Đề ôn luyện chuyên Anh vào 10 Sở Hà Nội số 15

12/31/2020 8:14:00 AM

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • plaque

  • basil 

  • yacht

  • cache

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • mica

  • linen

  • thighbone

  • demise

Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

  • houses

  • browse

  • hose

  • base

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • pessimism
  • taxonomy
  • psychology
  • articular

Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress.

  • octopus
  • flamingo
  • porcupine
  • prejudice

Think of ONE word only which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. Finally, they have decided to file a civil _____ against the corporation. The first hearing is due next week.

2. White doesn't _____ me. I prefer dark colours like brown and black.

3. If you asked me to arrive at 7, it would _____ me fine. 

=> Answer:

Think of ONE word only which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. I didn't know about her problems. They never came to my _____.

2. The _____ on the wall of the building said 'No entry'.

3. It is next to impossible to organize relief at such short _____ some more time to make it work. 


Think of ONE word only which can be used appropriately in all three sentences.

1. The country prides itself on having the most national parks and _____ reserves in the world and has often been given as an example for others to follow.

2. Fiona gave the _____ away when she began giggling behind his back. This made him suspicious.

3. They were sitting in the armchairs hunching over the desk and playing a _____ of chess. 

=> Answer:

The seats in the front row are not _____ the best.

  • necessarily
  • invariably
  • regularly
  • virtually

We are now better-off, but my grandparents grew up in a family that was _____ the breadline and lived in public housing.

  • in
  • at
  • on
  • near

Had it not been for my mom's early pick-up, I would _____ yesterday's live show of my favorite artist.

  • have to call off
  • have had to call off
  • have been called off
  • be calling off

They turned the place _____ but did not find the thief.

  • at all rate
  • all the same time
  • at large
  • inside out

The worrying thing was that at no _____ did Leeds actually put together a great move which tore Sunderland apart.

  • way
  • time
  • doubt
  • reason

The school clock is not as _____ as it should be, it is usually between one or two minutes fast.

  • strict
  • certain
  • true
  • accurate

They live in a very _____ populated area of Italy.

  • barely
  • scarcely
  • hardly
  • sparsely

The film _____ a lot of attention.

  • generated
  • manufactured
  • promoted
  • brought

There was no alternative _____ wait until the rescue team came.

  • but
  • but to
  • than to
  • than

Kathy was as pleased as _____ when she heard she had passed the exam.

  • punch
  • poppy
  • sunflower
  • dungeon

Form the collocations using the verbs and the prepositions from the boxes. Complete each sentence using a collocation in the appropriate form. You must use each verb and each preposrtion ONCE only. Write your answer in the space provided.

[ pull | phase | flare | go | jot | die | come ]

[ over | on | up | off | in | down | away ]

1. So she succeeded in winning the contract. How did she manage to it ?

2. The changes were gradually so that everyone could get used to them.

3. Violence and a lot of people were injured.

4. A lot of money must have that expensive-looking carpet.

5. I'll just a few details in case I forget something.

6. I stood up too quickly and all dizzy.

7. The noise of the band and the crowd dispersed.

Complete the sentence by changing the form of the word in capitals.

Researchers studying biofluorescent coral discovered that other marine wildlife including eels, rays and sharks exhibited biofluorescence. Indeed, it is not such a rare (OCCUR)  as they had previously believed. While filming off the Solomon Islands, a place with some of the most abundant marine diversity on the planet, they came across catsharks, which are brilliantly fluorescent. This fluorescence is (VISION) all over their bodies, on their skin and even in their eyes, but it is not yet clear what the function of it is. To see the phenomenon of biofluorescence, the divers use filters to create a very pure blue, to (PRODUCT) the light in the animals' world. Another filter, a yellow one in front of the camera, allows the researchers to see the light emitted by the animals. The scientists wonder if other fish can see this and whether it plays a role in their behavior. Filming marine life in the reef at night creates a feeling of (SERENE) that the scientists love. The fluorescence gives the illusion of being on another planet, it's like a Martian (LAND).

