, the psychological aspect of sports should not be discounted because we now know what makes the athlete tick mentally can be all-important. He points out that “most professional teams have hired sports psychologists for their players. It’s just another way of tapping into a human’s full potential.

“In addition, every aspect of athletic – training, nutrition, injury treatment – is far better than ever been. Better coaching, training techniques, equipment, and other factors all contribute to making today’s athletes more competitive than ever,” he believes, “Children today tend to specialize in one or two sports instead of competing in several as was common twenty-five years ago,” Wilmore says. That means they start concentrating on a sport much earlier and more intensely, and they become much better at it.

Wilmore also says that the chances of women achieving new heights in athletics could be greater than men, as more women are now involved in sports than at any other time and they are starting at about the same age as boys, meaning they are more skilled than the previous generation of girls. “Plus, women are taller and stronger than ever. It used to berate to see a girl who towered above you. Now it seems like you see them every day.”

“There’s a lot we don’t know yet about the human body,” he adds, “And one of those things is the full range of human potential. It can be foolish to try and put limits on what the human body can do.”

What is the topic of the reading passage?

  • the physical limitations of a human body
  • the physical potential of the human body
  • records of physical achievements that the human body can perform
  • reasons why modern sportspeople perform better than they did previously

What initial comment does Dr. Jack Wilmore make?

  • There will always be limits to what the human body can achieve.
  • It will become more and more difficult for athletes to break record.
  • Athletics will become one of the most popular forms of exercise.
  • Athletes will continue to surprise us with what they can achieve.

Why does the writer mention athletes like Bannister and Beamon?

  • To demonstrate the effect of their determination to win had on them
  • To prove that even their amazing achievements can be bettered
  • To exemplify what athletes can achieve under stressful conditions
  • To demonstrate how accurately we can measure what athletes are capable of

Dr. Wilmore feels that attitudes within athletics are changing because_____.

  • athletes are now being given mental as well as physical training by experts
  • experts have begun to highlight the need for more unusual workouts
  • coaches have begun to realize the importance of more intensive training
  • coaches now encourage athletes to unwind between training sessions

According to Dr. Wilmore, how are today’s children different from those years ago?

  • They participate in far more sports.
  • They begin sports at a much earlier age.
  • They become more proficient in their chosen sports.
  • They are more likely to become professional athletes.

Dr. Wilmore believes that women______.

  • perform equally well whether they are tall or short
  • have physically developed and advanced over the years
  • now have the same chance as boys of realizing their potential
  • are beginning to play sports at a much younger age than boys

What conclusion does Dr. Wilmore make?

  • We try to push the human body to its limits at our peril.
  • We should not prejudge what might be beyond our physical capabilities.
  • We need to do more research into what the human body is capable of.
  • We must congratulate ourselves on what athletes have achieved so far.

What does the phrase “his record” in paragraph 4 refer to?

  • Bob’s long jump of 8.9027 meters.
  • Roger’s running a mile in three minutes 59 seconds.
  • Roger’s running a mile in four minutes.
  • Bob’s long jump of 8.2931 meters.

The word “feats” as used in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to _______.

  • accomplishments
  • performances
  • shows
  • failures

Read the article and choose your answers from section A-D. You may choose any of the sections more than once.

An article on two books

A. Both Purple Hibiscus and Once Were Warriors are post-colonial novels, in the sense that they were written, and deal with subjects of the position of independence as opposed to the colonial slate of being in both a universalising sense and a personal one. Purple Hibiscus was published In 2004 and is set in Nigeria, the author Cinamanada Ngozi Adichie's homeland. Once Were Warriors was written by a Maori New Zealander, Alan Duff, in 1990 and has since met with international acclaim through the silver screen. But, what has contributed to making this is another lengthy tale. Both books sit happily on the shelf labelled "postcolonial literature," but such careless sweeps of the categorising tongue are exactly what such authors are attempting to avoid. Their works don't reinforce the boundaries, leaving readers feeling warm and cosy. Colonialism, precolonialism and a whole set of other blunt "isms" can be argued as being explored by these authors.