Read the text and choose the best answer to fill in the blanks.

Dumbing down

Recent research that some everyday things decrease intelligence, and the results are guaranteed to .

Reality TV has been under for a while. An Austrian study has revealed that watching reality shows actually makes you stupider. It's to say that many people had suspected this was the case. For the of the study, which involved two groups, one group of participants watched a reality show and then did a knowledge test. Those who had watched the show worse results than those who had not.

Food, too, can be a culprit. A Californian study showed that we need to be when it comes to sugar. Not only is it bad for our teeth and waistlines, but continued consumption slows the brain, and hinders memory and learning. Chewing gum, too, has come in for . In Wales, scientists discovered that it short-term memory. Participants had to look at a group of items and then recall the items and the order in which they saw them. The the group that had chewed gum before the test was not able to the task as well as those who had not.

Write ONE word in each gap.

This passage is about future technology. 

Although the future is impossible to predict accurately, futurists ever stop trying. Based on the evidence of what is possible, they can often make good guesses about the technologies that are in the . Many experts incredible progress in technology, which is to change our lives forever. In all likelihood, smart technology will spread to every aspect of daily life. 

Driverless cars are already being tested, and they have proved to be safe, they will become common and there will be fewer road accidents. Wearable technology is imminent, too, with some predicting that 2020 computers and phones will already have been incorporated into clothes. Also in are sensors in your jacket which will warn you about traffic you cross the road if you forget to look left and right. You won't need much space in your wardrobe, which will contain just one all-purpose nanofibre outfit that changes shape and colour. Not only clothes, but our bodies, too, will carry technology in the form of cybernetic implants allowing us to surf the Internet with our brains. Another development, which is to be very controversial, is artificial intelligence. The possibility that a computer's intelligence could exceed a human's is, for some scientists, a sure signal of doom. 

Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions.

In the course of its history, human inventions have dramatically increased the average amount of energy available for use per person. Primitive peoples in cold regions burned wood and animal dung to heat their caves, cook food, and drive off animals by fire. The first step toward the developing of more efficient fuels was taken when people discovered that they could use vegetable oils and animal fats in lieu of gathered or cut wood. Charcoal gave off more intensive heat than wood and was more easily obtainable than organic fats. The Greeks first began to use coal for metal smelting in the 4th century, but it did not come into extensive use until the Industrial Revolution.

In the 1700s, at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, most energy used in the United States and other nations undergoing industrialization was obtained from perpetual and renewable sources, such as wood, water streams, domesticated animal labor, and wind. These were predominantly locally available supplies. By mid-1800s, 91 percent of all commercial energy consumed in the United States and European countries was obtained from wood. However, at the beginning of the 20th century, coal became a major energy source and replaced wood in industrializing countries. Although in most regions and climate zones, wood was more readily accessible than coal, the latter represents a more concentrated source of energy. In 1910, natural gas and oil firmly replaced coal as the main source of fuel because they are lighter and, therefore, cheaper to transport. They burned more cleanly than coal and polluted less. Unlike coal, oil could be refined to manufacture liquid fuels for vehicles, a very important consideration in the early 1900s, when the automobile arrived on the scene.

By 1984, non-renewable fossil fuels, such as oil, coal, and natural gas, provided over 82 percent of the commercial and industrial energy used in the world. Small amounts of energy were derived from nuclear fission, and the remaining 16 percent came from burning direct perpetual and renewable fuels, such as biomass. Between 1700 and 1986, a large number of countries shifted from the use of energy from local sources to a centralized generation of hydropower and solar energy converted to electricity. The energy derived from non-renewable fossil fuels has been increasingly produced in one location and transported to another, as is the case with most automobile fuels. In countries with private, rather than public transportation, the age of non-renewable fuels has created a dependency on a finite resource that will have to be replaced.