B. That remnants of colonialism and pre-colonialism are present in each text indicates the boundaries between pre-colonial and colonial states of being are not as established, in a post-colonial existence, as the frame of the words denote. What are the implications of depicting, potential pre-colonial situations within the colonial tongue? Both Once Were Warriors and Purple Hibiscus, potentially present colonial and pre-colonial notions of history or histories, but from different post-colonial positions. With Nigeria having been a colony of occupation, as opposed to the settler colony of New Zealand, relations between the coloniser and the colonised differ greatly between the two cultural entities. With the coloniser, potentially, obscuring and abstracting the area between pre-colonial and postcolonial existences, any pre-colonial notions must always be partly located within a colonial perspective. Nonetheless, the pre-colonial uttered in the colonial tongue renders that colonial tongue as being somewhat altered in the process. The colonial tongue both makes and unmakes itself by using the same tools for different ends. The dragging of heels back and forth over the hot coals of second-hand languages renders the happy branding of "post-colonial" of those who dare to make the colonial tongue their own seem like an unrefined broad-brushes attempt to depict the hairline cracks in a china doll.

C. Both texts deal with the uncertainties of the formation and reformation of identities. Working with, yet at the same time questioning and unsettling, the bildungsroman format, Once Were Warriors and Purple Hibiscus present identities snaking through notions of pre-colonial identities alongside colonial and postcolonial ones. The certainty of the very survival of Kambili and Beth in Once Were Warriors seems, to an extent, to be staked on pre-colonial notions of identity formation. The chief at Beth's funeral articulates this in sorrow for the young girl's death; 'we are what we are only because of our past [...] we should never forget our past or our future is lost'. The death of Grace directly influences Beth to address her situation and that of the individuals in Pine Block. Although Grace's death is linked to the rape, Beth, who is unaware of this, questions her involvement in the death of her daughter. 'Could I have prevented it?' echoes out from every movement Beth makes after this. Why does the young girl have to die? Is it to highlight injustices in the Maori community, to make the community, to an extent, stand up and demand to be heard?

D. Indeed, it is death that stalks the corridors of these two novels. It is the death of Eugene, the 'colonial product' in Purple Hibiscus alongside the death of Papa-Nnukwu the 'pre-colonial product' that lead to questions of where to turn in terms of identity formation. The colonial figure is dead; he doesn't present ways of being to his children that seem acceptable to them; he is too violent, too dominating for their generation. But, as well, Papa-Nnukwu, who is adored by his grandchildren, seems like an inadequate role model to wholly guide the younger generation into futures that are still in the making.

In which section are the following mentioned?

The feeling of being responsible for a death:

The problem of putting literature into categories:

Using language in different ways:

The refusal to embrace the way of life of either of two elders:

Different types of colonies:

One of the novels being made into a film:

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Anne’s dedication to her work has always been exemplary. (herself)

=> Anne ……… the most exemplary way.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The delay is a nuisance, but I’m sure Sam can solve our problems. (come)

=> The delay is a nuisance, but I'm sure Sam can ……………… to our problems.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Henrik was very pleased to be selected for the team. (delight)

=> Much …… for the team. 

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Yoshi wanted to make sure that everything was as it should be on the big day. (leave)

=> Yoshi didn't …………. on the big day.

Complete the second sentence using the word given so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It may seem strange, but the composer has no formal training in music. (lacks)

=> Strange ……………… kind of formal training in music.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It was inevitable that they should feel personally degraded.

=> Their ………...

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

Summerhill seldom has a case of homesickness.

=> At Summerhill seldom ……….

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

They'll arrive soon.

=> It ………...

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

This problem cannot be solved immediately.

=> There …………

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

It is not useful feeling sorry about something which has already happened.

=> It’s no use crying ……………