Alternative fuel sources are numerous, and shale oil and hydrocarbons are just two examples. The extraction of shale oil from large deposits in Asian and European regions has proven to be labor consuming and costly. The resulting product is sulfur- and nitrogen-rich, and large-scale extractions are presently prohibitive. Similarly, the extraction of hydrocarbons from tar sands in Alberta and Utah is complex. Semi-solid hydrocarbons cannot be easily separated from the sandstone and limestone that carry them, and modern technology is not sufficiently versatile for a large-scale removal of the material. However, both sources of fuel may eventually be needed as petroleum prices continue to rise and limitations in fossil fuel availability make alternative deposits more attractive.

What is the main topic of the passage?

  • Application of various fuels
  • Natural resources and fossil fuels
  • A history of energy use
  • A historical review of energy rates

It can be inferred from the first paragraph that _____.

  • coal mining was essential for primitive peoples
  • the Greeks used coal in industrial productions
  • the development of efficient fuel was a gradual process
  • the discovery of efficient fuels was mostly accidental

The author of the passage implies that in the 1700s, sources of energy were _____.

  • used for commercial purposes
  • used in various combinations
  • not derived from mineral deposits
  • not always easy to locate

It can be inferred from the passage that in the early 20th century, energy was obtained primarily from _____.

  • fossil fuels
  • nuclear fission
  • hydraulic and solar sources
  • burning biomass

The phrase "the latter" in the second paragraph refers to _____.

  • wood
  • coal
  • most regions
  • climate zones

According to the passage, what was the greatest advantage of oil as fuel?

  • It was a concentrated source of energy.
  • It was lighter and cheaper than coal.
  • It replaced wood and coal and reduced pollution.
  • It could be converted to automobile fuel.

According to the passage, the sources of fossil fuels will have to be replaced because _____.

  • they need to be transported
  • they are not efficient
  • their use is centralized
  • their supply is limited

The word "prohibitive" in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to _____.

  • expedient
  • exorbitant
  • exclusive
  • exceptional

Choose the best phrase or sentence (given below the text) to fill each of the blanks in the following text. Write one letter (A-L) in the corresponding numbered boxes on the answer sheet.

List of headings

A. Wide differences in leisure activities according to income

B. Possible inconsistencies in Ms Costa’s data

C. More personal income and time influence leisure activities

D. Investigating the lifestyle problem from a new angle

E. Increased incomes fail to benefit everyone

F. A controversial development offers cheaper leisure activities

G. Technology heightens differences in living standards

H. The gap between income and leisure spending closes

I. Two factors have led to a broader range of options for all

K. Have people’s lifestyles improved?

L. High earners spend less on leisure

Americans worry that the distribution of income is increasingly unequal. Examining leisure spending, changes that picture


Are you better off than you used to be? Even after six years of sustained economic growth, Americans worry about that question. Economists who plumb government income statistics agree that Americans’ incomes, as measured in inflation-adjusted dollars, have risen more slowly in the past two decades than in earlier times, and that some workers’ real incomes have actually fallen. They also agree that by almost any measure, income is distributed less equally than it used to be. Neither of those claims, however, sheds much light on whether living standards are rising or falling. This is because ‘living standard’ is a highly amorphous concept. Measuring how much people earn is relatively easy, at least compared with measuring how well they live.


A recent paper by Dora Costa, an economist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, looks at the living-standards debate from an unusual direction. Rather than worrying about cash incomes, Ms Costa investigates Americans’ recreational habits over the past century. She finds that people of all income levels have steadily increased the amount of time and money they devote to having fun. The distribution of dollar incomes may have become more skewed in recent years, but leisure is more evenly spread than ever.


Ms Costa bases her research on consumption surveys dating back as far as 1888. The industrial workers surveyed in that year spent, on average, three-quarters of their incomes on food, shelter and clothing. Less than 2% of the average family’s income was spent on leisure but that average hid large disparities. The share of a family’s budget that was spent on having fun rose sharply with its income: the lowest-income families in this working-class sample spent barely 1% of their budgets on recreation, while higher earners spent more than 3%. Only the latter group could afford such extravagances as theatre and concert performances, which were relatively much more expensive than they are today.


Since those days, leisure has steadily become less of a luxury. By 1991, the average household needed to devote only 38% of its income to the basic necessities, and was able to spend 6% on recreation. Moreover, Ms Costa finds that the share of the family budget spent on leisure now rises much less sharply with income than it used to. At the beginning of this century a family’s recreational spending tended to rise by 20% for every 10% rise in income. By 1972-73, a 10% income gain led to roughly a 15% rise in recreational spending, and the increase fell to only 13% in 1991. What this implies is that Americans of all income levels are now able to spend much more of their money on having fun.


One obvious cause is that real income overall has risen. If Americans in general are richer, their consumption of entertainment goods is less likely to be affected by changes in their income. But Ms Costa reckons that rising incomes are responsible for, at most, half of the changing structure of leisure spending. Much of the rest may be due to the fact that poorer Americans have more time off than they used to. In earlier years, low-wage workers faced extremely long hours and enjoyed few days off. But since the 1940s, the less skilled (and lower paid) have worked ever-fewer hours, giving them more time to enjoy leisure pursuits.


Conveniently, Americans have had an increasing number of recreational possibilities to choose from. Public investment in sports complexes, parks and golf courses has made leisure cheaper and more accessible. So too has technological innovation. Where listening to music used to imply paying for concert tickets or owning a piano, the invention of the radio made music accessible to everyone and virtually free. Compact discs, videos and other paraphernalia have widened the choice even further.


At a time when many economists are pointing accusing fingers at technology for causing a widening inequality in the wages of skilled and unskilled workers, Ms Costa’s research gives it a much more egalitarian face. High earners have always been able to afford amusement. By lowering the price of entertainment, technology has improved the standard of living of those in the lower end of the income distribution. The implication of her results is that once recreation is taken into account, the differences in Americans’ living standards may not have widened so much after all.


These findings are not water-tight. Ms Costa’s results depend heavily upon what exactly is classed as a recreational expenditure. Reading is an example. This was the most popular leisure activity for working men in 1888, accounting for one-quarter of all recreational spending. In 1991, reading took only 16% of the entertainment dollar. But the American Department of Labour’s expenditure surveys do not distinguish between the purchase of a mathematics tome and that of a best-selling novel. Both are classified as recreational expenses. If more money is being spent on textbooks and professional books now than in earlier years, this could make ‘recreational’ spending appear stronger than it really is.

Write a new sentence similar in meaning to the given one, using the word given in the brackets. Do not alter the word in any way.

Winter will be here shortly and the days will become depressingly short. (UPON)

=> Winter and the days will become depressingly short. 

Write a new sentence similar in meaning to the given one, using the word given in the brackets. Do not alter the word in any way.

Visitors who do not have passes are not allowed to enter the testing facility. (OFF)

=> The testing facility without passes. 

Write a new sentence similar in meaning to the given one, using the word given in the brackets. Do not alter the word in any way.

I'm not enthusiastic about the technology project. (WORK)

=> I the technology project. 

Write a new sentence similar in meaning to the given one, using the word given in the brackets. Do not alter the word in any way.

My brother's advice was to stay calm during my driving test. (HEAD)

=> My brother during my driving test. 

Write a new sentence similar in meaning to the given one, using the word given in the brackets. Do not alter the word in any way.

When Dean lost his brand new iPhone, he became frantic. (BESIDE)

=> Dean losing his brand new iPhone.

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

We would always take great care when flying at night.

=> We always used to ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

I will only be satisfied if the manager apologizes fully.

=> Nothing short ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The permit expires at the end of the month.

=> The permit is not ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

A rise in temperature in the next century seems likely.

=> In all probability, ..........

Complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning to the first.

The brochure gives hardly any useful information.

=> Precious ........

Write an academic essay of about 250 words on the following topic.

More and more people no longer read newspapers or watch TV programmes to get their news and instead read online. Is this a positive or negative development?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.